Miyambo ya ku Guatemala

America ndi kontinenti yodzaza chikhalidwe ndi mbiri ndipo gawo lapakati lili ndi cholowa chachikulu cha Mayan chomwe sichingokhala ku Mexico, monga ena amaganiza kuti kulibe. Kuno ku Central America kuli Guatemala ndipo lero tikambirana miyambo yawo.

Mukayang'ana pa mapu mudzawona kuti dzikolo ndi laling'ono, koma chowonadi ndichakuti malo ake olimba amasonkhanitsa nyengo ndi malo osiyanasiyana. Monga momwe kuliri nkhalango zamvula kulinso mitengo ya mangrove komanso momwe ilili cholowa champhamvu ku Spain el cholowa cha mayan imanenanso pano.

Guatemala

M'nthawi zamakoloni, gawo la Guatemala Inali gawo la Viceroyalty yaku New Spain koma isanakhale ya a Mayan ndi Olmecs. Kudziyimira pawokha kudabwera mu 1821, pomwe udakhala Ufumu wa Guatemala ndipo pambuyo pake udakhala gawo la Ufumu Woyamba waku Mexico ndi Federal Republic of Central America, mpaka pamapeto pake mu 1874 republic pano idabadwa.

Moyo wandale wagawo lino la America udadziwika ndi kusakhazikika, maulamuliro ankhanza komanso nkhondo zapachiweniweni. Apa zonse zomwe zidatha mu 1996 basi ndipo kuyambira pamenepo zinthu zakhala bata, ngakhale sizitanthauza kuti umphawi ndi kusalinganika kwasiya.

Monga tanena pamwambapa ali ndi malo osiyanasiyana. Ili ndi mapiri ambiri, magombe ku Pacific ndi mangroves kotero amasangalala kwambiri Kusiyanasiyana kwachilengedwe zomwe zimayendera limodzi ndi zodabwitsa kusiyana kwa chikhalidwe. Pali zilankhulo zambiri oposa 20 zinenero M'malo mwake, mwa anthu onse okhala pafupifupi anthu 15.

Pali azungu, alipo akuda, ochepa Asiya, anthu amtundu komanso ma mestizo ambiri, awiriwa pafupifupi mofanana.

Miyambo ya ku Guatemala

Popeza pali magulu azilankhulo zambiri aliyense ali ndi chovala chake chofananira ndi zizindikilo zawo, masitaelo ndi mitundu ngakhale ambiri achikaso, pinki, ofiira ndi amtambo amapezeka. Zovala zimawala pano ndipo ndiomwe akutchulidwa.

Mwachitsanzo, kumapiri a Altos Cuchumatanes, azimayi aku tawuni ya Nebaj amavala masiketi ofiira okhala ndi magulu achikasu, ndi lamba ndi bulawuzi wachikhalidwe wotchedwa huipil. Mwamunayo wavala jekete lotseguka ndi chipewa cha kanjedza ndi mathalauza.

Pali madera ena, mwachitsanzo m'tauni ya Santiago yochokera ku Mayan, komwe huipil ya azimayi imakhala yofiirira, yokhala ndimagulu komanso nsalu zamaluwa ndi nyama. Chowonadi ndi mukamayenda kudutsa ku Guatemala, ndizosiyanasiyana zomwe mungapeze muzovala zachikhalidwe. Onse adzakhala okongola kwa inu.

Koma ali bwanji a Guatemalans? Zimanenedwa choncho ndizachikhalidwe kwambiri ndikuti ngakhale ndi dziko lamasiku ano miyambo ya Pre-Puerto Rico ndi Puerto Rico ilipobe. Mwachitsanzo, maholide achipembedzo ndi chitsanzo chabwino. Ndi nkhani yokumbukira masiku a oyera ndi Mzimu Woyera pakati pa Novembala 1 ndi 2, chikondwerero chambiri chisanachitike ku Spain komwe tsiku lawo silikumbukiridwa.

Anthu aku Guatemal nthawi zonse amalemekeza akufa, kalekale chikhristu chisanachitike, ndipo ndiomwe anali atsamunda omwe adatenga zikondwererozi ndikuzipanga zawo kuti zikope nzika zawo. Kwa madeti amenewo mabanja amapita kumanda ndikusiya chakudya ndi zakumwa pachikhalidwe chotchedwa mutua.

