Samarkand

Samarkand yog ib lub nroog loj ntawm Uzbekistan, ib lub teb chaws uas yug tom qab lub caij nplooj zeeg lub Soviet UnionCov. Txawm li cas los xij, nws cov keeb kwm mus dhau ntau tiam, tshwj xeeb rau VII BC.

Tshaj tawm Cuab Yeej Cuab Tam Ntiaj Teb, Samarkand ua rau peb xav txog xwm txheej ntawm 'Arabian Nights' rau nws cov duab Esxias exuberant. Tab sis, saum toj no tag nrho, vim hais tias nws yog lub peev ntawm mythical lub teb chaws Ottoman ntawm Tamerlane, kawg Suav yeej tseem muaj yeej, ib thaj chaw uas nthuav tawm los ntawm Is Nrias teb rau Qaib Cov Txwv. Thiab tseem vim tias nws yog ib qho ntawm qhov chaw hla ntawm qhov tsis muaj qhov tsawg lus dab neeg Cov Kev Kab Laj, uas txuas Suav rau Tebchaws Europe sab qab teb. Yog tias koj xav paub ntau ntxiv txog Samarkand, peb caw koj ua raws li peb.

Dab tsi los pom hauv Samarkand

Nrog kwv yees li ib nrab ntawm ntau lab tus neeg nyob niaj hnub no, txhua yam hauv Samarkand ua rau peb nco txog nws lub koob meej yav dhau los. Cov tsev teev ntuj ntawm qhov pom kev zoo nkauj tshaj lij, cov duab ntxoo zoo nkauj thiab xav paub zoo li Ulugh Beg Observatory yog qee yam uas koj tuaj yeem pom hauv lub nroog. Cia peb mus paub lawv.

Registan

Qhov no yog lub npe ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws esplanade puag ncig uas Samarkand tau tsim. Vaj txwv tau tshaj tawm nyob rau hauv nws, tab sis qhov zoo nkauj tshaj plaws yog peb madrasas uas thav duab nws. Raws li koj yuav paub, cov tsev kawm ntawv uas Islam tau qhia ntxiv rau kev pabcuam raws li qhov chaw ntawm kev pe hawm tau muab lub npe no.

Cov koj tuaj yeem pom hauv Registan yog tus Ulugh Beg madrasa, txhim tsa hauv lub xyoo pua XNUMXth; tus los ntawm Sherdar, ib qho qauv ntawm cov dhau los ntawm XNUMXth caug xyoo, thiab tus los ntawm Tilla-KariCov. Ua nrog tag nrho cov khoom kim heev, lawv yog cov piv txwv zoo meej ntawm islamic architecture.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Bibi Khanum Mosque, yog ib qhov tshwj xeeb tshaj plaws hauv Samarkand

Txawm li cas los xij, ib qho kev pom zoo tshaj plaws rau nws txoj kev zoo nkauj thiab zoo nkauj yog Bibi Khanum mosque, ntawm qhov loj me koj yuav tau txais lub tswv yim yog tias peb qhia koj tias lub ntsiab qhov rooj ntsuas. peb caug tsib mevCov. Nws tseem muaj plaub minarets thiab lub loog loj hauv nruab nrab yog plaub puas dawb marble txhua tiav hauv thawj.

Raws li yog tias txhua qhov no tsis txaus, muaj ib qho zoo nkauj dab neeg uas tau ua nrog nws txoj kev tsim kho. Qhov no hais tias nws tau tsim los ntawm kev txiav txim ntawm Bibi Khanum, tus poj niam ntawm Tamerlane. Nyob hauv tus txheej txheem, tus kws kes duab vajtse poob siab nrog nws thiab nres ua haujlwm kom txog thaum nws hnia nws. Thaj, qhov hnia tawm nws lub cim rau ntawm huab tais tus poj niam, uas ua rau nws pom dab tsi tshwm sim. Nws tshawb nrhiav tus kws kes duab vajtse thoob plaws nws thaj av los tua nws, tab sis nws twb tuag lawm, txawm hais tias nws twb ua lub tsev teev ntuj tiav lawm. Txoj cai ntawm nws yog tus Bibi Khanum mausoleum.

Gur-e-Amir Mausoleum

Txawm li cas los xij, cov mausoleum tseem ceeb tshaj plaws hauv Samarkand yog ntawm Gur-e-Amir, uas txhais tau tias txhais tau "Qhov ntxa uas huab tais"Cov. Thiab nws yog tias nyob rau hauv nws nws raug faus TamerlaneCov. Nws yog octagonal nyob rau hauv cov duab tab sis yog crowned los ntawm ib lossis loj dome. Nws yog zoo heev khaws cia thiab tau hais tias tau ua tus qauv rau lwm lub qhov ntxa zoo xws li Taj Mahal ntawm Agra.

Suav-i-Zinda necropolis

Nws yog ib qho zoo kawg nkaus funerary txoj tsim los ntawm thaj neeb y txog nees nkaum mausoleums nyob rau hauv uas qee cov cim tseem ceeb tshaj plaws ntawm Timurid dynasty, pib los ntawm Tamerlane nws tus kheej, raug faus. Nws yog txawm hais tias nws tau faus rau ntawd Qusam ibn Abbas, nkauj muam nraug nus ntawm tus yaj saub Muhammad uas tau coj Islam rau cov chaw.

