Gulani pashminas ku India

Pamndandanda wazogulitsa pafupifupi alendo onse akunja omwe amabwera ku India pali ma pashminas, chovala chomwe chimakhalanso chikumbutso kapena mphatso yabwino kwambiri. Komabe, muyenera kusamala: pali ma pashminas ambiri abodza omwe amagulitsidwa mdziko muno monga alipo pa intaneti.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji kusiyana pakati pa shawls zabodza komanso zenizeni? Chinthu choyamba ndikudziwa kuti pashmina ndi chiyani, mawu ochokera ku mawu achi Persia onena za ubweya. Yatsani dera la Kashmir Pashminas aubweya akhala akulukidwa kwazaka zopitilira zinayi. M'mbuyomu, nsalu yabwinoyi inali yopezeka kwa olemera komanso olemekezeka aku India. Spolo amatha kuvala chovala chofewa ichi ubweya wa mbuzi wamtundu wa changra, yomwe imakhala m'mapiri a Himalaya pamtunda wopitilira 1.600 metres.

Ubweya wa Pashmina umapangidwa kokha kuchokera pamzu wa tsitsi lalitali kwambiri la mbuzi. Nyama iliyonse imapanga zosakwana 100 magalamu a ubweya wa ubweya pachaka. Ubweya wabwinowo umasakanizidwa ulusi wa silika mosiyanasiyana, komwe kumatsimikizira kuti nsalu ndi zabwino bwanji, kenako amaizijambula mu mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Ngakhale ma datawa sali okwanira kuti munthu wosadziwa adziwe ngati akugula pashmina yeniyeni kapena ayi, pashmina yeniyeni ndiyosavuta chifukwa chofewa komanso kupepuka. Zonamizira zimalowetsa ubweya wa chagra m'malo mwa nkhosa zina komanso tsitsi la kalulu.

Mashawelo odziwika kwambiri a pashmina amatchedwa Shahtoosh, zabwino kwambiri kuti athe kudutsa mkati mwa mphete. Mu zosiyanasiyana izi, ubweya wa chagra umalowedwa m'malo ndi wa chiru, antelope waku Tibet yemwe amakhala m'malo ozizira kwambiri. Tsoka ilo, kugulitsa kwa shastoosh pakuletsedwa pano ku India, ngakhale tikufunsa pang'ono pamsika uliwonse kumpoto kwa dzikolo titha kupeza shawls zopangidwa ndi ubweya wamtunduwu. Muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti satigwira pachikhalidwe.

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