Luakini o Luxor ma ʻAigupita

Luakini o Luxor

ʻO ka hoʻolālā ʻana i kahi huakaʻi i ʻAigupita kahi moeʻuhane no nā mea he nui a me ke kanalua ʻole he wahi ia e hiki ai iā mākou ke ʻike i nā wahi i ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo o nā kānaka. ʻO nā moʻokūʻauhau o ʻAigupita i hoʻokumu ʻia i mau kūlanakauhale a me nā kia hoʻomanaʻo hiki ʻole ke waiho i nā lole he nui i kēia lā he wahi mākaʻikaʻi loa ia i kēlā me kēia kanaka, e like me ka Luakini kaulana o Luxor ma ʻAigupita.

E hele kāua e ʻike iā ia moʻolelo o kēia Luakini o Luxor a he aha hoʻi kā mākou e ʻike ai ke hele mākou e kipa iā ia. He kanalua ʻole ia kekahi o nā kia hoʻomanaʻo nui loa ma ʻAigupita e pono ai ke kipa ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Luxor a aia ia ma kahi kokoke i ka Luakini o Karnak.

ʻO Thebes Kahiko

Aia kēia luakini i loko o kahi ʻo Thebes kahiko, kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nui o ʻAigupita Kahiko ʻo ia nō kona kapikala ma ke Aupuni Waena a me ke Aupuni Hou. Aia ia i loko o ke kūlanakauhale o Luxor i kēia manawa a hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā ʻāpana nui e like me ka Luakini o Luxor a me ka Luakini o Karnak i launa pū ʻia i kona mau mile ʻelua o ka mamao e kahi ala me nā sphinxes i aneane nalowale loa. Hoʻokumu ʻia ia e ka ʻaoʻao hikina a me komohana o ka Nile me kahi neropolis ma ka hope. ʻO Uaset kona inoa ʻAigupita akā ua kapa ʻia ka poʻe Helene iā Thebes. ʻO kēia luakini o Luxor kahi mea nui i ka urbanism hoʻomana ma Thebes, hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ke akua ʻo Amon.

Luakini o Luxor

Luakini o Luxor

Este kūkulu ʻia ka luakini i ka XNUMX a me ka XNUMX mau aliʻi i nā kenekulia 1400 a me 1000 BC. Ua hoʻolālā nui ʻia kēia luakini e nā pharaohs Amenhotep III a me Ramses II, kahi e mālama ʻia ai nā ʻāpana kahiko loa akā ua hoʻohui ʻia nā wahi ʻē aʻe. Ua hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻāpana o ka moʻokūʻauhau Ptolemaic i kēia luakini a i ka wā o ka Emepaea Roma ua hoʻohana ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he pūʻali koa. ʻO kēia hale kahi o ka mālama maikaʻi loa ʻia o ka New Egypt Empire a he mau ʻāpana he nui loa i ʻelemakule a hōʻike mai iā mākou i nā ʻano o nā hana haipule o ia manawa.

Nā ʻāpana o ka luakini

Ma mua hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i ka ke alanui o nā sphinxes e pili ana me ka Luakini o Karnak me ʻeono haneli mau sphinxes o lākou e koe kakaikahi nei. Ma kahi kokoke i kēia ala nui ka hale pule o Serapis i hāʻawi ʻia i nā Ptolomies, ʻoiai he wahi hoʻomana ia no nā kenekulia. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i ka pylon kupaianaha i kūkulu ʻia e Ramses II. ʻO kēia pylon mai ka huaʻōlelo Helene ka manaʻo o ka puka nui a kuhikuhi mākou i kēlā puka i kahi kūkulu pālua e like me nā pyramid huli a hana ʻia kahi paia komo nui. Hoʻomaopopo ka pylon o Ramses II i ke kaua o Qadesh kahi i kū ai ka pharaoh i mua o ka Heta. ʻO kēia ka ʻīpuka komo i ka luakini. Ma ke alo o kēia pylon nā obelisks ʻelua o hoʻokahi wale nō koe no ka mea aia kekahi ma ka Place de la Concorde ma Palisa. Ma ka puka komo pū nā kiʻi ʻelua o Ramses II me Queen Nefertari i kū ma nā ʻaoʻao a ʻelua o ka noho aliʻi.

Luakini o Luxor

A laila ua komo mākou i ka pā peristyle, ka pā mua o ka luakini. ʻO kēia pā 55 mika ka lōʻihi me nā kolamu papyrus he 74 i nā lālani ʻelua a ma ke kikowaena he wahi heiau me ʻekolu mau hale pule i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no Amun, Mut, a me Khonsu. Ua mālama ʻia kēia mau hale pule ma ke ʻano he hale kūʻai no nā moku kapu. I loko o kēia pā hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā palapala like ʻole me nā hana haipule a i ʻole nā ​​keiki kāne a ka pharaoh. Hele mākou i ka lumi hou e ʻike ai mākou i ke kolamu kaʻina hana o Amenhotep III me nā kolamu he ʻumikūmālua i nā lālani ʻelua.

Luakini o Luxor

El ʻO ka pā ʻo Peristyle o Amenhotep III ka lumi aʻe. Ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā lālani ʻelua o nā kolamu papyrus. Komo ʻia ka lānai e kahi alapiʻi a alakaʻi kēia wahi i ka lumi hypostyle ʻo ia ka lumi mua ma ka ʻaoʻao o loko o ka luakini. He 32 kolamu o kēia lumi a pani ʻia i kona ʻano kumu. Mai kēia lumi hypostyle hiki iā ʻoe ke komo i nā lumi kōkua ʻē aʻe e like me ka Mut, Jonsu a i ʻole ʻAmona Room a me kahi kapu Roman. I loko o ka lumi o ka hānau hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i ʻekolu kolamu i kāhiko ʻia me nā kōkua e hoʻolaha i ka hānau ʻana o Amenhotep III. Hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomau i kahi lumi i lawelawe ʻia ma ke ʻano he vestibule a ma hope loa i kahi hoʻāno o Amenhotep III me nā hiʻohiʻona o ka pharaoh. ʻO ka wahi ʻo Amenhotep ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e like me ka loko o ka luakini, kūkulu ʻia ma mua a ma hope ka wahi ma waho loa e Ramses II. E lawe maʻalahi ka huakaʻi iā mākou i loko o nā lumi āpau kahi e hiki ai iā mākou ke leʻaleʻa i nā kikoʻī āpau o ke kahakaha ʻana a me nā pou hoʻohanohano me nā kinana papyrus a mākou e ʻike ai i nā heiau he nui.

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