Mongolia, zokopa alendo zakunja

Yang'anani pa mapu kuti mupeze Mongolia. Osasokonezedwa ndi gawo lachi China, koma ili pomwepo, pafupi kwambiri. Mongolia ndi dziko lopanda mpanda koma pali anansi amphamvu kwambiri monga China ndi Russia.

Kodi mudamvapo za Genghis Khan? Iye anali wa ku Mongolia ndipo anali mtsogoleri wa ufumu wofunika kwambiri. M'malo mwake, China inali ndi mafumu aku Mongol. Mbiri yake yandale ndizovuta koma kuyambira ma 20 azaka zapitazo ndi dziko lodziyimira palokha ndipo ngati mukufuna malo achilendo… Mukuganiza bwanji za izi?

Mongolia

Ndi dziko lalikulu koma nthawi yomweyo lili ndi anthu ochepa pa kilomita imodzi pamtunda. Ngakhale masiku ano ambiri mwa iwo ndi osamukasamuka komanso osakhazikika ndipo ngakhale ambiri ndi ochokera ku mtundu wa Mongolia palinso mitundu yochepa.

Mawonekedwe ake amalamulidwa ndi Chipululu cha Gobi, madera odyetserako ziweto ndi zitunda.  Akavalo ake ndi otchuka, ndipo Genghis Khan adakhazikitsa ufumu wake ndipo anali m'modzi mwa zidzukulu zake yemwe adakhazikitsa ufumu wa Yuan ku China womwe Marco Polo amalankhula nawo munkhani zake zoyendera.

A Mongol analimbana kwa nthawi yayitali ndi a Manchu, ena mwa anthu omwe adabwera kudzalamulira ufumu waku China, mpaka kumapeto gawolo lidagawika dziko lodziyimira palokha komanso gawo lachi China lotchedwa Inner Mongolia masiku ano.

Likulu lake ndi Ulaanbaatar, mzinda wozizira ngati ulipo nthawi yozizira. Amatha kupanga -45 ºC! Zachidziwikire, osapita m'nyengo yozizira pokhapokha ngati mukufuna kudziwa zomwe akaidi a Stalin adakumana nazo muukapolo wawo wodabwitsa ... Chuma cha Mongolia chimazikidwa pazinthu zachilengedwe, malasha, mafuta ndi mkuwa kwenikweni.

Momwe mungayendere ku Mongolia

Airport ya Genghis Khan ili pafupifupi makilomita 18 kumwera chakumadzulo kwa Ulaanbaatar. Korea Air, Air China, Mongolian Airlines, Aeroflot kapena Turkey zimayendetsa ndege pafupipafupi, pakati pa makampani ena, motero Mutha kufika pandege kuchokera ku Germany, Japan, Hong Kong, Turkey, Russia ndi China ndi kulumikizana ndi mayiko ena onse.

Ngati inunso mukufuna kuchita zambiri pali sitima yapamtunda yotchedwa Trans-Siberia, Kutalika kwambiri padziko lapansi. Kuchokera ku Beijing kupita ku Saint Petersburg ndi pafupifupi makilomita eyiti eyiti ndipo ndi nthambi ya Trans Mongol yomwe imachokera kumalire a Russia kudzera ku Ulaanbaatar kupita kumalire a China. Ulendo wabwino bwanji! Makilomita 1.100 athunthu omwe amayenda mkati mwa Mongolia. Kupanga ulendowu ndikokuchitikirani pakokha, kupitirira komwe mukupita. Zili ngati ulendo wopita ku Ithaca.

Ambiri amasankha kupita ku Moscow - Ulaanbaatar - Beijing. Pakati pa Moscow ndi Ulaanbaatar ndi masiku asanu ndipo kuchokera ku Beijing kupita ku Ulaanbaatar ndi maola 36. Ngolo iliyonse imakhala ndi zipinda zisanu ndi zinayi zokhala ndi mabedi anayi ndipo ndalama zochepa mumapeza zipinda zamapasa. Matikiti amagulidwa pa intaneti kuchokera kutsamba www.eticket-ubtz.mn/mn ndipo ayenera kugula mwezi umodzi pasadakhale.

Koma muyenera kupita liti ku Mongolia? Monga tanena dzinja limakhala lovuta kwambiri. Nyengo pano ndiyokweza koma dzuwa limakhala lowala ndipo ndizabwino kwambiri. Mongolia imasangalala ndi masiku opitilira 200 akuwala kwa dzuwa kotero kuti thambo lake limakhalabe labuluu pafupifupi chaka chonse. Kukongola. Lang'anani nyengo ya alendo ndi kuyambira Meyi mpaka Seputembara ngakhale muyenera kudziwa kuti nyengo imasiyanasiyana kutengera gawo ladziko. Kumagwa mvula yambiri kuyambira Julayi mpaka OgasitiInde.

Nthawi yabwino kupita ku Mongolia ili pakati pa Julayi. Pali anthu ambiri koma ndiyofunika chifukwa ndi nthawi yomwe Phwando la National Naadam zomwe tidzakambirana mtsogolo. Pomaliza, kodi mukufuna visa? Mayiko ena satero, koma siochuluka. Lang'anani chitupa cha visa chikapezeka mu akazembe ndi consulates Ndipo ngati kulibe m'dziko lanu, mutha kuyitanitsa ina kudziko loyandikana ndi lanu lomwe muli nalo kapena kulipeza pofika, koma ndizovuta ndi chilankhulo.

