Salar de Uyuni, malo akumwamba ku Bolivia

South America Ndi malo abwino kopita, dziko lokhala ndi mbiri yakale komanso malo osangalatsa. Kwa diso la ku Europe, ilinso ndi gawo lachilendo. Amazon, Peru ndi mabwinja ake, Ecuador ndi mapiri ake, Argentina ndi madzi oundana ake o Bolivia ndi zozizwitsa zake zomwe pakati pawo tikuwonetsa lero Salar de Uyuni.

Izi salar Ndi chipululu chachikulu kwambiri komanso chamchere kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ndizazikulu, zili ku Bolivia, ndipo lero, kuti chilichonse chimazungulira lithiamu yodalitsika m'mabatire azida zathu zonse zamagetsi, ilinso m'diso lazamalonda. Tiyeni tiidziwe.

Bolivia

Plurinational State of Bolivia ili ndi likulu la Sucre koma mpando wa mphamvu, chisankho ndi malamulo ndi mzinda wina wofunikira, La Paz. Imadutsa dziko la Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Chile ndi Peru ndipo muyenera kuti munamvapo nkhani zaposachedwa kuti panali coup d'etat chifukwa zotsatira za zisankho sizinazindikiridwe. Purezidenti womaliza womenyera ufulu wawo ndikusintha kwakukulu mdzikolo anali Evo Morales.

Bolivia ali ndi chuma chambiri chofukulidwa m'mabwinja, zikwi, monga TiwanakuMwachitsanzo, kapena Samaipatkuti. Ambiri ali ku Andes, ena ali m'malo abwino kapena osungira bwino, koma onse amatiuza za dera lomwe kale linali lothandiza komanso lofunika kutukuka.

Malo Odyera Mchere a Uyuni

Ngakhale zili ndi chuma chamabwinja, munthu sangaphonye mwayi wokaona malo ena mwachilengedwe padziko lapansi: Salar de Uyuni wamkulu. Monga tanena pamwambowu Ndi chipululu chachikulu kwambiri komanso chapamwamba kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Malo Odyera Mchere a Uyuni Ili ndi ma 10.582 ma kilomita lalikulu ndipo ili pamtunda wa 3650 mita m'chigawo chakumwera chakumadzulo kwa dzikolo, m'chigawo cha Daniel Campos, dipatimenti ya Potosí. Pafupifupi zaka 40 zapitazo kudera lino la Bolivia kunali Lake Minchin ndipo pafupifupi zaka 11 zapitazo Nyanja ya Tauka. Pofika nthawiyo nyengo inali itasiyana, osati youma komanso youma, ndipo kumagwa mvula nthawi zonse.

Ndiye padzakhala fayilo ya nyengo yotentha komanso youma yomwe idapangitsa kuti nyanja zazikulu za Andes zicheke zomwe zimapangitsa kuti apange malo okhala ndi mchere monga Uyuni kapena Coipasa. Nyanjazi zidasandulika mchere kapena zigwa zing'onozing'ono, monga nyanja zamakono Uru Uru kapena Poopó.

Kodi malo okhala ndi mchere a Uyuni amakhala ndi mchere wochuluka motani? Funso labwino. Akuti ena Mchere matani 10.000 miliyoni. Pali magawo khumi ndi anayi amchere wamtundu wosiyanasiyana, pakati pa mita imodzi mpaka khumi. Kutumphuka kwakumtunda ndi komwe kumatalika mamita khumi. Kuzama kwathunthu kwa nyumba yamchere kumawerengedwa kuti ndi 120 mita, pakati pa zigawo za brine ndi matope.

00 Chaka chilichonse matani 25.000 amatengedwa, koma monga tanena pamwambapa chomwe chidzafunika tsiku lina si mchere wambiri koma lifiyamu. Lithiamu, yomwe ilipo mu brine pano pamodzi ndi magnesium, potaziyamu, sodium ndi boron sulphate, ndiye gawo lalikulu la mabatire omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zida zathu zonse zamagetsi, motero nkhokwe zapadziko lonse ndizofunikira kwambiri. Malangizo anga? Nkhani zaku Bolivia zikuyenera kuwerengedwa mu kiyi. United States ikuwona kuti Bolivia ili ndi malo akulu kwambiri a lithiamu padziko lapansi.

