Treviño, malo ampingo wodulidwa miyala

Sabata ino ndimayang'ana kwambiri Castile ndi Leon. Lachiwiri timalowa ku Cañón Río Lobo Natural Park ndipo lero kusankhidwa kuli ndi Treviño, tawuni ndi chigawo momwe mungayendeyenda kudutsa m'mbiri ndi chilengedwe.

Kuyambira 1983 Treviño ali ndi Mbiri Yovuta Kwambiri lomwe limawerengedwa kuti ndi Lofunika Kwambiri pa Chikhalidwe ndipo momwe nyumba zachifumu, zokometsera nyumba, milatho, akasupe ndi mipingo zimawonekera. Tiyeni tikumane ndi Treviño yokongola.

Trevino

 

Malo omwe kuli Treviño masiku ano akhala anthu kwazaka zambiri chifukwa apeza zotsalira zakale kuti iwo akuchitira umboni za icho. Tawuni ya Treviño idakhazikitsidwa mozungulira 1161 lolembedwa ndi King Sancho VI waku Navarra, koma Mfumu ya Castile Alfonso X idaligonjetsa patadutsa zaka 1453 ndipo tawuniyi idayamba kulamulidwa ndi achifumu. Lidakhala boma ku XNUMX, motero linaperekedwa kwa banja la Manrique de Lara y Castilla, panthawiyo ndi a Duques de Jara.

Treviño ndi gawo lero, ndi La Puebla de Arganzón, the Treviño enclave, yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Álava. Omatawa onsewa amapanga china chake ngati chilumba komanso kwanthawi yayitali akufuna kupatukana ndi Castilla y León, komwe amakhala kutali, ndikukhala ma Basque. M'malo mwake, Burgos ndi mtunda woyenda ola limodzi ndipo Vitoria ili pamtunda wamakilomita 18 okha. Zachidziwikire kuti Castilla y León sakufuna kudziwa kalikonse koma mu 2013 siteji yatsopano yayamba ndikuyesanso kwatsopano.

Trevino amakhala kuchokera ku ziweto ndi ulimi ndipo kuyankhula zamalonda kulumikizidwa ndi Vitoria.

Ulendo wa Treviño

Monga tidanenera, ngale ya Treviño ndi mbiri yakale komanso zaluso, koma titha kuwonjezera ngale zachilengedwe. Tiyeni tiyambe ndi oyamba omwe mtima wawo ndi matauni omwe adakhazikitsidwa mu 1661. Kapangidwe ka tawuniyi ndi wakale ndipo pali matchalitchi ndi nyumba zachifumu zomwe Nyumba yachifumu ya Count of Treviño kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, lero imagwira ntchito ngati City Hall, komanso Nyumba yachifumu yakumanzere kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Ena mwa iwo alipo misewu yopapatiza, minda ndi mabwalo ang'onoang'ono, kuphatikiza mipingo monga Chikhalidwe cha San Juan Bautista kapena Parishi ya San Pedro Apóstol kuyambira m'zaka za zana la khumi ndi zitatu. Mkati mwa parishiyo muli chithunzi cha Namwali Woyera, chojambula cha Khristu cha m'zaka za zana la 1 komanso chojambula chokongola cha Churrigueresque. Pali misa Lamlungu ndi tchuthi chachipembedzo nthawi ya XNUMX masana ndipo mu Julayi ndi Ogasiti, miyezi yoyendera alendo, pali nthawi yapadera ya alendo yokonzedwa ndi holoyo.

Pazinthu izi zaphatikizidwanso gawo lina, la San Roque, the Kasupe wazaka za zana la XNUMX ndi mlatho wama gothic amene awoloka mtsinje wa Thandizo. Tawuni ya Treviño, osati dera lokhalo, ndi tawuni yomangidwa chakumwera kwa phiri lomwe pamwamba pa zonse liri ndi nyumba yachifumu yakale yokhala ndi nsanja ya baroque ndi tchalitchi cha parishi, malo omwe kale anali njira yofunika.

