Pitani ku Cu Chi Tunnels, ku Vietnam

Vietnam Ndi malo omwe amadziwika ndi magombe ake komanso mbiri yakale, nkhondoyi yomwe idachitika ndi United States kwazaka pafupifupi khumi. Ichi ndichifukwa chake idapeza malo oyenerera m'mbiri yapadziko lonse lapansi.

Cholowa cha nkhondoyi ndi chosiyanasiyana komanso chimasiyana kuyambira ufulu mpaka sewero lankhondo lomwelo: akazi amasiye, ana amasiye, opunduka. Koma nkhani zankhondo imeneyo zidapulumuka ndikupangitsa kuti apaulendo abwere kuchokera konsekonse mdziko lapansi kuti adzawuwone. Ndipo amodzi mwamalo opita kukachita izi ndi Cu Chi mumphangayo.

Ma tunnel ali kuti

Ma netiweki amtundu pansi sali kutali ndi mzinda wa Ho Chi Minh. Kwa ena 70 km palibe china, kulowera kumpoto chakumadzulo. Ho Chi Mnh ndiye Saigon wakale, likulu la dziko lakale lachifalansa la Indochina komanso mzinda waukulu kwambiri mdzikolo. Akuyerekeza kuti mkati mwa zaka khumi anthu adzakhala pafupifupi 14 miliyoni.

Amatchedwa motere kuyambira 1976, polemekeza mtsogoleri woyamba waku North Vietnam panthawi yankhondo yomwe ndidatchulayi kale pomwe kumpoto, mothandizidwa ndi China ndi chikominisi, komanso kumwera, mothandizidwa ndi United States, adamenya nkhondo. Ili mdera lakumwera chakum'mawa kwa dzikolo mopitilira makilomita 1700 kuchokera ku Hanoi, mzinda wina wofunikira ku Vietnam. Ndi mamita 20 okha pamwamba pa nyanja ndi makilomita 19 okha kuchokera kumalire a Cambodia.

Ho Chi Minh ili ndi nyengo yotentha chinyezi kwambiri ndipo chaka chimagawika nyengo ziwiri zazikulu: nyengo yamvula ndi nthawi yopanda mvula. Yoyamba imayamba kuyambira Meyi mpaka Okutobala ndipo yachiwiri kuyambira Disembala mpaka Epulo. Kutentha kwapakati ndi 28 ºC Kotero ziribe kanthu kuti mupita nthawi yanji chaka nthawi zonse kumatentha kwambiri. Zachidziwikire, nthawi yotentha kumakhala koipitsitsa.

Mtunda pakati pa Ho Cji Minh ndi Cu Chi Tunnels ndi pafupifupi makilomita 40 choncho ulendowu umatenga nthawi yopitilira ola limodzi. Njira imodzi yofikira kumeneko ndikulembetsa nawoulendo. Ndizochuluka komanso zotsika mtengo ndipo mutha kujowina ulendo wa theka la pafupifupi 100 Zochita kuphatikiza polowera kumakonde. Mwambiri, maulendo amtunduwu amakunyamulani nthawi ya 8 m'mawa ndikubwezeretsani kumzinda nthawi ya 2 koloko masana.

Njira ina yofikira kumeneko ndikugwiritsa ntchito basi yaboma.  Pali magawo awiri amipata ndikupita panokha kumakupatsani mwayi wodziwa gawo la ma tunnel, a Ben duoc, omwe mabungwe okopa alendo nthawi zambiri samaphatikizapo (amayang'ana kwambiri gawoli Ben dinh, makamaka alendo ndipo, amafunika kuti afotokozedwe, sanali gawo lenileni la ma tunnel). Amati amakutengerani kumeneko chifukwa ma tunnel ndi akulu komanso oyenera kukula kwa thupi lakumadzulo).

 

Kwa mbali yake ma tunnel a Ben Duoc ndi omwe amayendera kwambiri ku Vietnamese ndipo ali kutali kwambiri kuposa enawo, koma chabwino ndikuti analidi gawo la maukonde otchuka. Mutha kukwera mabasi am'deralo kuchokera ku Ben Thanh Station kutsogolo kwa Msika wa Ben Tanh. Mpaka zaka zingapo zapitazo mutha kutenga Basi 13, koma lero muyenera kutembenukira: mumakwera basi 88 pamenepo ndikutsika pamalo oyimilira, pamalo oimikapo magalimoto 24/9. Basi 13 imadutsa pamenepo kotero mumatenga ndi Ikugwetsani kunja kwa Cu Chi station.

