Zakudya zodziwika bwino zaku Spain

Paella

ndi Zakudya zodziwika bwino zaku Spain ndi otchuka padziko lonse lapansi. Kuphatikiza apo, tikuwuzani kuti gastronomy ya dziko lathu ili ndi malingaliro apadziko lonse lapansi. Ndipotu, monga mukudziwira, ophika ambiri a ku Spain amasangalala ndi kutchuka komwe kulibe nsanje kwa Afalansa. Ndiye Dziko la France linali likulu la zakudya zapagulu.

Komabe, chakudya chodziwika bwino cha ku Spain chimachokera ku miyambo ndipo makamaka chifukwa cha zosowa za zakudya. Makolo athu ankafunika kudya mbale zokhutiritsa kuti apezenso mphamvu pambuyo pa masiku ovuta a ntchito m’minda. Zotsatira zake, gastronomy yomwe inali yopatsa mphamvu kwambiri monga momwe inaliri yokoma inayamba, yomwe mbale zake zakhala zizindikiro zenizeni zomwe zimapanga zakudya za ku Spain. Tikuwonetsani zina mwa izo.

Omelet wa mbatata, chizindikiro cha zakudya za ku Spain

Omelette

Omelet wa mbatata

Mwinamwake, mbale iyi, yosavuta monga yokoma, ndiyo yodziwika bwino padziko lonse ya gastronomy yathu. Koma chiyambi chake sichidziwika bwino. Zikomo kwa Mbiri ya Indies, tikudziwa kuti onse ogonjetsa ndi mbadwa adadya kale omelet ya dzira.

Kwa mbali yake, mbatata ndi tuber yochokera ku South America yomwe a Hispanics ankadziwa chifukwa cha ma Incas. Koma kutchulidwa koyamba momveka bwino kwa mbale iyi kumachokera ku 1817. Ndi chikalata chopita ku Cortes de Navarra chomwe chimanenedwa kuti alimi amadya. Kumbali ina, nthano ina imanena kuti omelet wa mbatata anapangidwa ndi mkulu wa asilikali a Carlist Zumalacarregui kuti athetse njala ya ankhondo ake, omwe anali atazungulira Bilbao.

Ngakhale zili choncho, mtundu uwu wa tortilla umakonzedwa ku Spain ndipo ndi zokoma kwa mbadwa ndi alendo. Monga dzina lake likusonyezera, ili ndi mazira, mbatata komanso, kuwonjezera, anyezi. Momwemonso, mitundu ina imachokera kwa izo, monga Tortilla Paisana, zomwe zimaphatikizapo chorizo, tsabola wofiira ndi nandolo.

The paella

The paella

mbale ya paella

Ndithudi mbale iyi ndi yotchuka kwambiri, monga chakudya chodziwika bwino cha ku Spain, kunja. Ndipotu, zimaganiziridwa mayiko kwambiri za gastronomy yathu. Amachokera kudera la Levantine, dziko limene amalima mpunga wambiri. Magwero a Chinsinsichi ndi akale kwambiri kuposa a omelet a mbatata, chifukwa amakhulupirira kuti amalumikizidwa ndi kubwera, ndendende, kwa mpunga ku Peninsula ya Iberia m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu ndi Aarabu.

Mulimonsemo, chidziwitso cha paella chinalembedwa kale m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, ngakhale kuti panthawiyo inkatchedwa Valencian mpunga. Inali yodziwika kale, chifukwa nayonso panthawiyo idafotokozedwanso m'madera ena ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Ndi imodzi mwazakudya zomwe zimakhala ndi ntchito zambiri. Sitifunikira kukutchulani nsomba, nkhuku kapena nyama paella, kupereka zitsanzo zitatu zokha.

Komabe, muyenera kudziwa kuti Valencian paella, yomwe ndi yoyambirira, ilibe chilichonse mwazinthu izi. Chinsinsi chake ndi chosavuta komanso chokhala ndi masamba ambiri. Pazonse, zimapangidwa ndi zofunikira zisanu ndi zinayi: mpunga, kalulu, nkhuku, nyemba zobiriwira, phwetekere, mafuta a azitona, safironi, mchere ndi madzi. Komabe, ena monga adyo, paprika, atitchoku, rosemary ngakhale nkhono amaloledwa.

Nyemba zaku Asturian

Msuzi wa nyemba za Asturian

Msuzi wa nyemba za Asturian, chimodzi mwazakudya zodziwika bwino ku Spain

Chakudya chakumpotochi chimadziwikanso padziko lonse lapansi. Monga tanena kale, Chinsinsi chake ndi chifukwa ndendende caloric zosowa a Asturian akale, omwe adazolowera kutentha pang'ono ndi ntchito yolimba yaulimi.

