Medina Azahara

Chithunzi | Wikimedia Commons

Pansi pa Sierra Morena ndi 8 kilomita kuchokera ku Córdoba kuli Medina Azahara, mzinda wodabwitsa womwe Abd-al Rahman III adalamula kuti umangidwe mu 936 AD kuti ukhale malo ake okhala ndi mpando wazandale wa caliphate. kupereka chithunzi cholimba komanso champhamvu cha Caliphate Yodziyimira Yoyimira Kumadzulo yomwe yangopangidwa kumene, umodzi mwamalamulo akulu akulu ku Europe.

Mwanjira imeneyi, Medina Azahara adakhala likulu la Al-Andalus ngakhale sizinakhalitse chifukwa, pambuyo pa nkhondo yomwe idapangitsa kugwa kwa Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba, kuyambira mchaka cha 1013 nyumba yachifumu iyi idasiyidwa.

Zaka zambiri zidadutsa mabwinja a Medina Azahara asadapezeke, zomwe zidachitika mu 1911, ndipo kuyambira pamenepo ntchito yakhala ikuchitika kuti ibwezeretsedwe.

Chithunzi | Wikimedia Commons

Kodi mungapite bwanji ku Medina Azahara kuchokera ku Córdoba?

Pagalimoto

Kuchokera ku Córdoba muyenera kutenga msewu A-432 wopita ku Palma del Río, womwe mumachokera ku Ronda de Poniente. Pambuyo pamakilomita 4 kumanja ndikubwerera ku Medina Azahara.

Pa basi

Tsiku lililonse pali basi yomwe imanyamuka kuchokera ku Paseo de la Victoria, ndikuyima koyamba ku Glorieta Hospital Cruz Roja komanso kutsogolo kwa Mercado de la Victoria. Zimatenga mphindi 20 kuti zifike pamalo ofukulidwa zakale.

Ulendo wotsogozedwa

Maofesi oyendera alendo ku Cordoba amapita ku Medina Azahara, komwe amakhala pafupifupi maola atatu, komwe kuli koyenera kusungitsa malo m'mabasi amodzi omwe amapita kumaloko.

Chithunzi | Wikipedia

Momwe mungayendere ku Medina Azahara

Chofunika kwambiri ndikuti mupite koyamba ku Museum of Medina Azahara yomwe idakhazikitsidwa zaka khumi zapitazo kuti mudziwe zambiri za mbiriyakale ya malo ofukulidwa pansiwa.

Ulendo ukangomaliza, muyenera kukwera basi imodzi yoyenda yomwe imalowera pakhomo la tsambalo ndi ina kuti mutsikenso. Nthawi yoyendera Medina Azahara, kuphatikiza paulendo waku museum, ili pakati pa maola 2 ndi 5.

Medina Azahara yakonzedwa m'mabwalo atatu ozunguliridwa ndi khoma, Alcázar kukhala wapamwamba kwambiri komanso wapakatikati. Malo otsika kwambiri anali osungira nyumba ndi mzikiti, womangidwa kunja kwa makoma. Olemba mbiri yakale akuti a Abd al-Rahman III sanapange zida zosonyeza kukongola kwa ufumu womwe amalamulira: nsangalabwi zokongola zofiirira ndi zofiira, golide ndi miyala yamtengo wapatali, komanso zaluso mosamala.

Chithunzi | Wikipedia

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Medina Azahara?

Medina Azahara idamangidwa pamakwerero angapo m'mbali mwa phirilo, ndikupanga bwalo lamakona, loyang'ana msewu wopita ku Córdoba.

Pali malo olowera pakhomo la Medina Azahara komwe mumatha kuwona bwino nyumba yachifumu yakale, komanso kuchokera komwe mungaone mamangidwe a nyumba ndi zipata zina zamzindawu.

Komanso kum'mawa, mutha kuwona zotsalira za mzikiti wa Aljama, waukulu mumzinda. Paulendo waku Medina Azahara mudzawona Khomo Lanyumba ya Jafar, Prime Minister wa Khalifa, yemwe amakhala ndi zokongoletsa zake zoyambirira. Mwa zotsalazo, chowonekera ndichitseko chake chachikulu chokhala ndi zipilala zitatu za nsapato za akavalo.

Gawo lina lachitetezo linali lodziwika pagulu ndipo ndipamene amayendera boma. Pamwambapa pali Alto Salón, yokonzedwa m'miyala isanu yokhala ndi ma arcade. Komanso pansi pali Salón Rico, likulu lapakati pa nyumba yachifumu. Danga lina lapadera ndi mabwalo a Great Portico, khomo lalikulu lanyumba yachifumu ya Medina Azahara.

Chifukwa cha nkhondo zomwe zidawononga al-Andalus koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, tsambalo lidawonongeka kwambiri mpaka lidakhala mabwinja. Khama kuti akonze mzinda chidwi inatenga zaka makumi asanu ndi awiri okha.

Maola ndi mtengo

M'dzinja ndi chisanu (kuyambira Seputembara 16 mpaka Marichi 31), maolawo amayamba 9 koloko mpaka 18 koloko masana kuyambira Lachiwiri mpaka Loweruka komanso Lamlungu, mpaka 15,00:1 pm Pakatikati (kuyambira Epulo 15 mpaka Juni 9), Medina Azahara imatsegulidwa kuyambira Lachiwiri mpaka Loweruka, kuyambira 20 koloko mpaka 9 koloko masana, ndipo Lamlungu ndi tchuthi, kuyambira 15,00 am mpaka XNUMX koloko masana. Lolemba limatsekedwa kwa alendo.

Ponena za mtengo wololeza ku Medina Azahara, ndi zaulere kwa nzika za European Union. Kwa alendo ena onse ili ndi mtengo wa 1,5 euros.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

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