He aha e ʻike ai ma Yucatan

Mekiko He ʻāina mākaʻikaʻi loa ia, me nā makahiki he mau kaukani o ka mōʻaukala a me nā hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi. ʻO kekahi o nā wahi hōkele kaulana loa ʻo ia ka Peninsula ʻo Yucatan, kahi pūnaewele kupaianaha me nā waiwai kūlohelohe a archaeological e hoʻopoina ʻole i kā mākou huakaʻi.

ʻO Yucatan, ʻo ia kā mākou huakaʻi huakaʻi i kēia lā.

ʻO ka penikala Yucatan

ʻEkolu mau mokuʻāina kēia penikala, ʻo Yucatán ponoʻī, ʻo Quintana Roo a me Campeche, ma loko o hea ʻo Mekiko, no ka mea, eia nō ʻo Belize a me kahi ʻāpana o Guatemala. ʻO ke kapikala o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Yucatán ʻo Mérida.

Ma mua o ka hōʻea ʻana mai o ka Paniolo i kēia wahi ua ʻike ʻia e ka inoa ʻO Mayab (aʻole nui, kona ʻano), a he mea nui ia i ka Ka lāhui Maya. No laila ʻo ka penikena kahi o nā kūlanakauhale nui o Izmaal, ʻo Chichen Itzá a i ʻole ʻo Mérida o kēia lā, i kapa ʻia ʻo Ichcaanzihóo.

Ma hope o ka hiolo ʻana o kēia lāhui, haʻalele ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia mau kūlanakauhale a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe a koe kekahi a koe ka hiki ʻana o ka Paniolo, i ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia XNUMX. No laila he wahi nui ka ʻāina nā pūnaewele archaeological kūlike i nā wā like ʻole o ka hoʻomohala Maya.

Eia ka wela loa i ke kauwelaAia mākou i ka Tropic of Cancer, no laila ma ka awelika ma loko o ka makahiki aia ka mahana o 24ºC, ʻoiai e pahū i nā mahina kauwela ma ka hemisphere ʻākau. ʻAʻole ia he panalāʻau o nā loko a i ʻole nā ​​alo wai a i ʻole nā ​​kahawai, akā ʻae Loaʻa iā ia kahi pūnaewele wai waiwai momona o ka honua a ʻo ia ke kumu ma laila ana a me nā cenotes, Tausani.

ʻO Yucatan Huakaʻi

ʻO nā kūlanakauhale nui o ka mokuʻāina ʻo ia kona kapikala, ʻO Mérida, Valladolid lāua ʻo Ticul. ʻIke ʻia ke kapikala ʻo ke kūlanakauhale keʻokeʻo a he wahi mālie loa ia. Ua hoʻokumu ka Sepania iā ia ma 1542 ma ke kūlanakauhale Maya o Toh, ʻike ʻia nō naʻe ma kahi kokoke i ka Plaza Grande.

Hele wāwae i loko Merida pono ʻoe e hoʻohui i kāu wahi kikowaena a eia kekahi o kona mau hale ʻoi loa: ka Ka Hale Aupuni,ʻia Hale Montejo, Las Nā hale māhoe aiʻole Hale Pule Nui o San Idelfonso. ʻO Montejo ka Adelantado e mālama ana i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā ʻāina a ua pau ka home ʻohana ma 1549, ma hope o kona make ʻana. Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa kēia mea kahiko ma Calle 63, na 60 a me 62.

ʻO ka hale pule nui o San Ildefonso ka hale pule mua i kūkulu ʻia ma ʻAmelika latina a pau a ʻo ka mea kahiko ma Mekiko. Ua hoʻopau ʻia ke kūkulu ʻana ma 1598, he ʻekolu ona ʻekolu a me ʻekolu mau hale pule, ʻelua mau hale kiaʻi me ka Moorish a me kahi kope me nā kia a me nā hoaka. ʻO ke alo o Renaissance a ʻike ʻoe iā ia i mua o ka Main Square, ka poki o ke kūlanakauhale.

