ʻO nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania

kahua ʻo Toledo

He nui nā nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania no ka wa i noho ai ke alahao mea nui o ka halihali ana. ʻO kēia ikaika, e like me ka hapakolu hope loa o ke kenekulia XNUMX a me ka hapa mua o ka XNUMXth, pono ia e kūkulu i nā hale nui no nā poʻe kaʻa a me nā convoy.

Akā ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu ka poʻe i kuleana no kēia mau kūkulu ʻana i ka hana ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ia ka manawa i ʻimi ai lākou e haʻalele lepili noʻeau ponoʻī. ʻO ka hopena, ua noho nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania, ʻo ia hoʻi hale kupanaha maoli me ka nalowale ole o kona waiwai hana. E hōʻike ana mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o lākou.

Waihona Canfranc

Waihona Canfranc

ʻO Canfranc, kekahi o nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania

Hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi ma kekahi o nā kikowaena hōʻailona loa o Sepania, ʻo ia hoʻi, hoʻohana wale ʻia i kēia lā no nā lawelawe commuter. Eia nō naʻe, ua kūkulu ʻia ʻo ia ka mea hope loa ma ka laina e e hoʻohui iā Madrid me France ala Aragona nona Tunnel tunnel, ma kahi kokoke i ʻelua kaukani mika o ke kiʻekiʻe.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1928 a he nui nā ʻano. Ma ke ʻano he kahua palena, pono ia e hoʻopaʻa i nā pā kaʻa o ʻelua mau ana ʻokoʻa, nā hale kūʻai waiwai, a me kahi noho no nā limahana a me ko lākou ʻohana. Akā, pono e loaʻa nā dute, nā keʻena mākaʻi, nā keʻena leta a me nā lawelawe ʻē aʻe.

No laila, ua loaʻa ke kūkulu 241 mau mika ka loa a me ka huinahalike i maheleia i elima kino. Pane i ke ano o ka hale hale Palani mai ke kenekulia XNUMX me ka nui o nā ʻano kuʻuna, akā pū kekahi me nā mea o ka hoʻolālā ʻenehana e like me ka hao a me ke kaʻa. A, ma ke ʻano he hoʻohiwahiwa i nā hale ma ia wahi, he kaupaku kona.

ʻO ka mea kānalua, ʻo Canfranc kekahi o nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania, no laila ua lilo ia i wahi o kekahi. nā moʻolelo a me nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni (Aia kekahi moʻolelo i kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o Kauka Zhivago). Ke hoʻoponopono ʻia nei i kēia manawa no ka hale Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Aragon Railway a e hāʻawi aku i ka hōkele a me ka hoʻohana mākaʻikaʻi. Hoʻolālā ʻia e kūkulu hale a me nā wahi uliuli.

kahua ʻo Toledo

kahua ʻo Toledo

ʻO ke kahua nani o Toledo

He mea kupanaha no hale hana neomudejar Ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1919. No kēia kumu, ua hoʻolaha ʻia ʻo ia he kahua o ka hoihoi moʻomeheu a hoʻihoʻi ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki i hala. ʻO kona hoʻolālā ma muli o ka mea hoʻolālā Narciso Claveria, ka mea i poina e pili ana i ka hana e hana i kahi hana noʻeau maoli.

Ua uhi ʻia ma kahi o ʻumikumamākolu kaukani mau mika square a he kino waena a me ʻelua ʻēheu ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa. Ua hoʻonani ʻia ka façade me nā ʻaka lobed a me nā pā kaua. ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo, ua nui ka pūʻulu holoʻokoʻa i hoʻonani ʻia me nā ʻaka Mudejar, nā mosaics tile, ka latticework a me nā mea ʻē aʻe o ka mea hana gula Toledo waiwai.

Akā ʻo kāna hōʻailona nui paha ka hale kiaʻiʻo ka hale kiaʻi, ka mea e puka mai ana mai ke kino o ka hale a loaʻa pū iā Mudejar grillwork. I kēia manawa, lawelawe kēia kikowaena nani i ka laina kiʻekiʻe La Sagra-Toledo, no ka mea mai Madrid a i Seville. Me ka kānalua ʻole, he ʻelele kūpono kēia hale e hoʻokipa iā ʻoe inā ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea kupanaha o ka mea i kapa ʻia. "City of Three Cultures".

