Ka muliwai Nile

ʻO kekahi o nā muliwai kaulana loa o ka honua ka kanalua ʻole ka Muliwai Nile. Mai haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻohe ona halo nui o pohihihi, hoʻokalakupua, ʻaʻole i hoʻopuni ʻia e nā moʻolelo kupaianaha a millenary. ʻO kēia ka Nile, kahi muliwai nona ka inoa e hoʻonāukiuki wale i ka hoihoi.

Hiki paha iā ia ke pili mau loa i ko ʻAigupita a me ko lākou lāhui? Hiki paha iā mākou ke ʻōlelo i kona inoa a me nā kiʻi e hōʻike ana i kāna papa hele me brown, brown, i hoʻopuni ʻia e ke one gula a me nā luakini e ʻōlelo nei no nā akua ʻē aʻe? ʻO ia paha, akā i kēia lā pono mākou e hele hohonu a aʻo hou e pili ana i kēia muliwai nui o ʻApelika.

Ka muliwai Nile

ʻO ia ka muliwai nui loa ma ʻApelika y kea i nā ʻāina he ʻumi mai ka ʻāina a hiki i ka hakahaka o kona wahi i ke kai hema hema. Aia ia i kāna delta nui a waiwai e moe ana ʻo Cairo lāua ʻo Alexandria. Ka muliwai Nile ana i 6.853 kilomika a no laila, ma hope o Amazon, ʻo ia ka lua o ka muliwai lōʻihi loa ma ka honua.

Mai nā ʻano ʻimi like ʻole ʻIke ʻia ʻo Lake Victoria kona kumu mua, akā pono e ʻike he mau kahawai kū ka nui ko ka loko. I waena o lākou, ʻo ka muliwai ʻo Kagera ka mea nui. Aia kekahi mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kēia pilikia, ʻo kēia muliwai a i ʻole ʻē aʻe, no laila ke hāmama nei ke kūkā kamaʻilio.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻoiai ʻo ka ʻike ʻana i kahi kumu he paʻakikī, ʻo ka ukali ʻana i kāna papa ʻaʻole paʻakikī loa ke hele ke ʻano. Haʻalele ia iā Lake Victoria ma Ripon Falls ma Uganda a lilo i Victoria Nile ma kahi o 130 mau kilomita a hiki i Lake Kyoga. ʻO ka hapa hope o ka muliwai, ma kahi o 200 mau kilomita, hoʻomaka ma ke kai komohana o ka loko, e kahe komohana ana hoʻi, e huli i ka ʻākau ma hope e hiki i ka hāʻule o Karuma.

Mai laila aku e hele i kēlā kapa o ka Murchison Falls, a hōʻea i Lake Albert a hana i kahi delta. Ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka loko iʻa keʻa i ka Uganda a ʻike ʻia ʻo ka ʻO Nile Albert. A laila hiki i ka hema o Sudan, hui pū me ka muliwai Achwa a hoʻololi i kona inoa a kala i kekahi mau manawa ma muli o ka pālolo i kau ʻia i loko o kāna wai. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka Nile Keʻokeʻo No kēia. No laila, komo ʻo ia i Sudan a hui i ka Nile Blue.

Ma o Sudan hoihoi ka papa o ka muliwai, me ʻeono mau wailele a me kahi papa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia a hiki i kona komo ʻana i Lake Nasser, ma lalo o ka hae o ʻAigupita. Aia ma aneʻi, ma ʻō aku o ka Pākaʻi ʻo Aswan, ma ka palena ʻākau o kēia loko, e hoʻi ana ka Nile i kāna papa mōʻaukala, hoʻohuli ʻia e ka muliwai like. ʻO ka hope loa, aia ia ma ka ʻākau o Kairo i māhele ʻia ai i ʻelua mau lālā e kahe ana i ke Kai Kaiwaenahonua. ʻO ka lālā Rosetta ma ke komohana a ʻo ka Damietta Branch, ma ka hikina, e hana i ka Nile Delta.

Hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo, hana ka Nile i ʻekolu mau papa nui: ʻo ka Nile Blue, ka Atbara a me ka Nile Keʻokeʻo. ʻO ka inoa ponoʻī, ʻo Nile, mai ka Greek mai ʻO Neilos aiʻole ka latin Nilus, manaʻo ʻia he aʻa Semitik ke ʻano o ke awāwa a me ke kahawai awāwa. No kekahi manawa lōʻihi ke kahawai, ʻaʻole like me nā kahawai ʻē aʻe, e kahe ana mai ka hema a i ke kūkulu ʻākau a me nā kahawai i ke kau wela o ka makahiki he mea pohihihi ia no nā kenekulia he nui, akā ʻo kēia ka mea i ʻae ai i ka ulu ʻana o nā kaona.

ʻO ka Nile a me ka mōʻaukala

Ma ka wehewehe ʻana i kēia ʻike e pili ana i ka muliwai Nile, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia ka ʻuhane o ʻAigupita, ma ka liʻiliʻi mai ʻAigupita kahiko. Ua hoʻoholo, alakaʻi, i ke ola o kēia mau ʻāina mai ka wā Pōhaku. ʻIke nō, me nā loli a kā mākou honua i hana ai ma mua o ka manawa.

