Mayiko okhala ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi

M'nthawi zamatenda izi tikukumbukira kuchuluka kwakukulu kwa anthu okhala padziko lathuli. Sizinali choncho nthawi zonse, koma mzaka zaposachedwa a chiwerengero cha anthu padziko lapansi wakula zambiri ndipo zimabweretsa zovuta zazikulu.

Mayiko omwe ali ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi ndi China, India, United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, Brazil, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia ndi Mexico. Mavuto omwe amakumana nawo akukhudzana ndikupereka maphunziro, thanzi komanso kugwira ntchito kwa onse. Ndipo sizophweka motero. Kodi dziko lalikulu ndi dziko lokhala ndi anthu ambiri?

Mayiko ndi anthu

Wina angaganize, mwachilengedwe, kuti momwe dziko liliri lalikulu, anthu amakhalamo. Cholakwika choyamba. Kukula kwa dzikolo sikugwirizana ndi kuchuluka kwa anthu kapena kuchuluka kwa anthu. Chifukwa chake tili ndi mayiko akulu ngati Mongolia, Namibia kapena Australia okhala ndi anthu ochepa kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, ku Mongolia kuli anthu 2.08 okha pa kilomita imodzi (anthu onse ndi 3.255.000 miliyoni).

Zomwezi zimachitikanso ku kontrakitala. Africa ndi yayikulu koma imakhala anthu 1.2 biliyoni okha. M'malo mwake, ngati mungalembetse mayiko omwe ali ndi anthu ochepa kwambiri, mupeza kuti pali mayiko osachepera khumi aku Africa. Kodi chimayambitsa? Chabwino geography. Zipululu zimatambalala apa ndi apo ndikupangitsa kufalitsa kwa anthu kukhala kosatheka. Sahara, ngati kuli kofunikira, imapangitsa pafupifupi Libya kapena Mauritania zonse kukhala bwinja. Yemweyo ndi chipululu cha Namib kapena chipululu cha Kalahari, kumwera chakumwera.

Namib imakhala pafupifupi gombe lonse la Namibia ndipo Kalahari imakhalanso mgawo lake komanso pafupifupi Botswana lonse. Kapena, kupitiriza ndi zitsanzo, North Korea ndi Australia ali ndi anthu omwewo: pafupifupi 26 miliyoni, koma ... Australia ili ndi nthaka yoposera 63 kuposa. Zomwezi zimachitikanso ku Bangladesh ndi Russia omwe anthu ake ndi 145 ndi 163 miliyoni motsatana, koma zowona ndizakuti kuchuluka kwa anthu ku Russia ndikotsika kwambiri.

Chifukwa chake tiwonetseni kuti palibe ubale wovomerezeka pakati pa kukula kwa dziko ndi anthu omwe akukhalamo. Koma nayi mndandanda wa mayiko 5 okhala ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi.

China

Ndimakumbukirabe kuti zaka zingapo zapitazo ndimalemba za China pomwe boma limachita kalembera. Ngakhale m'maiko ena ntchitoyi imamalizidwa tsiku limodzi, yovuta inde, koma tsiku limodzi pamapeto pake, idatenga masiku angapo. Masiku ano China ili ndi anthu 1.439.323.776. Zaka makumi awiri zapitazo zinali zazing'ono pang'ono, okhala ndi anthu pafupifupi 1.268.300. Idakula pafupifupi 13.4% mzaka makumi awiri izi, ngakhale zikuyembekezeka kuti pofika 2050 ichepe pang'ono ndipo ili pakati pakati pa ziwerengero ziwirizo.

Monga tanena pamwambapa chovuta chachikulu cha boma la China ndikupereka maphunziro, nyumba, thanzi ndi ntchito kwa onse. Kodi achi China amakhala bwino kudera lonselo? Osati, ambiri amakhala kum'mwera kwa dzikolo Ndipo kokha ku Beijing, likulu, pali anthu mamiliyoni 15 ndi theka. Likulu likutsatiridwa ndi Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqinh ndi Wuhan, mzinda wodziwika kumene Covid-19 idatulukira.

