ʻO ka mea e ʻike ai ma Sierra de Madrid

Nānā o Sierra de Madrid

Aia ka maikaʻi o ka wā? ʻAe, pono ʻoe i waho a hauʻoli iā ia! ʻAe, hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i kekahi mea inā ʻoe e noho ana ma Madrid, aia nā kūlanakauhale nui i nā kihi e hana ai, he mea ia e ʻike ai iā lākou a ʻike pehea e hoʻohana ai iā lākou.

Nā kāhea Sierras o Madrid e hana i kahi mauna kokoke i ke kapikala nona ka inoa pololei ʻO Sierra de Guadarrama a i kēia lā e ʻike kāua mea e ike ai Eia

Sierra de Madrid

Nā kūlanakauhale o Sierra de Madrid

ʻOiai kāhea nā mea a pau i kēia moʻo mauna ʻO Sierra de Madrid ka inoa pololei. na mauna kaʻana like ʻia e nā panalāʻau o Ávila, ke Kaiāulu o Madrid a me Segovia. Inā ʻaʻole ʻoe makemake a i ʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hele lōʻihi i ka hoʻomaha a makemake ʻoe i waho, a laila maikaʻi kēia wahi.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻauʻau a pulu i loko o nā loko wai maoli, hele wāwae, loaʻa kahi pīniki a me nā mea hou aku. A he a wahi maikaʻi no nā ʻohana no ka mea makemake nui nā keiki i ka neʻe ʻana. ʻAe, pili paha kāu poʻe liʻiliʻi i kā lākou mau pale, no laila he manaʻo maikaʻi loa ka lawe ʻana iā lākou i waho.

E hele kāua ma nā ʻāpana: ʻO ka inoa ʻole ʻo Sierra de Madrid hiki ke mahele ia Sierra Oeste, Sierra de Guadarrama a me Sierra Norte.

ʻO Sierra de Guadarrama

nā hiʻohiʻona o ka Sierra de Guardarama

ʻO Sierra de Guadarrama kahi ka pūʻulu o nā mauna i lilo i ʻāpana o ka hapa hikina o ka Pūnaehana Waena o ke kikowaena o ka Peninsula Iberia. Hoʻonui ia ma nā panalāʻau o Madeda, Avila a me Segovia. Ma kahi o 80 mau kilomita ka lōʻihi a ʻo ka Peñalara kona kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe me 2428 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai.

Ke kani e mahele ana i na ipu Duero a me Tagus a he aina nui ia ma na mauu, na paina hihiu, a me na wahi pohaku. ʻO kēia he 60 kilomita wale nō mai Madrid a ʻo ia ke kumu i piha loa ai. Loaʻa iā ia kahi ʻōnaehana maikaʻi mākaʻikaʻi a me nā haʻuki mauna, no laila pono ʻoe e makaʻala i ke kaiapuni. Eia ʻelua mau mālama kūlohelohe: ka Cuenca Alta de Manzanares Regional Park, e uhi ana i 47 eka a me kahi Biosphere Reserve mai ka makahiki 1991.

Aia ka paka ma ka muliwai Manzanares a ma La Pedriza. ʻO kekahi paka kekahi Peñalara Summit, Cirque and Lagoons Natural Park. He 768 mau ʻeka a aia ma waenakonu o nā mauna. Ma laila mākou e ʻike ai i ka piko o Peñalara a me kahi pūʻulu o nā lagoons o ke kumu glacial e like me ka ʻO Laguna Grande de Peñalara, ka Laguna Chica, ʻo ia o nā Carnation, ʻo ia o ka Manus… Aia kekahi ʻO Guardarma National Park, papahana mālama kaiaola.

Nānā o ka Sierra de Guadarrama 2

He nui nā "mauna ala" o ka sierra, he nui me ke kiʻekiʻe ma mua o 1800 mika a me nā kikowaena mākaʻikaʻi ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka mea kahiko ka Awa Fuenfria, ua hoohana mua ia e ko Roma i ko lakou hele ana ma keia mau aina. Hiki iā mākou ke inoa i ka ʻO Puerto de Navacerreada, ka Puerto de Cotos a i ʻole ka Morcuera, i ka inoa wale nō. Eia kekahi aia nā wailele, nā kahawai a me nā waihona.

ʻIke loa ua ʻike pū kēia nani He mau kūlanakauhale kona: La Hiruela, Patones de Arriba, Puebla de la Sierra, Pradena del Rincón, El Berrueco, Montejo de la Sierra a me kekahi mau mea hou aku. Aia nā kūlanakauhale me ka mōʻaukala like San Lorenzo o El Escorial o ʻO Miraflores de la Sierra a me nā wahi i hōʻike ʻia he hoʻoilina kūlohelohe e like me La Pedriza a i ʻole ka Hayedo de Montejo. He kuʻuna loa ʻo La Hiruela, me nā ala hele wāwae hoihoi. Nā Patones He kiʻi maikaʻi loa ia a no laila ua paʻi kiʻi nui ʻia, aia ma El Berrueco ka waihona ʻo El Atazar.

