Cibeles chidwi

Kasupe wa Cibeles

Ndikudziwitseni chidwi cha Cibeles, kasupe wotchuka wa Madrid, amatanthauza kubwerera m’mbuyo zaka mazana ambiri zapitazo. Apa m'pamene ntchito zinayambika kukongoletsa mzinda wa Madrid kuchokera ku zokongoletsa kawonedwe ka neoclassicism.

Cybele anali, mu nthano zachi Greek, mayi wa milungu, komanso mtundu wa Mkazi wamkazi wa dziko lapansi. Ndipo kuyambira nthawi zakale ankaimiridwa pagaleta lokokedwa ndi mikango monga chizindikiro cha kupambana kwa chilengedwe (komabe, nyamazo zikuphatikizapo umunthu wina wanthano ziwiri: hypomenes y Atalanta). Kale mu nthawi ya Aroma, izo zinakhala Rea o Magna mater (Amayi Wamkulu), zomwe zinatanthauza, m’zochita, kusintha kokha kwa dzina, popeza kuti chiphiphiritso chake chinapitirizabe kukhala chofanana. Popeza tapanga mawu oyamba ofunikirawa, tikukuwonetsani zina mwazosangalatsa za Cibeles.

Zodabwitsa za kapangidwe kake

mikango ya Cibeles

Tsatanetsatane wa mikango ya kasupe

Kumanga kasupe wa Cibeles kunayamba mu 1777 ngati chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zingakongoletse malo ozungulira. Mtsinje wa Jerónimos, malo apano a Paseo del Prado. Mu polojekiti yomweyi, a Museum of Natural Sayansi (omwe lero ali, ndendende, ndi Prado), a Munda Wachifumu Wachifumu ndi malo ena angapo obiriwira.

Ma kilogalamu zikwi khumi za cardinal marble kuchokera ku miyala iwiri. Izi zinali montesclaros ku Toledo ndi reduena ku Madrid. Momwemonso, mzimu wa classicist wanthawiyo udawonetsa kumangidwa kwa akasupe ena awiri okhala ndi nthano zanthano, zomwe zitha a Neptune ndi Apollo. Dera lonselo, lomwe lamalizidwa kale, limadziwika pakati pa anthu aku Madrid ngati Prado Hall, chifukwa kumeneko n’kumene ankapita kokayenda n’kumacheza.

Komabe, malinga ndi chiphunzitso china, kasupe wa Cibeles anali wokonzekera kongoletsani minda ya La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, idakhazikitsidwa m'malo omwe amatchedwa Madrid Square, Plaza de Cibeles yamakono, mu 1782, ngakhale kuti sinagwire ntchito mpaka zaka khumi pambuyo pake.

Kusintha kwa malo

Ma CIbele ochokera kumwamba

Mawonekedwe amlengalenga a Cibeles kasupe

Ndendende, chimodzi mwazosangalatsa za a Cibeles ndikuti, kwenikweni, sichinali pakati pa bwalo, koma. pafupi ndi Buenavista Palace. Munali mu 1895 pamene anasamutsidwira kuchigawo chimenecho cha msewu, pamene zinthu zina anawonjezedwapo. Umu ndi momwe ziboliboli gulu lakutsogolo ndi nsanja yokhala ndi masitepe anayi m'lifupi mwake mamita atatu.

Komanso zifaniziro za chimbalangondo ndi chinjoka zinachotsedwa, komanso thonje lomwe momwemo madzi adatuluka. Chifukwa kasupewo analinso ndi zothandiza zothandiza: inali malo omwe onyamula madzi ndi anthu okhala m'deralo amapita kukadzaza matanki awo. Mwa njira, ndondomeko yamakonoyi inakweza a mkangano wofunikira mu nthawi yake pakati Town Hall ndi Royal Academy ya Zabwino Kwambiri ku San Fernando.

Komabe, pamene anthu a ku Madrid anapitirizabe kusowa madzi, kasupe wina kakang'ono anamangidwa pakona ya bwalo, makamaka ku Post Office. Posakhalitsa anaitanidwa kasupe ndipo inakhala yotchuka kwambiri, kotero kuti nyimbo inaperekedwa kwa iyo yomwe inati "madzi ochokera ku Fuentecilla, abwino kwambiri omwe Madrid amamwa ...".

