Kusazindikira kumayika Nazca pachiwopsezo

Nazca ave

Ku Peru, pakati pa matauni a Nazca ndi Palpa, chimodzi mwazinsinsi zodziwika bwino zakale zokumbidwa pansi. M'chipululu muno muli magulu akuluakulu a geoglyphs omwe amangowonekera kuchokera kutalika kwake, omwe amapanga ziweto, anthu ndi zojambula. Adapangidwa ndi chikhalidwe cha Nazca pakati pa 200 BC ndi 600 AD ndipo popeza akatswiri ofukula zakale adayamba kuwafufuza mzaka za m'ma XNUMX, malingaliro ambiri okhudza komwe adachokera komanso tanthauzo lake adatulukira, ngakhale akadali chinsinsi.

Mizere ya Nazca ndi chuma chamayiko ku Peru ndipo amaisamalira mwachangu. Komabe, Nazca satetezeka ku zoopsa zonse zomwe zimawopseza. Phazi lililonse m'derali, chifukwa cha zinthu komanso nyengo, limakhala lodziwika kwa zaka masauzande ambiri ndipo kuwonongeka kwenikweni komwe kumachitika sikungakonzeke.

Tsoka ilo, kusazindikira za chidwi cha malowa mzaka zaposachedwa kwadzetsa zochitika zingapo zomwe zavulaza kwambiri Nazca.

greenpeace ku Nazca

Zowonongeka zopangidwa ku Nazca

Zatsopano kwambiri komanso zowononga kwambiri zidachitika mu Januware watha, pomwe dalaivala woyendetsa kampani yonyamula anthu adafika ku Nazca Pampas ngakhale panali zikwangwani zomwe zidachenjeza mwanjira ina ndikuwononga koopsa. pamalo ofukula mabwinja pamalo pafupifupi 100 mita. Zotsatira zake, zotsalira zakuya zidatsalira pansi zomwe zakhudza anthu atatu azaka chikwi omwe adatengedwa mumchenga.

Zikuwoneka kuti mwamunayo sanadziwe za chikhalidwe cha makolo amderali ndipo adalowa ku Nazca Pampas chifukwa galimoto yake inali ndi vuto lamatayala. Komabe, Unduna wa Zachikhalidwe ku Peru udanenanso kuti udzudzula dalaivala pamawuwo.

Koma Nazca Lines anali atawonongeka kale kale. Mu 2014, pamsonkhano wa UN Climate Conference womwe unachitikira ku Lima, omenyera ufulu ochokera ku bungwe la Greenpeace adalowa mderali ndipo, mdera la hummingbird geoglyph, adayika zilembo zazikulu zingapo ndi uthenga "Yakwana nthawi yoti musinthe! Tsogolo limapitsidwanso. Alirezatalischioriginal. " kuwonekera kokha kuchokera kumwamba. Kutsatira chipwirikiti, Greenpeace idayesa kupepesa pakuwonongeka kwa tsambalo, komwe sikadakonzeke.

Chaka chotsatira, mu Seputembara 2015, mutu udafika pamalopo ndikulemba dzina lake m'modzi mwa ma geoglyphs. Mwamunayo adamangidwa ndi olondera omwe amayang'anira kuteteza Nazca ndipo adamupereka kuti aziyimba mlandu.

kangaude wa nazca

Malingaliro okhudza Nazca, amachokera kuti?

Poyamba, akatswiri ofukula zakale amaganiza kuti mizere ya Nazca inali njira zosavuta, koma popita nthawi malingaliro ena adapeza mphamvu zomwe zimatsimikizira kuti "malo opembedzera" adapangidwa kuti akondweretse mulungu wam'mwambamwamba.

Lero tikudziwa kuti nzika za Nazca zidapanga ma geoglyphs pochotsa miyala pamwambapa kuti mwala woyera pansi pake uwonekere. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa cha ofufuza angapo ochokera ku Yamagata University ku Japan, tikudziwa kuti pali mitundu inayi ya ziwerengero zomwe zimakonda kugwirira limodzi njira zosiyanasiyana ndikupita komweko: mzinda wa Cahuachi usanachitike. Lero piramidi imodzi yokha idatsalira, koma mkati mwa nthawi yake yopambana inali malo oyambira oyendera komanso likulu la chikhalidwe cha Nazca.

Malinga ndi akatswiri ofukula zakale aku Japan, ziwerengero za Nazca zidamangidwa ndi zikhalidwe zosachepera ziwiri zosiyana ndi maluso osiyanasiyana ndi zifaniziro, zomwe zimawonedwa pama geoglyph omwe amatsata njira yochokera kudera lawo kuchokera ku mzinda wa Cahuachi.

Adapezanso kuti zojambulazo zasintha makamaka mdera loyandikira kwambiri Nazca Valley komanso njira yomwe imachokera kumeneko kupita ku Cahuachi. M'deralo muli mafano osiyanasiyana, odziwika pamwamba pazonse posonyeza zachilendo ndi mitu yawo ngati zikho. Gulu lachitatu la ma geoglyphs omwe mwina amapangidwa ndi magulu onse awiriwa amapezeka m'dera lamapiri la Nazca, lomwe limakhala pakati pazikhalidwe zonsezi.

munthu wobadwa

Malinga ndi akatswiri ofukula zakale aku Japan, kugwiritsa ntchito ziwerengero za Nazca kunasintha pakapita nthawi. Poyamba adalengedwa pazifukwa zamwambo chabe, koma pambuyo pake adayikidwa pamsewu womwe unkatsogolera ku Cahuachi. Mosiyana ndi zomwe ena amaganiza, zikuwoneka kuti ziwerengerozi sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito polemba njira yapaulendo, chifukwa iyenera kukhala yodziwika bwino, koma kuti ikhale ndi malingaliro, ndikupatsanso lingaliro lamwambo.

Komabe, anthu ena ambiri ayesa kupereka yankho ku tanthauzo la mizere ya Nazca ndipo pali malingaliro angapo okhudza komwe adachokera. Katswiri wa masamu María Reiche adakopa Paul Kosok poyambitsa lingaliro loti zojambula izi zinali ndi tanthauzo lakuthambo. Akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale a Reindel ndi a Isla afukula malo opitilira 650 ndipo akwanitsa kudziwa mbiri yazikhalidwe zomwe zidapanga zojambulazi. Kupezeka kwa madzi kunali kofunikira kwambiri m'derali popeza ndi chipululu. Zithunzizo zidapanga malo azikhalidwe zomwe cholinga chake chiyenera kukhala kulimbikitsa kupembedza milungu yamadzi. Akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale apeza zingwe ndi mitengo yomwe anthu awa amatsata pojambula.

Zojambula za Nazca

Kodi Nazca Lines ikuyimira chiyani?

Zojambula za Nazca ndizopanga komanso zophiphiritsa. M'gulu lophiphiritsira timapeza nyama: mbalame, anyani, akangaude, galu, iguana, buluzi ndi njoka.

Pafupifupi zojambulazo zidapangidwa pamalo athyathyathya ndipo ndizochepa chabe pamapiri azitunda. Pafupifupi ziwerengero zonse zomwe zimayikidwazo zikuyimira ziwerengero za anthu. Ena amavekedwa korona ndi mizere itatu kapena inayi yoyimirira yomwe mwina imayimira nthenga za chisoti chamamwambo (ena mummies aku Peru anali kuvala zipewa zagolide ndi nthenga).

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