Nā luakini Megalithic o Malta

Nui a lehulehu ka honua wahi pohihihi, o kēlā mau mea liʻiliʻi i ʻike ʻia a manaʻo nui ʻia. ʻO Malta kekahi o lākou a i ʻole, ʻoi loa nā luakini megalithic o Malta. Maopopo iā lākou iā lākou? ʻAʻole lākou e hoʻonāukiuki iā ʻoe?

ʻO Malta kahi ʻāpana o ka European Union a ʻoiai he liʻiliʻi ia he ʻāina kahi e noho ai nā poʻe he nui. Ma aneʻi, i loko o kēia ʻāina ʻē ʻē i kēia lā i kipa nui ʻia e ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi no ke ʻano mahana, aia ʻekolu Hoʻoilina honua a me nā luakini megalithic he nui i waena o nā mea kahiko a pohihihi paha o ka honua.

Malta

He aupuni kūʻokoʻa ma ka hema o Italia a ʻoiai ʻo ia ma ke aloha o nā ʻāina like ʻole i loko o kona mōʻaukala, aia ia, mai 1964, kūʻokoʻa maoli ia. He a moku ʻāina moku ʻekolu mau mokupuni, ʻo Malta ponoʻī, ʻo Gozo a me Comino. Aia kekahi mau mokupuni liʻiliʻi ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ke aniau o Malta ka mehana i ke kauwela a i ka hoʻoilo ua iki ka ua. ʻO ia ke kumu e hele ai ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi he nui. No nā kahakai a maopopo hoʻi, no kēia mau luakini megalithic hoihoi loa.

Nā luakini Megalithic o Malta

Aia ʻehiku mau luakini megalithic i Malta e ʻike ʻo UNESCO ma ke ʻano he World Heritage Sites Aia lākou i Malta a ma ka mokupuni ʻo Gozo. I ka mua aia nā luakini o Hagar Qim, Mnajdra a me Tarxien, Ta'Hagrat a me Skorba ʻoiai ma Gozo aia nā luakini nui ʻelua o Ggantija.

Pau nā nā hanana prehistoric monumental manaʻo ʻia ua kūkulu ʻia i ka wā o ka millennium BC ʻehā a me ke kolu ʻO lākou kekahi o nā hale kū pōhaku mua e kū nei i ka honua a ke paʻi nei no ko lākou ʻano a me nā mea hoʻonaninani. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he kū hoʻokahi kēlā me kēia paʻakikī a me kahi mea hanohano no ka hana ʻenehana a lākou e hōʻike ai.

Wahi a nā loea, he ʻano ʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia kia hoʻomanaʻo aia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona maʻamau e like me ka lānai elliptical i mua a me ka alo concave. Ma ka laulaha, aia ka puka komo i mua, ma ka waena o ka maka, wehe ia i kahi ala nui me kahi pā hale a me ka lumi i loko o nā keʻena semi-circular i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia ma kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao o ka axis o ka hale.

Hoʻololi kēia mau keʻena i ka helu ma muli o ka hale, i kekahi manawa aia ʻekolu keʻena, i kekahi manawa ʻehā a ʻelima paha, a ʻeono paha. Aia nā pōhaku ākea a me nā pōhaku kū nui, Manaʻo ʻia aia he mau hale a hōʻike nā mea āpau i ke ʻano o ke kūkulu ʻana e hōʻike i ka sophistication. Loaʻa ka pōhaku i ka wahi, ʻo ia nō pōhaku ʻalā no nā paia kūwaho a a pōhaku limu palupalu no nā mea i loko a me nā mea hoʻonaninani. ʻAe, aia kekahi mau mea hoʻonaninani i loko o nā hale a hōʻike pū lākou i kahi ʻano koʻikoʻi o ka hana lima.

No ke aha nā mea hoʻonaninaka ʻLelo mākou? ʻAʻole hoʻonele nā ​​panela i hoʻonani ʻia me nā lua, nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, nā kumu lāʻau, nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona. Manaʻo ʻia, mai ka hoʻolālā hoʻolālā a me nā hoʻonaninani, ua hoʻokō ʻia kēia mau hale kahiko i kekahi kūlana kūlana no ke kaiāulu nāna lākou i kūkulu.

