ʻO ka penikala Hindustan

ʻInia

ʻO kēlā me kēia mea me ka ʻuhane o kahi mea huakaʻi i nānā i kahi palapala ʻāina o ka honua a ʻoi aku i ka manawa hoʻokahi i kau pono i kāna maka i ka subcontcent India. He a huakaʻi maikaʻi loa no ka hoʻokipa huakaʻi adventurous a me economical.

ʻIke ʻia kēia ʻāpana o ka honua ka penikala Hindustan he aha inā, he ʻāina ia o nā nani, nā moʻomeheu a me ka mōʻaukala he nui. 'Lelo ka hapa nui e loli mau kahi kau ma aneʻi a me kou ola, no laila e ʻike kāua i nā mea kupanaha e kali nei iā mākou.

Hindustan

ʻĀina lina India

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma luna nei, ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe o ka peninsula ma mua o ka subcontinent India, kahi ʻāina geopolitically i haku ʻia ʻehiku mau lāhui: India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Maldives, a me Pakistan.

I kēia lā ʻaʻole hoʻohana nui ʻia ka huaʻōlelo Hindustan akā ua ʻike kekahi haumāna o ka Mōʻaukala ua hoʻomohala ʻia ke kāhea ma aneʻi ʻōiwi indostanic, ʻokoʻa loa i nā moʻomeheu o ke koena o ʻAsia. I ka 'oiaʻiʻo, kahiko loa ka inoa a ua hoʻohana ka poʻe Perusia iā ia.

keoki

ʻAneʻane ka nui o ka ʻāina ʻehā a me ka hapalua miliona mau kilomika kilomika. A hiki i ka deolization o ka peninsula i nā makahiki 40, ua ʻike maʻalahi ʻia ka hapa nui o ka ʻāina ma ʻEulopa e like me British India.

I ka manawa i hoʻomaka ai ka haʻalele ʻana o nā mana kolone, ua hoʻomaka kahi decompose i kahi ʻāpana nui o ka ʻāina i nā mokuʻāina liʻiliʻi. I kēia lā ka ʻōlelo mokuna liʻiliʻi ʻano kamaʻāina, ʻoiai mākou e ʻike ia ʻo kēia wale nō ke kihi o ka honua i hoʻohana ʻia ai ka huaʻōlelo.

Nā pilikia pili honua

himalayas

Pehea kēia ʻāina penikala? He aha nā ʻano ʻāina ona, he aha ke ʻano o ke aniau? E noʻonoʻo mākou i kēlā a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻohālikelike mau i nā lāhui.

Ma ka akau ka Himalayas a me ka Kai ʻAlapia, ma ka hema ka Bay of bengal ma kahi a Emilio Salgari's Sandokan i holo ai i ke kai. ʻO kekahi pae mauna kekahi ʻo ʻKiwiKush, me Afghanistan ma kekahi ʻaoʻao a me Pakistan ma kekahi ʻaoʻao. A ʻo nā mea haʻahaʻa kekahi Nā kuahiwi Suleiman.

bay-of-bengal

Ke ʻike ʻoe ʻo India kekahi o nā lāhui i noho nui ʻia ma ka honua, manaʻo ʻoe he nui ka nui o ka lehulehu a ʻo ia nō. ʻIke ʻia kēlā ma kahi o 350 poʻe e noho nei i kēlā me kēia kilomika kilomika o ka ʻili, ʻehiku manawa ʻoi aku eo awelika i ka honua.

ʻO ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka Hindustan Peninsula

mahiko-ti

Nā ʻāina like Lawe ʻo India, Bangladesh a me Pakistan i ka hapa nui o ka hana hoʻokele waiwai, akā ke kumu ʻo ia ka ʻāpana mua e hāʻawi i nā hana he nui. ʻLelo wau no ka ka mahiʻai (ka hapanui o ke ola ʻana), ka hānai pipi A'o ka ke kālai lāʻau ʻana.

