Notre Dame, miyala yamtengo wapatali ya Paris

wathu wamkazi

Pali malo padziko lapansi omwe safuna kuyambitsidwa chifukwa kutchuka kwawo kumayankhula zokha. Izi ndizochitika ndi Notre Dame kapena Our Lady of Paris, chimodzi mwazikumbutso zomwe taziwona kwambiri pamakhadi, makanema ndi mabuku. Notre Dame ndi luso lodabwitsa, lofunikira pakuyendera ku Paris komwe simungaphonye. Chotsatira, tikukuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa za tchalitchi ichi chomwe kukongola kwake kwalimbikitsa mibadwo yonse.

Mbiri ya Notre Dame

kunja dame kunja

Kumanga kwa tchalitchi chachikulu ichi cha Gothic choperekedwa kwa Namwali Maria pa Ile de la Cité kunatenga nthawi ndi khama. Ntchitoyi idayamba mu 1163 ndipo mpaka 1345 idamalizidwa. Munthawi yonseyi, tchalitchichi chidawona zochitika zosawerengeka monga kukwapulidwa kwa Joan waku Arc komanso kulongedwa kwa Napoleon Bonaparte kapena Henry VI waku England.

Ndipo 1793, Panthawi ya French Revolution, Notre Dame idakhala kachisi woperekedwa kulingalira ndipo chuma chake chambiri chidabedwa. Kuphatikiza apo, ziboliboli zambiri zidawonongedwa ndipo Namwali Maria adasinthidwa m'malo ndi zithunzi zaufulu pamaguwa osiyanasiyana. Munthawi imeneyi tchalitchichi chidasandutsidwa nyumba yosungiramo katundu ndipo mpaka 1845 pomwe pulogalamu yobwezeretsa idayamba yomwe idatenga zaka zopitilira makumi awiri.

Pambuyo pake, pankhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, Notre Dame adakumana ndi bomba la Germany ngakhale mwamwayi silinawonongedwe.

Pitani ku Notre Dame

alireza

Ngakhale kuti Notre Dame Cathedral ndi mpingo wa Katolika wogwira ntchito, udakhala wokopa alendo ambiri.Chifukwa chake ndichofunika kukayendera tchalitchi ichi chomwe chili ku Ile de la Cité mukamakhala ku Paris.

Olankhula ku Spain omwe amapita ku Notre Dame kumapeto kwa sabata ayenera kudziwa kuti maulendo otsogozedwa aulere ku Spain amaperekedwa Loweruka lililonse pa 14:30 PM. Ngati sangakwanitse kupezeka Loweruka, pali maulendo owongoleredwa mu Chingerezi Lachitatu ndi Lachinayi nthawi ya 14:00 pm Muthanso kubwereka chitsogozo chomvera.

Kuphatikiza pa kutha kusangalala ndi mawonekedwe owoneka bwino komanso zipinda zamkati za kachisi wa Gothic, ndizotheka kukwera nsanja yakumwera ndikuwona ma gargoyles odziwika bwino komanso malingaliro owoneka bwino a Seine, Ile de la Cité ndi Paris. Ndikungoyendera ngakhale ma crypts a tchalitchi chachikulu ndi malo ofukula zakale, omwe amakhala mobisa mabwinja achiroma.

Khomo lolowera ku Notre Dame ndi laulere, chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa anthu, ndibwino kuti mupite kumzere mofulumira. Notre Dame imatsegulidwa kwa anthu kuyambira Lolemba mpaka Lachisanu kuyambira 8:00 am mpaka 18:45 pm ndi Loweruka ndi Lamlungu kuyambira 8:00 am mpaka 19:15 pm Kumbali inayi, kufikira nsanja ndi crypt kuli ndi mtengo wa 8,50 ndi 7 euros motsatana. Aang'ono amalowa mwaulere.

Mkati mwa Notre Dame

mkati mwa notre dame

Mkati mwa tchalitchichi mumawonekera bwino, chifukwa cha mawindo akulu omwe amatsegulira kumutu, malo opumira, malo osanja ndi timipata. Mawindo ambiri a magalasi omwe angawoneke masiku ano adayikidwa pakubwezeretsa kotsatizana komwe kunachitika kuyambira zaka za XNUMXth.

Kuchokera pazithunzi, Pieta wopambana ndiye wamkulu pamutu, wosemedwa ndi Nicolas Coustou m'zaka za zana la XNUMXth, yemwe amayang'anira Notre Dame kuchokera pakati pa apse. Kumbali za fanoli kuli zifanizo za King Louis XIII, ntchito ya Guillaume Coustou, ndi Louis XIV, wolemba Antoine Coysevox, onse atagwada ndikuzunguliridwa ndi angelo atanyamula Arma Christi.

Chiwalo chachikulu cha Notre Dame ndichida chachikulu komanso chokongola ntchito ya Aristide Cavaillé-Coll kwakukulu. Ili ndi masewera 113 ndi machubu 7800, ena mwa iwo ndi ochokera ku Middle Ages, komanso bokosi lokongoletsedwa ndimakina. Zitha kumveka Lamlungu lililonse nthawi ya kotala pasana XNUMX koloko masana, ikamaseweredwa ndi m'modzi mwa akatswiri odziwika ku Notre-Dame, kapena pamisonkhano yomwe imaperekedwa kamodzi pamwezi, Lachinayi, ndi akatswiri ochokera konsekonse dziko.

tchalitchi cha notre dame

Notre Dame Cathedral ili ndi chuma chofunikira chokhudzana ndi Passion of Christ: chidutswa cha chisoti chachifumu chaminga ndi cha Mtanda Woona komanso imodzi mwa misomali yopachikidwa. Zotsalazo zidagulidwa ndi King Louis IX kuchokera kwa Emperor wa Constantinople. Mu 1239 mfumuyo idabweretsa zotsalira ku Notre-Dame pomwe nyumba yabwino idamangidwa, yomwe pambuyo pake idzakhala Sainte Chapelle. Munthawi ya French Revolution, zotsalazo zidatengedwa kupita ku National Library. Pambuyo pa Concordat ya 1801, adaperekedwa m'manja mwa Bishopu Wamkulu waku Paris, yemwe adawaikanso mu 1806.

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