Ozilenga ndi nthano

Bank of Spain

Bank of Spain, ku Plaza de Cibeles

Komanso mbali ya chidwi cha Cibeles ndi kusinthasintha kumene omanga ake anayenera kukumana nako ndi nthano zogwirizana nazo. Ndendende imodzi mwa izi ikunena kuti, pakachitika kuti kuyesa kwapangidwa kuba Gold Chamber of the Bank of Spain, yomwe ikuyang'anizana ndi bwaloli, zipindazo zikanatsekedwa ndi kuthiridwa ndi madzi ochokera ku kasupe wa Cibeles.

Ponena za ojambula omwe adapanga chipilalachi, mapangidwe ake adapangidwa ndi mmisiri wamkulu Ventura Rodriguez. Kumbali yake, chifaniziro cha mulungu wamkazi chinali ntchito ya wosema Francisco Gutierrez, pamene mikango ndi chifukwa cha French Robert Michael. Ponena za matembenuzidwe a ngolo, iwo ndi a Miguel Jimenez, amene analandira reais 8400 chifukwa cha ntchito yake.

Kuyambira 1791, John waku Villanueva kutumidwa Alfonso Bergaz zithunzi za chimbalangondo ndi chinjoka zomwe pambuyo pake zidzachotsedwa. Onse awiri anali ndi mapaipi amkuwa mkamwa mwawo momwe madzi amatuluka. Mwa njira, izi zidachokera kuulendo wamadzi kapena nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale kuchokera ku nthawi zachisilamu zomwe zidabweretsa ndipo machiritso adanenedwa ndi iwo. Pambuyo pake, ma putti awiri adapangidwa ndi Miguel Angel Trilles y Antonio Parera. Anaikanso akasupe amadzi ambiri omwe amapanga mathithi ndi kuwala kwamitundu komwe kunakongoletsa chipilalacho.

"Zophimbidwa Kwambiri"

The Cibeles achisanu

Kasupe wophimba matalala

Pa Nkhondo Yachiŵeniŵeni, akuluakulu a boma anaphimba kasupe wa Cibeles ndi matumba adothi kuti atetezedwe ku mabomba. Pachifukwa ichi, anthu anzeru nthawi zonse ku Madrid adamubatiza ngati "Linda Wophimbidwa". Ndipotu, ili pakati pa mitsempha ya mzindawo. Ngodya iliyonse ya makona ake ndi ya malo osiyana ndi misewu yofunika monga Alcalá ndi Paseo del Prado.

Yazunguliridwanso ndi nyumba zinayi zazikuluzikulu ku Madrid. Ndi za zomwe tazitchulazi Bank of Spain ndi za Nyumba za Linares, Telecommunications ndi Buenavista. Omaliza, likulu la Army Headquarters, ndi yomanga m'zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu ndi minda yachifalansa chifukwa cha zomwe tatchulazi. Ventura Rodriguez.

Koma, Telecommunications kapena Cibeles ndi chodabwitsa cha kalembedwe ka eclectic komwe kumaphatikizapo zinthu zamakono, plateresque ndi baroque. Inamangidwa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma XNUMX pambuyo pa ntchito ya Joaquin Otamendi y Antonio Palacios. Tikukulangizani kuti musaphonye malo ake okongola olandirira alendo ndipo, koposa zonse, kupita kumalo ochititsa chidwi maganizo zomwe zimayika korona ndikukupatsani malingaliro abwino apakati pa Madrid.

Kwenikweni linares palace Ndi mwala wa neo-baroque womwe unamangidwa kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma XNUMX. Mapangidwe ake ndi chifukwa cha womanga wa ku France Adolf Ombrecht, yomwe imayang'anira nyumba zina zapamwamba monga nyumba yachifumu ya Marquis ku Portugalete. Ndipo imasunganso nthano zambiri.

Zikondwerero za mpira, chimodzi mwazosangalatsa kwambiri za Cibeles

Chikondwerero ku Cibeles

Chikondwerero cha Madrid ku Cibeles

Mwinamwake mukudziwa kuti font imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafani a Real Madrid kukondwerera kupambana kwawo pamasewera. M'malo mwake, kalabu ina mumzinda, ndi Atletico,akuchita mu Neptune ndi. Komabe, mwambo umenewu sunali choncho nthawi zonse.