Ndikulingalira za izi zomwe ndizofunikira kwambiri kumvetsetsa ndale zaku Bolivia, ndikupitilizabe kudziwa zambiri za tsambali lokongola lomwe, kuphatikiza kufunikira kwake kwakukulu, ndi malo abwino opita alendo. Chifukwa? Zithunzi zilizonse zomwe zimakongoletsa uthengawu ndi umboni wabwino: maziko oyera, thambo lamtambo, zithunzi zabwino kwambiri.

Kuphatikiza apo, salar yemwenso ndi American Flamingo Malo atatu Oberekera Zonunkhira, flamenco ya Andes, ya James ndi Chile. Chifukwa chake chilichonse chimaphatikizidwa kuti chikhale kopita ndi maginito ambiri. A) Inde, pachaka pafupifupi alendo 300 amabwera ndipo chaka chatha, 2019, adapambana World Travel Awards ngati Malo Odyera Apamwamba ku South America.

Pitani ku Salar de Uyuni

Kodi nthawi yabwino yoyendera ndi iti? Mu Novembala mutha kutenga zithunzi zabwino kuti muwone ma flamingo ataswana kwathunthu. Pambuyo pake, mphindi iliyonse ndi yabwino, ngakhale chilichonse chili ndi zabwino zake komanso zoyipa zake.

Pali nyengo ziwiri, nyengo yamvula yomwe ili ku South America chilimwe kuyambira Disembala mpaka Marichi; ndi nyengo youma womwe uli pakati pa Meyi ndi Okutobala, nthawi yozizira. Choyamba ndi pamene madzi amchere amadziunjikira pamtunda kenako a galasi lalikulu kwambiri zomwe zikuwoneka ngati zikuphatikizana ndi miyamba. Kachiwiri, nyengo yadzuwa, galasi silimapanga koma nyengo imakhala yabwino.

Ngati muli kumpoto kwa Argentina kapena mumakhala kumeneko, ulendowu umapezeka mosavuta. M'malo mwake, ambiri aku Argentina ochokera kumpoto amayendera nthawi ina m'moyo wawo chifukwa zimatanthauza ulendo wosavuta pagalimoto kuchokera kumadera monga Tucumán, Jujuy kapena Salta. Ngati muli ku Bolivia mukuchezera zinthu zina ndikosavuta kuti mukafikenso. Pali maulendo ambiri Ndipo ngakhale ambiri amapita okha, ngati mukuchokera kutali, ndibwino kuti muyambe ulendo wa tsiku limodzi.

Palibe zolembapo zochepa ndikufika mgalimoto yanu ngati simukudziwa kuti zingakuvutitseni. Pali maulendo apaulendo ngati mulibe nthawi kapena mpaka masiku atatu kukaona madamu apafupi, akasupe otentha kapena ma geys. Zomwe sizingasowe mu chikwama chanu ndi zotchinga dzuwa, magalasi, chipewa, madzi, ndalama zopita kuchimbudzi, kusamba ngati ulendowu ndi wautali kapena kulipira matikiti.

Ngati muli ku Argentina, njira yabwino yodutsira ndikuchita ku La Quiaca, Chigawo cha Jujuy, kulowera ku Villazón, ku Bolivia. Kumeneko mumakwera sitima ndipo m'maola asanu ndi anayi mumakhala komwe mukupita. Kapenanso mutha kukwera basi ndikupirira mayendedwe achilengedwe. Ngati mukuchokera kudziko lina ndiye mutha kutero kufika pa ndege kupita ku La Paz kenako ndikutenga ndege ina kupita ku Uyuni, pali ndege tsiku lililonse, kapena basi yokaona alendo yomwe imatenga pafupifupi maola 10 kapena kubwereka galimoto kapena kukwera sitima yopita ku Oruro ndikuchoka kumeneko kupita ku Uyuni.

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