Choyang'ana ku University of Salamanca

University of Salamanca

Chipilala cha University, amodzi mwamalo ojambula kwambiri ku Salamanca

Yunivesite ya Salamanca, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa ku 1218 ndi King Alfonso IX waku León, amadziwika kuti ndi akale kwambiri m'mayunivesite aku Spain omwe alipo ndipo m'modzi mwa oyamba kubadwa ku Europe limodzi ndi Bologna, Oxford kapena Paris.

Pamwambo wokumbukira kuti idakwanitsa zaka 800, timaphunzira za mbiriyakale ya malo akale azidziwitso ndi mawonekedwe ake okongola, zojambulajambula zaluso zaku Spain za Plateresque.

Mbiri ya University of Salamanca

Mfumu Alfonso IX ya ku León inali yowunikidwa isanakwane nthawi yake yomwe inkafuna kuti ufumu wake uphunzire kwambiri. Pachifukwa ichi mu 1218 adapanga fayilo ya maphunziro Salamanticae, pachimake pa University ya Salamanca, pakulimbikitsa ndi kusamutsa chidziwitso.

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, Mfumu Alfonso X idakhazikitsa malamulo oyendetsera yunivesite ndi zopereka zandalama. Kumbali yake, mu 1255 Alexander IV adasindikiza zolemba za apapa zomwe zimazindikira kuvomerezeka kwamadigiri omwe amapatsidwa komanso amapatsidwa mwayi wokhala ndi chidindo chake.

Yunivesite ya Salamanca idatuluka ngati yunivesite yovomerezeka kwambiri, yogwirizana kwambiri ndi ya Bologna. M'zaka za m'ma XNUMX ndi XNUMX, uprofesa watsopano m'Chilamulo udapangidwa ndipo maphunziro mu Theology adayamba kuphunzitsidwa.

Bungweli lidatenga nthawi yayitali kuti likhale ndi nyumba zake zophunzitsira. Mpaka zaka za zana la XNUMX, makalasi amachitikira ku tchalitchi cha San Benito, m'chipinda cha Old Cathedral komanso m'nyumba zobwerekedwa kubungweli.

Chithunzi cha University

Chithunzi | Lance ya digito

Komabe, façade yotchuka ya University of Salamanca yomwe titha kuwona lero ku Patio de Escuelas sinayambe kumangidwa mpaka 1529. Idalamulidwa ndi mafumu achi Katolika ndipo adamaliza ndi Carlos I.

Amawonedwa ngati luso lapamwamba kwambiri lakale la XNUMXth Spanish Plateresque chifukwa chodzikongoletsa kwake, zomangamanga za Gothic, zikopa zake, ma ashlars ndi zopindika zomwe zimasangalatsa onse omwe ali ndi mwayi woziganizira.

Zithunzithunzi zake zonse ndizosema mwala wa Villamayor, chinthu chodziwika bwino chochokera m'matanthwe pafupi ndi mzindawu chomwe chimagwiritsidwanso ntchito pomanga zipilala zodziwika bwino monga Meya wa Plaza kapena Casa de las Conchas.

Kwa nthawi yayitali sizikudziwika kuti ndi ndani amene adalemba chithunzi cha University of Salamanca koma kafukufuku waposachedwa akuti ndi wamanga Juan de Talavera ngakhale ndizomvekanso kuti ojambula ena alowererapo pantchito yayikuluyi.

Ndi anthu ati akale omwe angawoneke?

Chithunzi | Wikipedia

Mafumu onse achikatolika ndi Carlos I alipo pamalopo kudzera m'mafanizo, zovala zawo kapena chiwombankhanga chokhala ndi mitu iwiri, chizindikiro cha ufumu wawo. Pazithunzi mutha kuwona umunthu wa Mpingo wa Katolika monga papa ndi makadinala angapo. Kudziwika kwa pontiff sikudziwika koma ambiri amakhulupirira kuti ndi Martín V, wofunikira kwambiri pamalamulo a yunivesite iyi. Komabe, ena amakhulupirira kuti ndi Papa Luna kapena Alexander VI.

Kuphatikiza pa anthu onsewa, pali zochitika zambiri zachipembedzo (Kaini ndi Abele) kapena zina zongopeka. Zonsezi zaphatikizidwa ndi zokongoletsa zabwino, zophiphiritsa komanso zodziwika bwino zomwe zimawoneka pazithunzi.

Mu labyrinth iyi ya ziwerengero, musaiwale kupeza yapadera kwambiri: chule pamutu. Amati ophunzira a University of Salamanca sangapambane ngati sazindikira. Tsamba lachiwiri lokongoletsa lomwe labwera kuti liziwonekera pazithunzi zina zonse.

What other places to see in Salamanca?

Nyumba Ya Zipolopolo

Ulendo wopita ku Yunivesite ya Salamanca kuti akaphunzire za mbiri yake ndi façade yake yotchuka ndichimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zitha kuchitika mzindawu, popeza pali zambiri zomwe zingalimbikitse chikhalidwe cha Salamanca.

Pang'ono ndi pang'ono, tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwane ndi Meya wa Plaza ndi nyumba yayikuluyi. Komanso Casa de las Conchas, yotchuka chifukwa cha malo ake okongola komanso koposa zonse chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake ka plateresque kokhala ndi ma Gothic ndi Mudejar, odzaza ndi zipolopolo zochokera ku Santiago. La Clerecía- Royal College of the Society of Jesus yomwe yakhala likulu la Pontifical University of Salamanca kuyambira 1940. Nyumba zazitali za Clerecía ndizowoneka bwino mzindawu ndipo chifukwa chakuwonetserako kwamuyaya Scala koeli mungathe kufika pamwamba ndikuwona Salamanca yonse.

Tipitiliza njira yodutsa Bridge ya Roma, Huerto de Calizto ndi Melibea ndi Casa Lis, yomwe ili ndi Museum of Art Nouveau Art Déco. Kenako titha kupitilira ku Convent ya San Esteban ndi Convent of the Dueñas, komwe tikupangira kuti mugule maswiti omwe masisitere amaphika ndikubwezeretsanso mukachezera kwambiri.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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