Acropolis, yog dab tsi

Acropolis ntawm Athens

Peb txhua tus tau hnov ​​​​txog Acropolis ntawm Atenas. Peb twb tau nyeem txog nws thiab mus xyuas nws. Tab sis, koj tau xav paub vim li cas nws muaj thiab nws txoj haujlwm yog dab tsi. Hauv kab lus no, peb yuav piav qhia txhua yam koj xav paub txog a acropolis, yog dab tsi Thiab nws tau ua lub luag haujlwm dab tsi hauv lub sijhawm qub? Tom qab ntawd, peb yuav qhia koj txog qee qhov nrov tshaj plaws.

Acropolis Nws txhais tau tias "lub nroog nyob saum" hauv Greek. Thiab, qhov tseeb, nws yog thaj chaw siab tshaj plaws ntawm lub nroog Hellenic. Nws cov neeg nyob hauv keeb kwm yav dhau los tau nyob hauv qhov siab thiab qhov siab kom tiv thaiv lawv tus kheej zoo dua los ntawm kev tawm tsam ntawm yeeb ncuab. Sij hawm dhau mus, cov nroog tau nthuav dav mus rau thaj chaw qis dua. Tab sis nws cov pej xeem khaws cia lub acropolis mus nkaum nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm ntawm tsov rog tawm tsam lwm yam tub ceev xwm cov neeg nyob ze Nyob rau hauv lem, vim lawv muaj cai thiab lawv lub hnub nyoog, lawv tsev cov tuam tsev tshaj plaws thiab nws yog ib qho chaw ntawm cov rooj sib tham tseem ceeb. Thaum txhua yam hais txog acropolis tau piav qhia, nws yog dab tsi thiab nws tau siv rau dab tsi, peb yuav qhia koj qee qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws.

Acropolis ntawm Athens

Acropolis ntawm Athens

Acropolis ntawm Athens

Tsis muaj ib qho tsis ntseeg, nws yog lub npe nrov tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb. Txhua xyoo nws tau mus xyuas los ntawm ntau lab tus neeg ncig tebchaws uas rov qab los ntawm nws txoj kev majesty. Nyob rau hauv nws cov ntaub ntawv, nws yog nyob rau ntawm ib tug toj siab ntawm ib puas thiab tsib caug meters. Raws li kev xav paub, peb yuav qhia koj tias nws tseem hu ua Crecopy, nyob rau hauv kev hwm ntawm thawj tus huab tais Athenian: lub legendary nab-txiv neej Crecope.

Vim lub hauv paus chiv keeb ntawm Acropolis ntawm Athens yog ancient. Qhov tseeb, nws yog paub, los ntawm seem pom, tias muaj ib tug ancient mycenaean nyob rau hauv lub thib ob txhiab xyoo ua ntej Tswv Yexus thiab lwm yam archaic, kwv yees li, nyob rau hauv lub thib rau xyoo pua ua ntej peb era. Txawm li cas los xij, ib qho uas peb paub niaj hnub no belongs rau classical theem ntawm Hellenic kev vam meej. Raws li cov yav dhau los sawv daws yuav, nws twb reconstructed los ntawm Pericles (495-429 BC), uas tau tso siab rau nws txoj kev tsim kho rau cov kws ua yeeb yam tseem ceeb xws li tus yawm Phidias, tus tsim ntawm sculptures ntawm lub npe nrov Parthenon. Thiab qhov no ua rau peb tham txog nws cov khoom siv zoo tshaj plaws.

Lub Parthenon

parthenon

Lub npe nrov Parthenon ntawm Acropolis ntawm Athens

Peb nyuam qhuav pib nrog txoj haujlwm zoo no. Nws architects yog Callicrates e Ictinus, uas tejzaum nws siv lub hauv paus ntawm lub tuam tsev qub hu ua Hecatompedon. Nws nyob thaj tsam ntawm kwv yees li xya caum los ntawm peb caug meters thiab nyob ib puag ncig los ntawm kab ntau tshaj kaum siab. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws yog nyob rau ntawm lub plinth uas nkag los ntawm peb kauj ruam.

Sab hauv, nws tau muab faib ua ob chav ywj pheej. Sab hnub tuaj ib qho loj dua thiab cov khoom Doric kab sib cais nws peb naves. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws yog ib qho uas muaj tsev nyob nto moo duab puab ntawm athena ua los ntawm Phidias hauv kub thiab kaus ntxhw. Rau nws feem, sab hnub poob muaj Ionic kab thiab tau destined kom khaws cov khoom muaj nqis ntawm tus vajtswv poj niam. Txawm li cas los xij, lub tuam tsev feem ntau yog Doric, txawm tias muaj ib qho tseem ceeb tshaj plaws.

Peb tham nrog koj txog zoo frieze uas yog nyob rau ntawm phab ntsa ntawm lub nkoj. Txog thaum ntawd, tsis muaj Doric lub tsev tau siv qhov chaw ntawd tso. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, lub frieze yog ib tug ntawm cov zoo masterpieces ntawm Phidias. Nrog nws ib puas thiab rau caum meters ntev, nws sculpted tag nrho ntawm 378 tib neeg cov duab thiab 245 tsiaj nyob rau hauv marble.

