Nā kūlanakauhale kahiko o Sepania

ʻO Santillana del Mar

He mau haneli haneli nā kūlanakauhale kahiko ma Sepania. ʻO ia nā kūlanakauhale i manaʻo ʻia ua pau ka manawa, a ke kipa aku mākou iā lākou, e lawe iā mākou i ko lākou aliʻi aliʻi a i ʻole ka manaʻo o ka wā kahiko i noho ai lākou. nā hale aliʻi, palena palena a i ʻole nā ​​kikowaena waiwai nui.

ʻO ka hele wāwae ʻana ma waena o kona mau alanui ololi, ʻike i kona mau kūpuna a me ke kipa ʻana i kona mau monuments nani e like me nā poʻe o ka Middle Ages. A ʻo ka mea maikaʻi loa hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa iā lākou ma na panalaau a pau o Sepaniamai Pakelona i luna ʻO Caceres a mai Hiki i ke kuhi i luna ʻO Malalaga. No kēia mau mea a pau, ke hāpai nei mākou i kahi mākaʻikaʻi o nā kūlanakauhale medieval maikaʻi loa ma Sepania.

ʻO Santillana del Mar, he mea kaulana i waena o nā kūlanakauhale kahiko o Sepania

Nānā iā Santillana del Mar

ʻO Santillana del Mar, ʻo ia paha ke kūlanakauhale kahiko ma Sepania

Hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi ma ke kūlanakauhale kahiko kaulana loa o ko mākou ʻāina. Inā nīnau ʻia kekahi o mākou e pili ana i ke kūlanakauhale kahiko ma Sepania, nui ka poʻe o mākou e pane iā Santillana del Mar.

No ka mea, he villa nani i loko o ka puʻuwai o Hiki i ke kuhi. ʻAʻole makehewa, paʻa ia i ka māhele o hui mōʻaukala noʻeau a he ʻāpana ia o ka pūnaewele o ʻO nā kauhale nani loa ma Sepania. ʻOiaʻiʻo, hiki iā mākou ke haʻi aku iā ʻoe ʻaʻole pau kēia kūlanakauhale. Aneane he mea hoihoi ko kona mau hale.

Akā aia kekahi mau mea āu e ʻike ai. ʻO ia ka hihia o ka mea kupaianaha hale pule kula o Santa Juliana, i kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX ma hope o nā canons Romanesque, ʻoiai ua kūkulu hou ʻia i ka XNUMXth. E kipa aku i kona hale kiaʻi, me kona mau poʻo he kanahākūmālua. He mea nui nō hoʻi e ʻike ʻoe i ka mea hoʻonani hale alii o ke one, he momi o ka Renaissance mua me nā kumu plateresque.

ʻAʻole ʻo ia wale nō ka hale kuʻuna āu e ʻike ai ma Santillana. Ke aʻo aku nei mākou iā ʻoe e kipa i nā hale aliʻi o Viveda, Mijares a i ʻole Valdivieso, a me ke kūkulu ʻana i ka hale aliʻi. Ka Hale Aliʻi, ʻano baroque. I ka pōkole, e like me kā mākou e ʻōlelo nei, hoihoi nā hale āpau o kēia kūlanakauhale Cantabrian. Ma muli o ka hiki ʻole ke haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i kēlā me kēia o lākou, e aʻo mākou iā ʻoe e ʻike pū i nā hale o Quevedo a me Cossío, ka Villa, ka Archduchess a i ʻole nā ​​hale kiaʻi o don Beltrán de la Cueva, del Merino a me don Borja. Pau keia me ka poina ole i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Altamira, me ke kope o kona mau ana kaulana.

ʻO Besalú, kahi hoʻoilina hoʻoilina Roma

ʻO Besalú

Nānā o Besalu

Hele mākou i kēia manawa i ka ʻāina ʻo La Garrocha, ma ka ʻāina ʻo Girona, e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana iā Besalú, kekahi kūlanakauhale medieval kupaianaha ma Sepania. Loaʻa ka loaʻa like i ka villa, me kāna holo mai ke kenekulia XNUMX, he mea kupanaha. Hoʻokahi haneli a me ʻelima mau mika ka lōʻihi a, akā naʻe, ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia i kekahi mau manawa. Kū i waho kona mau hale kiaʻi ʻekolu. ʻElua ma hope o ka paia a ʻo ke kolu, hexagonal a kanakolu mika ke kiʻekiʻe, ma waenakonu.

ʻO Besalú kekahi hui mōʻaukala noʻeau. A he hoihoi kona ʻehā hapahā alanui ololi kahi e ike ai oe i na koena o ka halehalawai kahiko a me ka miqveh, kahi i hana ʻia ai nā ʻauʻau hoʻomana. No kona ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka hale mōneka o Sant Pere Ua kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX, ʻoiai i kēia lā ʻo ka luakini wale nō ke koe. A, ma ka huinahā like, loaʻa iā ʻoe ka hale Cornellà a me ka hale kahiko Halemai o Sana Julia, me kahi facade mai ka XII.