Valencia Akau Station

kahua ʻo Valencia

Valencia Akau Station

He mau kahua kaʻaahi ʻo Valencia, akā ʻo ka mea nani loa ma ke alanui ʻo Játiva, ma ka ʻaoʻao o ke kahua kaʻaahi a kokoke loa i ka Hale Kaona. ʻo ia ka mea kahiko ʻĀkau a i ʻole Valencia-Term station a ua kūkulu ʻia i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia 1917 e hoʻomaka i ka makahiki XNUMX.

He ʻumikūmālima kaukani mau mika square ke kūkulu ʻia a ua hoʻolālā ʻia e ka mea kākau Demetrius Ribes. Eia naʻe, kā lākou ka uhi metala nui, kahi kokoke i iwakāluakūmālima mika ke kiʻekiʻe, ma muli o Enrique Grasset. pane aku kaila modernist a me nā hiʻohiʻona neo-Gothic a me nā manaʻo pre-rationalist mai ka mea kākau nui Austrian ʻO Otto wagner. Ua māhele ʻia i ʻelua ʻāpana: ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka hale kaʻa me kahi hoʻolālā U-like, a ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ka hangar nui nona ka hale i kākoʻo ʻia e nā poʻo kila articulated.

Pēlā nō, ʻo ka façade nui o ke ʻano hoʻohāhā a he ekolu ona kino e ku mai ana a i hoonaniia me na hale kiai. I kona hoʻonani ʻana, ua hana hou ʻia nā kala o ka ʻaʻahu o Valencia a, ma luna o nā mea a pau, nā kumu maʻamau o ka māla Levantine e like me nā ʻalani a me nā pua ʻalani. Ua hoʻohana ʻia lākou no ia nā seramika aniani, nā mosaics, ke kinikini a me ke aniania me na pākaukau aloha nui i ka Catalan a me Valencian modernism. E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ʻo ia ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā tile liʻiliʻi o nā kala like ʻole i hui pū ʻia me ka mortar (ʻoiaʻiʻo, pākaukau hiki ke unuhi ʻia he "ʻokiʻoki").

ʻO Farani, ʻo Barcelona kekahi o nā keʻena nani loa ma Sepania

kahua kahua o Farani

Nānā lewa o ke kahua o Farani

I kā mākou huakaʻi i nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania, hiki mai mākou i kēia manawa Pakelona, e pili ana i ka apana o kūlanakauhale kahiko, e ike i ka ke kahua o Farani. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1929 ma ka manawa o ka Hōʻike honua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i kēlā makahiki e Barcelona. I kēlā manawa, ua hoʻokomo ʻia nā holomua ʻenehana e like me nā interlocks uila, nā pale hydraulic a me nā alaloa lalo e neʻe ai i nā mea kūʻai.

Akā, ʻoi aku ka hoihoi mai ka ʻaoʻao kūkulu hale. Ua hoʻokō ʻia ka papahana kūlanakauhale e Eduardo Marystany, nāna i hoʻolālā i kahi ʻano ʻano U me kahi hangar pālua a me kahi puka pihi i nā ala. ʻElua hale hoʻi ma ka ʻaoʻao o ke alanui i hui pū ʻia ma kona ʻaoʻao waena. Ua hoʻolālā ʻia kēia hale no nā huakaʻi e Pedro Muguruza, nāna i hoʻokiʻekiʻe i kahi hoʻonaninani kūoʻo. No kēia kumu, ua kauoha ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i kēia Raymond Duran y pelayo martinez.

He mea kupanaha ka nui o ke kahua o Farani. Hale hale hoʻopili i nā ala i ke ʻano U a ua uhi ʻia nā hangars a mākou i ʻōlelo ai 195 mika ka lōʻihi a me 29 mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Eia kekahi, aia ka lobby nui ʻekolu domes nui. I ka pōkole, ʻo ia kekahi o nā keʻena kupanaha loa ma Sepania.

kahua ʻo Zamora

kahua ʻo Zamora

ʻO ke kahua ʻo Zamora, me kāna ʻano Neoplateresque, ʻo ia kekahi o nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania

Ke kū nei ka Zamora no kona nui, ʻoiai ʻo ka façade nui 90 mau mika ka loa. Akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau, ʻo ia kekahi o nā keʻena nani loa ma Sepania ma muli o kāna ʻano neoplateresque. Ua hoʻomaka ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana i ka makahiki 1927, ʻoiai ʻaʻole e hoʻomaka ʻia a hiki i ka makahiki 1958. Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka hana iā ia. Marcelino Enriquez ma ka ʻāina e pili ana i Las Viñas.

