leej twg ua phab ntsa ntawm Tuam Tshoj

Tuam Tshoj phab ntsa

Ib qho kev xav ntawm peb keeb kwm yog qhov Great phab ntsa Suav teb. Nws yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov kev txawj ntse thiab kev mob siab rau tib neeg tuaj yeem ua tau, thiab yog tias koj mus ncig rau Suav teb, nws yog ib qho khoom muaj nqis uas koj tsis tuaj yeem nco.

Tab sis, leej twg ua phab ntsa ntawm Tuam Tshoj? Thaum twg thiab vim li cas?

Great phab ntsa Suav teb

suav phab ntsa

Ntau tshaj ib phab ntsa, Great Wall ntawm Tuam Tshoj Nws yog ib lub fortifications uas tau tsim nyob rau sab qaum teb ciam teb ntawm Tuam Tshoj thaum ub los tiv thaiv lawv tus kheej los ntawm pawg neeg nomadic los ntawm Eurasian steppe.

Cov Suav twb tau tsim cov phab ntsa thiab cov forts los tiv thaiv lawv cov thawj, ib txwm xav txog cov tub rog lossis ib pab tub rog nrog rab ntaj thiab hneev, yog li cov phab ntsa qub tau ua nrog pob zeb thiab lub ntiaj teb. Thaum ntawd Tuam Tshoj tau muab faib ua ntau lub xeev uas sib ntaus sib tua thiab yuav ua li cas nws tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lwm qhov chaw ntawm lub ntiaj teb no yeej ib txwm muaj yeej thiab koom ua ke, thiab nyob rau hauv Suav teb Thawj tus huab tais yog Qin dynasty nyob rau hauv 221 BC

Nws tau hais kom tag nrho cov kev tiv thaiv raug puas tsuaj, txij li lub tswv yim yog kom muaj ib lub teb chaws sib koom ua ke, tab sis khaws cia thiab txiav txim kom tsim ntau nyob rau sab qaum teb, vim los ntawm muaj kev txaus ntshai sab nraud. Kev thauj khoom tsis yooj yim, yog li cov neeg ua haujlwm ib txwm sim tuav cov khoom thaj chaw. Tsis muaj ntaub ntawv tau muaj sia nyob rau hnub no ntawm qhov ntev ntawm cov kev tiv thaiv no, tab sis nws tsis yog ib qho ntawm ib xyoos lossis hnub, tab sis ntawm ib puas xyoo ntawm kev ua haujlwm ruaj khov.

Tuam Tshoj phab ntsa

Kev tsim kho tsis tau khaws cia rau hauv tsoomfwv ntawm Qin dynasty tab sis theej mus ntxiv thiab cov huab tais ntawm Han thiab Sui dynasties txuas ntxiv nrog rau tej hauj lwm. Lwm cov dynasties zoo li Tang lossis Nkauj tsis tau mob siab rau ntau, tab sis lwm cov feudal lords tau ua, raws li lawv cov xwm txheej, yog li peb pom cov phab ntsa txawm nyob hauv Inner Mongolia.

yuav tsum tau tuaj txog Ming Dynasty, nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua XNUMXth, yog li ntawd lub tswv yim ntawm ib tug loj loj thiab dav tiv thaiv phab ntsa yuav ib zaug ntxiv zog. Cov Mongols lurked thiab nws nyuaj rau tswj lawv li ntawd cov phab ntsa tau sawv dua nyob rau sab qaum teb thiab ua raws li qhov profile ntawm Ordos Desert, tswj los ntawm Mongols. Tab sis cov phab ntsa lawv txawv, muaj zog thiab ntau dua vim tias cib thiab pob zeb tau siv los hloov lub ntiaj teb.

Tsis tas li ntawd, txog 25 txhiab tus yees tau sawv, tab sis txij li Mongols nyuaj heev los tswj cov phab ntsa tau tas li khaws cia, rebuilt, ntxiv dag zog. Piv txwv li, cov seem nyob ze lub nroog, Beijing, yog cov muaj zog tshaj plaws. Txhua tus huab tais muaj nws feem thiab yog li, Ming yuav tsum fim tsis yog Mongols tab sis tus Manchu invasions nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua XNUMXth.

Tuam Tshoj phab ntsa

Tab sis yog tias koj paub ib yam dab tsi txog Suav keeb kwm, Manchus yuav tsum paub txog koj, yog li, muaj ib hnub zoo, cov invaders tswj hla lub Great Wall ntawm Tuam Tshoj thiab Beijing poob rau xyoo 1644.  Ib qho kev sib koom tes tau kos npe tab sis thaum kawg Manchus xaus Shun dynasty thiab dab tsi yog tshuav ntawm Ming thiab consolidated Qing Dynasty thoob plaws hauv Suav teb. Nyob rau hauv lub dynasty no, Tuam Tshoj tau loj hlob thiab ci ntsa iab, Mongolia tau koom nrog nws thaj chaw, yog li kev saib xyuas ntawm Great Wall ntawm Tuam Tshoj tsis tsim nyog lawm.