No ka noho ʻana o ʻAigupita he mea nui ia. Ua ʻoi aku ka wai o ka muliwai i ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki a waiho i nā sediment ma laila e momona nui ai. Maanei ua ulu nā koʻAigupita kahiko i ka palaoa, papyrus a me nā ʻanoʻano ʻē aʻe koʻikoʻi no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi poʻe e kū nei i ka wī. Eia kekahi, he muliwai kahi ke kūkā kamaʻilio a me ke kālepa me nā lāhui ʻē aʻe, kahi i hoʻokumu i kahi kūpaʻa hoʻokele waiwai a maikaʻi hoʻi no ka ulu ʻana o kahi poʻe.

Ma mua o ka meaʻai, kālepa a me nā kamaʻilio ʻana, ʻo ka muliwai Nile he mea kūikawā i ka poʻe koʻAigupita. Ua manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia ʻo Paraʻo, kāohi ʻia, me Hapis, nā kahawai. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka muliwai ke ala ma waena o ke ola a me ke ola ma hope o ka make. Ma ka hikina kahi o ka hānau a me ka ulu ʻana a ma ke komohana ka make.

ʻO nā hale kupapaʻu a pau, a laila, ma ke komohana o ka Nile. ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka lālani kahiko o ko ʻAigupita ma nā pōʻaiapuni ʻekolu o ka muliwai, i kēlā me kēia kau me nā mahina ʻehā, e pili ana i ka waiwai o ka ʻāina, ka lūlū ʻana a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana.

He aha nā holoholona a me nā mea kanu e noho nei ma ka Nile? Aia ia i ka wahi, ka wai a me ka nui o ka ua. Aia kekahi ua ua ma ka muliwai ma kekahi mau wahi, a ʻo ia me ka wela e hua mai ai i nā ululāʻau nunui me nā ʻano lau nahele like ʻole a me nā mea kanu e like me ka maiʻa, ʻeopa, ʻohe, a me nā kumu kope. Aia pū kekahi nā savannas me nā mea kanu ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi a me nā sparse, me nā lāʻau waena a me nā mauʻu me nā mea kanu mau.

Ma Sudan ua nui ka ua a aia kekahi mau ʻāina e kahe ana a no laila kahi kahi papyri, ʻohe kiʻekiʻe, hyacinths wai… Ma ka ʻākau aʻe, ua liʻiliʻi ka ua a laila kakaʻikahi ka mea kanu a i hoʻokahi manawa hānau ʻia ka wao akua, me nā mea kanu i make ma hope o ka ua. I ka hihia o ʻAigupita, ʻo nā mea kanu kokoke i ka Nile kokoke i ka hopena o ka hoʻoulu a me ka mahi ʻana.

E pili ana i nā holoholona o ka Nile nui nā ʻano iʻa ma loko o ka ʻōnaehana muliwai: perch, catfish, tiger fish. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ka hapa nui o nā iʻa o ka muliwai he poʻe malihini akā no ka hana ʻana o ka dam Aswan ua nalowale a emi paha lākou.

Eia kekahi he mau kolo, i ka hapa nui o ka Nile, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou i hiki i nā loko ʻākau o ka muliwai Nile. Ma waena o nā mea kolo ʻē aʻe he mau kuhukukū, nā moʻo a ma ka liʻiliʻi he 30 mau ʻano o nahesa, ʻawahia hapalua. Ka hippo? I ka manawa he nui kona heluna kanaka ma loko o ka muliwai akā i kēia lā aia wale nō ia ma ka hema.

ʻO Geography, moʻolelo, fauna, flora. Hoʻopili ka muliwai i kēia mau mea āpau a ma ka ʻaoʻao, hoʻopili ʻia ka muliwai e kēia mau kumu. ʻO ka mea maoli, ua hana paha i ka hoʻololi nui loa o ka muliwai Nile i kāna mōʻaukala: ka ʻO Dam Dam. Ua pau ka wai i ka makahiki 1970, He 111 mika kona kiʻekiʻe me kahi kiko o ʻehā mau mika a me kahi leo i ʻoi aku ma mua o 44 miliona mau mika cubic. ʻO Lake Nasser kona waihona me 169 biliona mau mika cubic o ka hiki.

Koi ʻia kāna kūkulu ʻana i ka kahi hou o ka luakini kahiko o Abu Simbel, i ka ʻeha o ka noho ʻana i lalo o ka wai mau loa. Ua neʻe hou ʻia nā kūlanakauhale he nui, ma ʻAigupita a me Sudan. Me kēia kūkulu ʻana, no ka manawa mua i ka mōʻaukala, ua hiki i ko ʻAigupita ke kaohi i ka piʻi ʻana o ka muliwai a hoʻonui i ka hoʻohana ʻana o kāna wai.

E like me kouʻike, ʻo ka muliwai Nile kahi waiwai o ʻApelika. Ke hele ʻoe i ʻAigupita, mai poina e hele i kahi huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi ma waena ona, ma nā waʻa kuʻuna a i ʻole i ka holoholo holoholo. E nānā i nā hōkū mai ka Nile, e nānā i nā kahakai, nā luakini, ka lā i ka lani. Manaʻo no kekahi manawa, i ka puʻuwai o ka moʻolelo.

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