ʻAneʻane nā ʻike āpau āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i nā luakini megalithic o Malta mai ka archeology orthodox. ʻO kēia ʻepekema, mai ke kālailai ʻana i nā iwi, nā ʻāpana keramika a me nā mana like ʻole, i hoʻokumu i kēlā Ua noho nā kānaka ma Malta mai ka manawa ma mua o 5200 BC. Noho lākou i nā ana akā kūkulu lākou i mau hale a me nā kauhale holoʻokoʻa. Manaʻo ʻia ʻoi aku a ʻoi aku paha ma hope o 1600 mau makahiki o ka hōʻea ʻana i ka mokupuni ua hoʻomaka lākou i ke kūkulu ʻana o kēia mau luakini nui, a i kēia lā ʻike wale mākou i kahi mea e like me ko lākou iwi iwi.

Ma hope o kahi manawa hanohano a hanohano me he mea lā Ma kahi o 2300 BC ua hoʻomaka ka emi wikiwiki ʻana o kēia moʻomeheu maikaʻi.a. No ke aha mai? Manaʻo ʻia ma muli o ka nāhelehele nui loa, nalowale o ka lepo, nui ka heluna kanaka a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai no ka mahiʻai… Aia kekahi kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka wī, ka hakakā pili kaiapili e pili ana i ka hoʻomana hoʻomāinoino a i ʻole ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā mea hoʻouka kūwaho. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo nā mea i hana ʻia, ua hōʻole ka moʻomeheu o Malta a hiki i ka hōʻea ʻana o nā poʻe i ka Bronze Age ma kahi o 2000 BC. C neoneo ka mokupuni.

ʻO nā wahi pohō kaulana loa ka mea o ka luakini o Hagar Qim a me kēlā o Mnajdra, ma ke kai komohana hema o Malta, e nānā ana i ke kai a i ka mokupuni ʻo Filfla i noho ʻole ʻia ma kahi o ʻelima mau mile ka mamao. ʻO kēia papu he ʻelua mau ʻano limestone, kahi haʻahaʻa a paʻakikī hoʻi i hoʻohana ʻia ma Mnajdra a ʻo kahi kiʻekiʻe a palupalu hoʻi kahi i hoʻohana ʻia ma Hagar Qim.

ʻO Hagar Qim ʻO ia ke ʻano o nā 'pōhaku kū' a ma mua o ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o nā wahi neoneo ua uhi ʻia lākou e kahi puʻu pōhaku mai kahi mau pōhaku kū mau i kū i luna. Manaʻo ʻia ua kūkulu ʻia ka luakini ma nā pae ma waena o 3500 BC a me 2900 BC a aia iā ia nā pōhaku nui loa ma ka mokupuni. Aia kekahi pōhaku nui ʻehiku mika e ʻekolu mika a ke kaupaona ʻana ma kahi o 20 tone.

Ua ʻimi mua ʻia nā wahi hoʻoneoneo i ka makahiki 1839 a ua hana ʻia nā ʻeli hou aʻe ma waena o 1885 a me 1910. I ka hihia o lʻO nā luakini o Mnajdra ma kahi o 500 mau mika ma ke komohana o Hagar Qim, kokoke i ka piko o ka piko e nānā pono ana i ke kai. He mau hale ʻelua ko ka paʻakikī, kahi luakini nui me nā keʻena elliptical ʻelua a me kahi heiau liʻiliʻi me kahi keʻena ʻē aʻe.

Nā luakini o ka nānā kilohi? Hiki iā. ʻO ka puka komo nui e kū pono ana i ka hikina a ma ke kauwela a me ka equinoxes punawai ke hāʻule nā ​​kukuna mua o ka lā ma kahi pōhaku ma ka paia o ka lua o ka lumi. I ke kauwela a me ka hoʻoilo e hoʻomālamalama ka lā i nā kihi o nā kia ʻelua i ka paukū e pili ana i nā keʻena nui.

