Petra, mzinda wodziwika bwino wa Yordano

Zozizwitsa Zisanu ndi ziwiri Zapadziko Lapansi

Nthawi zambiri amadziwika kuti chodabwitsa chachisanu ndi chitatu cha dziko lakale, Petra ndiye chuma chamtengo wapatali kwambiri ku Jordan komanso malo ake ofunikira kwambiri alendo. Kutchuka kwake ndikuyenera kwambiri ndipo palibe chomwe chimatikonzekeretsa malo odabwitsayi. Ziyenera kuwonedwa kuti zimakhulupirira.

Mzinda wokongola wa Petra unamangidwa ndi a Nabataea cha m'ma 2.000 BC, omwe adakumba akachisi, manda, nyumba zachifumu, makola ndi zina zomangidwa m'miyala ya mchenga wofiira. Anthuwa adakhazikika m'derali zaka zopitilira XNUMX zapitazo ndikuusandutsa mzinda wofunikira wolumikizana ndi njira za silika, zonunkhira ndi zina zomwe zimalumikiza China, India ndi kumwera kwa Arabia ndi Egypt. Syria, Greece ndi Roma.

Kupeza kwa Petra

kujambula kwa petra

Kwa zaka mazana ambiri sichinali chinsinsi. Anthu okhala m'chipululu cha Jordan adazungulira mzinda wopeka wa Nabataeaans ndi nthano, mwina kuti asunge mayendedwe awo apaulendo komanso kuti palibe amene adayerekeza kupita kumeneko. M'malo mwake, woyamba waku Europe wokhoza kulowerera misewu iyi ndikufika ku Petra adayenera kudzionetsa ngati sheikh kuti aganizire za malo akale awa, popeza alendo adaloledwa kuyendayenda m'malo amenewa.

Mwanjira iyi, mu 1812 aku Switzerland A Johann Ludwig Burckhardt anali azungu oyamba kukwanitsa kufikira ku Petra kuti akawone zomwe zinali zoona munthanthi izi zomwe zinauzidwa za mzinda wofiira. Ndi chowiringula chofuna kupereka nsembe kumanda a mneneri Aaron, adakwanitsa kupatukana ndi womuperekeza wake kuchokera pagalimoto yomwe amayenda ndipo adatha kulingalira ndi maso ake chuma chodziwika bwino cha Nabataea. Anali woyamba Kumadzulo kuchita izi mzaka mazana asanu ndi limodzi.

Pakumwalira kwake mu 1822, zokumbukira za malo odabwitsa omwe adakumbidwa pamwala wapinki wa m'chipululu cha Jordan adasindikizidwa ndipo mzaka zotsatira otsatira ena ambiri aku Europe adafika ku Petra, kuphatikiza wojambula wazotchuka waku Scottish David Roberts, yemwe adabweretsa nkhani zambiri uthenga wopita ku Europe. zojambula zoyambirira zamalo amenewo.

Kudziwa Petra

Zitenga masiku angapo kuti mudziwe bwino mzindawu popeza zipilalazo ndizobalalika kwambiri ndipo muyenera kuyenda mtunda wautali kuti muwawone onse. Chizindikiro chachikulu mwa zonsezi ndi Treasure, yomwe imafikiridwa kudzera mumtsinje wopapatiza wotchedwa Siq.

Pofika m'chigwa cha Petra, mlendo adzakumana ndi zomangamanga ndipo adzadabwa ndi kukongola kwachilengedwe kwa malowa. Monga woyeserera Johann Ludwig Burckhardt adachita zaka 200 zapitazo.

Pano mungapeze manda mazana ambiri osemedwa pamwala ndi zokongoletsedwa ndi zojambulajambula zomwe zidapangidwira mtsogolo. Ambiri mwa iwo ali bwino ngakhale alibe kanthu. Bwalo lamasewera lalikulu lachi Roma lomwe a Nabataea amamanganso amasungidwa, mosiyana ndi nyumba zomwe zidawonongedwa ndi chivomerezi.

zisudzo za petra

Pali zipilala, akachisi, maguwa, misewu yotchingidwa ndi zipilala, ndipo pamwamba pa chigwacho pali nyumba yachifumu yochititsa chidwi ya Ad-Deir, yokwera masitepe 800 odutsa pamenepo.