La hale pule o San Vicente He mea nani Romanesque ia mai ke kenekulia XNUMX a, ma waho o nā paia, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā koena o ka hale kākela a me ka halepule o San Martín. Akā makemake mākou e aʻo iā ʻoe i kahi mea i ʻike ʻole ʻia ma nā alakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi maʻamau. No ka mea aia ʻoe i Besalú, e hele mai i Castellfullit de la Roca, he kūlanakauhale nani o ka wā kahiko a ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi a me he mea lā e kau ana ma ka pali vertiginous.

Aínsa, ma ka Huesca Pyrenees

Ainsa

Plaza Mayor o Ainsa

ʻO kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale medieval maikaʻi loa ma Sepania ʻo Aínsa, aia ma ka ʻāina ʻo Sobrarbe o ka panalāʻau. Huesca. Hoʻohui ʻia i kona ʻano hiʻohiʻona mōʻaukala, no ka mea, aia kekahi hapa o kāna wahi kaona i loko o ka nani. Pāka Natural o ka Sierra a me nā Guara Canyons.

No laila hiki iā mākou ke noʻonoʻo iā Aínsa i hoʻokumu ʻia ka moʻolelo i ka makahiki 724 mahalo i ka hana mana o ke keʻa ahi. Wahi a ia, ma muli o ke ʻano o kēia mea kupua, ua hiki i nā pūʻali Karistiano o Garci Ximénez ke lanakila i ka poʻe Mahometa. Ua kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia ʻumikūmāhiku he luakini me ke kea i loko e hoʻomanaʻo i kēia moʻolelo āu e ʻike ai i kēia lā.

Akā ʻo ka hōʻailona nui o Aínsa kona ka hale kākela, kūkulu ʻia ma kahi o ke kenekulia 1931. ʻO ia ke kumu maoli o ke kūlanakauhale, no ka mea, ua hoʻopalahalaha ʻia nā pā i mea e pale ai i ka poʻe e noho ana ma ia wahi. Mai ka makahiki XNUMX he Artistic Historical Monument.

Manaʻo mākou iā ʻoe e ʻike ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Huesca i ka hale pule o Santa Maria, i kūkulu ʻia ma waena o nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX ma hope o nā canon Romanesque. ʻO ka puka puka me nā archivoltsʻehā a me ka nave hoʻokahi i uhiʻia me ka hapalua-barela vault kū i kona maʻalahi, akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau,ʻo ka hale kiaʻi, o nāʻano kūikawā ma ka Aragonese Romanesque.

Mai poina e hele pū me kona nani Kaha Nui, wehe a me kona mau arcades, aole hoi e ike i na hale Arnal a me Bielsa, mai ke kenekulia XNUMX mai. Akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau, e hele ma kona mau alanui ololi me he mea lā aia ʻoe i ka Middle Ages.

ʻO Frías, he kūlanakauhale kahiko ma Burgos

Kele

ʻIke ʻia ʻo Frías, kahi mea nani kahiko ma ka ʻāina ʻo Burgos

Me ka emi iho o ekolu haneri kanaka, e kahaha oe i ka ike i keia kulanakauhale ma ka panalaau o Burgos paʻa i ka inoa o kūlanakauhale hāʻawi ʻia e ke aliʻi John II no Kakela i 1435. E hāʻawi kēia iā ʻoe i ka manaʻo o ke koʻikoʻi i loaʻa iā ia i ka Middle Ages.

ʻO kekahi o kāna mau hōʻailona nui ka mea kupanaha alahaka romanesque mai ke kenekulia XNUMX mai, me ka aneane hookahi haneri me kanalima mika ka loa, i waena o ka loa loa ma Sepania. Ua hoʻohui ʻia nā mea hoʻoponopono hou i nā mea Gothic e like me kekahi o kona mau pio, i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ma hope aku ka hale kiaʻi waena e hoʻonani ai.

Akā, ʻo ia paha ka mea hoihoi nui o Frías hale medieval. ʻO kekahi o lākou, e like me ka poʻe ma Cuenca, me he mea lā e kau ana mai kahi puʻu ma ke ala e hui pū ai me ka hale pule o San Vicente a me ka hale kākela o ka Velasco. ʻO nā lei aliʻi hope, ʻo ia hoʻi, ka puʻu o La Muela a ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX, ʻoiai ʻo kāna bila i kēia manawa mai ka XNUMXth. ʻO kona wahi a me kona nui i hāʻawi iā ia i kahi ʻano pale ʻole no ia wahi.

