Chilichonse chomwe mumaganizira za El Retiro Park

 

Zowonera Pobwerera

Ndi mahekitala 125 ndi mitengo yopitilira 15.000, pakiyo El Retiro ndi malo amtendere mumtima mwa Madrid. Sikuti ndi imodzi chabe mwa mapapo a likulu la Spain, komanso imaperekanso komweko komanso alendo zikhalidwe, zosangalatsa komanso masewera osiyanasiyana.

Ngati munapitako ku Madrid mwina mwapita ku paki ya El Retiro kuti mukayende, ndikumwa madzi pamalo ake okongola ndikujambula zithunzi. Komabe, ngakhale adatchuka, ndi ochepa okha omwe amadziwa zinsinsi za malo otanganidwa kwambiri am'mizinda komanso chizindikiro cha mzindawu.

Chiyambi cha paki ya El Retiro ku Madrid

Magwero a paki ya El Retiro ali m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chiwiri pamene kuvomerezeka kwa King Felipe IV, Count-Duke waku Olivares, adapatsa amfumu malo kuti azisangalala ndi banja lachifumu. Kuyambira pamenepo zasintha mosiyanasiyana pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, Napoleon atalanda dziko la Spain koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, mindayo idawonongeka koma kenako idakonzedwanso mkati mwa ulamuliro wa Ferdinand VII. Zaka makumi angapo pambuyo pake El Retiro nawonso adzawonongeka kwambiri panthawi ya Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni ku Spain.

Panali mpaka Glorious Revolution ya 1868 pomwe paki ya Retiro idakhala malo amatauni. Ndi pomwe idatsegulidwa kwa nzika zonse. Lero likupitirira ndi amodzi mwa malo odziwika bwino okaona malo wa Community of Madrid.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku El Retiro?

Zina mwazomangamanga ndi mbiri yakale:

Dziwe la Retiro

Dziwe: Linalamulidwa kuti limangidwe ndi Mfumu Felipe IV. Ntchito yake yoyambayo inali ngati bwalo lankhondo lamanyanja ndi ziwonetsero zam'madzi momwe amfumu nawonso nthawi zambiri amatengapo gawo. Pamapangidwe ake akale, inali m'mbali mwa nyanja kupezeka kwa ma norias asanu ndi limodzi omwe amamudyetsa madzi ndipo pakati pake panali chilumba chowoneka chowulungika chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popha nsomba komanso pakuwonetsera zisudzo.

Pakalipano, M'madzi ake mutha kuphunzira kupalasa ndipo pafupifupi nsomba 8.000 zimakhala mmenemo. Pamene adakhuthuka mu 2001 kuti akonze, zidadziwika Mipando 192, mabwato 40, matebulo 41, mabini 20, mipando 9 yamatabwa, zotengera zitatu, mipanda 3 ya City City, mafoni 19, makina ogulitsira, magalimoto angapo ogulira, ma skateboard angapo komanso chitetezo.

nyumba yachifumu

nyumba yachifumu: Ndi Chimodzi mwa zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri pazomwe zimatchedwa zomangamanga zachitsulo ku Madrid. Inamangidwa ndi Ricardo Velázquez Bosco mu 1887 ku Chiwonetsero cha ku Philippines, chomwe chidachitika chaka chomwecho. Ntchito yake yomanga idalimbikitsidwa ndi Crystal Palace ya Paxton. Galasi lokonderali komanso chitsulo chinali choti chizikhala wowonjezera kutentha kuti azikhalamo mbewu zam'malo otentha, koma lero ndi holo yowonetserako yomwe ili ndi zitsanzo zochokera ku Reina Sofía Museum.

Nyumba yachifumu ya Velázquez: Ili mu Retiro Park ndipo idamangidwa pakati pa 1881 ndi 1883 kukondwerera National Mining Exhibition (Meyi-Novembala 1883). Ndi nyumba yophimbidwa ndi zipinda zachitsulo zomwe zimatsagana ndi magalasi omwe amalola kuti zipindazo ziunikidwe mwachilengedwe. Linauziridwa ndi Crystal Palace ku London ndipo womanga nyumbayo anali Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, yemweyo yemwe anamanga Palacio de Cristal.

Pakalipano Nyumba yachifumu ya Velázquez ndi ya Unduna wa Zachikhalidwe ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati holo yowonetsera kwakanthawi ku Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.

mngelo wakugwa abwerera

Zithunzi zodziwika bwino ndi akasupe: Chipilala cha Alfonso XII, kasupe wa Galápagos polemekeza Isabel II ndi malo osungidwa a Fernando VII aonekera, omwe ali pakona ya O'Donnell ndi Menéndez Pelayo. Otsatirawa akuphatikizapo Nyumba ya Asodzi, Phiri Lopangidwira, ndi Nyumba ya Smuggler (yomwe kale inali holo yachipani ku Florida Park). Chiboliboli cha The Fallen Angel ndichotchuka kwambiri chifukwa ndichojambula chokha padziko lapansi chomwe chikuyimira satana..

Chikhalidwe cha El Retiro

Rose Garden ya Retreat

Minda ina ya paki ya El Retiro imayenera kusamalidwa mwapadera chifukwa cha kukongola kwake: munda wa Vivaces, minda ndi maluwa a duwa a Cecilio Rodríguez (minda ya classicist yokhala ndi mlengalenga wa Andalusi ndi minda yanyumba mofananamo ndi Parisian), minda ya Architect Herrero Palacios ndi French Parterre yokhala ndi Ciprés Calvo, mtengo wakale kwambiri ku Madrid ochokera ku Mexico komwe akuti ali ndi zaka pafupifupi 400.

Forest of the Absent ndi kamunda kakang'ono kamene kamamangidwa ngati msonkho kwa anthu omwe anavulala pa nthawi ya kuukira kwa Madrid pa Marichi 11, 2004. Anakhazikitsa chaka chimodzi chokha, ndipo amapangidwa ndi ma cypress 170 ndi mitengo ya maolivi 22.

Chiwonetsero cha Mabuku ku Madrid ku El Retiro

bweretsani chiwonetsero cha mabuku

Chiyambireni kukhazikitsidwa mu Paseo de Recoletos mu 1933, Book Fair sinasiye kukula ndikuthandizira kukongoletsa zikhalidwe ku Madrid. Chifukwa cha kuwonjezeka kokuwonjezereka kwa zopempha kuchokera kwa ogulitsa mabuku, ofalitsa ndi ogulitsa, malo atsopano amayenera kupezeka, ndipo pachifukwa ichi mu 1967 Book Fair idasamutsidwa kupita ku paki ya El Retiro. Nthawi yawonetsa kuti kusankha malowa kunali kopambana.

Chifukwa chake Parque de El Retiro imagwirizana kwambiri ndi zolemba. Kusankhidwa kwapachaka kumeneku ndi mwayi wabwino kwambiri wopeza kuchotsera kwapadera komanso kudzipereka kwa olemba odziwika, popeza tsiku lililonse magawo osainirana amachitikira m'misasa ya ogulitsa ndi malo ogulitsa mabuku.

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