No kāna ʻāpana i ke kūlanakauhale o ʻO Valladolid ʻIke ʻia ia ʻo ka ʻO Sultana o ka Hikina. Kahiko nō hoʻi ia mai ua hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1543 e pili ana i ke kūlanakauhale Maya o Zací. Hele wāwae maʻamau ma aneʻi e hoʻopili i ka ʻO Convent mua o San Bernardino, ka Calzada de los Frailes, nā mea like ʻole, ka hale pule o San Servacio, ka Agave Distillery, ka Hale Aliʻi a i ʻole ka Artisan Center.

Ma waho aʻe o nā wahi moʻomeheu a me nā hoʻolālā, i ke kūlanakauhale ponoʻī aia kekahi lima o kekahi o nā tausani o nā kuhikuhi aiʻole nā ​​luawai wai lalo i Yucatán. ʻO lākou nā ʻO cenote Zací, el X'kekén'O ʻO Samula a me ka Suytún. A ma nā wahi a puni kekahi poʻe, ka ʻO Cenote Xcanché a me ka Hubik. Aia kekahi mau pūnaewele archaeological koʻikoʻi, ka ʻO Zone Archaeological o Cobá a me ko Ek Balam.

A maopopo, kokoke nō ia ʻO Chichen Itza. Aia nā ʻōpala ma ke ala o Cancun, 120 mile mai Mérida. I kona wā keu a ke kūlanakauhale i uhi ai i 25 mau kilomika kilomika a he kikowaena hoʻomana a me ke kikowaena hoʻomalu nui, noho ʻia e ka poʻe koʻikoʻi ma nā hale kala ʻulaʻula. A puni ia, ua wānana ʻia ma waena o 50 a 60 tausani kānaka i noho, e like me ke kūlanakauhale o kēia au.

I nā ʻōpala e kū nei ka Hale Aliʻi ʻo Kukulcán 30 mika ke kiʻekiʻe, a ma aneʻi inā hiki ʻoe i ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā hiki iā ʻoe ke leʻaleʻa i kekahi pō o ka makahiki ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke kani. ʻO nā hale koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe ʻo ka Bath Bath, Market, the Temple of the Warriors, the Platform of Venus, the Sacred Cenote, the Platform of the Jaguars and Eagles, the Platform of the Skulls, the Ball Court, the Observatory, the House Colorada , ka Cenote Xtoloc ...

Aia nā mokulele ma ka mokulele ma luna o Chichen Itza, aia nā Kukulkán Nights aʻu i kamaʻilio ai ma mua a kokoke, ka ʻO Balamkanché Grottoes, o kahi laʻana. ʻAʻole mamao aku ʻo Chichen Itzá mai kekahi kauhale ʻē aʻe ma Yucatán, Izamal, i kapa ʻia ʻo Pueblo Mágico.

ʻO Izamal Loaʻa iā ia ʻekolu mau moʻomeheu, ka pre-Hispanic, ka koloneial a me ke au hou. He a kulanakauhale melemele, he nui, inā ʻaʻole pena ʻia kona mau hale āpau i kēia kala mai ka makahiki 1993, ʻo ia ka manawa a John Paul II i kipa aku ai (melemele ke kala o ka Vatican). I Izamal hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa i ka ʻO Convent o San Antonio de Padua, Plazuela de la Cruz, Plaza de la Constitución, ka Artisan Cultural Center no ke kūʻai aku a me ka Nā Pyramids o Izamalae nō hoʻi.

ʻO kahi hele wāwae maikaʻi i Izamal e piʻi i loko o kahi kaʻa a hāʻawi iā lākou e lawe iā ʻoe ma nā alanui koloneal. Akā ʻokoʻa kēia mau kūlanakauhale, he aha ka mea ma Yucatan? ʻĀ, nā kahakai, nā mahiʻai, nā ʻaha, nā ana a me nā ana! E hoʻomaka kākou me nā kahakai: Aia ka kahakai o ka mokuʻāina ma mua o 378 mau kilomita o nā wai turquoise.

