Albarracín, tawuni yokongola kwambiri ku Spain

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Chigawo cha Teruel ndi amodzi mwa madera omwe amapanga Spain. Malo osadziwika bwino azokopa alendo omwe amakhalabe ndi miyala yamtengo wapatali yomwe ndiyofunika kudziwa. Apa tikupeza chimodzi mwazitsanzo zabwino kwambiri zaluso za Mudejar padziko lapansi, zomwe zapangitsa kuti UNESCO izidziwe ngati World Heritage Site. Komanso ndi komwe kunayambira ma dinosaurs chifukwa m'chigawochi mitundu khumi ya zokwawa zakale zapezeka m'zaka zaposachedwa ndipo ngati sizinali zokwanira, ku Teruel ndi komwe kumatchedwa Spanish Tuscany, makamaka m'chigawo cha Matarraña.

Chimodzi mwa chuma chake chosungidwa bwino ndi Albarracín, tawuni yakale yomwe ili kumapiri a Universal Mount omwe amadziwika kuti ndi tawuni yokongola kwambiri ku Spain. Mukufuna kudziwa chifukwa? Pitilizani kuwerenga!

Kodi Albarracín ali kuti?

Albarracín ali pachilumba ndi pachilumba chomwe chimapanga Mtsinje wa Guadalaviar. Mzindawu wazunguliridwa ndi chifunga chozama chomwe chimakhala ngati ngalande yotchinga, yomangirizidwa ndi lamba wokongola wamakoma womwe umafikira pachinyumba cha Andador. Komwe ili, pamtunda wamamita 1182, komanso nyengo yake imapereka zochitika zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimayang'aniridwa makamaka pazochitika zakunja monga kukwera njinga zamapiri kapena kukwera mapiri. Kuphatikiza apo, m'malo ozungulira pali zojambula zambiri zaphanga mphindi zochepa kuchokera pamsewu waukulu.

Kodi mungafike bwanji ku Albarracín?

Tawuni iyi ya Aragonese ili pamtunda wa makilomita 35 kuchokera ku Teruel, theka la ola kuchokera kulikulu. Ngakhale pali kuthekera kokwerera basi, galimotoyo ndiye njira yabwino kwambiri yofufuzira mzindawu ndi malo ozungulira momasuka.

Chiyambi cha Albarracín

Kuchokera komwe idayambira Albarracín amadziwika ndi komwe amakhala, malo ake achitetezo achitetezo. Unabadwa ngati mudzi wawung'ono kuzungulira tchalitchi cha Santa María chisanachitike. Cha kumapeto kwa chaka cha 965 AD nyumba yoyamba yodzitchinjiriza idapangidwa panthawi yolanda Asilamu, yomwe idaphatikizapo tchalitchi cha Santa María ndi Alcázar.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Albarracín?

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Alcazar ndi Andador nsanja

Pakadali pano linga, lomwe lili kumapeto ena a anthu olamulira mtsinje wa Guadalaviar, zotsalira zokha za zipinda zapansi za khoma ndi nsanja ndizomwe zimasungidwa. Chipinda chapamwamba chinali nyumba yayikulu yozungulira bwalo, pomwe panali chitsime chachikulu.

Chinsanja cha Andador, chomwe pachiyambi chinali nsanja ya albarrana, chimayambira kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo chidaphatikizidwa mu mpanda wolimba koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, pomwe mzindawu udakhala likulu la dziko lolamulidwa ndi a Banu Razin. Wochokera ku Berber. White Tower yomwe ili pafupi ndi Tchalitchi cha Santa María idayamba zaka za m'ma XNUMX. Ndidakwanitsa kuteteza mzinda.

Kufunika kwake kodzitchinjiriza kunatayika m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, pomwe Felipe V adathetsa fueros ya Aragon ndikulamula kuti nyumbayo igwetsedwe, ngakhale kuti si malinga ndi nsanja zazikulu, monga Andador kapena Doña Blanca.

M'zaka makumi khumi zapitazi, ntchito zokonzanso zidachitika kuti maboma akumadzulo ndi kumwera abwezeretsedwe ndipo pofika chaka cha 2000 malowa adatchedwa Assets of Cultural Interest.

Misewu ya Albarracín

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Koma chithumwa cha Albarracín ndichoposa zonse momwe misewu yake idakonzedweratu ndi malo ovutawo, okhala ndi masitepe ndi mayendedwe. Pangodya iliyonse, nyumba iliyonse ndiyabwino kwambiri pazitseko zake ndi ogogoda, mawindo ake ang'onoang'ono okhala ndi nsalu zotchinga, zipinda zake mosalekeza zachitsulo chosema ndi matabwa osema ... Chipilala chachikulu cha Albarracín ndiye mzinda wokhawo, ndi anthu ake onse otchuka Kukoma ndi kukweza, kuwonetsa mbiri yake ndi ntchito zabwino za anthu ake.

