ʻO ke kapa komo Venezuelan maʻamau

He ʻāina ko kēlā me kēia ʻāina a i ʻole kēlā me kēia wahi ma waena o kahi ʻāina lole ʻaʻano, kahi lole kuʻuna e hoʻopili i kā lākou moʻomeheu, ʻo ia hoʻi, ka hōʻike o ka moʻomeheu, ʻoiaʻiʻo, e hoʻopili pū i nā moʻolelo a me nā kaʻao, nā mele, ka moʻomeheu mea, nā kuʻuna waha.

Hoʻohuli ʻia nā lole maʻamau e ka mōʻaukala, ka honua, ka lāhui a i ʻole ke aniau. I kēia lā hele mākou i ʻAmelika Hema e nīnau iā mākou iho, He aha ke kapa komo maʻamau o Venezuela?

Venezuela

La Lepupalika Bolivarian o Venezuela ʻO ia kekahi o nā ʻāina e kūkulu ana iā ʻAmelika Hema, me kahi ʻāinapuniʻole a me kahi ʻaoʻao insular liʻiliʻi, ma ke kai Caribbean a me ka Moana ʻAkelanika. Aia ia i Colombia, Brazil a me Guyana.

ʻO ka panalāʻau a Venezuela e noho nei i kēia lā ua koloneia e Sepania mai 1522, me ke kūʻē nui mai nā lāhui Amerindian. Akā i 1811 ʻo ia kekahi o nā kolone mua i koi i kona kūʻokoʻa, kahi mea e hoʻokō pono ai ʻo ia i 1821. I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai ua kaʻawale ʻo ia mai ka panalāʻau i kapa ʻia ʻo Gran Colombia a mai ia manawa mai nā haunaele politika a me nā nohona like ʻole i ukali ʻia, nā mea maʻamau i kahi panalāʻau e pono e hoʻonohonoho.

Ua hoʻopilikia ʻia ka kenekulia 90 e nā pilikia politika, ua ʻike nā 'XNUMXs i nā hoʻāʻo kipi, ke aupuni neoliberal o Carlos Andrés Pérez a me ka puka ʻana o ke kiʻi o ʻO Hugo Chávez lima pū me ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Bolivarian Revolution. ʻO ka mea i loaʻa i ka ʻāina kahi o nā waihona aila nui loa ma ka honua e waiho mau ia ma waenakonu o ka nūhou a me nā pilikia mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me nā mea kōkua, e hoʻopuka nei i kahi ulia pōpilikia kaumaha loa.

ʻO ka lole maʻamau o Venezuela

E like me Latin America ma ka laulā, eia ke kala nā mea āpau, akā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo no a lole ʻaʻano kū hoʻokahi, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ka hoʻopiʻi He ʻokoʻa kona e like me nā wahi o ka ʻāina. ʻEiwa mau ʻāpana kālaiʻāina ʻo Venezuela, ka Andes, ke Kapikala, ka Waena Waena, ka Llanos, ka Central-Western, Zuliana, Northeast, Guyana a me Insular.

Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia wahi ka ʻokoʻa o ka lole maʻamau, inā ʻaʻole nui nā ʻōiwi a laila ʻoi aku ka māka o nā ʻano. A laila, ʻo kaʻaʻahu maʻamau o Venezuela ka waiʻona lama.

I ke kāne, hana ʻia ka Liqui Liqui a lākeke lōʻihi lōʻihi, pūliki paʻa a lōʻihi a pololei. He ʻeke kona ma ka umauma a ma lalo, ma ka lalo, a pani me waena o ʻelima a ʻeono mau pihi ma mua.

Pololei nā pālule, hana ʻia i ka lole like me ke kapa luna, no laila he lilina maʻamau. ʻO ke kala keʻokeʻo a ʻeleʻele ka nui o nā waihoʻoluʻu maʻamau a ʻo ia ka lole maʻamau a nā kāne e hoʻohana ai i ke kula a i ʻole, hoʻomaʻemaʻe, i nā hālāwai maʻamau. Ma luna o ko lākou poʻo aahu nā kāne a pāpale ʻeleʻele ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he "pelo e 'guama", a he mau kāmaʻa ʻeleʻele nā ​​kāmaʻa.

ʻOiai ʻo ka Liqui Liqui kahi lole kāne kāne makemake nui ʻia ia aia kahi mana wahine, ʻaʻole hou me nā pālule akā me nā lepa o nā lōʻihi like ʻole. A ʻae, i kekahi manawa kau nā pāpale wahine i nā pāpale a inā ʻaʻole hoʻonohonoho pua. Akā inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana kāhiko maʻamau o Venezuela no nā wahine no laila kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kahi lole: he lole waihoʻoluʻu pua ʻelua ʻāpana.

