Ihe ị ga-ahụ na Sierra de Madrid

Echiche nke Sierra de Madrid

Enwere ihu igwe dị mma? Ọfọn, ị ga-anọrịrị n'èzí ma nwee mmasị na ya! Ee, ị nwekwara ike ime ihe ma ọ bụrụ na ị na-ebi na Madrid, nnukwu obodo nwere akụkụ ime ya, ọ bụ ihe gbasara ịmara ha na ịmara otú e si eji ha eme ihe.

The oku Sierra nke Madrid mebere ugwu dị nso n'isi obodo nke aha ya ziri ezi Sierra de Guadarrama taa anyị ga-ahụ ihe ị ga-ahụ ebe a

Sierra de Madrid

Obodo ndị dị na Sierra de Madrid

Ọ bụ ezie na onye ọ bụla na-akpọ nke a usoro ugwu aha ziri ezi bụ Sierra de Madrid. ugwu di nke ógbè Ávila, Community of Madrid na Segovia na-ekekọrịta. Ọ bụrụ na ịchọghị ma ọ bụ ị nwere ike ịga ebe dị anya na ezumike na-amasị gị ịnọ n'èzí, mgbe ahụ ebe a dị mma.

Ị nwere ike igwu mmiri na mmiri n'ime ọdọ mmiri eke, gaa ije, mee picnic na ọtụtụ ihe ndị ọzọ. Ma ọ bụ a nnukwu ebe maka ezinaụlọ n'ihi na ụmụaka na-enwe mmasị ịkwaga nke ukwuu. Ọfọn, ọ nwere ike ịbụ na ụmụntakịrị gị nwere njikọ chiri anya na ihuenyo ha, ya mere iwepụta ha ntakịrị bụkwa ezigbo echiche.

Ka anyị jiri akụkụ dị iche iche gaa: Sierra de Madrid nke a na-akpọghị aha enwere ike kewaa Sierra Oeste, Sierra de Guadarrama na Sierra Norte.

Sierra de Guadarrama

echiche nke Sierra de Guardarama

Sierra de Guadarrama bụ a usoro ugwu nke na-etolite akụkụ nke ọkara ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Central System nke etiti Iberian Peninsula. Ọ gbatịrị site ógbè nke Madrid, Avila na Segovia. Ha ga-adị ihe dịka kilomita 80 n'ogologo na Peñalara bụ ọnụ ọgụgụ ya kachasị elu nke nwere mita 2428 n'elu oke osimiri.

The hụrụ na-ekewa ebe mmiri Duero na Tagus ma ọ bu ala nke juputara n'ala ahihia, osisi fir na ebe nkume nkume. Nke a naanị kilomita 60 site na Madrid ọ bụkwa ya mere o ji ju ọtụtụ mmadụ. O nwere akụrụngwa dị mma njem nlegharị anya na egwuregwu ugwu, yabụ ị ga-akpachara anya na gburugburu ebe obibi. Ebe a enwere ihe nchekwa okike abuo: Cuenca Alta de Manzanares Regional Park, na-ekpuchi hectare 47 na Biosphere Reserve kemgbe 1991.

Ogige ntụrụndụ dị n'akụkụ Osimiri Manzanares na La Pedriza. Ogige ntụrụndụ ọzọ bụ Peñalara Summit, Cirque na Lagoons Natural Park. O nwere hectare 768 ma dị n'etiti ugwu. Ọ bụ ebe anyị na-ahụ elu Peñalara na otu ọdọ mmiri ndị sitere na glacial dị ka Laguna Grande de Peñalara, Laguna Chica, nke Carnations, nke Nnụnụs… E nwekwara nke Guardarma National Park, oru nchedo gburugburu ebe obibi.

Echiche nke Sierra de Guadarrama 2

Sierra nwere ọtụtụ "oke ugwu", ọtụtụ ndị nwere elu karịa mita 1800 na ọtụtụ ebe ndị njem nlegharị anya ndị ọzọ. Nke kacha ochie bụ Ụgbọ mmiri Fuenfria, ndị Rom na-ejibu eme ihe mgbe ha jere ije n’ala ndị a. Anyị nwere ike ịkpọ aha Puerto de Navacerreada, Puerto de Cotos ma ọ bụ Morcuera, naanị ịkpọ aha ole na ole. Ọzọkwa enwere mmiri iyi, osimiri na ọdọ mmiri.

O doro anya na nke a mara mma hụkwara O nwere obodo: La Hiruela, Patones de Arriba, Puebla de la Sierra, Pradena del Rincón, El Berrueco, Montejo de la Sierra. na ụfọdụ ndị ọzọ. Enwere obodo nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme dịka San Lorenzo nke El Escorial o Miraflores nke Sierra na saịtị ekwuputara ihe nketa eke dị ka La Pedriza ma ọ bụ Hayedo de Montejo. La Hiruela bụ omenala, nwere ọtụtụ ụzọ njem njem na-atọ ụtọ. Ụkpụrụ Ọ mara mma nke ukwuu, yabụ na-ese foto nke ukwuu, na El Berrueco, enwere ọdọ mmiri El Atazar.

