Calahorra

Chithunzi | Ulendo wa La Rioja

Calahorra, likulu la Rioja Baja, ndi malo abwino kwambiri opangira zakudya komanso malo abwino kwambiri. Ndi umodzi mwamizinda yakale kwambiri ku La Rioja (Spain), womwe ulinso ndi gawo lofunika kwambiri pantchito zaulimi m'derali. Malo ake okaona malo okopa alendo ndi tchalitchi chake chachikulu komanso malo ake owerengera zakale, ngakhale amathandizidwanso kwambiri pantchito zokopa alendo monga kukwera mahatchi kapena kukwera malo ngati Peñas de Arnedillo Park kapena Sotos del Ebro Park.

Calahorra ndi mbiri yake yakale yachiroma

Tawuni iyi ya Riojan ili ndi cholowa chofukulidwa m'mabwinja cholumikizidwa ndi Roma wakale, makamaka madera akumatauni amasungabe mawonekedwe a nthawi ino.

Chifukwa chokhazikika, kuwukira kwa Roma ku Peninsula ya Iberia kunabweretsa mzinda wa Calahorra kukhala mzinda wofunikira kwambiri ku Hispania. Malinga ndi udindo wake anali ndi makoma ndi zomangamanga monga zisudzo, masisitimu, mabwalo ndi malo osambira.

Kuchokera nthawi imeneyo zotsalira za damu lomwe lidathirira mbewu za ku Calaguritan ndikupangitsa kuti mzindawu ukhale umodzi mwaminda yamphesa ya ku Spain yosungidwa. Masamba ndi masamba ake anali otchuka chifukwa cha kukoma kwawo komanso kununkhira kwawo ndipo ndi maphikidwe okoma omwe adapangidwa omwe amasungidwa ku Museum of Romanization.

Cholowa cha Roma cha Calahorra chimasungidwabe m'misewu yake. Apa ndizotheka kupeza zotsalira za Sewer system yakale ndipo ngakhale pansi pa simenti ya mzinda wapano zonyowa zachi Roma zimasungidwabe, ngakhale sizatsegulidwa kwa alendo.

Panthawi yolanda Asilamu. Calahorra anasintha manja chifukwa chakufunika kwake mpaka Sancho Garcés III waku Pamplona adagonjetsedwanso mu 1045. Ntchito yomanga nyumba ya amonke ya Santa María de Nájera idalandiridwa ndi zofunkha za omwe adagonjetsa.

Pambuyo pake, muulamuliro wa Alfonso VI, mzindawu udaphatikizidwa mu ufumu wa Castile. Kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX mpaka XNUMXth, Calahorra idakulirakulira mpaka pomwe idakhala agrarian komanso yamphamvu yolumikiza yomwe idathamanga ndikubwera kwa njanji.

Kuyenda kudutsa Calahorra

Chithunzi | Isabel Alvarez Larioja.com

Kuti mudziwe mzinda wa Riojan, palibe chabwino kuposa kuyenda. Tinayamba ulendowu m'chigawo cha Mercadal, pafupi ndi zotsalira za Circus ya Roma, komwe kuli ngalande zingapo zomwe zidatsogolera ku akasupe otentha. Kumayambiriro kwa ulendowu pali mpukutu woweruza, womwe udalola kuti chilungamo chizichitika ku Calahorra. Kufanana ndi Paseo de Mercadal ndiye tapas yayikulu mzindawu, msewu wa Paletillas.

Kupitilira mpaka kumapeto kwa kuyenda tifika ku Era Alta Park komwe National Parador ndi zotsalira zina za Roma zili. Kutsatira msewu wa Carretil timakumana ndi Clinic Site pomwe zotsalira za nyumba yachi Roma yomwe idakumba magawo atatu azaka za zana la XNUMX. Pamodzi ndi tsambali zotsalira za khoma lachi Roma zimasungidwa.

Kenako timapita kutchalitchi cha San Andrés (m'zaka za zana la XNUMX) chomwe chimadziwika ndi mawonekedwe ake achi Gothic omwe amayimira kupambana kwachikhristu pachikunja. Pozungulira kachisiyu mudzafika ku Arco del Planillo, njira yakale yachiroma yolowera ku Calahorra.

Kutsatira msewu tinafika ku Monastery ya San José (zaka za zana la XNUMX), yotchuka kwambiri monga Convent of the Enclosed Nuns. Mkati mwake muli wochititsa chidwi "Khristu womangirizidwa m'mbali" wolemba Gregorio Fernández.

Chithunzi | Ulendo wa La Rioja

Kenako timapita ku Cathedral of Santa María-El Salvador, nyumba yachi Gothic yokhala ndi faquade yomangidwa pamalo pomwe San Emeterio ndi San Celedonio adaphedwa chifukwa chotembenukira ku Chikhristu. Nyumba yopangira ziweto ndi Cathedral ndi Diocesan Museum, pomwe mutha kuwona zojambula zosiyanasiyana za Titian ndi Zurbarán, komanso zidutswa zingapo zagolide ndi torah za sunagoge wakale. Pafupi ndi tchalitchi chachikulu ndi Episcopal Palace (zaka za zana la XNUMX mpaka XNUMX).

Pamphepete mwa tchalitchi chachikulu timalowa mumzinda wakale wachiyuda. Apa titha kuyima komwe kumatifikitsa ku Museum of Vegetables yofuna kudziwa zambiri, yomwe, kudzera muulaliki komanso zokambirana, ikuwonetsa zochitika m'minda yazipatso ndi mbewu m'mphepete mwa Ebro.

Kutenga Meya wa Calle, komwe Camino de Santiago imathamangira, tifika ku Church of Santiago Apóstol (XNUMXth-XNUMXth century), chomwe ndi chitsanzo chabwino kwambiri cha Riojan neoclassicism. Pambuyo pake, ku Plaza del Raso timapeza Casa Santa (Malo Otanthauzira Zokhudza Moyo Waomwe Amawathandiza Mzindawu) ndi Museum Romanization (momwe mzindawu unachokera ku Roma kudzera muzipinda zisanu).

Momwe mungafikire ku Calahorra?

Pa galimoto: Kuchokera ku Logroño kutenga N-232 kupita ku Calahorra.

Pa sitima: Calahorra ili ndi sitima yapamtunda ndi sitima zapamtunda zochokera ku Logroño.

Pa basi.

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