Zilumba za Maluku ku Indonesia


chithunzi ngongole: alireza

ndi Zilumba za Moluccas (mu Indonesia, Maluku) ndi chigawo cha Indonesia, pokhala mzinda wake waukulu Ambon, yomwe ili yaying'ono isla dzina lomwelo.

 
chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Dzina la Moluccas amachokera pachinyengo cha Chipwitikizi Malucas, ndiye kuti, zilumba zopenga, chifukwa cha chisokonezo chomwe chimayambitsa kuyenda mozungulira izi zilumba.


chithunzi ngongole: alireza

Ndinu zilumba, yemwenso amadziwika kuti Zilumba za Spice, amakhala m'dera lofunikira malo pakati pa Indonesia ndi zilumba za New Guinea, melanesia y Micronesia y Polynesia.


chithunzi ngongole: Chandra nandini

Kuyambira 1950 mpaka 1999, onse Zilumba za Moluccas anali chigawo chimodzi cha Indonesia, koma mu 1999 gawo lakumpoto (Maluku Utara) lidalekana ndi ena onse a Moluccas (zomwe zikadasunga dzina la Maluku).


chithunzi ngongole: inyucho

Zilumba zazikulu za m'chigawo cha Kumpoto kwa Maluku awa ndi Halmahera, Tobalai, Ternate, Tidore, Bacan, Tobalai ndi Sula. Chofunika kwambiri zilumba a m'chigawo cha Maluku mwana Ambon, Chikwawa, Babar, Kai, Tanimbar ndi Liran.


chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Iwo ili mu odziwika bwino Lamba wa moto kuchokera Pacific, kotero zimachitika pafupipafupi zakhudzidwa mwa mayendedwe zivomerezi.

 
chithunzi ngongole: magwire

ndi okhala de Maluku ayi asian, ngati sichoncho Anthu a ku Melanesia, monga anthu a Hawaii ndi maoris de New Australia. Ambiri mwa anthuwa zilumba Ali ndi magazi alireza.


chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Zilumba izi zidatchuka m'zaka za zana la XNUMX ndi XNUMX, pomwe achi portuguese, Spanish, English ndi Dutch adamenya nkhondo nkhondo kuwongolera, chifukwa chamtengo wapatali kwambiri zonunkhira zomwe ndimafuna Europe.


chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Su chuma zachokera kuzinthu za wosatha, komanso zimathandizira pakuzunza kwa nickel ndi manganese, mafuta ndi madeira.

 
chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zachuma chake ndi turismo, ngakhale yasokonezedwa kwambiri ndi a nkhondo yapachiweniweni ndi zachipembedzo zomwe zidatulutsidwa mu 1998 pakati akhristu y Muslim, ndi anthu ambiri omwe amwalira pophedwa, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti gulu lonse lapansi mchaka 2000.


chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Su zomera ndi zake nyama ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi omwe amapezeka mu New Guinea o Australia: marsupials ngati kangaroo ndi mbalame zokongola komanso zokongola. Mwamwayi, madera akuluakulu a zilumba adalengezedwa malo osungirako zachilengedwe.

 
chithunzi ngongole: magwire

Mawonekedwe ofala kwambiri a kufika kuzilumba kuli kwa msewu ndi kulumikizana pakati pa zilumba zimapangidwa makamaka ndi wosatha. Chigawochi chili ndi 25 ndege ndi 79 maiko, ngakhale kuli 4 km misewu.

 
chithunzi ngongole: magwire

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