Kāhiko Chiapas maʻamau

He ʻāina moʻomeheu ʻo Mekiko me nā kuʻuna kahiko. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau ʻāina maikaʻi loa Chiapas, komohana hema o ka lāhui. Loaʻa iā ia ka hapalua o kāna heluna kaiāulu a ʻo ia ka mea nui i hoʻokumu i ka kofe a me ka maiʻa. ʻO ka Olmecs, ka Mayans a me ka moʻomeheu Chiapas ma aneʻi, no laila he mea kupaianaha kā lākou moʻomeheu.

A e like me kā mākou e ʻōlelo mau nei, haʻi pololei nā lole maʻamau iā mākou e pili ana i kēlā moʻomeheu, kona mōʻaukala, kāna mau moʻomeheu, nā kuʻuna, nā hula, nā ʻōlelo ... I kēia lā, a laila, ma Actualidad Viajas, ka lole ʻaʻano o Chiapas.

Chiapas

ʻO ia kekahi o nā mokuʻāina e hana ana iā Mexico a ʻO kona kapena ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Tuxla Gutierrez. I nā manawa o ka noho kolone ʻo ia kekahi o ka Kāpena Kāpena Nui o Guatemala a mālama i nā pilina me kēlā ʻāina a hiki i ka 1824.

ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā ia kahi ola kūmau. Ma muli o ka mālama waiwai ʻole a me ka mālama ʻole ʻia o ke aupuni waena, a ke ala ʻana i nā makahiki 90 o ke kenekulia XNUMX, mai ka lima o ʻO ka pūʻali koa Zapatista o ka National Liberation. Minamina, ʻo nā pilikia kumu i hoʻokumu i kēlā paio a laila mamao loa mai ka hoʻonā ʻana, a hiki i kēia lā.

Ma Chiapas kekahi o nā pūnaewele archaeological koʻikoʻi ma Mekiko, Palenque, Ka Hoʻoilina o ka Honua o ka Honua. Nui nā kuahiwi a no laila, he nui kāna ʻokoʻa a me nā ʻano like ʻole o ke kai i pena i kona kahakai i nā kala nani loa. A he, ʻo ia mau kala e like me aʻu e hōʻike maikaʻi loa ai i kāna lole maʻamau.

Kāhiko Chiapas maʻamau

E like me ka hana maʻamau inā ʻelemakule a kahi waiwai ka moʻomeheu ʻaʻole kahi lole ʻaʻano hoʻokahi akā he nui, akā hiki nō ke hike i ka mea kaulana a kaulana loa: ka Chiapa de Corzo i ʻike ʻia e ka inoa o «Chiapaneca». He kūlanakauhale liʻiliʻi ʻo Chiapa de Corzo, hoʻokumu ʻia e ka poʻe Sepania i ka makahiki 1528 ma mua o ka noho ʻana o Hispanic. Aia ia ma nā kapa o ka Rio Grande de Chiapa, 15 mau mile wale nō mai ke kapikala mokuʻāina.

Eia nā ʻahaʻaina he nui i loko o ka makahiki ʻoiai ka mea mua o nā mea āpau e hoʻomaka me ka makahiki e like me ia i Ianuali me ka mea i kapa ʻia he nani nui. A laila hele mai ka San Miguel Fair, San Sebastián, ka Virgin of Guadalupe, Santo Domingo, ka Marimba Festival, ka Topada de la Flor, ka Señor del Calvario, ka lā o Corpus Christi ...

Hōʻaʻahu ka wahine Chiapas me ka hauʻoli: komo ʻo ia i palule loa a hiki i nā kuʻekuʻe wāwae a me kahi bla māka kēlā i kona poli. Hana ʻia nā ʻāpana ʻelua me ka satin ʻeleʻele, kahi lole i neʻe a palupalu a hāʻawi hope i ka lole holoʻokoʻa i kahi neʻe neʻe. Eia hou, ʻo ia ke kumu kūpono no nā kala i hoʻohui ʻia e ka lima o nā pale.

ka nā pale pale kala Hana ʻia lākou me ka tulle aniani, a ʻo ka mea i humuhumu ʻia me pua o nā waihoʻoluʻu he nui a me nā nui nui, i loko o ka pālule a i ka pālule, e hana ana i kahi ʻano o ka tapestry multicolored. A ʻo nā kāne?

Hōʻaʻahu nā kāne o Chiapas i kahi hoʻopiʻi i kapa ʻia ʻo «parachico», me nā pūlule ʻeleʻele a me ka pālule o ke kala like. Hoʻokomo lākou i kahi kāʻei ʻulaʻula ma ka pūhaka a me ka hainaka i nakinaki ʻia ma ka ʻāʻī. Pākuʻi ʻia i ka hope loa he serape a he nui nā kala.

Me he mea lā e pili ana ke kumu o ka lole maʻamau o Chiapas me ka mamao pōkole ma waena o Chiapa de Corzo a me ke kapikala nui o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Tuxla Guiteriierez. I ke kūlanakauhale, ua hana mau ʻia nā ʻoliʻoli o ka patron saint, no laila ua pāhola ʻia nā lole i hoʻohana ʻia i loko o lākou a no laila ua unuhi ʻia kēia lole e like me Chiapas.

