Nthano za Roma

Nthano zaku Roma zidachokera pachiyambi pomwe cha Mzinda Wamuyaya. Monga mukudziwa, maziko ake ali ndi mbiri yakale kumbuyo kwake, ya Romulus ndi Remus. Koma, kuwonjezera apo, mzinda wokhala ndi mbiri yakale uyenera kukhala ndi nkhani zina zambiri zongopeka zomwe mungachite chidwi kudziwa.

Sitingathe kukuwuzani nonse, koma tikukutsimikizirani kuti nkhani zomwe tikukuwuzani ndi gawo la nthano zamtengo wapatali zaku Roma ndikuti mudzasangalala kuzidziwa. Osati pachabe amakhala ndi nkhani zokhudzana nazo mafumu oyamba, ndi mafumu akulu kuyambira nthawi yakale komanso mdima Zaka zapakati ya mzinda wokongola waku Italiya (apa tikusiyani nkhani yokhudza zipilala zake). Koma, popanda kupitanso patsogolo, tiyeni tipite ndi nkhani zongopeka za Mzinda Wamuyaya.

Nthano zaku Roma, kuyambira kukhazikitsidwa kwa mzindawo

Monga tidakuwuzirani, komwe komwe Roma adachokera kuli ndi mbiri yakale. Koma momwemonso nkhani yodziwika ya kulanda masabata, chifukwa chake tawuni yakale yachiroma idakula usiku wamtsogolo. Tiyeni tipite ndi zonsezi.

Nthano yakukhazikitsidwa kwa Roma

Romulus ndi Remus

Romulus ndi Remus akuyamwitsidwa ndi mmbulu

Chiyambi chachikunja cha Roma chidayamba m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu BC. Komabe, nthano iyi ya Roma imayamba ngakhale kale. Ascanio, mwana wa Eneya, ngwazi ya Trojan, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa m'mbali mwa Tiber mzinda wa Alba Longa.

Patapita zaka zambiri, mfumu ya mzinda uno anaitanidwa Wowerengera Ndi m'bale wake Amulium adamuchotsa pampando wachifumu. Koma mlandu wake sunayime pamenepo. Kuti woyamba akhale wopanda ana omwe angatenge mpando wachifumu, adakakamiza mwana wake wamkazi, Rea Silvia, kuti akhale Vestal, zomwe zimafuna kuti akhale namwali. Komabe, Amulio woyipayo sankaganizira chifuniro cha mulunguyo Mars.

Uyu adatenga Rea wamapasa kukhala ndi pakati Romulus ndi Remus. Komabe, atabadwa, poopa kuti mfumu yoipayo iwapha, adayikidwa mudengu ndikusiya mu Tiber River momwemo. Dengu lidagwera pafupi kwambiri ndi nyanja, pafupi ndi mapiri asanu ndi awiri, pomwe adawonedwa ndi a nkhandwe yayikazi. Adapulumutsa ndikuyamwitsa ana m'malo awo a Phiri la Palatine mpaka atapezeka ndi m'busa, yemwe adapita nawo kunyumba kwake, komwe adaleredwa ndi mkazi wake.

Atakula, anyamata awiriwa adachotsa Amulio m'malo mwa Numitor. Koma chomwe chimatikhudza kwambiri m'mbiri yathu ndikuti Romulus ndi Remus adakhazikitsanso Alba Longa m'mbali mwa mtsinje womwewo, ndendende komwe mmbulu wake udawayamwitsa, ndipo atsogoleri awo adalengezedwa.

Komabe, mkangano wokhudza malo enieni omwe mzinda watsopano udapangidwe udadzetsa mkangano wowopsa pakati pa awiriwo womwe ungathere ndi Imfa ya Remo m'manja mwa m'bale wake yemwe. Malinga ndi nthano, Romulus adakhala motero mfumu yoyamba ya Roma. Ngati titi tizimvetsera olemba mbiri yakale, zinali chaka cha 754 BC.