Kukhala olumikizana kwambiri ndi Dziko la Basque nyumba yodziwika ku Treviño idapangidwa ndi miyala yamchenga komanso kuposa nyumba imodzi, ndi gulu laling'ono la nyumba, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi ntchito yake: ng'ombe, udzu, zida. Ndipo ngati munganolere maso anu, nyumba zawo zina zidakali ndi zidutswa za mitengo ndi matabwa, akale kwambiri.

Koma kupyola cholowa cha mbiri yakale pali ma postcards achilengedwe omwe titha kudziwa komanso omwe ali mozungulira. Popanda kupita kutali, ndipo nthawi zonse tikakhala pagalimoto kapena pa njinga, titha dziwani midzi ina, mapanga ndi matchalitchi anakumba mwa iwo. Inde, mwachitsanzo, kuyimba Mapanga opatulika a Treviño.

Mapanga awa Ali m'zigwa za Treviño ndi phiri la Alavesa. Mtsinje wa Help ndi mitsinje yambiri imadutsa apa, ndikupanga mapu amiyala, miyala ndi zigwa zomwe zimasochera mosavuta. Anawerengedwa oposa zana mapanga yokumba omwe amuna afukula kwazaka zambiri ndipo pakati pawo pali manda ndi mipingo yoyambirira yachikhristu, wakale kwambiri ku Euskal Herria, ndipo izi zitha kudziwika ngati wina apita kukafufuza magawo awa.

Kufufuza ndendende mumakafika kumatawuni ena apafupi, uliwonse uli ndi chithumwa chake chaching'ono. Mwachitsanzo, pali tawuni ya Faido ndi njira yomwe imakwera pakati pa tchire, yomwe imatifikitsa kumene Mapanga a San Miguel ndi San Julián, komwe titha kulowa, ndipo kuchokera mkati mwake tchalitchi chosemedwa thanthwe chimawoneka kutsidya lina la chigwa. Ndi fayilo ya Mpingo wa Dona Wathu wa Thanthwe zomwe zingathenso kufikiridwa ndi njira yotsetsereka.

Kuzungulira palinso mapanga a San Torcaria ndi de las Gobas, pafupi ndi tawuni ya Laño. Apa yadzaza ndi kuchuluka kwa akachisi ndi zipinda zamapanga, mwina waukulu kwambiri ku Iberian Peninsula, chifukwa miyala yoyera yoyera idapangitsa ntchitoyi kukhala yosavuta. Mipingo iyi inali ndi maguwa, ma sacristies ndi zipilala koma patatha zaka zambiri akuchotsa phirili, m'malo mwake, zambiri zidatha kugwa. Kunali ngakhale manda pansi ndipo potero linali chigwa chopatulikadi.

Ndani adagwira ntchito yayikuluyi? Sichidziwikiratu ndipo pali halo inayake ya chinsinsi za mutuwo. Amadziwika kuti kuzungulira mzaka za zana lachisanu ndi m'modzi m'mabanja amonke kapena mabanja osauka adafika m'derali, ambiri aiwo pothawira kwa Asilamu. Koma m'mene adalemba chilichonse, adazisiya m'zaka za zana la XNUMX ndikupita kumatauni, ndikusiya malo ofanana ndi tchizi wokhala ndi mabowo mkati mwake ndi malo ena abwino, ndi ena omwe akumadabwabe mpaka pano kuti afika bwanji kumeneko.

Pomaliza, ngati tili pagalimoto, titha kudziwa midzi ina monga Markinez ndi mapanga ake a San Salvador ndi tchalitchi chake chosemedwa mwala, miyala ya Santa Leocadia kapena ya San Juan. Palinso tawuni ya Arluzea komwe mudzatha kukacheza ku San Juan de Larrea, yomwe inali nyumba yachifumu, linga laling'ono komabe lili linga, lokhala ndi nsanja, makoma ndi chitsime.

Ndipo kotero titha kupitiliza ulendo wathu wopita Saseta ndi Okina ndi kankhuni kake. Kudziwa zonsezi simusuntha mtunda wopitilira makilomita 20 kupyola malo okongola ndi abwinja odutsa mitsinje, nsanja ndi mapanga. Palibe anthu, ngakhale kuli mbiri yakale.

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