Komabe, pakati pa nyumba zokongola komanso zomangamanga zomwe titha kuziwonetsa: nyumba ya Julianeta, nyumba yomwe ili mumsewu wa Azagra, Community square komanso Plaza Meya yaying'ono komanso yolimbikitsa.

Tsopano, nyumba monga Church of Santa Maria, Cathedral, Episcopal Palace akuyenera kutchulidwa mwapadera.

Cathedral wa El Salvador

Chithunzi | Mzinda wa Santa María de Albarracín

Cathedral ya El Salvador idamangidwa pakati pa 1572 ndi 1600, pa kachisi wakale wamachitidwe achiroma ndi Mudejar.  Tikukumana ndi zomangamanga za Renaissance ndi nave imodzi yodzaza ndi ma polychrome okhala ndi zipinda zamiyambo yamiyambo ya Gothic. Ili ndimatchalitchi pakati pa matako ndi kwaya kumapazi.

Amathandizidwa ndi ma baroque pilasters ndi chimanga, zomwe ndi gawo lokonzanso zomwe zidapangidwa koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMXth mu cathedral iyi, ndikusintha mawonekedwe ake achi Gothic kukhala Baroque. M'zaka za zana la XNUMX, mkatimo adadzipaka utoto ndipo pokonzanso kachisi koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, chojambulachi chidachotsedwa kuti abwezeretse makoma kumtundu woyambirira wa zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Cathedral ya El Salvador ili ndi chipinda chomwe mungapezere ku Episcopal Palace yomwe ili pafupi nayo. Lero mnyumbayi muli nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale za Diocese yomwe imakhala ndi matepi komanso osula golide.

Nyumba yachifumu ya Episcopal

Diocesan Museum of Albarracín ili pamalo abwino kwambiri ku Episcopal Palace, nyumba yomangidwa mzaka za zana la XNUMX. Itha kuchezeredwa mkati mwaulendo wopangidwa ndi Santa María de Albarracín Foundation, yotchedwa Madera a Albarracín ndi Chuma, yemwe ndi amene amayang'anira nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale.

M'magulu ake ambiri titha kuwonetsa zidutswa za osula golide kuchokera ku chuma cha tchalitchi chachikulu ndi matepi a Flemish opangidwa mu msonkhano wa Geubels ku Brussels, omwe amayimira nkhani ya Gideon.

Komabe, mutha kuchezanso zipinda zachifumu monga chipinda cha Mayordomia, zipinda zovomerezeka za bishopu ndi zipinda zake zapadera pomwe ofesi, yokongoletsedwa ndi zojambula pakhoma kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, iyenera kufotokozedwa. Zipinda zina zimawonetsa zida zoimbira zomwe zikondwerero za tchalitchi chachikulu zimaphatikizidwa, mabuku amakwaya, matebulo achi Gothic ndi mipando ina.

Mpingo wa Santa Maria

Ili kumapeto kwenikweni kwa mzindawu, komwe kale kudali anthu. Kachisi woyambirira anali tchalitchi cha Visigothic chomwe chinali gawo lodzitchinjiriza lamzindawu, kunena kuti, pamakoma, koma moto womwe udachitika m'zaka za zana la XNUMX udawononga kwambiri, kotero tchalitchi chamakono cha m'zaka za zana la XNUMX chokhala ndi kanyumba kamodzi kophimbidwa ndi nthiti ya nthiti chidabwera kudzalowa m'malo mwake. M'zaka za zana la XNUMX mpingo wa Santa María unali tchalitchi cha Dominican, chomwe chasowa tsopano.

Kunja kwake kuli kalembedwe ka Mudejar, komwe sikamayamikiridwa mkatikati mwake momwe kukongoletsa kwakukulu kwa zotsekemera zomwe tchalitchi ndi gulu la Albarracín zimadziwika. Ili ndi zida zingapo zamaguwa zofunikira kwambiri, ngakhale zofunikira kwambiri ndizomwe zidaperekedwa paguwa lansembe kuyambira zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Njira Yopita Kumakoma a Albarracín

Kuyendera Albarracín sikumatha popanda kudziwa makoma ozungulira mzindawu komanso omwe ali mbali ya mbiri yakale yamatauni. Pali njira zitatu zopitira kumeneko: ndi mseu wa Chorro, ndikukwera ku Torres kuchokera ku tchalitchi cha Santiago komanso kudoko la Molina. Paulendowu muyenera kukwera malo ena otsetsereka, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuvala nsapato zabwino ndi madzi.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

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