Mpaka 1991, magulu onsewa anali ndi Cibeles monga momwe amachitira zikondwerero zawo. Komabe, chaka chimenecho adakumana mu final ya Copa del Rey kotero mafani a Atlético adaganiza zosintha zawo posunthira ku Plaza de Neptuno yapafupi kuti adzisiyanitse ndi mayina awo a Merengue.

Pambuyo pa zivomezi ndi kuzimiririka

Cibeles usiku

Kasupe wowunikira usiku

Mwinamwake simukudziwa kuti kasupe wa Cibeles ali nawo chifaniziro chenicheni ku Mexico City. Idaperekedwa ndi gulu la anthu aku Spain omwe akukhala m'dziko la Aztec ndipo adakhazikitsidwa mu 1980 ndi kukhalapo kwa meya wa Madrid panthawiyo. Enrique Tierno Galvan. Koma si imodzi yokha. M'mudzi wapafupi wa Getafe pali wina waung'ono wobatizidwa ngati cibelinangakhale siziri zenizeni. Ikuwoneka ngati yomwe idayikidwa patali Beijing, likulu la Republic of People's People.

kusowa

Cibeles ndi Palace of Telecommunications

Onani chitsime cha Cibeles ndi Palace of Telecommunications

Kumbali ina, monga tidakuwuzani, chipilalachi chasinthidwa kangapo. Ndipo, mwa zokonda za Cibeles ndi kuwonongeka kwa zinthu zina amene anachotsedwa mu ntchito zimenezo. Mwachitsanzo, kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, idayikidwa chipata kuti atetezedwe, zomwe zikanathetsedwa ndi kukonzanso kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX. Koma palibe amene ankadziwa kumene kusefukira kwapita. Mpaka zitadziwika kuti zidagwiritsidwa ntchito kuzungulira likulu la gulu la bugle ndi ng'oma. Apolisi a Municipal Madrid, mu French Bridge.

Chinthu chofanana ndi ichi chinachitika poyamba chimbalangondo chithunzi zomwe tazitchula kale. Ikachotsedwa pamalo ochititsa chidwi kwambiri, idasowa popanda anthu aku Madrid kudziwa komwe ili. Pomaliza, zidapezeka kuti akukongoletsa imodzi mwamaulendo a Retiro Menagerie. Ndi chimbalangondo, chitoliro chachikulu chinachotsedwa, ndipo njanji inatayikanso. M'malo mwake, adawonekera minda ya Casa de Cisneros, yomwe ili ku Madrid mzinda square.

Pakadali pano chimbalangondo chalowa minda ya Museum of the Origins of Madrid, pamodzi ndi ma triton ndi nereids omwe anali m'malo ena a likulu, makamaka mu akasupe a Paseo del Prado. Mwa njira, tikukulangizani kuti mupite ku nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakaleyi, yomwe inatsegulidwa m'chaka cha 2000 ndipo ili ku Nyumba ya San Isidro kuchokera ku Plaza de San Andrés, chifukwa ndizosangalatsa kwambiri.

Pakati pa zidutswa zake pali zomwe zimatchedwa Chozizwitsa Chabwino chifukwa, malinga ndi nthano, mwana wa San Isidro anagwera mmenemo popanda kudzivulaza. Zowonjezera zenizeni ndikukonzanso kwa Chapel ya m'zaka za zana la XNUMX opatulidwira oyera ndi a mtengo wake bwalo la Renaissance wa XVI. Ndipo, pafupi ndi iwo, inu mukhoza kuwona pafupifupi zidutswa zikwi ziwiri zofukulidwa m'mabwinja kuchokera ku Paleolithic kupita ku Arab Madrid.

Pomaliza, takuwonetsani zina chidwi cha Cibeles, gwero lodziwika bwino la Madrid ndi zaka zoposa mazana awiri za mbiri. Koma sitingakane kukuuzaninso lina. Mofanana ndi zipilala zina zazikulu, mlengi wa ichi anaphatikizapo zoipa pang'ono. Mu gawo limodzi la izo apo kachule kakang'ono chosema. Ngati mukufuna kusewera, pitirirani ndikuyesera kuti mupeze.

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