Caral, zokopa alendo ku Peru

Peru ndi dziko losangalatsa kwambiri, kuchokera kumalo ofukulidwa m'mabwinja, ku South America. Chikhalidwe chake ndi cholemera kwambiri ndipo mudzachikonda ngati mumakonda mbiri yakale komanso zofukula zakale mofananamo. Kukongola.

Nthawi ina zapitazo tidakambirana za Huayna Picchu ndipo lero ndi nthawi ya Khalala, malo ena ofukula mabwinja omwe muyenera kupitako. Ndi mtunda wa makilomita 182 okha kuchokera ku Lima, likulu la dziko la Peru, ndipo mutha kupita nokha kapena kulembetsa ulendo. Apa tikukusiyirani zonse zomwe mungachite kuphatikiza zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa kuti mudziwe.

Khalala

Malo ofukula mabwinja ili pafupi ndi Lima, m'chigwa cha Supe. Akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale amati ili ndi ochepa zaka zikwi zisanu kotero ndi chibwenzi chimenecho ndiye mzinda wakale kwambiri kontrakitala. Zachidziwikire, UNESCO yailingalira Malo Amtengo Wapadziko Lonse.

Zovuta za akachisi ndi nyumba, ndipo palibe kusowa mapiramidi, Idamangidwa ndi otchedwa Caral Civilization kuti malinga ndi akatswiri adapangidwa pakati pa 3 ndi 1800 BC Poganizira kuti Zinali zofananira ndi chitukuko cha Sumer, India, China, ndi Egypt. China china chomwe sichinganyalanyazidwe polingalira za mapiramidi, sichoncho? Ndipo funso loti chifukwa chiyani nyumba izi zidamangidwa padziko lonse lapansi limabweranso mwamphamvu ...

Khalala ndi makilomita 23 okha kuchokera pagombe la Pacific ndipo titha kuzipeza m'malo okhala mdera lomweli, a chigwa chobiriwira komanso chachonde, ndi zitunda zotchinjiriza. Pali malo asanu ndi atatu koma Caral ndiye wokongola kwambiri. Ndizodabwitsa kuti mabwinjawa sanapezeke mpaka m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, kapena mwina zinali bwino, koma anali ofufuza ena aku North America omwe adamupeza mu 1949.

Zaka 43 zapitazo wofukula za m'mabwinja ku Peru adalembetsa mabwinja koma mpaka 1979 pomwe malowo adakumbidwa ndipo kuyambira pamenepo kufufuza mabwinja kunali kovuta. Ndi chibwenzi cha Carbon 14, akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale adazindikira kuti Caral ali ndi zaka 5, kudziwa kuti kunasintha zonse zomwe zimaganiziridwa pazitukuko zaku America. Zachidziwikire, mpaka lero sizikudziwika kuti ndichifukwa chiyani mzindawu udasiyidwa kapena chifukwa chitukuko chidagwa.

Pitani ku Caral

Kwa Caral mutha kupita pagalimoto, kukaona malo kapena poyendera anthu. Ngati musankha njira yomalizayi, mukwera basi ku Lima yomwe imapita kumpoto, ku Supe, pafupifupi kilomita 187 ya Panamericana Norte. Mumatsika pamsika wa Supe ndi malo amodzi okha kuchokera komwe muli ndi taxi yomwe imakufikitsani ku Caral. Mutha kukonzekera kuti adzakutengereni nthawi ina ndikutseka zonse.

Kupanda kutero mutha kutenga basi ina yamagulu kuchokera pamalo omwewo omwe amakusiyani pakhomo lolowera, mphindi 20 kuchokera pamene mukuyenda. Pagalimoto mumatenga njira ya Panamericana Norte mpaka kilomita 184, mzinda wa Supe usanachitike, ndikutsatira zikwangwani zomwe zimakufikitsani ku Caral. Zovuta imatsegulidwa kuyambira Lolemba mpaka Lamlungu kuyambira 9 am mpaka 5 pm koma taganizirani kuti gulu lomaliza limaloledwa kulowa pa 4. Mlingowo ndi 11 Peruvian soles pamunthu wamkulu.

Ulendo ukuwongoleredwa, kuyang'anira ogwira ntchito oyenera, ndipo zidutswa 20 zatsopano zimalipidwa m'magulu a anthu 20. Ndi m'Chisipanishi ngakhale pali zizindikiro m'Chisipanishi ndi Chingerezi. Terengani kuti ulendowu udakalipo ola limodzi ndi theka. Magulu omwe amapangidwa amatha kudikirira nthawi yawo mu Reception and Rest Area yomwe ili ndi chakudya ndi bafa. Kumapeto kwa sabata anthu akumudzi amagulitsa zinthu zawo, koma mkati mwa sabata ndikwabwino kubweretsa chakudya chanu ndi madzi.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona mu Caral

Mzinda wopatulika inamangidwa pamtunda zomwe zimateteza ku chilengedwe ndi nyumba zake zimapangidwa ndi matabwa ndi miyala. Pali mapiramidi asanu ndi limodzi mabwalo okwanira ndi ozungulira, onse mdera la Mahekitala 66 pafupifupi agawika magawo awiri, ozungulira ndi chapakati.

M'chigawo chapakati pali nyumba zogona komanso nyumba zaboma, ina ili kumtunda kumtunda, kumpoto ndipo kuli mapiramidi ndi mabwalo awiri ozungulira kutsogolo kwawo, kuphatikiza bwalo, ndi ena omwe ali kumapeto kwenikweni, kumwera, okhala ndi nyumba zazing'ono, guwa lansembe, bwalo lamasewera ndi nyumba. Pambuyo pake, pakhomopo, malo okhala ambiri amagawidwa. Zikuwoneka kuti mapiramidi, amitundu yosiyana, adapangidwa achikasu ndi oyera, nthawi zina ofiira. Ali ndi masitepe pakati ndipo pamwamba pali zipinda zingapo.

 

Piramidi yayikulu kwambiri ndi 28 mita kutalika ndipo ndi positi yachikale ya Caral. Wina ali ndi ngalande zapansi panthaka komanso dzenje lamoto pamwamba, lina lalitali mamita 18. Iliyonse ili ndi mawonekedwe ake. Kupitilira nyumba zomwe zapezedwa nsalu, zida zoimbira ndi quipus ndizofunikira. M'modzi mwa mapiramidi a quipu adapezeka, ulusi ndi mfundo zomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zida zosungira zidziwitso kapena kulumikizana, zomwe zimawerengedwa kuti ndi zakale kwambiri ku Peru.

Zida zoimbira zoyimbira, chimanga ndi zitoliro, nsalu zamitundu, madiresi, maukonde osodza, zingwe, nsapato ndi ma geoglyphs zidapezekanso pansi zomwe zimapangitsa kuti munthu aganize zakuwona mlengalenga. Akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale amati Caral anali ndi anthu pakati pa chikwi chimodzi ndi zikwi zitatu, okhala ndi kusiyana pakati pa olemekezeka ndi achipembedzo komanso anthu wamba. Chitukuko chimangodalira kusodza ndi ulimi komanso kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti amasinthanitsa malonda awo ndi anthu ena, kukhala ngati likulu lazachuma mdera.

Ndi izi ndinu okonzeka kuti musaphonye mabwinja ofunikira awa, ku Peru, ku America komanso padziko lapansi.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*