Cairo Museum, kukaona ndi kusangalala

Cairo Museum

Chimodzi mwazinthu zakale zakale kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndi Museum of Egypt Antiquities, yotchedwa Cairo Museum. Ulendo wopita kudziko lino la Africa sungakhale wathunthu, mwanjira iliyonse, osayendera maholo osatha a nyumbayi yakale mumzinda wa Egypt.

Ngakhale ndizowona kuti azungu, French, English, Germany, Belgians ndi ena adatenga zotsalira zambiri ndi chuma (ndipo ambiri sanazibwezere), mwamwayi zosunga zakale zidapitilizabe kuwala ndi zoposa zinthu 120 zowonetsedwa osawerengera masauzande ena omwe amasunga nkhokwe zake zolemera. Mkhalidwe wandale mdziko muno sunathetsedwe ndichifukwa chake zokopa alendo sizikulimbikitsidwabe, koma ngati mungayerekeze kapena kukonzekera, ganizirani izi maupangiri ochezera ndikusangalala ndi Museum of Cairo.

Museum of Egypt Zakale

Cairo Museum

Ndi nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale za boma yomwe idamangidwa mu 1835 koma zopereka zake zoyambirira zidaperekedwa mu 1855 kwa Archduke Maximilian I waku Austria ndipo lero sizili ku Egypt koma ku Museum of Culture ku Vienna. Chifukwa chake, chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 50 zaka mazana amenewo kunamangidwa nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale zatsopano koma chifukwa cha kusefukira kwamadzi kwa Nile, inali pafupi ndi gombe, idayenera kusamutsidwa kupita ku Giza komwe idakhalako mpaka koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX kusunthidwa kupita komwe ilipo ku Tahrir Square.

Nyumba yosungira zakale ku Cairo

Cairo Museum, monga momwe imadziwikira, idapangidwa kalembedwe ka neoclassical ndi Marcel Dourgnon ndi Ili ndi zipinda ziwiri zazikulu zipinda zonse 107 ndi chuma kuyambira nthawi zamakedzana mpaka nthawi yachiroma, ngakhale zili choncho zonse zimakhazikika munthawi ya mafarao. Mpaka chapakatikati pa zaka za m'ma 90, ogwira ntchito yosungiramo zinthu zakale anatseka zitseko usiku ndikupanga chitetezo, koma chifukwa chakuba usiku usiku aboma adaganiza zokhazikitsa ma alarm ndi ma detector. Nthawi yomweyo kuyatsa kunakonzedwanso ndipo magetsi apadera adayikidwa pazowonetsera zina.

Munthawi yachiwopsezo cha 2011 nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale idakumana ndi zovuta zina, zinthu zidabedwa ndipo mitembo iwiri idawonongeka. Pofuna kupewa kutayika kwina, gulu la omenyera ufulu wawo linatha kupanga unyolo wozungulira nyumba.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Cairo Museum

Manda a Mariette

Nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale, monga tanenera pamwambapa, ili ndi zipinda ziwiri zazikulu ndi dimba kuti Ndikupangira kuyendera musanalowe. M'munda uno mupeza manda a Augusto Mariette, wofukula mabwinja wachifalansa yemwe adamwalira mu 1881, woyambitsa Dipatimenti Yakale ya Aigupto komanso wofufuza waluso yemwe adabweretsa chuma chambiri ku Egypt wakale. Madzi osefukira a mumtsinje wa Nile omwe timakambirananso adawonongera zolemba zake komanso masiku omaliza a moyo wake adadzipereka kuti France isataye mwayi ku England pantchito zofukula zamabwinja ku Egypt.

Ndendende, Mariette anaikidwa m'manda mu sarcophagus m'minda yosungiramo zinthu zakale, pansi pamtengo ndi Chipilala cha mabasi chomwe chimakumbutsa akatswiri abwino kwambiri aku Egypt: Champollion, Maspero ndi Lepsius, pakati pa ena. Mundawo mulibe zokopa zina, koma ndimawona zosangalatsa ndikupita kumanda ndikuphunzira nkhani ya yemwe adathandizira kwambiri kukonza nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale. Izi zikachitika, pansi pa nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale ikutiyembekezera.