Lub Erechtheion ntawm Acropolis

Erechtheum

lub erechtheion

Nrog nws nto moo tribune (los yog stoa) tuav los ntawm six caryatids pej thuam, yog lwm lub tsev uas paub zoo tshaj plaws ntawm Acropolis. Nws yog ib lub tuam tsev teev ntuj rau cov vajtswv Poseidon y Athena, tab sis kuj rau tus huab tais mythical ntawm Athens erectus, li no nws lub npe.

Lub tsev yog ntaus nqi rau tus kws kes duab vajtse Menesicles, leej twg ua raws li Ionic txiav txim los tsim nws hauv marble los ntawm Mount Pentelico. Nws tau npaj los tuav qee qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws relics rau cov neeg Athenians. Ntawm lawv, cov Palladium, ib tug ntoo pej thuam ntawm Athena uas, raws li cov lus dab neeg, tau poob saum ntuj. Vajntxwv kuj raug muab faus rau ntawd thiab Kws tsim thiab nws tus kheej erectus. Txawm yog tus ntxhais yav tas los, PandrosusNws muaj ib lub tsev teev ntuj.

Lwm yam kev tsim kho ntawm Acropolis ntawm Athens

Lub tuam tsev ntawm Athena Nike

Tuam tsev ntawm Athena Nike

Muaj ntau lwm lub tsev tseem ceeb ntawm Acropolis, pib nrog Propylaea, uas, nrog rau nws rau Doric kab loj, tsim kev nkag mus rau hauv lub thawv. Koj kuj yuav tsum tau mus xyuas lub Tuam tsev ntawm Athena Nike, haujlwm ntawm Callicrates thiab nrog nws cov friezes mob siab rau rau Kev Kho Mob Wars; tus sanctuary ntawm Artemis Bauronia, nrog nws peb caug-yim ' meter ' ntev gallery uas muaj ib tug bronze luam ntawm lub Troy Nees, thiab colossal portico ntawm eumenes, ua kom ntxov li XNUMX xyoo pua BC.

Tab sis, tseem ceeb tshaj, nws highlights theatre ntawm dionysus, suav tias yog qhov qub tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb. Nws muaj xya caum-yim tiers sib cais los ntawm ib lub voj voog thiab ib qho chaw rau cov tub ceev xwm. Nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm lawv yog lub orchestra thiab, ntxiv rau, proscenium, lub platform ntev uas cov neeg ua yeeb yam tau ua haujlwm. Thaum kawg, tom qab yog qhov scene, uas muaj nuj nqis rau peb backstage. Great Greek playwrights, los ntawm ntxhoo mus Aristophanes, dhau mus Phwvnyawm y Cov Hlwb Pob Tsuas.

Acropolis ntawm Corinth

Acropolis ntawm Corinth

Lub Acropolis ntawm Corinth

Txawm hais tias tsis ntau npaum li ib qho hauv Athens, nws kuj tseem ceeb heev nyob rau lub sijhawm qub. Nws yog ib qho ntawm cov acropolises loj tshaj plaws hauv tebchaws Greece. Nws lub hauv paus pib rov qab mus rau qhov kawg ntawm lub xyoo pua XNUMX ua ntej Tswv Yexus thiab nws tau pom muaj kev tswj hwm lub nroog los ntawm lub roob yuav luag rau pua meters siab. Txawm li cas los xij, ntau yam uas koj tuaj yeem pom hauv nws tsis yog lub sijhawm Greek lossis Roman, tab sis mus rau Hnub Nyoog Nruab Nrab.

Txawm li cas los xij, cov hauv paus tseem nyob lub tuam tsev ntawm aphrodite, lub tsev tseem ceeb tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub complex. Nyob rau hauv, nws tsev tus pej thuam ntawm tus vajtswv poj niam thiab lwm tus ntawm Eros y Helios, tus tiv thaiv kawg ntawm Kaulinthaus. Es tsis txhob, nws nco tag nrho Sisypheus, un tholos los yog semicircular monument uas tej zaum mob siab rau Zeus oa Ares.

Tab sis nws tau pom tus ciav ntawm Pyrenees, nws muaj tseeb tias nyob rau hauv ib lub tsev khaws puav pheej Roman. Thaj, ib sab ntawm nws yog ib tug pej thuam ntawm tus vajtswv Apollo thiab, raws li cov lus dab neeg, nws nyob ntawm no tias Bellerophon tau tswj hwm tus nees Pegasus.

Acropolis: XNUMX Lab tus kiv cua tos koj rau Webtalk!

Aso's Theatre

Aso Acropolis Theatre

Thaum cov kws tshawb fawb pib kawm txog keeb kwm kev ua haujlwm ntawm acropolis, nws yog dab tsi thiab nws tau siv rau dab tsi, lawv tsis ntev pom tau tias nws muaj qhov tseem ceeb hauv kev npaj hauv nroog. Classic Tim Nkij teb chaws. Qhov no tseem tuaj yeem pom hauv acropolis ntawm Aso, lub nroog uas tam sim no koom nrog Qaib ntxhw, tab sis qhov ntawd, hauv Antiquity, yog Helena.

