Lub teb chaws me tshaj plaws hauv lub ntiaj teb

Vatican City yog ib qho ntawm ob peb lub microstates uas tam sim no muaj nyob hauv Europe thiab muaj nyob hauv Rome, lub peev ntawm Ltalis. Kev ywj pheej ntawm Holy Saib ntawm lub teb chaws sib ze tau tshaj tawm thaum Lub Ob Hlis 1929 los ntawm Lateran Pacts. Nws yog lub npe hu thoob ntiaj teb rau kev ua lub ntsej muag hlab ntsha hauv lub Koom Txoos Catholic.

Nws muaj thaj tsam ntawm 0,44 km2 thiab nws thaj chaw yog qhov me me uas tsuas yog St. Peter tus Basilica nyob li 7% ntawm nws qhov chaw. Nws muaj cov pej xeem ntawm txog 800 inhabitants. Tus Pope yog tus thawj coj ntawm lub xeev thiab hauv lub tebchaws me tshaj plaws nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb nyob tib neeg, Swiss Guards, cardinals, cov pov thawj thiab nws tus kheej Pontiff.

Kev ywj pheej ntawm Holy Saib ntawm Ltalis tau tshaj tawm rau Lub Ob Hlis 11, 1929 los ntawm Lateran Pacts. Hauv Vatican City muaj peb qhov kev mus ntsib uas ci nrog lawv tus kheej lub teeb pom kev zoo: St. Peter's Square, St. Peter's Basilica thiab Vatican Museum, qhov chaw Sistine Chapel nyob.

St. Peter lub Basilica

St. Peter Basilica yog lub tsev tseem ceeb tshaj plaws hauv kev ntseeg Catholicism. Nyob hauv nws, Huab Tais ua kev zoo siab rau cov ntawv tseem ceeb thiab nws sab hauv txais lub Thaj Txi Ntuj. Nkag mus rau lub basilica yog tsis ntseeg ib qho ntawm qhov tseem nco tshaj plaws ntawm kev mus ntsib mus rau Rome.

Nws tau txais nws lub npe los ntawm thawj tus neeg txiv plig tus thawj coj hauv keeb kwm, Saint Peter, uas nws lub cev tau faus rau hauv lub tuam tsev. Nws qhov kev tsim kho tau pib xyoo 1506 thiab xaus rau xyoo 1626 thiab ntau tus kws ua haujlwm koom nrog nws, uas peb tau hais txog Bramante lossis Miguel Ángel.

Nws sab hauv muaj peev xwm rau 20.000 leej. Ntawm cov kev ua yeeb yam uas tuaj yeem pom hauv nws lub phab ntsa yog Bernini's Baldachin, Michelangelo's La Piedad thiab tus mlom ntawm Saint Peter ntawm nws lub zwm txwv.

Ib yam uas feem ntau nyiam cov xim ntawm lub basilica yog nws lub tsev cia siab zoo kawg uas tau ua kev txhawb zog rau lwm cov dej num txuas ntxiv, xws li St. Paul Cathedral hauv London lossis Capitol hauv Washington.

Nws muaj peev xwm nkag tau mus rau hauv dome los qhuas lub Plaza de San Pedro los ntawm saum toj no yog tias lub hnub tau pom tseeb tab sis nws tsis yog ib qho kev ua si rau txhua tus neeg mloog txij li ntu kawg ua tiav los ntawm nqaim kauv ntaiv uas tuaj yeem dhau mus rau qee tus neeg.

St. Peter lub xwmfab

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Lub xwmfab no yog ib qho zoo nkauj tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb thiab ua ke nrog cov theem pib nws nyob 20% ntawm thaj chaw ntawm Vatican City. Nws tau tsim los ntawm Bernini hauv nruab nrab-300.000th caug xyoo thiab tuaj yeem haum ntau dua XNUMX tus neeg rau kev hais plaub ntug thiab cov xwm txheej loj.

Ntxiv rau nws qhov loj me (320 meters ntev thiab 240 meters dav), qhov zoo tshaj plaws tseem ceeb tshaj plaws txog lub xwmfab yog 284 kab thiab 88 qhov sim uas yog kab rau lub xwmfab hauv plaub kab. Nws qhov kev tsim kho tau ua nyob nruab nrab ntawm 1656 thiab 1667 ntawm txhais tes ntawm Bernini, nrog kev txhawb nqa ntawm Pope Alexander VII.