Ngakhale kudya nyemba zazikulu ("zonse") ku Asturias kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, fabada idabadwa, malinga ndi akatswiri ena, m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, ngakhale kuti palibe umboni wolembedwa. Kutchulidwa koyamba kolembedwa kumapezeka m'nyuzipepala ya Gijón The Commerce mu 1884. Pachifukwa ichi, gastronomes ena amaganiza kuti mbaleyo inabadwa kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma XNUMX.

Mulimonsemo, ndi Chinsinsi champhamvu kwambiri chomwe tawonapo mpaka pano. Chifukwa sikuti muli nyemba yotakata, paprika, adyo, anyezi ndi madzi, komanso otchuka panga. Izi, zomwe zimaphikidwa ndi nyemba zokhazokha, zimapangidwa ndi chorizo, pudding wakuda, nkhumba ya nkhumba ndi nyama yankhumba yochuluka.

Monga chidwi, tidzatchula kuti nzeru zotchuka zimati mphodza amakoma bwino tsiku lotsatira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, ngati atasiyidwa kuti apume kwa maola makumi awiri ndi anayi, mbaleyo idzakhala tastier. Ndipo Chinsinsi ichi chatchukanso padziko lonse lapansi ndipo chapangidwanso m'maiko ambiri. Mwachitsanzo, ku Mexico kuli zofanana zitsiru ndi ku Brazil alireza.

Gazpacho, chizindikiro china cha chakudya cha ku Spain

ndi gazpacho

Gazpacho, chizindikiro china pakati pa zakudya za ku Spain

Ndi chakudya china chapadziko lonse lapansi cha zakudya zaku Spain. Kwa inu, zimachokera Andalusia, kumene mwina anafika ndi Asilamu. M'malo mwake, zimadziwika kuti idadyedwa kale Al Andalus m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu. Komabe, Chinsinsi sichinali chofanana ndi tsopano. Kumbukirani kuti chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zomwe zilipo panopa ndi tomato. Ndipo izi zidachokera ku America pambuyo pakugonjetsa.

Pamodzi ndi izo, tsabola, adyo, mkate, mafuta a azitona, vinyo wosasa, mchere ndi madzi zimapanga msuzi wozizira wokomawu. Koma nkhaka ndi anyezi amawonjezeredwa kwa izo. Kumbali inayi, mbale iyi imagwirizananso ndi mawonekedwe achilendo aderalo. Palibe chochita ndi ntchito za okhalamo, koma ndi kutentha kwakukulu zomwe zimachitika ku Andalusia m'chilimwe. Pofuna kuthana nazo, Chinsinsichi chinapangidwa ozizira ndi otsitsimula supu.

Monga mbale zam'mbuyomu, gazpacho yafalikiranso padziko lonse lapansi. Sikuti mitundu ina imapangidwa m'madera ena ambiri ku Spain monga Castilla La Mancha, Extremadura ngakhale Aragón, komanso m'mayiko ena. Mwachitsanzo, ku Mexico morelian gazpacho, yomwe imakonzedwa ndi zipatso zofananira kuchokera kudera la Morelia, mzinda wa m’chigawo cha Michoacán.

Cod al pil pil

Cod ndi pil pil msuzi

Cod al pil pil

Kwa zaka mazana ambiri, nsomba za cod zinali nsomba zokhazo zomwe zinkadyedwa m’madera akumidzi ku Spain. Chifukwa chake chinali chakuti, mu nthawi yopanda mafiriji, idasungidwa bwino kwambiri mu salting ndipo imatha kutumizidwa kumadera akutali a gombe.

Komabe, izi Chinsinsi ndi mmene wa Zakudya za Basque, kumene wafalikira ku Spain ndi theka la dziko lonse lapansi. M'malo mwake, pakati pa zakudya zaku Spain zopangidwa ndi nsomba, ndiye njira yotchuka kwambiri komanso yodziwika bwino ya gastronomy yokongola ya Euskadi.

Kwa iye, chiyambi chake chimadziwika bwino. Mu 1835, wamalonda wa Bilbao dzina lake Simon Gurtubay anaitanitsa cod zokometsetsa zana limodzi kapena zana limodzi mphambu makumi awiri. Komabe, anamutumizira zidutswa zosachepera miliyoni imodzi. Iye sakanatha kuwabweza, choncho analephera kapena ananola nzeru zake. Kuti amasule mankhwalawo, adapanga njira yosavuta komanso yokoma yomwe ingakhale kodidi pil pil. Zinali zopambana kwambiri kotero kuti Gurtubay adalemera.