Kugwiriridwa kwa Akazi a Sabine, Nthano Ina Yotchuka Yachiroma

Kugwirira Akazi A Sabine

Kugwirira Akazi A Sabine

Komanso mpaka nthawi ya Romulus ndi nkhani yakubedwa kwa azimayi a Sabine, ina mwa nthano zodziwika bwino zaku Roma. Amati woyambitsa mzindawu adalandila aliyense kuchokera ku Lazio ngati nzika yatsopano kuti akhalemo.

Komabe, anali pafupifupi amuna onse, zomwe zidapangitsa kukula kwa Roma kukhala kosatheka. Romulus ndiye adazindikira ana akazi a masabata, yemwe amakhala paphiri lapafupi la Chotsatira ndipo adayamba kuwagwira.

Kuti atero, adapanga phwando lalikulu ndikuitana oyandikana nawo. Pamene a Sabine adadabwitsidwa ndi vinyo, adagwira ana awo aakazi ndikupita nawo ku Roma. Koma nkhaniyi sikuthera pamenepo.

Panthawiyi, adali atachoka mumzindawu Tarpeia, yemwe anali wachikondi ndi King of Latinos. Pomwe adalengeza nkhondo ku Roma atagwidwa ana awo aakazi, msungwanayo adapangana ndi amfumu kuti amuwonetsa chinsinsi cholowera mumzinda ngati atamupatsa zomwe anali nazo m'manja mwake wakumanzere posinthana. Amanena za chibangili chagolide, koma, pomwe a Sabine adadziwa kuti mwayi wobisika wopita ku Roma, mfumu idalamula asitikali ake kuti aphwanye Tarpeii ndi zikopa zawo, zonyamula ndendende kumanja kwake kwamanzere.

Komabe, kutha kwa nkhaniyi kuli ndi zina. Ikunena kuti Aroma, podziwa kuperekedwa kwa mtsikanayo, adamponya kumtunda komwe, kuyambira nthawi imeneyo, amatchedwa Thanthwe la Tarpeya.

Pomaliza, panali mkangano pakati pa Sabine ndi Aroma. Kapenanso, sizinachitike chifukwa atsikana obedwa anaima pakati pa magulu ankhondo awiriwo kuyimitsa nkhondoyi. Ngati Aroma apambana, amataya makolo ndi abale awo, pomwe ma Sabine atapambana, amasiyidwa opanda amuna. Chifukwa chake, mtendere udasainidwa pakati pa mizindayi.

Msewu wa Mazzamurelli

Kudzera mwa los Mazzamurelli

Msewu wa Mazzamurelli, chithunzi cha nthano ina yaku Roma

Mukapita kukaona Phunzirani Roman, mupeza msewu wawung'ono womwe, kuyambira mpingo wa St. Chrysogonus, Kufikira ya San Gallicano. Njirayi ndi ya a Mazamurelli. Koma ndi ziti izi zolengedwa zomwe zili ndi msewu ku Roma wotchedwa pambuyo pawo?

Tikhoza kuwazindikira iwo ndi aang'ono awo anzeru zamwano zomwe ndi gawo lazikhulupiriro zonse zadziko lapansi. Adzakhala amtundu wa elves omwe amasangalala kuchita zazing'ono kwa odutsa ndipo, nawonso, omwe amakhala mumsewuwo.

M'malo mwake, imodzi mwa nkhani zomwe zimapanga nthano iyi akuti panali munthu wina yemwe amadziwika kuti ndi wamatsenga pakuwona zolengedwa zauzimu. Nyumba ya munthuyu imasungidwabe pamseu ndipo akuti amatero zovutitsa.

Komabe, sizinthu zonse zoyipa mozungulira mazzamurelli. Kwa ena olemba nthano iyi ya Roma, ndi zolengedwa zopindulitsa zomwe zadzipereka kuteteza oyandikana nawo mumsewu womwe umadziwika ndi dzina lawo.

Castel Sant'Angelo, wowonekera nthano zambiri zaku Roma

Nyumba yachifumu ya Sant'Angelo

Castel Sant'Angelo

Kuphatikiza pa kukhala chimodzi mwazikumbutso zofunika kwambiri mu Mzinda Wamuyaya, a Castel Sant'Angelo ali ndi nthano zambiri. Zomangidwa kuti zikhale Mausoleum a Emperor Hadrian, ali ndi zaka pafupifupi zikwi ziwiri za mbiriyakale. Sizingakudabwitseni inu, chifukwa chake, ndi komwe kwakhala nkhani zambiri zopeka.

