Sudan mus txawv tebchaws

Sudan nws yog ib lub tebchaws African ntawm kev ua haujlwm zoo. Nws tsis yog lub hom phiaj tuaj ncig tebchaws per seNws yog ntau dua rau cov neeg yos hav zoov thiab cov neeg taug kev tsis muaj kev ntshai, tab sis yog tias koj nyob hauv pab pawg no yam tsis muaj kev poob siab Sudan yuav tawm tsam koj.

Yog li hnub no peb mus saib dab tsi Sudan zoo li thiab peb tuaj yeem ua dab tsi rau nws, yog tias peb tuaj yeem tau txais cov vixaj thiab dhau los ntawm nws.

Sudan

Teb chaws Africa nws yog xws li nplua nuj av loj uas nws ib txwm tau siv los ntawm European lub zog. Cov teb chaws no tau muaj riam phom thiab tshem tawm cov teb chaws, koom siab los ntawm quab yuam cov yeeb ncuab rau ntau pua xyoo, txhawb kev ua tsov rog, txuas ntxiv thiab sau ntev ntawm cov kev puas tsuaj uas tsis tau xaus zoo rau thaj av thoob plaws.

Sudan nws yog ib qho piv txwv. Thaum cov teb chaws colonial faib Africa lawv zoo li Sudan los ntawm suav cov pej xeem los ntawm sab qaum teb nrog cov neeg nyob rau sab qab teb, me ntsis xwm yeem. Li no tus kev ua tsov rog tau muaj tas li rau lub sijhawm ntev, yog li xyoo 2011 South Sudan tau los ua ywj siab. Kev tsis sib haum xeeb txuas ntxiv rau sab hnub poob thiab tsuas yog xyoo tas los xaus xyoo kaum xyoo kev tswj hwm.

Zoo li txhua lub tebchaws Africa Sudan muaj ntau thaj chaw zoo nkauj, los ntawm cov roob rau savannas, dhau los ntawm kev qhuab qhia. Nws kuj tseem ceeb kab lis kev cai ntau haiv neeg thiab nws yuav tsum nco ntsoov tias nws yog thaj av ntawm cov nceeg vaj thaum ub. Hnub no Nws tau muab faib ua tsib thaj chaw: thaj chaw, Darfur, sab hnub tuaj, Kurdufan thiab sab qaum teb.

Central Sudan tswj hwm kev tswj hwm, kev lag luam thiab kev coj noj coj ua txij no yog tus peev, KhartoumCov. Lub nroog yog lub nroog xiav Nile thiab White Nile ntsib. Nws yog lub nroog loj tsim los ntawm lub koomhaum koom ua ke ntawm peb lub nroog uas tau faib los ntawm Nile thiab nws ob sab caj npab. Khartoum yog ib tug ntawm lawv, lub rooj zaum ntawm tsoomfwv, thiab nws cov qub chaw tau so rau ntawm ntug dej ntawm White Nile, thaum cov zej zog tshiab nyob rau sab qab teb.

Txhawm rau mus ntsib Sudan koj xav tau hom vixaj, yog li ntawd, koj yuav tsum tau mus dhau ntawm cov neeg xem xem lossis Xab Tham Thuj los ua nws txoj haujlwm. Yog tias koj tau txais nws thiab nkag mus rau hauv lub tebchaws dhau los ntawm Khartoum tab sis npaj yuav mus ntxiv, koj yuav tsum tau sau npe thiab ua daim ntawv tso cai tshwj xeeb, sai li sai tau thaum koj tuaj txog. Ntawd yog, hauv peb hnub tom ntej txij li hnub koj tuaj txog koj yuav tsum sau npe nrog tub ceev xwm, thiab koj tuaj yeem ua nws ncaj qha rau ntawm tshav dav hlau kom tshem ntawm nws.

Txhawm rau kom paub thiab mus xyuas lub peev koj yuav tsum siv tsheb tavxij, minibuses lossis tsheb tavxij maus taus. Tsis muaj lub nkoj tsav tsheb thauj mus los txuas cov nroog thiab lawv cov chaw nyob ib puag ncig ntawm tus dej, tsuas yog cov ferry uas txuas Khartoum nrog Tuti Island, li ntawm xiav Nile. Taug kev yog qhov nyuaj vim tias muaj peb lub nroog thiab ua ke lawv loj. Tab sis koj tuaj yeem pom dab tsi hauv cov peev? Koj tuaj yeem taug kev ntawm Nile Txoj Kev, nyob ntawm ntug dej ntawm xiav Nile, ncig los ntawm cov tuam tsev colonial, lub Tsev khaws puav pheej National, ntoo thiab ntau tus neeg taug kev ib puag ncig.