Mauka o ka halihali wahine Paʻi ʻia a paʻa paha ke kala, lima lima pōkole, blouse hāmama a ākea, a me kahi pālule like, a hiki i nā kuʻekuʻe wāwae a i ʻole nā ​​kuli. Aia ia i ka moku o ka ʻāina. Ma ko lākou wāwae e hāpai nā wahine ʻ quotelelo ʻoe, ka lole kamaʻa maʻamau e kau ʻia e nā kāne a me nā wahine, a i ʻole espadrilles. I kekahi manawa hoʻohana ʻia nā kāmaʻa me kahi kuʻekuʻe ākea a waena paha. Ma ke poʻo, kahi kakaka e paʻa ai ka lauoho i ʻohiʻohi ʻia.

Ua kamaʻilio mākou ma mua he nui nā ʻāina o Venezuela. A) ʻAe, ma nā wahi o ke kapikala, ʻo Caracas a me nā mokuʻāina ʻo Vargas a me Miranda, me ka heluna lehulehu i iho mai nā poʻe noho Sepania a me nā kauā ʻeleʻele, Hāpai ka lole i nā ʻano ʻē aʻe.

I ke kapikala, ʻaʻahu nā wahine i kahi lole kuʻuna o «E ka luahine», kahi wahine wahine kūloko me ka lole lole lōʻihi a ākea, kaila ʻEulopa, me nā lole nani, lace, silika. Aia ma lalo kahi a crinoline ʻo ka hao a i ʻole nā ​​petticoats lole mānoanoa e hāʻawi i ka lele a me ka leo i ka lole. Ma ke poʻo, kahi pāpale, ma nā lima, nā mīkina lima a me ka malu a me ka malu wahine.

No kā lākou ʻāpana, ʻaʻahu nā kāne i kahi seta lākeke a me nā pālule e hana maʻamau ʻia i ka lole lilina a i ʻole ka pulupulu. I nā manawa ʻē aʻe komo lākou bowtie a hoʻopaʻa paha a he pāpale mauʻu, i kekahi manawa he kō.

Ke neʻe aku nei mākou mai ke kapikala ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka hana kuʻuna a ʻike ʻia ia i nā ʻano like ʻole o ke kāhiko maʻamau pū kekahi. Ma Miranda, no ka laʻana, komo nā wahine i nā pālule ākea i nā kuli, me nā paʻi pua, kahi pālule huluhulu a me nā poʻohiwi ʻōlohelohe a me nā pale poʻo kala. ʻO nā kāne i kahi lepe o ka lole khaki a me nā lole wāwae, ʻolokaʻa ʻia.

Ma Vargas, kahi o ke kai waena, no ka mea e hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻokani pahu, ua hoʻololi ʻia nā lole wahine i ko lākou pono e hoʻoneʻe i ko lākou mau lima a hulahula maikaʻi. A laila nakinaki ʻia ka pālule ma ka pūhaka a nalowale ke koloka i kāna lele ʻana. No ko lākou ʻaoʻao, ʻaʻahu nā kāne i kahi pālule keʻokeʻo a hele wāwae ʻole nā ​​mea a pau.

 

I ka ʻĀina ʻo Los Llanos, ma hea nā mokuʻāina ʻo Guárico, Barinas a me Apure, noho aliʻi ka lole o ka llanero, kaulana loa a puni ka ʻāina. ʻO ia hoʻi, he ʻāina ʻo ia o ka Liqui Liqui e ka maikaʻi loa. Hoʻololi ke kaila a me nā mea hoʻonaninani e like me ka manawa, no laila hiki ke maʻalahi a i ʻole nā ​​lole i hoʻonohonoho ʻia.

ʻO nā mokuʻāina ʻo Mérida, ʻo Táchira lāua ʻo Trujillo ka mea i ʻĀina ʻo Andean, me nā mahana wela anuanu. Lawe nō nā wahine nā pālule lōʻihi, piha me nā petticoats mehana, ʻeleʻele ka hapa nui. Keʻokeʻo ka pālule, me nā pūlima lōʻihi, a ma luna e ʻaʻahu lākou i ka lole lilina a i ʻole ka pulupulu. Ma ke poʻo kahi scarf a ma luna o ia pāpale a ʻo ka hakahaka ke hana lākou ma nā māla.

ʻO ka lole kāne kāne maʻamau o ka moku Andes he lilina a i ʻole ka pulupulu, ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​lole keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo a me ka lākeke, me ka hipa hipa maka ruana e pale iā ʻoe iho i ke anuanu. Espadrilles ma nā wāwae a me ka pāpale mauʻu ma ke poʻo, ke kāʻei ʻili ākea me nā ʻeke, kūpono no ka mālama kālā ʻana a me ka uhi ʻana i ka machete a me kahi ʻeke. He kūpono loa.