Nyob rau hauv qhov chaw nruab nrab ntawm cov square, obelisk thiab ob lub ciav dej sawv, ib qho los ntawm Bernini (1675) thiab lwm qhov los ntawm Maderno (1614). 25-meter siab obelisk tau coj mus rau tim Loos los ntawm tim lyiv teb chaws xyoo 1586.

Lub Tsev khaws puav pheej Vatican

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Lub Tsev khaws puav pheej Vatican hauv lub teb chaws me tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb lub tsev ntau txhiab ntawm cov hauj lwm kos duab sau los ntawm Roman Catholic lub tsev teev ntuj ntau dua tsib xyoos dhau los.

Lub hauv paus pib ntawm cov tsev khaws puav pheej no hnub tim rov qab 1503, thaum Pope Julius II tau pib nws daim ntawv tso cai thiab pub nws cov khoom tshwj xeeb. Txij lub sijhawm no, cov popes hauv qab no thiab ntau tsev neeg ntiag tug tau ua haujlwm ntxiv thiab nce cov khoom sau cia kom txog rau thaum nws tau dhau los ua ib qho ntawm ntau tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb.

Sab hauv Lub Tsev Cog Lus Vatican yog Sistine Chapel, uas paub txog nws qhov kev ua kom zoo nkauj zoo nkauj thiab ua qhov chaw uas cov neeg txiv plig tom ntej tau xaiv. Nws kev tsim kho tau ua tiav thaum lub sijhawm ua haujlwm ntawm Pope Sixtus IV, rau tus neeg uas nws tshuav nws lub npe. Qee tus kws ua yeeb yam tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas ua haujlwm rau nws yog Miguel Ángel, Botticelli, Perugino lossis Luca.

Cov lus qhia kom mus saib hauv Vatican City

  • Xav txog kev siv cov xov kab yog ib qho kev thauj mus los ob leeg mus thiab los ntawm Vatican City.
  • Thaj chaw noj mov ze ntawm txoj kev nkag mus rau St. Peter Basilica feem ntau kim heev thiab tsis tau ua si ntau. Vim li no, peb xav kom koj mus rau qhov ntawm Via Germanico mus Via Marcantonio Colonna.
  • Lub Tsev Hais Plaub Hauv Vatican thiab Sistine Chapel raug nqi kwv yees li 17 Euro thiab Dome ntawm St. Peter tus nqi kwv yees li 8 Euro. St. Peter's Basilica thiab St. Peter's Square yog dawb xwb.
  • Phau ntawv qhia kev ua haujlwm mus xyuas Vatican Tsev khaws puav pheej thiab lwm feem hauv Vatican City. Txoj kev no koj nco ntsoov tias koj yuav pom txhua yam.

Hnav ris tsho

Lub Vatican Lub Nroog yog ntau tshaj ib lub nroog siv, nws yog qhov chaw thov rau qhov tias Lub Vatican nws tus kheej muaj txoj cai hnav tsoos tsho. Yog koj paub nws, ntawm no peb qhia koj:

  • Ob lub hauv caug thiab lub xub pwg yuav tsum yog cov khaub ncaws hnav. Yog tias cov chaw no tsis duav, lawv tuaj yeem tsis lees paub koj thaum nkag mus hauv nroog. Vim li no, lub tsho tshaj sab, sundresses, thiab luv luv tsis raug tso cai. Cov poj niam tuaj yeem me ntsis kho qhov tseeb no yog hnav cov phuam caj dab nyob ib puag ncig ntawm lub xub pwg lossis hnav ris tsho lossis ris luv hauv ris lossis ris luv.
  • Hnav zoo thiab nyiam khau. Txawm hais tias lub nroog me me, koj yuav tsum taug kev thiab tos hauv kab ntev kom nkag mus rau qee qhov chaw (basilicas, tsev cia puav pheej, lub tsev teev ntuj, thiab lwm yam).
  • Tsis txhob nqa hnab ev hnab loj lossis hnab nqa khoom mus xyuas qhov chaw, vim tias lawv feem ntau yog cov khoom loj. Yog tias koj tsis xav kom nres ntau dhau ntawm cov chaw kuaj xyuas kev nyab xeeb, tsawg dua qhov koj nqa, qhov zoo dua.
Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

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