Mwambo uwu ndi wakale komanso kukulitsa kwa chakudya kotchedwa ouma chomwe ndi Spanish kwambiri.

Anthu aku Spain adabweretsa ng'ombe ndi ziweto ndipo anthu akomweko adasintha chilichonse. Nyama yozizira yotchuka imafikira zosakaniza 50 ndipo imawoneka ngati saladi yozizira. Anthu a ku Spain adatsatiranso mwambo wobweretsa maluwa kumanda ndipo posachedwapa, monga chikhalidwe chonse, mariachis adawonekera m'manda ndipo mu Okutobala chikondwerero chosagwirizana ndi Halowini.

Ngati zaka mazana ambiri ulamuliro wandale usanabweretse miyambo yake, masiku ano kulamulira kwachikhalidwe ndi zachuma kumabweretsa kwawo.

Tchuthi china chodziwika kwambiri ku Katolika ndi Sabata la Isitala. Amakondwerera makamaka ndikulimbikitsa kwambiri ku Antigua komwe kuli mayendedwe atali komanso makalapeti okongola, otchedwa macheka opangira matabwa, zokongola komanso zokhala ndi zipatso ndi maluwa, zomwe amuna oyenda, ovala zovala zofiirira, amaponda. Khrisimasi isanafike pali chikondwerero chachikhalidwe chomwe chimakhala ndi chithunzi cha mwambo woyeretsa: anthu amasonkhanitsa zopanda pake zonse ndikuziwotcha pakhomo pawo pa Disembala 7.

Chipanichi chimatchedwa mdierekezi woyaka.

Ndipo inde, the Navidad ndimayendedwe owonjezera, makombola ndi zochitika zakubadwa m'matchalitchi. Disembala 24 ndiye chikondwerero cha nyumba zogona alendo momwe madzulo a pa 24 pali maulendo ndi zithunzi za Namwali Mariya ndi Mwana Yesu ndi ana ovala ngati abusa okhala ndi maseche, zikwangwani ndi makandulo kapena nyali. Akamayenda amayimba nyimbo za Khrisimasi ndi ma banja angapo komanso limodzi ndi buledi wokoma kapena tamale amatha mpaka pakati pausiku.

Una chikondwerero chomwe chimaphatikiza Mkhristu ndi chisanachitike ku Puerto Rico ndi chikondwerero cha Black Christ wa Esquipulas. Ndi chikhalidwe chogawana ndi El Salvador, Honduras ndi Guatemala ndipo chokhudzana ndi milungu yakuda ya Ek Chua kapena Ek Balam Chua. Zimachitikadi ku Chiquimula, m'malire atatu, mu Januware.

Miyambo ina, yosagwirizananso ndi Chikhristu, ndiyo Mitundu ya riboni kapena Game of Roosters, momwe chilolezo chimapemphedwa kuchokera kwa oyera mtima ndi Amayi Earth ndipo okwera amavala zovala zokongola, mipango, nthenga ndi maliboni.

Pomaliza, ngati titayika patchuthi chachipembedzo titha kutenga nawo mbali zikondwerero zochulukirapo. Tonsefe timakondwerera wathu masiku akubadwa Ndipo kuno ku Guatemala nthawi zambiri mumawotcha ma roketi nthawi ya 5 m'mawa ndikudya tamale ndi chokoleti ndi buledi waku France kadzutsa. Kwa ana, phwandolo silingaphonye. Ndipo zikafika pokwatirana, chinthu chachizolowezi, makamaka m'mabanja achikhalidwe, ndikuti mkwati afunse apongozi ake za dzanja la bwenzi lake komanso kuti pakhale phwando la bachelor, lina lake ndi lina la iye.

Chowonadi ndichakuti mayiko aku America omwe adakhalapo kwambiri ku Spain, chifukwa cha chuma chawo ndikupanga luso lachifumu lomwe lidadzaza nkhokwe za korona, lero akusunga miyambo yambiri yachipembedzo komanso chikhalidwe chomwe m'maiko ena chatsalirabe kapena omasuka kwambiri.

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