I ka mokuʻāina ʻo Zulia, he aʻa o ka lāhui ʻōiwi ke ʻano maʻamau i noho a noho mau ka panalāʻau o Guajira, ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka apo me Colombia. ʻO ka lole o nā wahine kahi kapa guajira, kahi ʻano o ka lole pulupulu pololei a ākea hoʻi, i ka waihoʻoluʻu ʻana i nā waihoʻoluʻu a me nā lauana. I kekahi manawa poepoe ka ʻāʻī, i kekahi manawa V-hoʻokino, akā me ka nānā ʻole i kēlā kikoʻī, loaʻa iā lākou āpau kahi drawstring ma ka pūhaka.

Ma nā wāwae ua ʻaʻahu ʻia nā kāmaʻa o Zulia i nā kāmaʻa kāmaʻa nā kinipōpō huluhulu multicoloredʻAe, ʻo nā ʻeke paʻa lima lōʻihi a i ʻole nā ​​lipine i ka lauoho, e uhi ana i kahi o ka lae. Hoʻokomo pinepine lākou i nā lei, nā ʻāpana ʻohana i hoʻoili ʻia i waena o nā wahine o ka ʻohana. A ʻo nā kāne?

ʻAʻole uila ka pālule kāne akā maʻalahi ia: ʻaʻahu lākou i ka malo i uhi i nā genital a i ka lepe e paʻa ai iā ʻoe ke kānana i nā kinipōpō waihoʻoluʻu. ʻAʻole lākou e komo i ka pālule a hele pū lākou me ia kino ʻōlohelohe ʻoiai no kekahi manawa i kēia manawa ua kau kekahi i ka lapalapa keʻokeʻo. Hāpai pū kekahi lākou i kahi ʻeke ulana e mālama i nā meaʻai a me ka pahi. Ma ke poʻo kahi pāpale manaʻo a ma nā wāwae, nā kāmaʻa kāmaʻaʻili maʻalahi. Inā he hanana ka hanana, hiki iā lākou ke ʻaukā i ka hulu.

A pehea nā mokupuni? He aha ka lole maʻamau o Venezuela i ka moku mokupuni? Hōʻaʻahu nā wahine i ʻaʻahu me kahi pālule ākea a me nā ruffles, i ka honua. ʻO lākou nā ʻāpana pulupulu ʻehiku, i kekahi manawa pua, i humuhumu ʻia kekahi ma hope o kekahi me ka lace a me ka lipine satin. ʻO ka blouse he 3/4 mau lima me nā lipine he nui e like me nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā pihi i ke kala like me ka lepa a me ka ʻāʻī kiʻekiʻe. Nui nā kaula i kona lauoho.

No kaʻaoʻao he palule keʻokeʻo ko nā kāne i ka kuli, me kahi pālule o ka waihoʻoluʻu like a ʻulaʻula paha, me ka ʻole o kahi kola. I kekahi manawa hiki i ka palule ke ʻeleʻele a i ʻole ka khaki. Hana ʻia ka pāpale i ka mauʻu a paʻa nā kāne a me nā wahine i nā espadrilles me ka poho.

I ka Guyana, 'āpana i hana i nā moku'āina o Delta Amacuro, Bolívar a me Amazonas, ke kāhiko wahine he pale o ka nui o ke kala a me nā pua, waena-wāwae, me ke keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo, nā lei a me ke kāʻei. No kā lākou ʻāpana, komo nā kāne i nā pālule keʻokeʻo a me kahi pālule kala me nā lei lei pū kekahi. Hele kāne ʻole nā ​​kāne o kekahi mau ʻohana.

ʻO nā mokuʻāina ʻo Yaracuy, Portuguesa, Falcón a me Lara ka mea i ʻĀpana Komohana Komohana, akā ʻAʻohe o lākou lole ʻaʻano hoʻokahi akā he nui no ka mea, he moʻolelo ikaika a pilikino kēlā me kēia mokuʻāina. I kēlā me kēia hihia, nā pālule khaki, nā pālule pua, nā pālule waihoʻoluʻu, nā pāpale (i kekahi manawa ka mauʻu, i kekahi manawa kō). Hōʻike ʻia nō hoʻi ka lole paʻa waiʻona ma Yaracuy.

Hana ʻia ka mea like, i ka hopena ʻĀpana Hikina ʻĀkau a ma ka ʻāina waena. Maliʻa hiki ke ʻike wale ʻia nā ʻokoʻa e nā poʻe Venezuelan ponoʻī, akā i nā ʻōlelo maʻamau, e like me kāu e ʻike ai, piha ka lole o ke ʻano maʻamau o Venezuela i nā kala.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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