Chidziwitso chosangalatsa kwambiri chokhudza anthu ku China ndichakuti chiŵerengero cha kuchuluka kwa anthu ndi 0,37% (Pali obadwa 12.2 pa zikwi za anthu okhala ndi kufa 8). Nthawi yakukhala pano ndi zaka 75.8. Tiyeni tikumbukire kuti mu 1975 the Ndondomeko Ya Mwana Mmodzi ngati njira yothetsera kuchuluka kwa anthu (kulera ndi kuchotsa mimba mwalamulo), ndipo izi zakhala zikuyenda bwino kwambiri. Kwa kanthawi tsopano, muyesowu udamasulidwa pamikhalidwe ina.

India

Dziko lachiwiri lokhala ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi ndi India ndi Anthu 1.343.330.000. Anthu amakhala akugawidwa kudera lonselo, kupatula m'mapiri akumpoto komanso m'zipululu zakumpoto chakumadzulo. India ili ndi ma 2.973.190 ma kilomita lalikulu padziko lapansi ndipo ku New Delhi kokha kuli anthu 22.654. Kukula kwa chiwonetsero cha anthu ndi 1.25% ndipo kuchuluka kwa kubadwa kuli Kubadwa kwa 19.89 pa nzika chikwi. Zaka za moyo ndizochepa Zaka 67.8.

Mizinda ikuluikulu ku India ndi Mumbai yokhala ndi pafupifupi 20 miliyoni, Calcutta yokhala ndi 14.400, Chennai, Bangalore ndi Hyderabad.

United States

Pali kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa anthu onse akumayiko omwe ali woyamba ndi wachiwiri komanso wachitatu. United States ndi dziko lokhala ndi anthu ambiri koma osati ochulukirapo. Ili ndi anthu zikwi 328.677 ndipo ambiri amakhala mozungulira kum'mawa ndi kumadzulo. 

Kukula kwake ndi 0.77% yokha komanso chiwerengero cha kubadwa ndi 13.42 pa anthu chikwi. Mizinda ikuluikulu mdzikolo ndi New York komwe anthu 8 miliyoni ndi theka amakhala, Los Angeles ndi pafupifupi theka, Chicago, Houston ndi Philadelphia. Kutalika kwa moyo ndi zaka 88.6.

Indonesia

Kodi mumadziwa kuti Indonesia ndi dziko lokhala ndi anthu ambiri? Iwo amakhala mmenemo Anthu 268.074. Zilinso nazo mzinda wokhala ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi: Java. Gawo la Indonesia ndi 1.811.831 ma kilomita. Chiwerengero cha kubadwa ndi 17.04 obadwa pa anthu chikwi chimodzi ndipo zaka za moyo ndi zaka 72.17.

Mizinda yomwe ili ndi anthu ambiri, kuwonjezera pa Java, ndi Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, Semarang ndi Palembang. Kumbukirani kuti Indonesia ndi zilumba ku Southeast Asia. Pali zilumba pafupifupi 17, zikwi zisanu ndi chimodzi zokhalamo anthu, kuzungulira equator. Zilumba zazikulu kwambiri ndi Sumatra, Java, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, zilumba za Nusa Tenggara, Molucca. West Papua ndi gawo lakumadzulo kwa New Guinea.

Brasil

Pali dziko lina laku America m'maiko asanu apamwamba kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo ndi Brazil. Ili ndi anthu 210.233.000 miliyoni ndipo ambiri a iwo amakhala m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Atlantic chifukwa gawo lalikulu la nkhalangoyi ndi nkhalango.

Dera la Brazil lili ndi 8.456.511 ma kilomita. Mulingo wobadwa ndi Kubadwa kwa 17.48 pa anthu chikwi chimodzi ndi chiyembekezo cha moyo ndicho zaka 72. Mizinda ikuluikulu mdzikolo ndi São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Recife ndi Porto Alegre. Brazil ndi yayikulu ndipo ili ndi gawo labwino la South America. Pamenepo ndilo dziko lalikulu kwambiri pa kontrakitala.

Awa ndi mayiko asanu omwe ali ndi anthu ambiri padziko lapansi, koma lotsatiridwa ndi Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia ndi Mexico. Komanso pamndandandawu ndi Japan, Philippines, Ethiopia, Egypt, Vietnam, Congo, Germany, Iran, Turkey, France, Thailand, United Kingdom, Italy, South Africa, Tanzania, Myanmar, South Korea, Spain, Colombia, Argentina, Algeria , Ukraine…

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