Chithunzi cha Ka-Aper

Zowonetserako pansi zimakonzedwa motsatira nthawi mozungulira kenako ndikuyamba mu holo. Chipinda cha 43, chapakati pa atrium, chimakhala ndi zinthu zambiri zaku Aigupto: chosema choyimira Farao Narmer wokhala ndi zisoti zachifumu zaku Upper and Lower Egypt zochokera mu 3100 BC ndipo kuti akatswiri akuimira mgwirizano woyamba wa maufumu awiriwo, kujambulidwa kwa Farao Menkaure (Chipinda 47, pakati), the Chithunzi cha Khafre (onse akuti amamanga mapiramidi awiri mwa atatu a Giza), otchuka Chifaniziro cha Ka-Aper, ya nkhuni zakuda ndi maso amkuwa, miyala yamwala wamwala ndi quartz yosalala (chithunzi chapamwamba, Chipinda 42, chidutswa 40), ndi fano lotchuka la mlembi wokhala pansi, mu miyala yamwala (Malo 42, Chigawo 44).

Heterefe Mipando

Ndiyonso pansi koma m'chipinda cha 32 muli chifanizo cha olemekezeka angapo a mzera wa IV komanso chifanizo cha Seneb, mfumu yaying'ono, ndi banja lake (Gawo 39). Mu Chipinda 37, chomwe mumalowa kudzera mu Malo 32, muwona mipando yomwe imachokera kumanda a Mfumukazi Heteferes, amayi a Cheops monga bokosi lake lazodzikongoletsera, kama kapena mpando momwe adanyamulidwira. Mu chipinda kumanja mudzawona otchuka Nefertiti mutu, mkazi wokongola wa Akhenaten kapena Amenophis IV, pharao yemwe adapanga kusintha kwachipembedzo pokhazikitsa Aten ngati mulungu yekhayo.

Mutu wa Nefertiti

Ziwonetsero zanyumba yoyamba zimakonzedwa m'magulu azithunzithunzi. ndipo simuyenera kutsatira dongosolo kuti muwasirire. Nawa mafayilo a Zithunzi za Tutankhamun, mu Chipinda 45, ndi chithunzi cha momwe mandawo ndi zidutswa zamkati mwake zidapezedwera. Tikumbukireni kuti manda a farao, achichepere koma okwatiwa komanso ali ndi ana, adapezeka ndi Howard Carter mu 1922. Mkati mwake munali zinthu 3000 kuphatikiza zotchuka Chigoba chaimfa, mpando wachifumu, miyala yamtengo wapatali ndi bokosi lamfumu. Onse osakhudzidwa kwazaka zambiri. Kukongola.

Chigoba cha Tutankhamun

 

Palinso fayilo ya Chipinda cha Amayi achifumu ndi mfumukazi ndi mafarao kuyambira zaka za 945 mpaka 1660, (pakati pa XNUMX ndi XNUMX BC). Ayenera perekani zowonjezera kuti mulowe ndipo ndiokwera mtengo koma simufika kuno osakuwona, sichoncho? Ali Amayi 27 Zonsezi, zina ndizosungidwa bwino, ndi mano, tsitsi ndi misomali. Zabwino.

Amayi a Ramses II

Zothandiza pochezera ku Cairo Museum

Chuma cha Tutankhamun

  • Kumalo: Midan al-Tahrir, Downtown Cairo.
  • Momwe mungafikire kumeneko: pa metro, pitani ku Sadat station ndikutsatira zikwangwani zaku museum. Pa basi funsani abdel minem-ryad.
  • Maola: nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale imatsegulidwa tsiku lililonse kuyambira 9 koloko mpaka 7 koloko masana ndipo nthawi ya Ramadam imatsegulidwa mpaka 5 koloko masana.
  • Mtengo: Kulandila kwathunthu kwa LE 4 kwa nzika zaku Egypt ndi LE 60 kwa akunja. Pakhomo la Hall of the Mummies pamafunika LE 100. Pali kuchotsera kwa ophunzira aku Egypt ndi akunja omwe ali ndi khadi yotchuka ya ISIC.
  • Mu nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale pali malo odyera, positi ofesi, malo ogulitsira mphatso, laibulale komanso malo owonetsera ana. Maupangiri amawu ku French, Arabic ndi English atha kubwerekedwa kwa LE 20, ku kiosk ku foyer. Pali chikepe cha iwo omwe sangathe kugwiritsa ntchito masitepe.
  • Zithunzi siziloledwa ndipo makamera ayenera kuwonetsedwa pakhomo.
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