Nyumba yachifumu m'chigawo cha Andalusi (II)

Dzulo tidakubweretserani nkhani yoyamba yokhudza nyumba zachifumu ku Andalusia. Mmenemo tinkachitira nyumba zachifumu zinayi kumadzulo chakumadzulo kwa Andalusia: Huelva, Seville, Cádiz ndi Córdoba. Lero tikubweretsani nyumba yachifumu m'chigawo cha Andalusi, koma nthawi ino osankhidwa ochokera ku zigawo za Malaga, Jaén, Granada ndi Almería. Monga okongola kapena owoneka bwino kwambiri, ali ndi zambiri zoti apereke.

Osaziphonya! Ndipo ngati mukufuna kuwerenga nkhani yoyamba, onani Apa.

Alcazaba waku Malaga

Pamalo otsetsereka a Malaga, pa Phiri la Gibralfaro, pali linga labwino kwambiri lopangidwa ndi anthu kuyambira nthawi ya Afoinike. Alcazaba masiku ano amateteza zomangamanga kuchokera pamadongosolo ambiri omwe amakhala ku Al-Andalus wakale: kuchokera ku Kaliphate, kupita ku maufumu a Taifa, kudzera ku Almoravids ndi Almohads. Pambuyo pa magawo onsewa, Alcazaba waku Malaga adabwezeretsedwanso pang'onopang'ono popeza kuwonongeka komwe kudadza chifukwa chakudutsa kwa nthawi kudawululidwa.

Koma bwanji ntchitoyi ku Malaga? M'nyumba imeneyi munkakhala abwanamkubwa mzindawo kwazaka zambiri ndipo anali ngati pogona ndi nyumba ya Fernando el Católico, panthawi yankhondo ya Granada. Kuchokera kumtunda wapamwamba kwambiri wa Alcazaba, titha kusinkhasinkha chimodzi mwamaganizidwe abwino kwambiri mumzinda wa Malaga.

Castle of Bury al-Hammam ku Baños de la Encina, Jaén

Bury al-Hamman Castle amadziwikanso kuti the Nyumba yachifumu ya Burgalimar ndipo ndi linga la Umayyad lomwe linamangidwa m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, lokwezeka paphiri laling'ono, potero limalamulira dziko lonse la tawuni ya Baños.

Khoma lake lili ndi okwana nsanja khumi ndi zinayi, kuphatikiza imodzi Christian Tower of Tribute. Ndi malo otetezedwa bwino kwambiri kuyambira nthawi ya Umayyad Caliphate ku Córdoba, komanso amodzi mwa nyumba zachi Muslim zosungidwa kwambiri ku Spain konse. Idasankhidwa kukhala National Monument mu 1931, ndi Historic-Artistic Site ku 1969.

Monga chochititsa chidwi, tiyenera kunena kuti ndi nyumba yachiwiri yakale kwambiri ku Europe ndipo, kuyambira 1969, Tower of Homage yake ikhoza kuyendetsa mbendera ya European Community, mwayi woperekedwa ndi Council of Europe, ndikugawana nawo ndi Castle of Florence.

Siyo yokongola kwambiri kunja ndipo ilibe chithunzi chofanana ndi nyumba yachifumu koma ndichosangalatsa kukhala pamapazi ake.

Nyumba Yachifumu ya La Calahorra, ku Granada

Nyumbayi ili pakati pa mapiri a Granada, yokha komanso dera lokongola komanso lachilengedwe. Zinali kumanga banja la Mendoza Pa nthawi ya Kubadwa Kwatsopano, nthawi yachifumu koma momwe ntchitoyi idawonekera chifukwa kudzoza kwake kudachokera ku Italy. Ntchito yoyamba iyi ya Andalusian Renaissance inali ntchito ya ambiri koma ena aku Italy adatenga nawo gawo.

Makoma ake ndi nsanja zake ndizolimba koma mkati mwake ndi "osakhwima" kwambiri: titha kupeza patio yokongola komanso yotsogola, wofanana ndi nyumba yachifumu ya Canena komanso nyumba yachifumu ya Vélez-Blanco, yomwe masiku ano yasungidwa bwino ku Metropolitan Museum of Art ku New York.

Chipilala Chachikulu cha Alcazaba waku Almería

La Alcazaba waku Almería mutha kuwona kulikonse mumzinda wa Almería, pokhala nyumba zikuluzikulu kwambiri zomangidwa ndi Aluya ku Spain konse. Makoma ake amapita kukwera ndi kutsika Phiri la San Cristóbal ndi kujambula zithunzi zochititsa chidwi, zomwe zimapangitsa zithunzi zojambulidwa ndi akatswiri ojambula komanso akatswiri ojambula.

Pamwamba pamakoma ake mutha kuwona malingaliro abwino, mzindawu ndi doko, ndikupangitsa izi kukhala zokumbukira zabwino kwambiri zomwe mungatenge kuchokera ku mzinda wa Almeria.

Mkati, yomwe ili ndi zaka zopitilira chikwi za mbiriyakale, timapeza kuchokera kuzodzitchinjiriza zachi Muslim kupita ku chomera chatsopano chomwe chidawonjezedwa pambuyo pa Reconquest, yomangidwa ndi lamulo Mafumu a Katolika. Pamodzi pali mipanda itatu yamakoma yomwe imalemba.

Mukuganiza bwanji za nyumba 4 izi? Kodi pali ena omwe mumawakonda kuposa awa omwe tatsimikiza kuwalongosola apa? Ngati ndi choncho, tiuzeni mu gawo lathu la ndemanga.

 

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