Chodziwika kwambiri cha iwo ndi chifukwa cha dzina lake. Tili mchaka cha 590 cha nthawi yathu ino. Mliri wowopsa udagwera Roma ndi papa Gregory Wamkulu anakonza gulu. Pamene idayandikira nyumba yachifumu, idawoneka pamwamba pake mngelo wamkulu kuti anali m'manja mwake lupanga lolengeza kutha kwa mliriwu.

Chifukwa chake, osati nyumba yachifumu yokha yomwe amatchedwa de Sant'Angelo, komanso, chithunzi cha mngelo wamkulu chidamangidwa pamwamba pake kuti, mutayambiranso kangapo, mutha kuwona lero.

Passetto di Borgo

Passetto di Borgo

Passetto di Borgo, ina mwa zochitika za nthano zambiri zaku Roma

Sitikupita patali ndi zomangamanga zam'mbuyomu kuti tipeze ina mwa mfundo zachiroma zomwe zili zodzaza nthano ndi nthano. Kum'mawa passetto kapena njira yolumikizidwa ndi mipanda yolumikizana, ndendende, nyumba yachifumu ya Sant'Angelo ndi Vatican.

Sili pafupifupi theka la mile, koma zakhala zikuchitika zamitundu yonse anatulutsa mbatata ndi atsogoleri ena achipembedzo omwe adafuna kubisala munthawi ya nkhondo ndikulanda. Komabe, nthanoyo imati aliyense amene adzawoloke maulendo makumi asanu ndi awiri adzawona momwe mavuto awo onse amathera.

Nthano yodabwitsa kwambiri ya passetto di Borgo kotero kuti yawonekera m'mafilimu ambiri, makanema apawailesi yakanema, komanso masewera amakanema.

Chilumba cha Tiber

Chilumba cha Tiber

Chilumba cha Tiber

Timaliza kuyendera nthano zaku Roma pachilumbachi, zomwe mutha kuziwona lero pakati pa Tiber. Chopangidwa ngati bwato ndipo sichikhala chotalika mita 270 ndi 70 mita mulifupi. Komabe, yakhala mutu wankhani zongopeka kuyambira kalekale.

M'malo mwake, zimakhudza mawonekedwe awo. Zimanenedwa kuti mfumu yomaliza ya Roma, Tarquinius Wopambana, anaponyedwa mumtsinje ndi nzika anzake. Iye anali munthu woipa amene anali kuba tirigu wawo. Izi zitangochitika, chilumbacho chidayamba kuwonekera ndipo Aroma adaganiza kuti chidachokera chifukwa cha zidutswa zomwe zidasonkhanitsidwa mozungulira thupi lachifumu, lomwe gawo lake linali, tirigu amene anaba.

Pa zonsezi, Tiberina nthawi zonse amafesa mantha pakati pa nzika zaku Roma. Izi zidatenga zaka mazana angapo mpaka, panthawi ya mliri wa mliri, a njoka (chizindikiro cha mankhwala) chomwe chidathetsa matenda. Monga zikomo, Aroma adamanga kachisi polemekeza Aesculapius pachilumbachi ndipo adasiya kuchita mantha kukayendera. Tikukukumbutsani kuti chiwerengerochi chinali mulungu wachiroma wazachipatala.

Pomaliza, takuwuzani zina mwazotchuka kwambiri nthano za roma. Komabe, mzinda wakale ngati uwu uyenera kukhala ndi ena ambiri. Mwa zina zomwe zatsalira mu payipi ndipo mwina tikukuuzani m'nkhani ina ndi zomwe zikunenedwa Emperor Nero ndi Tchalitchi cha Santa Maria del Pueblo, Mmodzi wa Dioscuri Castor ndi Pollux, a Pakamwa pa Choonadi kapena ambiri omwe ali ndi protagonist Hercules.

 

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*