Koj kuj yuav tsum tau mus ntsib lub Tsev khaws puav pheej Sudan Thawj Tswj Hwm Palace, nyob hauv lub vaj ntawm tus Thawj Tswj Hwm Palace, lub Hloov ntawm Khomob, ib txoj kab ke uas muaj nyob rau thawj hnub Friday ntawm txhua lub hlis, tus kev nyob ntawm ob Nile, hu ua Al-Mogran, uas tuaj yeem pom los ntawm tus choj hlau thiab raws li qhov lawv hais koj tuaj yeem hais qhov sib txawv ntawm cov xim sib txawv ntawm ob (yog, tsis muaj duab vim leej twg paub vim li cas nws txwv tsis pub), kuj muaj qhov Al-Mogran Tsev Ua Si, kev ua lag luam ntawm Souq Arabi, loj, tus Koos haum Tsav Txiaj Tswb Vaj, nrog 400 graves ntawm Askiv uas tuag nyob rau hauv East African Campaign ntawm 1940-41, txawm hais tias tseem muaj los ntawm XNUMXth caug xyoo.

Nyob rau hauv lub nroog ntawm Omdurman kuj muaj qhov lag luam loj loj, yog Casa del Kalifa, tam sim no lub tsev cia puav pheej thiab Sufi seev cev ceremony, qhia tau tias zoo nkauj, muaj nqis heev ntawm kev yees duab. Twb tau dhau ntawm thaj chaw qaum teb, Bahri, koj tuaj yeem ua pov thawj pom kev sib ntaus, Nuba Sib Ntaus, thiab Saad Gishra kev ua lag luam. Txwv tsis pub nyob rau yav tav su koj tuaj yeem muaj tshuaj yej ntawm Nile avenue, muaj ntau cov tsev tshuaj yej thiab cafes lossis noj hmo tawm. Ua ib haiv neeg Muslim feem ntau kev haus dej cawv yog qhov nyuaj yog li feem ntau koj yuav yog ib tus teetotaler thaum lub sijhawm koj nyob.

Tam sim no, muaj tseeb koj tsis xav txog Sudan tsuas yog kom paub nws lub peev. Qhov tseeb hais tias kev vam meej ntawm pej xeem no tau muaj ntau txhiab xyoo thiab tau muaj thaj av ntawm ntau lub nceeg vaj, cov muaj zog tshaj plaws yog lub tebchaws Napata, rov qab rau xyoo XNUMX BC. Ntseeg Vajtswv, nyob rau xyoo pua AD XNUMX thiab cov tseem fwv Islamic. Cov chaw ntawm cov nceeg vaj no tseem pom niaj hnub no thiab muaj ntau qhov chaw kawm keeb kwm ntawm sab qaum teb thiab sab qab teb ntawm lub tebchaws.

Peb pom, ntawm qhov cov neeg mus ncig tebchaws ncig tebchaws dab tsi Sudan muaj Xai, ib kob pov tseg uas nyob sab qab teb thib ob uas muaj hauv cov tuam tsev, cov tuam tsev teev ntuj thiab toj ntxas txij thaum Pob Zeb Hnub nyoog thiab Pharaonic lub sij hawm ib yam nkaus, txog rau thaum lub sijhawm Ottoman tuaj txog. Sadinga Nws mloog zoo rau pharaonic txoj cai qub txawm hais tias muaj qee yam ntawm Meroetic thiab Napatan nceeg vaj. Xwv tib yam. Nyob rau Pob tw Cov neeg sau ntawv hauv Iyiv tau pom ntawm cov pob zeb ze ze ntawm qhov kev tawm peb.

Ib qho ntawm cov chaw tshawb tseem ceeb tshaj plaws hauv Sudan yog KarmaCov. Muaj cov tsev loj heev nyob ntawm no thiab txhua yam haujlwm pib txij thaum xyoo peb BC. Tabo Nws nyob ntawm Argo Island, sab qab teb ntawm lub caij peb qhov cataract thib peb, thiab muaj lub tuam tsev Kushite thiab cov khoom qub uas dhau los ntawm lub sijhawm Meroetic thiab Christian. Kawa yog zoo li daim iav ntawm Egypt hauv architecture, kuj yog Dongola, lub peev ntawm Nubian Christian Kingdom, Mayuria, nrog lub mosque uas siv los ua lub tsev teev ntuj, cov tsev palaces, tojntxas thiab tsev qub.

Kev cai dab qhuas peev ntawm Lub Nceeg Vaj ntawm Napata yog Jebel Al - Barka thiab nws yog nyob ze tus dej tsaws tsag plaub. Nov muaj palaces, temples, pyramids thiab cemeteries los ntawm txawv eras nruab nrab ntawm Pharaonic, Napatan thiab Meroetic lub sijhawm. Nuri site muaj pyramids thiab vaj ntxwv cemeteries los ntawm Napatan dynasty. Tus Al-Kuru tojntxas Lawv yog cov muaj npe nrov heev, nrog lawv cov ornate pob zeb ua tau nrog thawj tus Napatan vajntxwv.

