ʻO ke kai Sargasso, ke kai me nā kahakai ʻole

Pololei kēlā, ka ʻO ke kai Sargasso wale nō ke kai ʻaʻohe ona kahakaiʻAʻole holoi kona wai i kahakai o nā ʻāina ʻĀinapuniʻole. Maopopo iā ʻoe? ʻOiaʻiʻo ua lohe a heluhelu paha ʻoe iā ia ma laila, akā ʻike maoli ʻoe ma hea ia o he aha nā ʻano ona a i ʻole ke kumu i kapa ʻia ai pēlā?

I kēia lā, pili kā mākou ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kai Sargasso, kahi kai piha i ka limu pū kekahi ʻo ia wale nō ke kai e wehewehe ʻia e ke ʻano o ke kino a me ke ʻano.

Ke kai Sargasso

ʻO ka mea mua, aia ma hea ia? He ʻāpana ia o ka Moana ʻAkelanika ʻĀkau, nui loa, o kinona elliptical. Aia ia ma waena o meridians 70º a 40º a me nā parallels 25º a 35ºN, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka ʻAkelanika ʻAkau.

Komohana o ke kai Sargasso holo i ka Kahawai Kahawai, ma ka hema ka Koʻolau Hema Equatorial a ma ka hikina ka Kanary o kēia manawa a komo i loko o kahi huina o 5.2 miliona mau kilomika kilomikas, 3.200 kilomita ka lōʻihi a ma luna o 1.100 kilomika ka laulā. Kekahi mea e like me ʻelua hapakolu o ke kai, ka mea liʻiliʻi, a hoʻokahi hapakolu o ka papa o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

Ua ʻōlelo mākou i loko o ke poʻo inoa o ka ʻatikala ʻo ia wale nō ke kai i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​kahakai ʻĀinapuniʻole mai ia manawa ʻo ka lehulehu wale i ka poʻe e hoʻonaninani i kou ākea nā mokupuni Bermuda. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia maanei kahi i kū ai ka Triangle Bermuda kaulana, no kekahi mahele o ke kai ponoʻī, no kekahi ke kai holoʻokoʻa.

ʻO kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia kēlā Ua ʻike ʻia ma ka huakaʻi mua a Christopher Columbus i ʻAmelika i ke kenekulia XNUMX, a ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia nō i pili i ke ʻano kikoʻī o kēia kai i ka hopena i hāʻawi ʻia i kona inoa: kekahi e kuʻi ana "Nā lāʻau uliuli" nui ia i loko o ka wai a hiki i kēia manawa. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole ia he lau nahele akā he limu, o ke ʻano o ka macroalgae i ʻike ʻia ʻO Sagarssum, sargassum.

ʻO nā mahana mahana o ka wai o kēia kai i hana i kahi maikaʻi loa no ka limu e hana hou ai a, ma muli o ke kahe i loko o kekahi ala e hoʻopuni ai i ke kai, ua noho ka limu i loko, ma waenakonu, e manaʻo pinepine ana i weliweli maoli i ka poʻe holo waʻa. ʻO ia i kekahi manawa aia kekahi "ʻohana" maoli o kēia mau limu.!

Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka inoa e nā hoʻokele Pukiki, ua bapetizo lākou i ka limu a me ke kai. I kēlā manawa ua manaʻo kēia mau mea hoʻolaha ʻo ia ka limu mānoanoa i kekahi manawa e hoʻolohi i nā moku holo, akā i kēia lā ua ʻike ʻia ke kumu maoli a ʻo ke kahawai ʻo Gulf.

He aha nā ʻano kino o ke kai Sargasso? Ka mua ʻaʻohe makani o ke kai a kau ʻole A ma ka lua o ka wahi nui ka limu a me ka plankton. Ua ʻōlelo mākou ua hana nā limu i nā ulu lāʻau maoli i hiki ke noho i ka wai a puni ka wai i ʻike ʻia, i hoʻohui ʻia i ka nele o ka makaniHiki ke hoʻonāukiuki no ka poʻe holo. Aia nā kahawai ma nā ʻaoʻao, a puni, akā hoʻopili lākou i ka wai i loko e neʻe i nā concentric pōʻai i kahi uaki.