Okirikiri ala nke Sierra de Guadarrama

N'ime ihe anyị nwere ike ime gburugburu ebe a, otu nwekwara ike mara bunkers nke Agha Obodo, soro Ụzọ nke Arcipestre de Hita, gaa na El Escorial wee banye n'oche Felipe II, na-arịgo Monte Abantos ma ọ bụ na-agba ịnyịnya burricleta na Manzanares el Real.

West Sierra

Mgbakọ nke Sierra Oeste

Ọ bụ otu n'ime mpaghara Community of Madrid ma dị na ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ. Ebe a osimiri Perales na Alberche gafere ma enwere Okirikiri ala dị iche iche n'ihi na elu dị iche iche site na 500 ruo 1500 mita n'elu oke osimiri.

Sierra Oeste dị n'etiti ikpeazụ nke Sierra de Guardarama na ngalaba mbụ nke Sierra de Gredos. Enwere ọhịa coniferous na chestnut, osisi oak na holm oak, dị ka ọmụmaatụ. Ọ na-ezo nke ukwuu n'afọ niile, ọ bụ ezie na ọ dị obere n'oge okpomọkụ, ma ọ bụrụ na ị na-aga n'oge oyi, kwadebe maka oyi na ntu oyi na snow mgbe ụfọdụ.

West Sierra Ọ bụ ala Cenigentes, Aldea de Fresneo, Comelnar del Arroyo ma ọ bụ Navas del Rey., n'etiti obodo ndị ọzọ. Ebe ị nwere ike ịnya igwe kwụ otu ebe site na Alberche, ọmụmaatụ, ma ọ bụ gaa na ọdọ mmiri San Juan na-eme ihe omume, gaa na wineries, nwee anụrị na Adventure Park na Pelayos de la Presa, gaa na akwa mmiri ochie nke Valdemaqueda, mara mma. Ohia mara mma na San Martín de Valdeiglesias ma ọ bụ etiti nke Ọ dịghị ihe na Robledo de Chavela.

North Sierra

Ọdọ mmiri mara mma na Sierra Norte

Ọ dị na nsọtụ ugwu nke Community nke Madrid ma nwee ngụkọta nke 1253 square kilomita n'ime obodo 42. Osimiri Lozoya na-agafe ebe a, nke nwere mmiri mmiri ise ma otu a bụ isi mmiri nke obodo. N'ime ugwu a e nwere ọtụtụ ndagwurugwu (Ndagwurugwu Lozoya, Ndagwurugwu Jarama, Sierra de la Cabrera na ndị ọzọ).

Ebe a A na-akọ ọka, ubi oliv na ubi vine na e nwere ndị mara mma ọhịa pine na osisi oak, hazelnut, elm, ash, junipa na osisi oak. A maara ya mgbe niile dị ka "oke ugwu dara ogbenye", raara onwe ya nye maka ọrụ ugbo na anụ ụlọ, mana ruo oge ụfọdụ ugbu a, njem nlegharị anya amalitela, na-enweta mkpa na nkwalite.

Na Sierra Norte, ị nwere ike ịsa ahụ na Las Presillas Natural ọdọ mmiri, gaa na Ebe obibi ndị mọnk Santa Maria de El Paular, soro ebe a Ụzọ Los Robledos, mara oke ohia nke Finland, na mmiri mmiri pọgatrị, Were igwe kwụ otu ebe na gburugburu ọdọ mmiri Pinilla ma ọ bụ gbaa ụgbọ mmiri.

Okirikiri ala nke Sierra Norte

Kedu ka ị ga-esi ruo Sierra Norte? Site na Madrid isi ụzọ bụ okporo ụzọ A1. Ọ dị kilomita iri ise. Bilbaeo bụ 50 na Burgos bụ 300. Mgbe ọ bụla site na ụgbọ ala, mana ị nwekwara ike iji ụgbọ ala. Ọ nwere ibe weebụ dị mma ma zuo oke, ileta ya wee rịba ama tupu ịmalite njem ahụ.

N'ikpeazụ, gafere ebe ndị a n'ime ebe a na-akpọ Sierra de Madrid, nke, dị ka anyị kwuru, a na-akpọ nke ahụ ezighi ezi, anyị nwere ike. gaa n'ebe ụfọdụ na mpaghara agbataobi. Ana m ekwu maka nkume, otu n'ime obodo kachasị mma na Segovia na Spain,  ski na La Pinilla, mee Route of the black towns of Guadalajara, omume trekking  na ọtụtụ ihe ndị ọzọ

Eziokwu bụ na nso Madrid enwere ọtụtụ nhọrọ njem nlegharị anya.

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