Komanso monga chidwi, tidzakuuzani kuti dzina la mbale iyi ndi onomatopoeic. Pil pil imatulutsa kuphulika komwe kumamveka pamene mafuta a azitona amamanga ndi gelatin ya nsomba. Pamodzi ndi zinthu ziwiri izi, Chinsinsichi chimaphatikizapo adyo, tsabola ndi chilli.

Momwemonso, maphikidwe amtundu wa cod awa adaphikidwa mu a crockpot chomwe chimagwiritsidwanso ntchito pochitumikira, ndendende, ndi msuzi kuwira.

Mzere wa Madrid

Mzere wa Madrid

Msuzi wa Madrid

Sizingakhale zodziwika kumayiko ena monga zam'mbuyomu, koma palibe alendo omwe amachoka ku Madrid osayesa ndipo, mosakayika, ali pakati pazakudya zomwe zimachitika ku Spain. Chofunikira chake chachikulu ndi nsawawa, zomwe mwina zidadziwika kale ku Iberia Peninsula ndi a Carthaginians.

Komabe, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kwa mphodza ndi pambuyo pake. Amatchulidwa ngati woyamba mwa iwo Sephardic adafina, amene anaperekeza nandolo ndi nyama ya nkhosa. Koma mbiri yakale ya mphodza ya Madrid, malinga ndi akatswiri, ikhoza kukhala mphika wovunda wochokera ku La Mancha. Chakudya ichi, chomwe chinaphikidwa kale ku Middle Ages, chinaphatikizapo nyemba (pankhaniyi, nyemba zofiira) ndi nyama zosiyanasiyana.

Kumbali ina, mphodza ya Madrid imapangidwa ndi nandolo, masamba omwe amakonzedwa mosiyana ndi kuwonjezera nyama. Pakati pa izi, chorizo, pudding wakuda ndi nyama yankhumba, magawo a nkhuku ndi shank ya veal. Komabe, poyambira, mphodza ya ku Madrid inali chakudya chodziwika bwino, motero, chodzichepetsa kwambiri.

Zikanakhala m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX pamene mbaleyo inayamba kuonekera pamindandanda yazakudya za ku Madrid. Makamaka, panthawiyo idaperekedwa ndi malo odyera apamwamba lhardy Kuchokera ku likulu. Choncho, makalasi apamwamba adadziwa bwino chakudya chokoma ichi chomwe lero ndi chizindikiro cha zophikira cha Madrid.

Kuphatikiza apo, tiyenera kukuwuzani kuti, modabwitsa, mphodza ya Madrid ndi imodzi mwazakudya zomwe zasweka kukhala ziwiri kapena zitatu, ngati nyama zimadyedwa padera. Kale m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, msuzi wophika unayamba kutulutsidwa mu zomwe zimatchedwa "primer kugubuduka" ndi ndodo ndi zomwe zimadyedwa musanaphike.

Keke ya Santiago

Keke ya Santiago

Keke ya Santiago

Simungaphonye fayilo ya zokoma m'chiwonetsero chachakudya chochokera ku Spain chomwe tikukuchitirani. Tikhoza kukambirana nanu za casadiellas Asturian, wa alireza Andalusia ndi Extremadura, a nougat Levantine kapena soba Anthu aku Cantabrian. Koma ife tasankha kuchita izo Keke ya Santiago,ku Galicia.

Ngakhale kale m'zaka za zana la XNUMX pali nkhani za a keke yachifumu ndi zosakaniza zofanana, maphikidwe oyambirira olembedwa a zotsekemera izi kuyambira zaka za m'ma XNUMX. Komanso, kujambula kwa Mtanda wa Santiago pamwamba pake ndi zaposachedwa kwambiri. Linali lingaliro la Compostela Casa Mora mu 1924.

Chofunikira chachikulu cha keke ya Santiago ndi ma amondi. Ndipo, pamodzi ndi iwo, shuga, mazira, sinamoni ndi mandimu kapena peel lalanje. Ndi njira yosavuta iyi, imodzi mwa maswiti okoma kwambiri padziko lapansi amapangidwa.

Pomaliza, takupatsirani zina mwazakudya zoyimira kwambiri za Zakudya zodziwika bwino zaku Spain. Koma, mosakayika, tasiya mu inki ena ena monga zinyenyeswazi m'magawo ake osiyanasiyana osiyanasiyana, ndi Saladi Yokazinga Tsabola ku Catalonia, pa Mwanawankhosa woyamwa wa Castilian ndi Aragonese (wotchedwa ternasco), ndi Salmorejo kapena hake mu green sauce. Kutchulidwa kwapadera kumayenera Jamon, koma izi si Chinsinsi koma mankhwala. Kodi simunamve kufuna kuzilawa?

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