Ulugh Beg Soj Ntsuam

Peb twb hais txog tus xeeb ceem no rau koj ua ntej lawm. Nws yog tus tub xeeb ntxwv ntawm Tamerlane thiab, ntxiv rau kev ua tus kav ntawm thaj chaw, nws yog tus tau zoo cov hnub qub kawm hnub qubCov. Ntau heev kom nws lub koob meej txawm mus txog Tebchaws Europe. Nyob ib ncig ntawm 1420 nws tau xaj kev tsim kho ntawm kev saib xyuas loj uas suav nrog a loj loj sextant peb zaj dab neeg siab kom tau txais lub meej meej tshaj plaws ntawm cov hnub qub.

Cov poj niam ntawm Gur-e-Amir

Gur-e-Amir Mausoleum

Txawm hais tias qhov tshuaj xyuas qhov chaw no raug rhuav tshem thaum xyoo 1449, nws cov seem nyob rau tom qab pib ntawm lub xyoo pua XNUMX thiab niaj hnub no nws yog lub tsev cia puav pheej uas koj tuaj yeem pom lub sextant nto moo.

Lub chaw archaeological ntawm Afrasiab

Afrasiab yog lub nroog loj ntawm Samarkand. Nrhiav tau, raws li peb tau hais rau koj lawm, thaum xyoo XNUMX BC, nws tau raug tis npe rau kev hwm ntawm tus vaj ntxwv uas tsim nws. Nws nyob rau yav qaum teb kawg nkaus ntawm Samarkand thiab qhov seem nyob ntawm qhov chaw no yog nyob rau hauv Afrasiab Tsev khaws puav pheej.

Ntawm lawv, muaj qee qhov tsis paub zoo li qhov qub tshaj plaws chess tej daim nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb thiab ntau yam duab phab ntsa. Nws tseem tus lub yuav tsum pom qhov ntxa ntawm tus yaj saub Daniel, ib qho loj heev sarcophagus uas ntsuas kaum yim metres. Nws loj heev vim tias, raws li cov lus dab neeg, nws tus neeg nyob ib nti txhua xyoo.

Bazaar ntawm Siyob

Ib qho ntxiv ntawm kev xyuas koj yuav tsum tau ua hauv Samarkand yog qhov ntawd kiab khwCov. Qhov loj tshaj plaws yog tias ntawm Siyob, uas yog ze rau Bibi Khanum mosque. Nws yog qhov chaw zoo tshaj plaws rau koj kom sim cov khoom lag luam ntawm thaj chaw xws li hnub tim, txiv ntoo lossis lub npe hu ua samarkand khob cijCov. Koj tuaj yeem txawm saj cov qab tais plov, mov nplej npaj nrog nqaij, txuj lom, quail qe, chickpeas, raisins thiab carrots; tus shasliks, ib hom nqaij skewers, lossis cov lusmuas, zaub patties thiab lwm yam khoom noj qab zib.

Lub sijhawm twg yog lub sijhawm zoo tshaj plaws rau Samarkand

Lub nroog ntawm Uzbekistan nthuav qhia a Kev nyab xeeb MediterraneanCov. Winters tau txias thiab lub caij ntuj sov yog qhov kub heev, nrog cov hnub uas tuaj yeem dhau plaub caug degrees hauv qhov kub. Rau nws ib feem, los nag yog tsawg. Tag nrho cov no ua rau peb qhia koj mus ncig ua si rau Samarkand hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlavCov. Huab cua nyob zoo nkauj heev thiab tsis muaj kev ncig ntau npaum li lub caij ntuj sov.

Yuav ua li cas mus rau Samarkand

Lub nroog muaj a Tshav Dav Hlau Thoob Ntiaj TebCov. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsuas yog txais dav hlau los ntawm cov tebchaws nyob sib ze xws li Russia lossis Qaib ntxhwCov. Yog li ntawd, txoj kev zoo tshaj kom tau mus rau Samarkand yog kev tsheb ciav hlauCov. Los ntawm Tashkent, lub peev ntawm Uzbekistan, koj muaj txoj kab kev tsheb ciav hlau siab uas muaj npe hu ua Afrosoiyob.

Ulugh Beg Soj Ntsuam

Ulugh Beg Soj Ntsuam

Koj tuaj yeem ua txoj hauv kev hauv chaw tos tsheb loj, tab sis nws yuav siv li XNUMX teev thiaj li peb tsis pom zoo. Ib zaug hauv lub nroog, txoj kev taug kev feem ntau mus ncig yog lub qhia ua seCov. Lawv yog cov pheej yig heev txawm tias lawv muaj qhov tsis zoo tias lawv tsis pib txog thaum lawv muaj txhij. Lwm qhov kev xaiv yog hu matrushkas, vans uas nqa mus txog kaum tsib tus neeg thiab uas yog pheej yig dua tab sis kuj qeeb qeeb.

Hauv kev xaus, Samarkand yog a zoo nkauj lo lus uas peb mus ncigCov. Tshaj tawm Cov Thoob Ntiaj Teb Cov Cuab Yeej Cuab tam, nws cov mosques thiab cov mausoleums, nws cov bazaars thiab nws cov aroma tsis tseem ceeb yuav thauj koj mus rau lub ntiaj teb exuberant ntawm 'The txhiab thiab Ib Hmo'.

Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

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