Mtengo wa basi ndi pafupifupi 7,000 dong. Tikiti imagulidwa pamwambapa mwachindunji, kuchokera kwa wothandizila yemwe amayandikira mipandoyo ndipo amasintha nthawi zonse. Ngati muli ndi njala kapena ludzu kapena mukufuna kubweretsa kena kake paulendowu, mutha kugula pamwamba pa basi chifukwa nthawi zonse pamakhala ogulitsa mumsewu. Mwamwayi mabasi awa ndiabwino ndipo ali ndi zowongolera mpweya ndipo ali ndi TV. Ulendowu umatenga ola limodzi ndi theka.

Mukakhala pa station ya Cu Chi mutha kunyalanyaza onse "oyendetsa maulendo" omwe angafune kukugwirani ngati maupangiri ndikuyamba kunyengerera. Mupeza mtengo wabwino ndi mayendedwe ophatikizidwa pakati pa Cu Chi station ndi ma tunnel. Kuchokera kumeneko mumakwera basi 79 Ndipo onetsetsani kuti mukuwuza woyendetsa kuti akuuzeni komwe muyenera kutsika, chifukwa chake khalani pafupi naye. Magalimotowa amakhalanso ndi zowongolera mpweya komanso ulendowu umatenga mphindi 50.

Ngati muli ndi mseu m'maso mwanu mudzawona nthawi ina mukuyandikira mphambano ndi chikwangwani chachikulu cha buluu Ikuwonetsa kumanzere ma tunnel a Ben Duoc komanso kumanja kwa Ben Dinh. Ngati mukufuna kupita ku Ben Dinh muyenera kutsika kumeneko ndikuyenda ulendo wonsewo, ngati simupitilira basi yopita ku Ben Duoc. Kuti musalakwitse, ndibwino kufunsa aliyense ngati muli pa basi yoyenera.

Pitani ku Cu Chi Tunnels

Khomo lolowera ku Mayendedwe a Ben Duoc Ili mozungulira ma 90 zikwi ndipo ili ndi matikiti awiri. Imodzi imawononga 70 ndipo ina 20 ndipo simungagule zonse ziwiri. Mulinso Utsogoleri wowongoleredwa ndipo pali chiwonetsero cha zida zaku America ndi mabomba. Simungakhale pamenepo kwa nthawi yayitali chifukwa mlonda amabwera nthawi yomweyo ndikukukakamizani kuti mupite kukayendera.

Ulendowu umayamba ndi kuwonetsa mayunifolomu ndi zida, pa mannequins, ndi chiwonetsero cha kanema wakuda ndi woyera wamphindi 15 yomwe ikufotokoza mwachidule za nkhondoyi osati yosangalatsa kwambiri ku America. Ndiye inde, ma tunnel ayamba. Pali magawo angapo ndipo nthawi zonse mumachenjezedwa za claustrophobia. Amagawika m'magawo afupikitsa ndipo inde, ndi ang'onoang'ono chifukwa ma tunnel awa makamaka, monga ndidanenera pamwambapa, siomwe ali oyendera alendo kwambiri.

Mwamwayi adalimbikitsidwa ndi konkriti ndipo ali otetezeka. Amakupatsaninso nyali imodzi mwazomwe zidamangiriridwa pamutu ndipo wowongolera yekha amapita ndi tochi ndiye zabwino kwambiri. Mumadutsa m'makonde ndi zipinda zazing'ono zomwe zinali zipinda zamisonkhano ndi zipatala. Mudzawona misampha, njira zowazindikira mdani ndi zolowera pa netiweki zidabisala pansi, zida, zithunzi zakale ndi mapulani komanso, zokumbutsa. Chodabwitsa.

Kuti mubwerere mungotenga basi 79 kachiwiri (yomwe imangofika 5:30 pm). Ngati mungataye, mutha kupita panjinga yamoto kupita ku Cu Chi station koma zikulipirani zambiri. Ndipo pamenepo inde, basi 13 kumzinda. Tsopano, ngati cholinga chanu ndi kudziwa fayilo ya mayendedwe a ben dinh, zokulirapo komanso zosinthidwa bwino ndi zokopa alendo, zomwe mumachita ndikutsika pamphambano ya njirayo ndikuyenda molowera pakhomo.

Ndiyenera kukuwuzani zimenezo kuno kumakhala anthu ochulukirapo komanso kuti ma tunnel onse adasinthidwa kuti alandire alendo. Kumbukirani kuti iwo sanakhalepo gawo lenileni la netiweki yapachiyambi. Pomaliza, zothamangitsa tizilombo ndizofunikira komanso mabotolo amadzi.

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