ʻO ke kī, ka pulupulu, raiki, palaoa, millet, sorghum, soybeans, kope, a me kō kō nā mea kanu nui o ka ʻāina. A me ka ʻoihana? ʻĀ, hoʻomohala ia me ka ʻoi loa o ka ikaika ma India a me Pakistan, ʻoiai ʻo ia kekahi nui nā hale hana ma Bangladesh i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka ʻoihana lole a me nā kāmaʻano ka laʻana.

Ke hana nei nā wahine India

Ma India ua ulu nui ka ʻenehana ʻenehana No kekahi manawa i kēia manawa, ʻo ka papahana maʻamau, ʻoiai ma Pakistan, ma ka liʻiliʻi a hiki i ke kaua, ʻo ka mea e hiki mai ana ka mākaukau ʻo ia ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka ʻaila.

ʻO Taj Mahal i ka pili

Hoʻokomo ʻo India i ka hapa nui o ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻoiai ʻaʻole hoihoi ka poʻe kipa i ke kūlana politika o kekahi o kona mau hoalauna. ʻO kahi hilahila mai kāna mau kuʻuna, exotic i ka honua komohana, nā koina archaeological o nā lāhui kahiko a me ka nani a me nā ʻano like ʻole o kāna mau ʻāina e pono e hoʻohana ʻia e kēlā me kēia.

Nā ʻāina o ka Hindustan Peninsula

mumbai

ʻO India ka ʻāina nui loa a me nā helu hou aku o nā kamaʻāina ma aneʻi. Aia ia ma ka hema a he ʻāpana o 3287.590 kilomika kilomika. Ua ana kona kahakai i ʻehiku kaukani kilomita ka lōʻihi a ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻehā tausani mau palena.

Swaminarayan Akshardham, New Delhi

Aia nā palena ʻo India iā Myanmar, Kina, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, ke Kai ʻInikia, a me ke kai ʻAlapia. ʻO New Delhi kona kapikala a pono ʻoe i kahi visa e komo. Hoʻohui ʻia, aia kekahi nā āpau: Hepatitis A a me B, fiva typhoid, tetanus-diphtheria a me kekahi mau mea paha.

ʻOi aku ka makaʻala no ka mea ʻaʻole pono nā lāʻau āpau, ʻoi aku ka nui o ke olakino pilikino.

Sililanaka

ʻO Sri Lanka kahi repubalika kaiāulu insular nona ka palena moana me India a me nā Maldives. ʻO kona mōʻaukala kanaka ma kahi o 125 tausani mau makahiki. I ke aupuni Beritania ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Ceylan, mea hana ti tiʻi nui.

Nui nā hoʻomana a me nā ʻōlelo ma aneʻi naʻe aia ka moʻomeheu Buddhist ikaika a ikaika. ʻO Colombo kona kapikala a ʻo kahi huakaʻi i ka mokupuni e pono e hoʻopili i ke kiʻi kiʻekiʻe he ʻumikūmālua mika o Avukana, ka Papu Sigiriya, e kau ana ma luna o kahi pōhaku kiʻekiʻe a hiki ʻole ke piʻi, me nā fresko kala ʻia i kūkala ʻia e World Heritage (aia ʻehiku ʻāina i ka ʻāina) a i ʻole ke kūlanakauhale kahiko o Polonnaruwa.

wahine bangladeshi

Banagaladesa kahi repubalika ʻoi aku ma mua o 166 miliona poʻe. ʻO kāna ʻōlelo kūhelu ʻo Bengala a ʻo ia ka delta nui loa ma ka honua e like me ʻekolu o nā kahawai lōʻihi loa ma ʻAsia e hui pū me ia: ʻo Ganges, Meghna a me Brahmaputra.

Eia kekahi mea ʻo ia ka bakau nui loa ma ka honua, nā pā o nā mea kanu kī ma waenakonu o nā ululāʻau ua, 600 mau kilomita o ke kahakai me nā kahakai lōʻihi loa ma ka honua, nā mokupuni a me kahi koʻakoʻa maikaʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻoluʻolu ka mōʻaukala i kēia ʻāina, akā ʻo ka mea hea o kona mau hoanoho i ʻoluʻolu ai?