Visa yoyendera alendo ndi masiku 30 Mukachilandira, ndi chovomerezeka kuti mugwiritse ntchito miyezi itatu ikubwerayi. M'machitidwe amakufunsani kalata yoitanira anthu kuti mukapite kukayendera gulu lanu. Mpaka kumapeto kwa 2015 mayiko ena adamasulidwa ku visa koma kudali kukalimbikitsa zokopa alendo (Spain idali pamndandandawu), koma akuganiza kuti kupititsa patsogolo kwatha kale kutsimikizira asadapite.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Mongolia

Kuyang'ana ku Mongolia pamapu titha kugawaniza m'magawo osiyanasiyana kutengera momwe adadulirawo. Likulu lake lili m'chigawo chapakati ndipo lidzakhala khomo lanu kotero nayi mndandanda wa zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Ulaanbaatar:

  • Mzere wa Sukhbaatar. Ndilo lalikulu lalikulu ndipo lili ndi chifanizo cha munthuyu pakati, wokonda dziko lanu wotchuka kwambiri. Kuzungulira kwake kuli Ballet ndi Opera Theatre, Nyumba Yachikhalidwe ndi Nyumba Yamalamulo, mwachitsanzo.
  • Nyumba ya amonke ya Gandan. Wakhala m'malo mwake kuyambira 1838 koma usanakhale mkati mwa likulu. Yakula kwambiri kuyambira pamenepo ndipo lero ili ndi amonke achi Buddha achi 5. Buddhism inavutika pansi pa chikomyunizimu ndipo akachisi asanu a amonke omwe akukambidwa anawonongedwa. Ndi kugwa kwa Soviet Union, zonse zidamasulidwa, nyumba ya amonke idabwezeretsedwa ndipo lero ili ndi moyo wambiri. Ili ndi Buddha wamtunda wa 40.
  • Nacional Mbiri Museum. Ndipamwamba kwambiri kuti mumvetsetse mbiri ya dzikolo kuyambira Stone Age mpaka XNUMX century.
  • Museum National Mbiri Yachilengedwe. Zomwezo, koma kuti mudziwe bwino zomera, nyama ndi madera akutali. Mafupa a dinosaur akusowa,
  • Bogd Khan Palace Museum. Mwamwayi anthu aku Soviet Union sanawononge poyeretsa komwe adatsogolera m'zaka za m'ma 30. Iyi inali Bogd Khan Winter Palace ndipo lero ndi malo owonetsera zakale. Nyumbayi idayamba m'zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo Bogd Khan anali mfumu yomaliza ndi Living Buddha. Pali akachisi asanu ndi limodzi okongola m'minda yake.

Mwachidule, izi ndi zomwe mzindawu umapereka, koma kunja kwake mutha kudziwa m'malo ena otsatirawa:

  • Malo otetezedwa a Phiri la Bogd Khan. Ili kumwera kwa likulu ndipo ndi mapiri okhala ndi zojambula m'mapanga ndi zomera ndi nyama zosiyanasiyana. Mkati mwake muli nyumba ya amonke yakale ya 20th yokhala ndi akachisi ozungulira XNUMX komanso mawonekedwe owoneka bwino a chigwa.
  • Nkhalango ya Gorkhi-Terelj. Ndi mtunda wa makilomita 80 kuchokera mzindawu ndipo umapereka zokopa alendo zakunja zambiri monga kukwera mapiri, kukwera mahatchi, kukwera njinga zamapiri ndi zina zambiri. Ndi chigwa chokongola chokhala ndi miyala yooneka modabwitsa, nsonga zokutidwa ndi pine, ndi madambo obiriwira okhala ndi maluwa amtchire.
  • Malo Osungira Mfuti a Gun Galuut. Malo abwino ngati mungakonde nyama, nyanja, mapiri, mitsinje ngakhale madambo. Chilichonse m'malo omwewo.
  • Malo otetezera zachilengedwe a Khustai. Ndi mtunda wa makilomita 95 kuchokera likulu ndipo akavalo omaliza omaliza padziko lapansi amakhala kumeneko. Amadziwika ndi dzina loti akavalo a Przewalski, pambuyo pa wofufuza malo waku Poland yemwe adaziwona mu 1878, ndipo atatsala pang'ono kutha lero ndi nyama zotetezedwa.

Munkhani yoyamba yokhudza Mongolia tikufuna kukupatsirani chidziwitso chadzikolo, momwe mungafikire kumeneko, zomwe muyenera kulowa ndi malo okopa alendo kwambiri likulu ndi madera ozungulira. Koma monga tidanenera, Mongolia ndi yayikulu kotero tipitiliza kuyipeza limodzi.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

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  1.   santiago anati

    Moni Mariela, muli bwanji? Choyamba, zikomo chifukwa cholemba ndi zomwe mumasindikiza. Ndikukonzekera chaka chamawa kuti ndichite trans-cyberian kuchokera ku Russia kupita ku Beijing (Moscow ndendende) ndipo ndikufuna kukhala masiku ochepa ku Mongolia. Koma chomwe chimandisangalatsa ku Mongolia ndi zokopa alendo zakumidzi, kutali ndi mzindawu. Kodi muli ndi zina zilizonse pankhaniyi? Monga kukhala wokhoza kukamanga mahema odziwika, kapena zinthu monga choncho.
    Zikomo pasadakhale chifukwa chothandizidwa. Ndinalemba kale masiku oyenera kuyenda komanso kalata yovomerezera kuti ndikhoze kulowa, data yofunika.
    Moni waku Argentina.
    Santiago