No ka halepule o San Vicente Mártir a me San Sebastián i ʻōlelo ʻia aʻe nei, mālama wale ia i kekahi mau mea o kona ʻano Romanesque kahiko. Ua loaʻa iā ia nā pōʻino like ʻole i koi ʻia i ka nui o kāna mau ʻāpana e kūkulu hou ʻia. Pēlā nō, lawe ʻia kona uhi kahiko i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Cloisters ma New York.

Pono ʻoe e ʻike i nā monuments hoʻomana ʻē aʻe ma Frías e like me nā hale pule o Kapalakiko a me Santa María de Vadillo, a me ka halepule gothic o San Vitores. A, no nā makaʻāinana, ke aʻo aku nei mākou iā ʻoe e kipa i ka hale pā hale a me ka hale aliʻi o Salazar. ʻO kēia mau mea me ka poina ʻole i ka hapahā Iudaio, aia ma nā alanui o Convención a me Virgen de la Candonga.

ʻO Albarracín, kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale medieval nani loa ma Sepania

Albarracin

Nānā iā Albarracin

Hoʻi mākou i ke kaiāulu kūʻokoʻa o Aragona, pili i ka panalaau o Teruel, e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana iā Albarracín, nona ke kumu i manaʻo ʻia ma kahi o ke kenekulia XNUMX, i ka wā i noho ai kahi hui o nā Mahometa. No kēia mea, ua kūkulu ʻo ia i kahi mea hoʻonani ʻĀkalakala ʻo ia ka Artistic Historical Monument i kēia manawa.

Eia naʻe, paʻa ke kūlanakauhale holoʻokoʻa i ka inoa o monumental complex. No ke au Muslim no hoi ka hale kiaʻi hele wāwae, he ʻāpana ia o nā pā pale o ke kūlanakauhale. ʻO ka like me kēia ka hale kiaʻi o Doña Blanca, aia ma kekahi ʻaoʻao o ka paka.

A ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka hale kākela, loaʻa iā ʻoe ka hale pule ho'ōla, i kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX ma nā koena o ka luakini Romanesque kahiko o ke kenekulia XNUMX. Hoʻohui ia i nā ʻano Gothic, Renaissance a me Baroque. Eia kekahi, i loko, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi hōʻiliʻili hoihoi o nā tapestries Flemish.

Aia ma kahi kokoke i ka hale pule Hale aliʻi ʻo Episkopal, me kahi façade baroque hoihoi, a, i ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Portal de Molina, ka hale Julianeta, kahi hana kaulana kaulana. ʻO ka hope, ʻo ka Ka Hale Aliʻi Mai ke kenekulia XNUMX mai.

ʻO Montefrío, Andalusia o ka wā kahiko

Montefrio

ʻO Montefrío, kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale medieval nani loa ma Sepania

Aia ma ka panalaau o ʻo Granada, He koʻikoʻi nui ʻo Montefrío i ka Middle Ages o Al Andalus. ʻOiaʻiʻo, aia i loko o kona hale kākela ka pā o ka Nasrid ke aliʻi ʻo Ismail III. Aia kēia pā kaua ma kahi puʻu nani kahi i loaʻa ai ka halepule o ke kauhale, kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX e Diego o Siloama.

Akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia wale nō ka mea āu e ʻike ai ma Montefrío. Ma waho aʻe o ka hele wāwae ʻana ma kona mau alanui a ʻike i kona mau hale keʻokeʻo, pono ʻoe e kipa i ka ʻāina kupanaha o Cerro de los Gitanos, kahi i loaʻa ai nā wahi archaeological a me kahi kūlanakauhale Roma a me ke alahaka. A ma ka Barranco de los Molinos e ʻike ʻoe i nā wailele a, pololei, nā wili mai ka wā Latin.

Pēlā nō, pono ʻoe e kipa iā Montefrío, kahi i haʻi ʻia hui mōʻaukala noʻeau, nā halepule o San Sebastián a me San Antonio, ka Renaissance mua a me ka Baroque lua. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka Incarnation he neoclassical. No kāna ʻāpana, ʻo ka Hale Kalepa a me ka Halemai o San Juan de Dios mai ke kenekulia XNUMX mai lākou a he hale manor ka Hale Kaona mai ka kenekulia XNUMX.

I ka hopena, ua hōʻike mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o nā mea hoihoi loa nā kūlanakauhale kahiko o Sepania. Eia naʻe, hiki ʻole, ua haʻalele mākou i nā mea he nui i ka pipeline. E haʻi wale aku mākou iā ʻoe Alquezar ma Huesca, peratallada ma Girona, ʻo Ronda ma Malaga a i ʻole ʻOlite ma Navarre. E hele a kipa iā lākou, ʻaʻole ʻoe e mihi.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

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