Pakitana

Pakistan ʻo ia kekahi laʻana o kahi ʻāina nani a ahonui. He a repubalika islamic me nā kānaka ma mua o 190 miliona. ʻO kona wahi i hana ia i linchpin ma ka papa o ka honua a ke uku nei no ia.

fortress-derawa

I ke kenekulia iwakālua i loaʻa iā ia kona kūʻokoʻa a lilo i mea nui mokuʻāina muslim. I ka makahiki 1971, ua hoʻomaka ke kaua kūloko e hānau ai ʻo Bangladesh. ʻO nā aupuni pūʻali koa kūleʻa, kā lākou mea kaua atomic, ke kaua no Kashmir a me ka hakakā me India i hoʻolilo iā ia i paukū paakiki e paʻakikī e kinai a ʻaʻole hoʻi e haʻi. hiki ʻole ke kipa aku.

butan

Bhutan ʻAʻole ia he repubalika akā he aupuni ia, a mōʻī aupuni kumukānāwai. ʻAʻohe ona puka i ke kai a Aia ia i nā mauna himalaya. ʻO kona kapena ke kūlanakauhale o Timbu aʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻāina liʻiliʻi loa a lehulehu hoʻi o ka honua: Ma lalo o hoʻokahi miliona!

Ua hoʻomaka ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi e hōʻea i Bhutan i nā makahiki 70 a i kēia lā ua pani lākou i kahi waiwai nui i ka hoʻokele waiwai aupuni, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ka paipai ʻia ka mākaʻikaʻi lehulehu, akā ʻo ka mākaʻikaʻi hoʻomau.

Loaʻa iā ia ka mea e hoʻokipa ai i nā mea kipa: nā ʻāina maikaʻi, nā hoʻolauleʻa haipule a me nā mōneka. ʻAe, pono e hana i ka visa ma mua o ka huakaʻi.

loko-gokyo

He aupuni aupuni aupuni ʻo Nepal ʻaʻohe loaʻa i ke kai kekahi. ʻOiai ʻaʻohe ona palena kaʻana like me Bhutan, aia kahi wahi palena he 24-kilomita i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka ʻāʻī moa.

A hiki i ka 2008 he mōʻī aupuni kumukānāwai ia, akā ma hope o ke kaua kīwila ikaika i hoʻomaka kahi wā hou. Minamina i ka 2015 ua loaʻa iā ia kahi ōlaʻi weliweli, ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻewalu tausani mau mea make, no laila ke ola nei nō ʻo ia.

himalayas

ʻO kona palapala honua no ka huinahā lōʻihi, he mau mauna kona a nona nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ... i waena o lākou ka Mauna Everest. Ma Nepal aia nā mauna paʻa, nā ululāʻau humuhū, ʻelima mau kau, no ka mea ua helu ʻia ka monunona, a me ka poʻe ʻōlelo i nā ʻōlelo ʻokoʻa a ʻōlelo i nā hoʻomana ʻokoʻa.

pōʻino

ʻO ka hope, He mokupuni ʻo Maldives a me kahi ʻāina Islam ma ke Kai ʻInikia. ʻO Malé kona kapikala a ʻo kāna moʻomeheu i hana ʻia ma kahi o 1200 mau mokupuni, 200 wale nō i noho ʻia, akā inā piʻi aʻe ka ʻilikai e nalo mau loa lākou.

Noho ma Maldives

Ua hala ma aneʻi nā Pelekania, ka Pukiki a me ka Dutch, ʻoiai ua kūʻokoʻa ia mai ka hopena o 60. ʻAʻole ia ke aupuni a ka lehulehu nui a puni ka honua a ʻo ia ka ʻāina liʻiliʻi ma ʻAsia. ʻOiai, he nani kona mau kahakai a me nā kahakai He wahi mākaʻikaʻi maikaʻi loa ia ma waena o nā Europa. Noho ka poʻe he nui mai ka mākaʻikaʻi a aia ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli mau hōkele.

ʻO kēia ka penikala paʻakikī a nani a waiwai hoʻi o ka moʻomeheu o Hindustan. Ma ka ʻāina hea ʻoe e noho ai?

 

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*