Mkati mwatsambali mutha kuchezeranso malo osungirako zakale awiri osangalatsa omwe ali ndi zidutswa zambiri kuchokera mdera la Petra: Archaeological Museum ndi Museum ya Nabatean.

Palinso kachisi wokumbukira imfa ya Aaron, mchimwene wake wa Mose, womangidwa ndi mtsogoleri wachi Mamluk wazaka za m'ma XNUMX.

Mkati mwa chipindacho, amisiri osiyanasiyana ochokera mumzinda wa Wadi Musa ndi malo okhala pafupi ndi a Bedouin adakhazikitsa malo awo ang'onoang'ono kuti agulitse zaluso zakomweko, monga zoumba mbiya za ku Bedouin ndi zodzikongoletsera, komanso mabotolo amchenga wachikuda mderalo.

Kodi nthawi yabwino kudziwa Petra ndi iti?

usiku wa petra

Ngati mukufuna kujambula zithunzi, nthawi yabwino kukaona mzindawu ndi kuyambira m'mawa kwambiri mpaka pakati pa m'mawa kapena nthawi yamadzulo, pomwe kuwala kwa dzuwa kumawunikira mitundu yachilengedwe yamiyala.

Komabe, maulendo obwera madzulo ku Treasure of Petra powunikira makandulo ndi osaiwalika, chokumana nacho chamatsenga chomwe chiyenera kukhalanso kumeneko. Ndibwino kuti mubweretse zovala zotentha chifukwa kutentha kumakhala kotsika usiku ndipo kuwunikira komanso nyimbo zomwe zikuwonetsedwa komweko zimatha kukhala maola atatu panja.

Momwe mungapezere Petra?

Kupeza magalimoto pamalowo sikuloledwa koma mutha kubwereka kavalo kapena ngolo kuti muziyendera Siq. Olemala kapena okalamba atha kulandira chilolezo chapadera ku Visitor Center kuti asamuke kupita mkati mwa Petra komanso kuchezera zokopa zazikulu pamtengo wowonjezera.

Jordan ndiposa Petra

njira ya Jordan

Petra ndi chifukwa chokwanira kupita ku Jordan koma osati yekhayo. Kuphatikiza pa zipilala zake zambiri, dzikolo limapatsa malo owoneka bwino achipululu, malo odzaza ndi maluwa ndi midzi yaying'ono yomwe imasunga miyambo yawo yakale.

Komanso, Jordan ikulimbikitsa kulimbikitsa zokopa alendo achipembedzo komanso Jordan Tourism Board, bungwe lolimbikitsa kukopa alendo mdziko muno mogwirizana ndi akatswiri ochokera ku Jacobean Route, adapanga 'Jordan Trail', yomwe imadutsa mitu yayikulu yaku Jordan: ubatizo wa Khristu mu Mtsinje wa Yordani, kukwera kwa mneneri Eliya kupita kumwamba ndi galeta lamoto kuchokera ku gombe la kummawa kwa mtsinje womwewo, malo omwe Mose adawona Dziko Lolonjezedwa pa Phiri la Nebo kapena mzinda womwe umabisa mapu ojambula a Dziko Loyera lakale lakale la XNUMXth lotchedwa Madaba.

Izi ndi zitsanzo chabe za malo omwe amapezeka m'Baibulo ndipo ali mbali ya ntchito yayikuluyi yomwe cholinga chake ndi kukopa amwendamnjira ochokera padziko lonse lapansi. Ponseponse, makilomita opitilira 600 amafalikira masiku 40 omwe amakulolani kuti mupeze dziko lonselo powoloka kumpoto mpaka kumwera.

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