Tuam Tshoj yog lub ntiaj teb rau nws tus kheej, Suav tsis tau mob siab rau ntau lub ntiaj teb tsuas yog kev lag luam. Yog li ntawd, cov neeg nyob sab Europe tsis tau hnov ​​ntau txog qhov xav tsis thoob ntawm Great Wall los yog lawv tau hnov, lawv tsis tau pom. Txawm tias Marco Polo. Tab sis tau kawg, nws tsis muaj teeb meem dab tsi Tuam Tshoj xav tau, tab sis greedy Europe, yog li thaum kawg Suav yuav tsum qhib lawv lub teb chaws (tom qab ob qho kev ua tsov rog Opium tawm tsam Great Britain thiab Fabkis), thiab muaj, yog, Great Wall yog lub tus thawj coj.

Hauv luv, nws tuaj yeem hais tias Lub Great Wall ntawm Tuam Tshoj yog ua los ntawm ob peb seem ua los ntawm ntau yam huab tais uas muaj xws li ramparts, yees, ramps, tus kheej lub tsev, thiab cov kauj ruam. Yog li, nws tau hais tias muaj ob phab ntsa tshwj xeeb: Han Great Phab Ntsa thiab Ming Great Wall, ntu uas txuas ntxiv mus.

Tuam Tshoj phab ntsa

Yog koj mus rau Suav teb ntu ze ntawm Beijing yog qhov nrov tshaj plaws thiab nyob rau hauv qhov zoo dua. Qhov tseeb, koj tuaj yeem mus txog qhov ntawd los ntawm metro. Tom qab ntawd, thaum koj nkag mus tob rau hauv lub tebchaws, koj tuaj yeem tuaj yeem pom cov ntu qub, tsis tshua muaj kev tswj hwm, hauv kev puas tsuaj, noj los ntawm cov nroj tsuag, thiab tseem muaj lwm qhov chaw ua phem. 22% ntawm Ming phab ntsa, piv txwv li, tau ploj mus ib txhis, thaum nws kwv yees tias ntau mais ntawm Gansu xeev yuav ploj mus yav tom ntej vim kev yaig.

Mus saib Great Wall of China

Suav phab ntsa 7

Yog li ntawd, nws yog qhov tseeb rau peb tias Great Wall tsis yog ib phab ntsa thiab dav, tab sis ntau qhov chaw ntawm kev tsim kho. Tshaj tawm thoob plaws 16 lub xeev, nroog thiab cheeb tsam kev ywj pheej xws li Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Gansu, Liaoning, Beijing, Ningxia, Tianjin thiab ntau qhov chaw.

Xav txog qhov chaw, toj roob hauv pes, kev thauj mus los thiab cov chaw ncig tebchaws uas peb tuaj yeem hais tau muaj xya ntu ntawm Great Wall of China uas yog cov neeg nyiam tuaj xyuas:

  • Mutianyu: Nws yog ib feem rov qab los, muaj cov toj roob hauv pes zoo nkauj, tsis yooj yim rau kev taug kev, nrog tsawg tus neeg. Nws muaj ib lub tsheb cable thiab nws yog 74 kilometers ntawm qhov chaw.
  • jianshanling: ib nrab qus, ib nrab rov qab. Cov toj roob hauv pes zoo nkauj, me ntsis taug kev nyuaj, nrog ob peb tus neeg, nrog lub tsheb cable thiab 154 km ntawm lub nroog.
  • Xim: Nws yog seem qus, tsis muaj neeg ncig tebchaws, 140 km ntawm qhov chaw.
  • jiankou: Nws yog qus, nws yog 72 km ntawm qhov chaw, nws tsis muaj ib tug cableway.
  • huanghuacheng: ib nrab rov qab / ib nrab ntxhib. Nws yog 80 km ntawm qhov chaw, nws tsis muaj cableway.
  • Gubeiko: heev qus, tsis pom kev kho dua tshiab. Zoo nkauj toj roob hauv pes, 144 km ntawm qhov chaw, tsis muaj cableway.
  • juyongguan ua: ntu no rov qab los, muaj ib txwm muaj neeg tuaj xyuas. Nws yog 56 km ntawm qhov chaw thiab nws muaj lub tsheb cable.
  • badaling: Rov qab los, ib txwm muaj neeg coob coob, 75 km ntawm qhov chaw. Nrog cableway.

Yog tias koj mus nrog menyuam yaus, feem ntau, ntu zoo tshaj plaws yog Mutianyu. Kev taug kev yog qhov zoo, tab sis yog tias koj mob siab txog kev taug kev ces koj tuaj yeem xaiv ob peb phab ntsa ntawm Jinshaling, Simatai thiab Gubebou. Kuv tab tom tham txog kev taug kev ntawm ib lossis ob hnub. Thiab yog tias koj twb paub ib yam dab tsi txog Great Phab Ntsa, zoo, ntu hauv Huanghuacheng yog qhov txaus nyiam heev, nrog rau ib feem uas saib tawm ntawm lub pas dej, piv txwv li.

Thaum kawg, lwm tus yam ntxwv ntawm qhov chaw ntawm Great Wall of China mus xyuas:

  • Qhov zoo tshaj plaws rov qab: Mutianyu
  • Qhov zoo nkauj tshaj plaws: Jinshanling.
  • Qhov loj tshaj plaws ntawm tag nrho cov: Jiankou

Thiab lawv tau ua raws li Simatai, Huanghuacheng, Gubeiko, Juyongguan, Huangyaguan, Shanhaiguan thiab nrov tshaj plaws ntawm tag nrho cov, Badaling.

Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

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