No ka hale i hoʻohana ʻia pōhaku gula o Villamayor, ka mea i kokua i ka nani. He ʻekolu ʻāpana o ke alo a me ka nui o nā papahele, me nā hale kiaʻi ʻehā. Pēlā nō, kū ka mea pale waena mai nā ʻēheu no kāna kahua me kahi pediment triangular i kāhiko ʻia me ʻelua pale a me ka uaki. he nani kōkō Hoʻoulu ʻia e ka hale aliʻi ʻo Monterrey de Salamanca, hoʻopau ia i ka hoʻonani. A ʻo ka papahele o lalo he Renaissance arches e hana ana i nā hale kiʻi.

kahua ʻo Aranjuez

kahua ʻo Aranjuez

kahua ʻo Aranjuez

ʻIke paha ʻoe i kēlā kelepona Kahua Aliʻi o Aranjuez he mea kupanaha nui. ʻO ka mea āu i ʻike ʻole ai, ʻo ia ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kāna mau mea hana hale ma ke kahua kaʻaahi ponoʻī. ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo, pono ke kūlanakauhale liʻiliʻi i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kēia ala kaʻa ma ka ʻāina Sepania.

ʻO ka laina kaʻaahi ʻelua i hana ʻia ma ko mākou ʻāina ʻo ia ka mea i pili ʻO Madrid me Aranjuez. Ma mua, ka mea i pili Barcelona me Mataro. Eia naʻe, ma ke ʻano he hoihoi, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe ua kūkulu ʻia ke kaʻaahi mua i noho i loko o ka lāhui Sepania Kuba. ʻO ka mea kūikawā, ua hoʻopili ʻo ia iā Havana me ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Güines i ka makahiki 1837.

Akā, e hoʻi ana i kahua ʻo AranjuezʻAʻole ia e pili ana i ka primitive. ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i kēia lā ua kūkulu ʻia ma waena o 1922 a me 1927 a, e like me ka mea ma Toledo, o ʻano neo-mudejar. Aia i loko o ka piko he ʻehā ʻehā lōʻihi i waenakonu. Ua hoʻonani ʻia ka ʻaoʻao o waho me kahi gable i hoʻonani ʻia me ʻekolu mau pio a me nā puka aniani ʻeleʻele. Maluna o ka hale e pii ana a hale kiai uaki.

Kūlana hoʻi ke alo no ka pōhaku ʻulaʻula i hōʻike ʻia i hoohanaia no ke kukulu ana. Ua kau ʻia ma luna o kahi pā pōhaku lōʻihi a hoʻonani ʻia me tile. Aia nō i loko nā mosaics like ʻole mea hoʻonani i hana ʻia e ka ʻItalia ʻO Mario Maragliano. No lākou, ua uhi ʻia nā paepae e nā canopies i kākoʻo ʻia ma nā kolamu hao.

kahua ʻo Concordia

kahua ʻo Concordia

ʻO ke kahua ʻo Concordia ma Bilbao

Hoʻopau mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania i kēia Bilbao, he mea kupanaha modernist. ʻO ia ka mea kahiko loa o nā mea a mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻoiai ua hoʻomaka ʻia i ka makahiki 1902 no ka loaʻa ʻana o nā kaʻaahi i hele mai. Santander. ʻO ka hana ma muli o ka ʻenekinia ʻO Valentin Gorbena a me ka mea haku hale Severino Achucarro.

Kūlana ʻo ia i kona alo waena i hoʻonani ʻia me nā tile kala ʻulaʻula a me nā seramika ʻokoʻa me ka hao o kona hale. Akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau, e hopu ia i kou noonoo ka pukaaniani rose mai luna mai. ʻO kona ʻāpana i loko, ʻo ia nā poʻomanaʻo hao a me nā pio. Akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau, e kahaha ʻoe i ka wahi kali, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me kahi ʻike ma luna o ke kikowaena mōʻaukala o ke kūlanakauhale. He mea laʻa loa kēia i ka hoʻolālā kaʻaahi a hoʻolilo i kēia kahua nani i wahi kū hoʻokahi.

I ka hopena, ua hōʻike mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o nā nā hale kaʻaahi nani loa ma Sepania. Akā, hiki ʻole, ua haʻalele mākou i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka pipeline. No ka laʻana, kēlā o ʻO Atocha ma Madrid, i kēia manawa he kīhāpai ʻāina; kela o Almeria, me kona ano Palani a me kona mau pukaaniani; kela o ʻO Jerez de la Frontera, ka mea e hoʻohui i ka Renaissance, Mudejar a me nā mea kūloko, a i ʻole ke kahua haʻahaʻa o Puebla de Sanabriai Zamora, me kona kaila kaulana. Aa e halawai me lakou.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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