Rau nws qhov site ntawm Al - Ghazali Nws yog nyob rau hauv pas dej mojsab qhua hauv Bayoudah ob peb mais ntawm lub nroog Merowe thiab muaj cov xa tawm los ntawm cov Khixatia niaj hnub. Merowe nws tus kheej yog lub peev ntawm Kush lub nceeg vaj yog li ntawd nws muaj pyramids, temples thiab relics vim tias nws yog lub nroog tiag tiag. Qhov chaw zoo nkauj rau kev yees duab yog Musawarat Daj, thaj chaw uas yog kev cai dab qhuas chaw yos rov qab mus rau lub sijhawm Meroetic thiab tau sau cov tuam tsev thiab lub tsev loj loj limestone.

Tsiv mus nyob ib leeg ntawm Sudan tsis yooj yim Thiab kuv tsis paub yog tias nws tsis pom zoo txawm tias. Yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws phau ntawv ncig saib Txij li thaum mus xyuas cov chaw hauv teb chaws Africa uas tsis nyob hauv daim ntawv qhia ncig tebchaws tuaj yeem nyuaj thiab coj teeb meem ntau dua li kev daws teeb meem. Dab tsi ntau, Sudan tsis muaj cov kev qhia zoo rau cov neeg taug kev ywj pheej. Piv txwv, txawm tias koj ntiav ncig ua si, lub chaw haujlwm muaj peev xwm tswj xyuas qee qhov isa rau koj, ua qhov kev thov nws xa tuaj rau koj tom tshav dav hlau, piv txwv.

Un Ncig ncig saib Pib ntawm Khartoum thiab tom qab ntawd mus txuas ntxiv rau sab qaum teb, mus rau hauv cov suab puam, ntawm lub Qub Dongola, ib nrab ntawm Sudanese lub nroog thiab thaj tsam Egyptian. Nws yog lub plawv ntawm cov ntseeg hauv Sudan. Nws tsis yog qhov tsis zoo rau qhov chaw no yuav tsis muaj chaw nyob, txawm tias nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev, yog li nws tseem dhau cai. Ncig ncig xyuas txuas ntxiv hnub tom ntej ntawm Kaub, Nubian thaj av ntawm tus dej tsaws tsag thawj thiab thib plaub ntawm Nile Lub Tsev Hauv Paus ntawm lub qub Kingdom ntawm Kush ntawm no yog qhov puas ntawm Kerma, qhov chaw loj thiab zoo nkauj yav nruab hnub.

Qhov ncig saib mus txuas ntxiv Wawa zos siv sijhawm ib hmos thiab mus saib lub Tuam Tsev Soleb thaum kaj ntug, taug kev ntawm ntug dej Nile ntawm tsob ntoo xibtes, nqa lub nkoj me me thiab taug kev hla cov liaj teb nrog nplej mus txog thaum mus txog lub tuam tsev los ntawm qhov twg lub hnub lim dej dhau ntawm nws cov kem. Lub tuam tsev no tau tsim tsa los ntawm tus vaj ntxwv Amenotep III, tib tug uas tau tsim lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Luxor, thiab txawm hais tias nws tseem me dua nws tseem zoo nkauj thiab yuav luag zoo nkauj.

Tseem muaj cov Pyramids ntawm Nuri, tau ntsib nyob rau hnub thib peb ntawm kev ncig xyuas, ntawm dunes, tsim nruab nrab ntawm XNUMXth thiab XNUMXth centuries BC, tus hlob hauv Old Nubia. Nws tau ua raws tib hnub los ntawm kev mus xyuas dawb huv roob ntawm Jebel Barkal, nrog zoo kawg views ntawm Nile, nws pyramids thiab cov tuam tsev.

Txij xyoo 2003 nws yog Cuab Yeej Cuab Tam Ntiaj Teb nrog txhua txoj cai. Thaum kawg, txoj kev ncig mus ntxiv thiab qhia rau peb paub lub pyramids ntawm Meroe, 200 qhov tsis txaus ntseeg ntawm ntau dua 2500 xyoo, qhov chaw muaj tej yam yees siv, lub tuam tsev ntawm Musawarat yog Sufra nrog nws cov pob zeb carved zoo li cov tsiaj thiab lub Tuam Tsev Naqa hauv cov suab puam.

Qhov tseeb yog tias thaum Sudan tsis yog thaj chaw ncig ua si nws tsis muaj ntaub ntawv me me txog lub tebchaws thiab nws cov khoom muaj nqis, tab sis yog tias koj tawm suab thiab koj nyiam nyob ib qho me me ntawm kev puas ntsoog, leej twg tsis, tsis txhob ua siab deb los npaj ib qho kev ntseeg tsis txaus ntseeg rau lub teb chaws no zoo kawg thiab keeb kwm.

Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

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