ʻAʻohe neʻe o ke kikowaena o kēia mau pōʻai a mālie loa. ʻO ka "chicha mālie" kaulana e makaʻu ʻia e nā luina o ka wā i hala. ʻO nā kahe e pili ana he ʻoi aku a ʻoi aku paha o ka wai mahana a neʻe i kahi wai hohonu, mānoanoa a anuanu hoʻi.

ʻO kēia kūlana, ka wai me nā kiʻiona like ʻole, ʻo ia ka mea e noho aliʻi ai ka plankton e hoʻohana ana i nā nitrates a me nā phosphates ma luna o ka wai, kahi e hiki mai ai ka lā. akā i ka manawa like, maopopo leʻa ʻaʻole huikau kēia mau wai me ke anuanu o ke anuanu e kahe ana ma lalo a ʻaʻole hiki ke pani i nā paʻakai a lākou e nalowale.

No laila ʻaʻole paʻakikī kekahi ola holoholona i ke kai Sargasso. Aia he 10 mau ʻano endomas o ka limu, e like me ka ʻōpala Latreutes, ka anemone sargassensis, ka līlī Lithiopa a i ʻole nā ​​mokulele minutus crab. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke hōʻike ʻole he mea nui ka wahi no nā ʻano puhi ʻelua i kupu aʻe ma aneʻi, no kekahi koholā humpback a i manu kuhukukū paha. I ka pōkole he wahi e hoʻouluulu ʻana, neʻe a me kahi e hānai nei.

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao ua nui ʻole ka ua, no laila ʻoi aku ka nui o ka evaporation ma mua o ka hiki ʻana o ka wai. I ka pōkole he kai o ka paʻakai kiʻekiʻe a he kakaikahi loa nā meaola. E like ia me ka wao akua i ke kai. He mau palena loli kona a ʻo ka mea like me ka hohonu, i hoʻopaʻa inoa ma kahi o 150 mau mika i kekahi mau wahi akā hiki i 7 tausani i kekahi.

Akā, pehea e hiki ai ke hana i kēlā kai ma waena o ka Moana ʻAkelanika? SHoʻokumu ʻia ia e nā hanana kālaihonua i hana ʻia ma luna o ka pā o kahi kai i hala ʻole, ʻo Tethys. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo Pangea supercontent? ʻĀ, he māwae i loko o ia mea, aia ma waena o nā ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika o ʻAmelika a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, i wahi i kahi i hele aku ai ka wai o nā Tethys e lilo i ʻāpana o ka Moana ʻAkelanika ʻĀkau. Holo kēia ma mua o 100 miliona mau makahiki i hala.

Ma hope, i ka wā i haki ai ʻo Gondwana i ka wā waena waena, ua hānau ʻia ka ʻAkelanika Hema. I ka wā Cenozoic Era, hoʻonui ke kai i kona mau palena a me nā mokupuni ma nā wahi āpau o ka hana lua pele ikaika e hōʻike ana i ke ola honua.

Ma ka hopena, Aia kekahi mea hoʻoweliweli i ke kai Sargasso? ʻO ke kāne paha? Pololei kau ʻōlelo! ʻO kā mākou hoʻolālā hoʻolālā hoʻokele waiwai e pili ana i ka hana mau ʻana o nā huahana a me nā huahana e hoʻopuka kukui A ʻo ia nō ka ʻōpala e hoʻoweliweli nei i ke kai. ʻO ka haumia e nā kemikū, nā ʻōpala ea a ʻo ka holo maʻalahi ʻana o nā moku e hoʻopilikia loa i ke kaiaola o ke kai Sargasso. ʻOiai e haʻalele ana i nā kahakai ʻĀinapuniʻole.

Lakaila i ka makahiki 2014 ua pūlima ʻia ke Kauoha ʻo Hamilton ma waena o ka United Kingdom, Monaco, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, nā ʻAilana Azores a me Bermuda e pale aku iā ia, akā… mau nō ke ʻike ʻia inā hana maoli ʻia ia.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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