Thaj, nws kuj tau tsim nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua xya ua ntej Tswv Yexus, tab sis, nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, los ntawm Aeolian settlers los ntawm Mytilene. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis tau khawb kom txog rau thaum xaus ntawm lub xyoo pua XNUMXth los ntawm North American archaeologists. Joseph Thacher y Francis H Bacon. Cov no tau coj ntau yam ntawm cov uas pom mus rau lub Tsev khaws puav pheej ntawm Fine Arts, Boston. Txawm li cas los xij, koj tuaj yeem pom lwm tus hauv Louvre thiab hauv Istanbul Archaeological Tsev khaws puav pheej.

Tab sis, rov qab mus rau lub acropolis ntawm Asos, muaj koj tseem tuaj yeem mus xyuas qhov seem ntawm cov lub tuam tsev ntawm athena, nrog nws cov qauv Doric, cov phab ntsa qub, lub necropolis, gymnasium thiab Roman theatre. Koj tuaj yeem mus saib tau agora, leej twg muaj a stoa los yog tribune nrog kab, thiab cov bouleuterion. Lub tom kawg yog qhov chaw uas cov pej xeem tau ntsib los txiav txim txog cov teeb meem tseem ceeb rau pej xeem. Yog li ntawd, nws yuav yog ib yam zoo ib yam li tam sim no congresses ntawm deputies, txij li thaum lawv yog lub nroog-xeev.

Acropolis ntawm Pergamon

Acropolis ntawm Pergamon

Acropolis ntawm Pergamon

Tsis tas li no lub nroog Greek thaum ub niaj hnub no belongs rau Qaib ntxhw. Thiab, sib npaug, hauv nws koj tuaj yeem pom ib qho tseem ceeb acropolis, ntau npaum li ntawd nws yog Cuab Yeej Cuab Tam Ntiaj Teb. Nws central axis yog Tuam tsev ntawm Athena Nikephoros, ua raws li cov canons ntawm Doric. Ib sab ntawm nws yog tus Biblioteca, uas, nyob rau hauv nws lub sij hawm, yog qhov thib ob loj tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no paub tom qab ntawd Alexandria. Thiab, nyob rau sab qaum teb, yog lub Royal Palace ib sab ntawm lub arsenal thiab ib lub barracks.

Es tsis txhob, mus rau sab qab teb yog tus lub thaj ntawm zeus uas, tsis muaj ib qho tsis ntseeg, yog ib lub monument zoo kawg nkaus. Nws yog 36 meters ntev los ntawm 34 dav thiab tau nkag los ntawm tus ntaiv loj. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov kab khoom txhawb nqa lub qab nthab, adorned nrog frieze uas sawv cev rau kev sib ntaus ntawm vajtswv thiab neeg loj heev.

Ib yam li ntawd, acropolis ntawm Pergamon muaj qhov loj Teatro Nws nyob kaum txhiab tus neeg. Ntawm qhov siab ntawm 38 meters nws muaj 68 kab ntawm lub rooj zaum. Thiab, nyob rau hauv nws qis qis, nws txuas nrog lub terrace zoo kawg nkaus uas tau siv rau kev taug kev.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, txawm hais tias nws tsis yog nyob rau acropolis, yog tias koj mus ntsib nws, peb kuj qhia koj mus rau Asclepion, uas yog li ntawm plaub kilometers ntawm lub nroog. Raws li nws lub npe qhia, nws yog ib lub tuam tsev muab rau tus vajtswv ntawm Tshuaj (Asclepius). Vim li no, cov kws tshawb fawb ntawm qhov kev qhuab qhia no tau ntsib nyob ntawd, suav nrog cov neeg nto moo Galen. Tsis tas li ntawd xwb, nyob ze heev muaj lwm lub tuam tsev me me rau Telesforo, kev huv y Panacea, cov tub ntawm Asclepius thiab me vajtswv ntawm Tshuaj.

Hauv kev xaus, peb tau piav qhia txhua yam txog lub acropolis, yog dab tsi thiab nws tau siv rau dab tsi. Tab sis peb kuj tau qhia koj qee qhov tseem ceeb ntawm Antiquity yog tias koj xav mus xyuas lawv. Txawm li cas los xij, peb yuav tsum qhia koj tias, los ntawm kev txuas ntxiv, ib pawg ntawm cov tsev qub qub uas pom nyob rau sab saud ntawm cov nroog qee zaum hu ua qhov ntawd. Piv txwv li, cov Bratislava, Edinburgh o Constantinople. Lub sijhawm dhau los tau coj nws tus xov tooj ntawm acropolis, nroog masterpieces, tab sis lawv tseem yog qhov chaw zoo nkauj. Ua siab tawv mus rau lawv thiab koj yuav pom vim li cas.

Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

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