Nā tikiki i nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Vatican

Aia ma ka puʻuwai o Roma, ke kūlanakauhale mau loa, ʻo ka Vatican ka ʻāina liʻiliʻi loa ma ʻEulopa holoʻokoʻa a me ke kiko o ka Ekalesia Katolika. Aia ka wahi noho o ka pope i kahi wahi liʻiliʻi, kahi hale aliʻi i hoʻopuni ʻia e nā māla nani i hiki ke kipa ʻia me ka mālama mua ʻia.

Ma loko o ka Vatican, ma waho aʻe o nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike Vatican, ka Basilica o Saint Peter, kahi e kū nei no ka dome a no ka Pieta na Michelangelo. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa aku iā St. Peter's Square a ma waho o ka pā o Vatican a i loko o nā minuke, ka Castel SantʻAngelo.

A laila, e aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui o ke kūlanakauhale Vatican a pehea e kūʻai ai i nā likiki.

ʻO Basilica ʻo St. Peter

Kaha o St. Peter

ʻO St. Peter's Square kahi o nā mea nui a nani loa o ka honua. He mea kupaianaha kona mau ana no ka 240 mau mika ākea a 320 mau mika ka lōʻihi. Aia ia ma ka wāwae o ka Vatican a ma nā hanana nui i hiki aku i 300.000 mau kānaka.

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka St. Peter's Square ma waena o 1656 a me 1667 e ka hana a Bernini a me ke kākoʻo o Pope Alexander VII. Ua like ia me kahi ellipse a hoʻopuni ʻia e kahi kolona me 140 mau kiʻi o nā haipule Katolika i hana ʻia e nā haumāna a Bernini ma kahi o 1657.

I waenakonu o ka pāhaʻi ka obelisk a me ʻelua mau punawai, hoʻokahi na Bernini (1675) a ʻo kekahi e Maderno (1614). Ua lawe ʻia ka obelisk i Roma mai ʻAigupita ma 1586 a kū i 25 mika ke kiʻekiʻe.

Ma ke ʻano he hoihoi, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka Place de la Concorde ma Palisa ma 1755 ma hope o ke kiʻi o Saint Peter's Square mai ka like me ka hāʻawi like ʻana o ka obelisk a me nā punawai.

Ka Basilica St. Peter

Komo i loko o St. Peter's Basilica kekahi o nā ʻike hiki ʻole ke hoʻopoina ʻia e hiki ke noho ma Roma. ʻO ia ka hale koʻikoʻi o ka Kakolika no ka mea, eia ka ʻike Hemolele a ma laila e hoʻolauleʻa ai ka pope i nā lituria i ʻoi loa. 

Loaʻa iā ia kona inoa i ka lunaʻōlelo a me ka mua pontiff Saint Peter, nona ka mea i kanu ʻia i loko. Hoʻomaka kona kūkulu ʻana i 1506 a pau i ka makahiki 1626, hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka hopena o kēlā makahiki nō. ʻO nā kiʻi o ke kiʻekiʻe o Bramante a i ʻole ʻo Carlo Maderno i komo i nā hana. ʻO kekahi o nā hana noʻeau e hiki ke loaʻa i loko o ka Baldachin na Bernini a i ʻole ka Pieta na Michelangelo.

ʻO kekahi o nā mea kupaianaha loa e pili ana iā St. Peter's Basilica ʻo kāna kupaianaha kupaianaha 136 mika kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻomaka ʻo Michelangelo iā ia, ua hoʻomau ʻo Giacomo Della Porta i ka hana a ua hoʻopau ʻo Carlo Maderno i ka makahiki 1614. ʻAʻole kūpono ka piʻi ʻana i ka dome no nā mea āpau no ka mea ma ka ʻāpana hope loa aia kahi alapiʻi ʻoniʻoni a ʻikiʻiki hoʻi e lilo i mea kaumaha loa. Eia nō naʻe, maikaʻi ka uku no ka mea mai ia mea hiki iā ʻoe ke mahalo iā St. Peter's Square i kona nani a, inā maopopo ka lā, ka hapa nui o Roma.

ʻO Frescoes o ka Sistine Chapel

Nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Vatican

ʻO nā kumu o kēia mau hale hōʻikeʻike i ka makahiki 1503, i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ʻo Pope Julius II i kāna palapala a hāʻawi i kāna hōʻuluʻulu kiʻi ponoʻī. Mai kēia manawa, ua hāʻawi nā pope a me nā ʻohana pilikino ʻē aʻe i nā haʻawina a hoʻonui i ka hōʻiliʻili a hiki i ka lilo ʻana i hoʻokahi o ka nui loa ma ka honua.

I loko o laila nā mea mai India, ka Hikina Hema, Tibet, Indonesia, ʻApelika a me ʻAmelika. ʻO kahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā keramika medieval, nā lole Flemish mai nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX, hana Helene a me Roma a me kahi lōʻihi hiʻohiʻona, etc.

I kēia manawa, loaʻa nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Vatican ma mua o ʻeono miliona mau malihini kipa i kēlā me kēia makahiki a ʻo kekahi o nā kumu koʻikoʻi ʻo ka Sistine Chapel, kahi i ʻike ʻia no kāna hoʻonaninani momona a no ka heiau i koho ʻia ai nā pope. Ua hoʻokō ʻia kona kūkulu ʻana i ka wā o ka kauoha a Pope Sixtus IV, nona ka inoa iā ia. ʻO kekahi o nā mea pena kiʻi koʻikoʻi i hana ma ia mea ʻo Miguel Ángel, Botticelli, Perugino a i ʻole Luca.

ʻO nā likiki no ka Vatican

ʻO nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Vatican a me ka Sistine Chapel kahi mea hoʻokipa ma ʻEulopa me nā lālani komo lōʻihi loa. I nā lā hana nui, hiki iā ʻoe ke kali a ʻehā mau hola i ka laina ma ke keʻena balota. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka koho ʻoi loa e mālama i nā tikika ma ka pūnaewele ma o ka pūnaewele Hale Hōʻikeʻike Vatican, i koho ʻia a kūpono wale nō no kekahi lā a me kekahi manawa. Hiki ke hoʻololi i ka lā a me ka manawa o ke kipa i kēlā me kēia manawa ke loaʻa.

Inā makemake ʻoe e hana i ke kipa ma kāu iho, ʻo ka manawa ʻoi loa e hana ai ma kahi o 13:XNUMX p. lā pule Ma nā hopena pule, ʻaʻole koi ʻia nā Lāpule hope loa o kēlā me kēia mahina (komo manuahi) a me ka pule Hemolele e kipa i ka Vatican ma muli o ka nui o ka poʻe, keu hoʻi i ke kau kiʻekiʻe.

Nā kumukūʻai balota

Hoʻokomo ʻia ka komo ākea ma ka pūnaewele e hōʻalo i ka lālani komo i loaʻa ke kumu kūʻai o 21 euro. Me ka mālama ʻole pūnaewele e uku ʻia 17 euro a ʻo ke kumukūʻai hōʻemi hōʻemi ʻia he 8 euro (me ka ʻole o kahi mālama pūnaewele) a me 12 euro e hōʻalo ai i nā queues.

Nā hola kipa

ʻO nā hola wehe o nā Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Vatican i ka hola 9 a. ma ka hola 18pm. ʻoiai ua pau ke kūʻai kūʻai balota ma 16pm, ʻelua mau hola ma mua.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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