Nā ʻāina o ka Sierra de Guadarrama

Ma waena o nā mea hiki iā mākou ke hana a puni, hiki i kekahi ʻike i nā bunkers o ke Kaua Kivila, hahai i ke Alanui o ka Arcipestre de Hita, kipa iā El Escorial a e kau ma luna o ka noho o Felipe II, e piʻi pū i Monte Abantos a i ʻole e holo i kahi burricleta ma Manzanares el Real.

Sierra Komohana

Nā Kiʻekiʻe ʻo Sierra Oeste

ʻO ia kekahi o nā ʻāpana o ka Community of Madrid a aia ma ka ʻaoʻao hema hema. Eia hala na muliwai Perales a me Alberche a aia no nā ʻāina ʻokoʻa loa no ka mea, ʻokoʻa ke kiʻekiʻe mai 500 a 1500 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai.

Aia ka Sierra Oeste ma waena o ka Sierra de Guardarama a me nā māhele mua o ka Sierra de Gredos. Aia nā ululāʻau coniferous a me ka chestnut, nā lāʻau ʻoka a me nā ʻoka holm, ʻo kahi laʻana. Ua nui ka ua a puni ka makahiki, ʻoiai ʻaʻole liʻiliʻi i ke kauwela, a inā hele ʻoe i ka hoʻoilo, e hoʻomākaukau no ke anu a me ka hau a me ka hau.

ʻO Sierra Komohana ʻO ia ka ʻāina o Cenigentes, Aldea de Fresneo, Comelnar del Arroyo a i ʻole Navas del Rey, ma waena o nā kaona ʻē aʻe. Ma ʻaneʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke holo kaʻaahi ma o ka Alberche, no ka laʻana, a i ʻole e kipa aku i ka wai o San Juan a hana i nā hana, e kipa i nā hale waina, e leʻaleʻa i ka Adventure Park ma Pelayos de la Presa, e kipa i ke alahaka o Valdemaqueda, ka nani. ʻO ka nahele hoʻokalakupua ma San Martín de Valdeiglesias a i ʻole ke kikowaena o Nothingness ma Robledo de Chavela.

Sierra Akau

ʻO ke kahawai kiʻi ma Sierra Norte

Aia ia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka Community of Madrid a loaʻa iā ia ka huina o 1253 mau kilomika mau kilomika ma 42 mau kaona. Ke hele nei ka muliwai Lozoya ma ʻaneʻi, nona ʻelima mau pūnāwai a ʻo ia ka wai nui o ke kaiāulu. Iloko o keia mauna he nui na awawa (Lozoya Valley, Jarama Valley, Sierra de la Cabrera a me nā mea'ē aʻe).

Eia mahiʻai ʻia ka palaoa, nā ʻoliva a me nā māla waina a he nani nā ululāʻau paina a me nā lāʻau ʻoka, hazelnut, elm, lehu, juniper a me ka ʻoka holm. Ua ʻike mau ʻia ʻo ia he "mauna ʻilihune", i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka mahiʻai a me nā holoholona, ​​akā no kekahi manawa i kēia manawa, ua ulu ka mākaʻikaʻi, loaʻa ka waiwai a me ka hoʻolaha.

Ma Sierra Norte hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻauʻau i ka Nā Wai Kūlohelohe ʻo Las Presillas, kipa i ka ʻO Santa Maria de El Paular Monastery, hahai maanei ka Alanui Los Robledos, e ike i ka ululaau o Finland, ka wailele purgatory, holo kaʻa kaʻa a puni ka wai ʻo Pinilla a i ʻole holo waʻa.

Nā ʻāina o Sierra Norte

Pehea ʻoe e hele ai i Sierra Norte? Mai Madrid ke ala nui o ke ala kaʻa A1. He 50 kilomika ka mamao. ʻO Bilbaeo he 300 a ʻo Burgos he 150. Ma ke kaʻa mau, akā hiki nō iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ke kaʻa. Loaʻa iā ia kahi ʻaoʻao pūnaewele maikaʻi a piha loa, e kipa aku iā ia a e nānā ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana i ka huakaʻi.

ʻO ka hope, ma waho aʻe o kēia mau wahi i loko o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Sierra de Madrid, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ua kapa hewa ʻia, hiki iā mākou ke e kipa i kekahi mau wahi ma na panalaau e pili ana. ʻLelo wau Puroda, kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nani loa ma Segovia a ma Sepania,  ka ski ski ma La Pinilla, hana i ke Alanui o na kulanakauhale eleele o Guadalajara, hana hahele  a he nui hou aku

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma kahi kokoke i Madrid he nui nā koho mākaʻikaʻi.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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