Zinyama za m'chipululu cha Sahara

Chipululu cha Sahara ndi chimodzi mwa zipululu zodziwika kwambiri padziko lapansi, zokhala ndi masiku otentha komanso usiku wozizira. Zikuwoneka kuti palibe kapena palibe amene angakhalemo ndipo, komabe, Sahara ili ndi moyo wambiri.

M’mabwinja ake, mmene munthu angalingalire kuti kulibe ngakhale dontho la madzi limene limachirikiza moyo, m’chenicheni chimachitika chosiyana: Sahara ikusefukira ndi zamoyo! Zinyama zake ndi zina mwa zamoyo zakale kwambiri padziko lapansi ndipo zatha kuzolowera moyo womwe suli wophweka ngakhale pang'ono. tiyeni tiwone lero nyama za ku Sahara.

addax antelope

Ndi mtundu wa antelope waphazi lathyathyathya, miyendo yomwe imawathandiza kuyenda pamchenga. Koma ndi zamanyazi kuti izo ziri pachiwopsezo cha kutha popeza amayang’ana nyama ndi khungu lawo, kuwonjezera pa mfundo yakuti malo okhalamo akuipiraipira chifukwa cha kutentha kwa dziko ndi zochita za anthu.

Masiku ano nyamazi ndi zazing’ono kusiyana ndi kale ndipo chifukwa cha miyendo yawo, n’kovutanso kuti zipulumuke kwa adani awo achilengedwe.

ngamila

Ngamila ndi chipululu ziyendera limodzi, ndi ngamira, ndi ngamira ngamila ziwiri-zingawiri, ndiye positikhadi yachikale ya ku Sahara. Apa ndi pamene nyama imasunga mafuta, osati madzi. Ngamila imatha kumwa malita 100 a madzi m’mphindi khumi zokha!

Komanso ndi nyama kwambiri, imodzi mwa zoweta zazikulu za m’chipululu, ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri chifukwa ndi yamphamvu kwambiri ndipo imatha kuyenda makilomita ambiri popanda madzi kapena chakudya. Mnzake wapamtima wamunthu padziko lapansi muli bwanji!

Dorika Mbawala

Ndizo mitundu yodziwika kwambiri ya mbawala zonse: Ndi 65 centimita wamtali ndipo amalemera pafupifupi 50 mapaundi. Dzina lina lomwe limalandira ndi "Ariel mbawala". Izi ndi nyama zamasamba zomwe zimadya masamba a tchire ndi mitengo.

Kodi mwawaona akudumpha ataona adani awo? Ndiwo ndipo, malinga ndi akatswiri, amachita izi kuti aziwawonetsa kuti ali bwino komanso kuti adzamenya nkhondo ya ng'ombe ya moyo wawo. Ali ndi kulimba mtima inde, koma ngakhale zili choncho ndi mtundu wosatetezeka kwambiri.

ndowe kachilomboka

Kodi ndi choncho kachikumbu kakang'ono kakuda kamene kamatuluka kwambiri ndipo izo zimadya chilichonse chosiyidwa ndi nyama zina. Mitundu itatu imawerengedwa, imodzi yomwe imapanga mipira yakuda, amene amakumba dzenje ndi amene ali waulesi ndipo amangokhala pachimbudzi.

Mwambo umenewu, wopanga mipira ya chimbudzi, umakondedwa ndi amuna amitunduyo. Akazi amakonda kukumba ngalande ndi kukhala mkati.

nyanga njoka

Amadziwikanso kuti njoka zamchenga komanso amatha kukula mpaka 50 cm. Chokha mumawawona usiku ndipo nthawi zambiri masana amadzikwirira mumchenga. Ndi njoka zapoizoni zomwe zimatha kuwononga kwambiri khungu, kuwononga maselo ndikupanga poizoni wambiri.

Njoka ya nyanga lero ndi a zamoyo zomwe zili pangozi makamaka chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe chawo. Palibe amene akudziwa chifukwa chake ali ndi nyanga m'maso mwawo, ngakhale amaganiziridwa kuti ndikuwateteza ku mchenga kapena kudutsamo kapena kubisa ...

kuyang'anira buluzi

ndi chokwawa chapoizoni wapamwamba, ozizira, kotero kutentha kozungulira kumakhudza kwambiri zochita zawo. Amakhala m’ming’oma yotentha ndipo kukazizira saonekanso. N’chifukwa chake buluzi alibe njira yomenyera nkhondo, choncho kukazizira amateteza kwambiri ndipo amakwiya kwambiri.

Kodi abuluzi amadya chiyani? Amadya nyama zazing'ono monga makoswe, nyama zoyamwitsa kapena tizilombo. Zonse zomwe angapeze.

Killer Scorpion

Ndi tizilombo toopsa ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito zida zawo m’njira ziwiri: ndi nsonga zawo zazitali amavulaza adani awo ndipo ndi nsonga zawo zing’onozing’ono ndi zofooka, imodzi mwapadera yomwe ili ndi nsonga yakuda, ndi imene amabaya nayo poizoni.

Poizoniyu ali ndi ma neurotoxins ndipo amatulutsa zowawa zambiri. Ana ndi okalamba ndiwo amakhudzidwa kwambiri kotero pondani mosamala. Choyipa kwambiri ndichakuti pali anthu omwe amawagulitsa ndikugulitsa ngati ziweto.

nthiwatiwa ya m'chipululu

Mbalame yosawuluka, osauka. Umu ndi momwe amamuganizira nthawi zonse, koma zoona zake n’zakuti kulephera kwake kuthaŵa kumapangitsa kuti munthu akhale wabwino imodzi mwa nyama zothamanga kwambiri padziko lapansi. Nthiwatiwa imatha kuthamanga makilomita 40 pa ola, ngakhale kuti ndi yaikulu.

Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nthiwatiwa m'chipululu cha Sahara, amatero mazira aakulu ndipo miyendo yake yayitali ili ndi zala ziwiri, zomwe ndi zabwino kuyenda mtunda wautali. Miyendo iyi ndi yamphamvu kwambiri, imatha kugunda makankha apamwamba, ndipo pazimenezi akuwonjezedwa kuti ali ndi maso ochititsa chidwi ndi kumva kwapadera.

Nthiwatiwa za m'chipululu nthawi zambiri sizipita kutali ndi magwero a madzi ndipo ngati muziziyang'anitsitsa, samalani, pali zilombo pafupi. Amadya chiyani? Zitsamba, udzu, nthawi zina nyama zazing'ono.

agalu akutchire aku Africa

Ndi agalu akuthengo amphamvu kwambiri ndipo amalimbikira kwambiri akamathamangitsa nyama yomwe imati ikafika, amaichotsa m'mimba. Agalu amakhala ku savannas kumwera ndi pakati pa chipululu, mu ng'ombe zokhala paokha

Zikuyesa kuti chipambano chawo akayamba kusaka chimaposa 80%, 90% ku Serengeti, pamene kupambana kwa mikango ndi 30%. Iwo ndi opambana kwambiri! Ndipo ngati zimenezo sizinali zokwanira, atapha nyamayo amasiya agalu okalamba ndi ana agalu adye kaye.

saharan cheetah

Nyama izi Iwo ali kutheratu, pafupifupi nyama 250 zatsala m’chigawo chapakati ndi chakumadzulo kwa Sahara komanso m’chipululu cha Sudan. Mosiyana ndi akalulu ena, timagulu tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono, tokhala ndi malaya amtundu wocheperako, komanso zazifupi.

Anyani a m'chipululu cha Sahara amasaka bwino usiku ndipo chimenecho ndi chotulukapo cha kutentha kwenikweni kwa chilengedwe chake. Atha kukhalanso ndi moyo wautali kuposa abale awo opanda madzi, chifukwa amamwa magazi a nyama zawo.

fenec nkhandwe

Fanak amatanthauza nkhandwe mu Chiarabu kotero kuti dzina la nkhandwe kakang'ono kameneka ndilosowa. The Fox ndi yaing'ono, imodzi mwa agalu aang’ono kwambiri m’banjamo opangidwa ndi mimbulu, nkhandwe ndi agalu. Ili ndi ubweya wopepuka kwambiri ndipo imathandiza kuwunikira kuwala kwa dzuwa.

nkhandwe izi ali ndi impso zosinthika m'chipululu, kotero amachepetsa kutaya madzi m'thupi lanu. Ndi a kumva bwino kwambiri komanso kumva bwino. Ndicho chifukwa chake amatsata nyama zawo pomvetsera, makamaka. Amathanso kukwera m’mitengo kufunafuna mbalame zing’onozing’ono ndi mazira.

Jerboas

Ndi makoswe omwe adazolowera kukhala m'chipululu chovuta kwambiri. Amatha kudumpha ndikuthamanga kwambiri, ndicho chifukwa chake imapitirizabe kupulumuka ndi kuthawa adani ake. Zakudya zawo zimakhala ndi tizilombo, zomera ndi mbewu, zomwe zimakhalanso ndi madzi.

Anubis Baboon

Ndi mtundu wamtundu waku Africa womwe umapezekanso kumadera amapiri a Sahara. Ili ndi mtundu wotuwa pang'ono kuchokera patali, koma chapafupi ndi mitundu yambiri.

Amuna ndi aakulu kuposa aakazi ndipo amapulumuka m’chipululu podya pang’ono pa chilichonse, zomera ndi nyama zing’onozing’ono.

mtundu wa nubian

Ndilo gulu laling'ono la banja la bustard. Ndi mbalame kuti amadyetsa makamaka tizilombo, ngakhale mutakhala ndi njala kwambiri mutha kudya mbewu. Kutayika kwa malo amtunduwu kumatanthauza kuti pali anthu ochepa komanso ochepa a zamoyozi, choncho akhoza kuonedwa kuti ali pangozi.

hedgehog ya m'chipululu

Ndi hedgehog yaying'ono yomwe imapuwala ikakhala kuti ikuwopsezedwa ndipo imakhala yowawa, motero imakhala yovuta kuigwira chifukwa imabaya paliponse. Kuti amadya? Tizilombo, mazira ndi zomera.

wowonda mongoose

Ndi mongoose wamchira wakuda. Amadya tizilombo, ngakhale amadyanso abuluzi, makoswe, mbalame ndi njoka. Komanso akhoza kupha ndi kudya njoka zapoizoni, koma kokha ngati mukuwopsezedwa.

Mongoose ameneyu amatha kukwera mitengo bwino kwambiri kuposa mbalame wamba, choncho amadya mbalame zambiri.

fisi wamawanga

Ndizo "fisi akumwetulira". Sili pafupi kutha, koma nzoona kuti chiwerengero chake chakhala chikucheperachepera m'kupita kwanthawi komanso kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe. Tikauyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya afisi, mawanga ake amawonekera, ngakhale kuti fisi akamakalamba mitundu yake imasintha.

Fisi wamawanga amasaka nyama yake.

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