Aia ia i ka wā o nā ʻahaʻaina haipule, ʻoiai mākou i ʻike maʻalahi ai ma mua o ko ka wahine, hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻaʻahu o nā kāne me ka humuhumu kala ʻana ma nā wāwae, kahi pāpale poepoe i hana ʻia me ka fiber o ixle, kahi pāpale, kahi pale maka lāʻau a me kahi chinchín, kahi lehe hoʻi i kāhiko ʻia me nā lipine kala he nui. I kēia mau manawa, loaʻa kahi wahine i kahi ipu lima lacquered i kapa ʻia kekona.

ʻO Lacquer me ka lima kekahi o nā mea hana lima i mahalo nui ʻia Loaʻa iā ia nā kumu mua o ka Hispanic, ʻoiai he mana ko ʻEulopa. Ua hoʻohana ka lāhui ʻōiwi i ka ʻili o nā hua e like me nā lako kūloko a haipule paha a ua pena ʻia kekahi o lākou me kahi ʻenehana i kapa ʻia he maque a i ʻole ka lacquer. Me ka launa pū ʻana me ka Paniolo, he ʻano like ʻole kēia ʻano a no laila, i ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua pau kēia ʻano hana hoʻonaninani i ka hui ʻana ma waena o nā moʻomeheu ʻelua.

ʻO ka humuhumu o ka lole Chiapas maʻamau kekahi hana lima ʻāina. Hana lima ʻia me nā wana silika a i ka hala ʻana o ka manawa ua lele ʻia mai nā lole a me nā pālule i nā ʻāpana lole ʻē aʻe e like me nā pale, nā papa ʻaina, nā kapa moe, nā kapeta, a laila. I ke ʻano o ke kāhiko kūloko, ʻo ka tulle, ʻo ia ka lole kahi i humuhumu ʻia ai, ʻokiʻoki ʻia, hoʻolālā ʻia ke kaha kiʻi, hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka tulle i ka hāpana i hoʻolālā ʻia a hoʻomaka ka hana nui, kaha kiʻi ʻana e ka pena ʻana, pua na pua, kinipōpō i ka pōpō a hiki i ka hoʻopau ʻana me nā lau a me nā ʻanoʻano.

He aha ke ʻano o ke kāhiko maʻamau o Chiapas? I ka hihia o nā wahine ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻokoʻa ka lole a me ka hauʻoli a me ke ola i ʻōlelo ʻia e hōʻike ma ka ʻaoʻao hoʻokahi. i nā lāhui āpau e noho nei i ka ?? eoi? (i waena o nā poʻe Tojolobales, nā Lacandones, nā Tzeltales), a ma kahi ʻē aʻe i ka ʻano ʻokoʻa botanical hāʻawi i nā kaiaolaola a pau o ka mokuʻāina. No kāna ʻāpana, pili ka lole o ke kāne i ka ua me ka lā, nā mea kumu no ka momona o ka honua, a me kekahi hoʻomanaʻo lākou i ka naʻi aupuni keʻokeʻo, me ka lauoho lauoho lauoho a lākou e kau ai ma luna o ko lākou mau poʻo.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Legend ka lole lole ʻāina Chiapas i hana ʻia i ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia 20, i nā makahiki XNUMX, e ka lima o kahi hui keaka ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i huakaʻi. ʻO ka mea hīmeni, i mua o ke anaina nui, hīmeni i kahi mele āna i bapetizo ai ʻO nā Chiapanecas, i ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ka lehulehu. Mai ia manawa mai, ua hoʻomohala ʻia ka lole a ua loaʻa ka mahalo ʻia i nā pāʻina a me nā hale kūʻai, e kau ʻia e nā wahine a me nā kaikamahine.

Inā ʻoe e hoʻolālā e kipa iā Mekiko hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka lole maʻamau o Chiapas e ola a hele pololei ka Fiesta Grande de Chiapa de Corzo i kēlā me kēia makahiki ma waena o Ianuali 8 a me 23. I kēia hoʻolauleʻa, hulahula nā kāne a me nā wahine i ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ka Haku o ka Esquipulas, ʻo San Antonio Abad a me San Sebastián Mártir, ka haipule hope loa o ka Parachicos (nā kāne).

Ua ʻōlelo mākou i ka hoʻomaka ʻaʻole kahi lole ʻaʻano hoʻokahi o Chiapas a pela io no. I ka mea i makemake nui ʻia a mākou e nānā ai nei ua hoʻohui ʻia ka nā lole maʻamau o San Juan Chamula komo ʻia e nā kāne: ka lole wāwae a me ka pālule pāko me kahi poncho hulu keʻokeʻo a ʻeleʻele paha ma luna o kahi pālule i nakinaki ʻia me kahi kāʻei ʻulaʻula. Ma ko lākou poʻo ua kau lākou i ka pāpale mauʻu me nā lipine kala e kau ana mai ke kihi a i ko lākou mau lima kahi ʻeke ʻili i hoʻonani ʻia i ke ala like.

No kā lākou ʻāpana, hoʻokomo nā wahine i ka palule huluhulu lōʻihi, i kekahi manawa paʻa, ʻaʻole i kekahi manawa, me ke humuhumu keʻokeʻo, nā huipile waihoʻoluʻu a me ka pālule i kala ʻia hoʻi me ka uliuli, keʻokeʻo, ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me ke gula, i humuhumu ʻia i mua. Aia no kekahi ka nā kapa komo maʻamau o San Andrés Larráinzar a me ka lole o Venustiano Carranza, me nā kiʻi i humuhumu ʻia i hiki ke hala i mau mahina e hana ai.

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