ʻO kekahi o nā kahakai nui loa ka Kahakai Progreso, ke awa komo moku o ka mokuʻāina. He papa nani kona, mai kahi e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā moku holoholo e hōʻea ana, a he plaza, mākeke, hale ʻaina a me nā hale kūʻai. He wahi kaulana ia me nā kamaʻāina, 36 mau mile mai Merida. 90 kilomita mamao aku aia kekahi kahakai, Celestún.

ʻO Celestún ʻo ʻĀina o flamingo ʻāpana, mau kaukani i kēlā me kēia lā. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻolimalima i kahi moku a holoholo a puni ka mangrove a sunbathe i loko kahakai me nā niu. ʻO kahi huakaʻi ʻē aʻe e ʻike ai i nā wai uila a me nā aniani Telchac, 65 km mai Mérida. Mai aneʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke hele e ʻike i nā kahakai ʻē aʻe e like me Santa Clara, Dzilam de Bravo a i ʻole Crisanto. ʻO Telchac kahi awa lawaiʻa nani loa me nā kahakai keʻokeʻo.

ʻO kekahi pūnaewele ʻē aʻe Kahakai Kahakai Las Coloradas, Kahi Hoʻomalu Kai manu kuhukukū mai ka makahiki 80. ʻEkolu ʻano o nā honu mai ka hiku manu kuhukukū he aha i ka honua No laila, ʻaʻohe hale kūʻai a me nā mākeke, akā aia nā hale kūleʻa e hoʻonele iā ʻoe e hoʻolilo i ka lā.

Nānā ʻia ʻO Mundo Maya Ma waho o Chichen Itza, pili pū kekahi Uxmal, Ek Balam, Mayapán, Chacmultún, Dzibilchaltún, Xcambó a i ʻole ke Alanui Puuc. Inā makemake ʻoe nā kuhikuhi a ʻo kāna mau wai wai wai i Yucatan penei: Cuzamá, Lol Ha, Sambula, Ik kil, the Sacred open-air cenote, X'keken ʻo ia ka cavern style, Samula, Zcí, Yodzonot, Uinic, Santa Rosa, Balmi, Canunché , San Ignacio, Xcanché a i ʻole Chiquila, me nā mea ʻē aʻe, kekahi ʻano cavern, wehe kekahi a semi-open paha.

Mai ka wā colonial ka hoʻoilina ka nā mahinaʻai heneque, hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka ʻoihana Henequen fiber, i hala aʻe nei e ka synthetic. Hiki ke kipa ʻia i nā mea he nui i kēia lā i ka huakaʻi. Ua kūkulu ʻia lākou ma waena Kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX, i ke au o ke gula ʻōmaʻomaʻo. ʻO nā haciendas kaulana loa ka Hacienda Xcanatún, mai ke kenekulia XNUMX, i kēia lā he hōkele, ka Ke hana nei iā Temozón Sur, 45 km mai Mérida, ka ʻO Hacienda Santa Rosa de Lima mai ke kenekulia ʻumikūmāwalu i hoʻolaʻa ʻia hoʻi no ka mahi ʻana i ka aloe vera a i ʻole Hacienda Yaxcopoil, me kona mau popala.

Nui a keu nā mea e wehe aʻe i ko lākou mau puka a i ʻole he mau hōkele a i ʻole nā ​​huakaʻi lā. ʻO kēia mau hacienda kekahi mau wahi maikaʻi e hoʻāʻo ai i kahi o nā ʻoi loa ʻO Yucatan gastronomy, ma muli o ka ʻākīkī, ka palaoa, tortilla, nā pepa chili, nā pīni, nā ʻāpala, nā keiki kāne, nā kakaka a me nā meaʻai māmā.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, piha loa ka mokuʻāina ʻo Yucatán i ka wā e hauʻoli ai ka huakaʻi. Hoʻohui i nā kūlohelohe, nā kūlanakauhale kolone, flamingos a me nā kuhukukū, nā wahi neoneo Maya, nā ana, nā cenote a me nā meaʻai ʻono. ʻO ka wahi hoʻomaka ʻo Mérida no laila ʻoliʻoli i kāu huakaʻi hou.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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