Kupanaha maoli ia mai Hoʻonohonoho kaulike ʻia nā hale luakini ʻelua a ʻaʻole hoʻokahi wale nō i ka lā akā he mau manawa: i Hagar Qim, ʻo kahi laʻana, i ka wanaʻao e hele nā ​​kukuna o ka lā ma waena o ka mea i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka oracle a hoʻolālā i ke kiʻi o kahi disk e like paha ka nui me ka mea i ʻike ʻia mai ka mahina a, i ka hala ʻana o nā minuke, ulu ka pāpae a lilo i ellipse. Kūpono kekahi ala ʻē aʻe i ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he ʻano laha loa kēia mau nīnau astronomical no ka mea inā hilinaʻi mākou i ka archeology orthodox i kēlā manawa kēlā ʻike…. Aia kekahi ʻikepili hewa. Hōʻike nā mea noiʻi ʻē aʻe i nā manaʻo hoihoi hou aʻe: ʻo ka manawa hopena o ka lā ma nā solstices ʻaʻole paʻa akā hoʻololi ʻia me ka huina, hoʻonui a hoʻemi ʻana paha, o ka axis o ka Honua e pili ana i ka mokulele o kāna kaapuni a puni ka lā. ʻIʻike loea ʻia kēia mau hoʻololi ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ka obliquity o ka ellipsis" a he 23 kekelē a me 27 mau minuke ka lōʻihi.

No laila, ua hōʻike ʻia kahi pōʻaiapuni ʻoi aku ma mua o 40 tausani mau makahiki a inā lawa ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻopili ʻana a laila e hoʻokomo lākou i kahi kekelē i hana pololei ʻia e kēia obliquity hoʻololi. Mai kēia kuhi hewa hiki ke helu i ka ka lā kikoʻī o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o nā heiau.

No laila, i ka hihia o nā luakini Mnajdra, maikaʻi kā lākou hoʻopili ʻana akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa. No laila ke hōʻike nei ka helu ʻana i ka hoʻopili pono ʻana i hana ʻia ma kahi o ʻelua mau manawa i nā makahiki he 15 i hala iho nei: hoʻokahi manawa ma 3700 BC a me hoʻokahi ma mua, ma 10.205 BC. He ʻelemakule lākou ma mua o ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia.

Kākaʻikahi loa ... akā ʻo ka mea e hoʻohui i ka mea pohihihi ma mua o kāna pilina me nā hōkū Hōʻike nā luakini megalithic o Malta i kahi kekelē nui o ka makemakika a me ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. Maopopo iā ʻoe? ʻAʻole paha, no ka mea, waiho ʻia nā mea e pili ana i nā hōkū, makemakika, a me ka hana ʻana i ka hana ʻenekini ma waho o nā archeology orthodox. Eia kekahi, ʻaʻohe mea i ka honua e like me kēia mau luakini no laila ʻo kona ola maoli enigmatic.

ʻO ka hope, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke poina e pili ana i ka paʻakikī o Nā luakini ʻo Hal Saflieniʻikeʻia ʻo ka Hypogeum. ʻEkolu ona pae ma lalo o ka honua he 12 mau mika ka hohonu, kahi alapiʻi ʻoniʻoni e iho a ʻelua lumi i ʻike ʻia ʻo Oracle a me ka Sancta Sanctorum. Aia no kekahi ka Nā luakini ʻo Tarxien, i loko o laila a kiʻi kolosi me ke kiʻekiʻe kumu o ʻelua a me ka hapa mika, bapetizo ʻia e like me ka Makuahine akua.

 

ʻO ka ʻO nā luakini ʻo Tas-Silg a me nā Temepela ʻo Skorba a me nā kaʻa ʻē i kālai ʻia mai ka papahele loaʻa i nā wahi like ʻole o Malta a hoʻohui i loko o ke kai. Ua like lākou me nā māka huila akā ʻaʻole nō. A he aha lākou? ʻĀ, mea pohihihi ʻē aʻe.

A ʻoiai, inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i nā kānalua, nā manaʻo, nā manaʻo, nā manaʻo a me nā mea hou aʻe e pili ana i nā luakini megalithic o Malta he nui nā puke hoihoi a me nā pūnaewele. ʻO kaʻu hana mua i kēia mea pohihihi mai ka lima o kahi mea kilokilo. ʻO Erich Von Däniken.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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