Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Chithunzi | José Antonio Gil Martínez Wolemba Wikipedia

Santo Domingo de la Calzada ndi tawuni yamtendere ku La Rioja (Spain) yomwe ili m'mbali mwa Mtsinje wa Oja yofunika kwambiri pamsewu wa Camino de Santiago. Apa ndipomwe Santo Domingo adakhazikitsa tawuniyi ndikumanga mlatho pamsewu waku Roma kuti athe kuyendetsa amwendamnjira, ziweto zawo ndi chipatala kuti ziwathandize paulendo wawo. Njira ya Xacobea idalimbikitsa kukula kwake ndikusandutsa Santo Domingo de la Calzada kukhala malo ofunikira kwambiri azachuma, achipembedzo komanso zaluso kumapeto kwa Middle Ages komwe kwatipatsa miyala yamtengo wapatali.

Ngati pa tchuthi chanu chotsatira mukufuna kupita ku tawuni yakale komanso yokongola iyi ya Riojan, ndiye timapita kukaona zipilala zopambana kwambiri za Santo Domingo de la Calzada.

Cathedral ya Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Cathedral ya Santo Domingo de la Calzada ndi chitsanzo cha zomangamanga zomwe kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX zidakulitsidwa kuti zikhale nyumba yolimbikira tchalitchi, yekhayo ku La Rioja.

Mkati mwake muli chopingasa chachikulu, chimodzi mwazitsanzo zokongola kwambiri za ziboliboli za ku Renaissance ku Spain, ntchito ya Damián Forment. Manda a Santo Domingo de la Calzada ndi ntchito yosangalatsa kwambiri momwe mafashoni angapo amasinthira: Romanesque ndiye manda a sepulchral omwe Oyimiriranso akuyimiriridwa, Gothic ndiye tebulo pomwe zozizwitsa zake zimawuzidwa ndipo mochedwa Gothic ndiye kachisi.

Tikhozanso kupeza tambala ndi nkhuku zodabwitsa zomwe zimakhala pano. Nthano imanena kuti Domingo García adatsimikiza kuti woyenda woyendayenda yemwe amamuimbira mlandu anali wosalakwa chifukwa adaphulitsa nkhuku yowotcha. Monga chikumbutso, ku tchalitchi chachikulu nthawi zonse kumakhala tambala komanso nkhuku, ndipo ndipamene mwambi wodziwika umachokera ku "Ku Santo Domingo de la Calzada, komwe nkhuku idayimba itawotchedwa."

Kutulutsa Tower

Uwu ndi wachitatu mwa nsanja zitatu zomwe Cathedral ya Santo Domingo de la Calzada yakhala nayo m'mbiri yake. Yoyamba, Romanesque, idawonongedwa pambuyo pa moto pakati pa zaka za zana la XNUMX, yachiwiri mmawonekedwe achi Gothic ndipo yachitatu mumayendedwe achi Baroque, yomwe ndiyomwe imayimirabe ndipo imanyamula chidindo cha womanga Martín de Beratúa. Nsanja iyi ndi imodzi mwazitsanzo zochepa momwe timapezamo nsanja yosiyana ndi thupi la tchalitchi chachikulu. Monga chidwi, kunena kuti ndi nsanja yayitali kwambiri ku La Rioja yokhala ndi mamitala 70 kutalika.

Chithunzi | Mapio

Spain Square

Plaza Mayor wamzindawu amatchedwa Plaza de España ndipo ili kumbuyo kwa tchalitchi chachikulu. Bwaloli lidapangidwa ndikupanga makoma azaka za zana la XNUMXth ndikukula kukula kwake limakhala msika ndi ng'ombe yamphongo. Lero Town Hall ili pano.

Chipatala cha Aulendo

Chipatala chakale cha Pilgrims cha Santo Domingo de la Calzada chili ku Plaza del Santo, chomwe chidapangidwa ndi Santo Domingo yekha m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Amadziwika ndi kusunga mapulani ake oyambira tchalitchi, ma naves atatu ndi façade yayikulu yomwe ili ndi chitseko cha m'zaka za zana la XNUMX chomwe chimawoneka lero.

Chipatala chakale cha Pilgrim cha Santo Domingo de la Calzada chinali chogwira ntchito mpaka 1965 ngati hostel ya alendo ku Camino de Santiago. Pambuyo pake idakhala Parador de Turismo.

Cistercian Abbey

Malo ogona oyendayenda a Cistercian Abbey Our Lady of the Annunciation of Santo Domingo de la Calzada ndi malo okhawo obisalira oyendayenda omwe ali ndi mbiri yabwino omwe amapanga Camino de Santiago. Ndi nyumba yosangalatsa yazaka za zana la XNUMX yomwe ili mumsewu waukulu waboma pafupi ndi tchalitchi cha abbey.

Mkati mwake mutha kuchezera tchalitchi chake komanso manda a alabasitala a mabishopu atatu, woyambitsa ndi adzukulu ake awiri.

Makoma a Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Mpanda wa Santo Domingo de la Calzada ndiwofunika kwambiri womwe timapeza ku Rioja ndipo unali ndi zipata zisanu ndi ziwiri zolowera. Makomawo anali ndi nsanja mpaka 28 kutalika kwa mita 12, mozungulira makilomita opitilira 1. Inayamba kugawidwa m'zaka za zana la 5 potseka gawo la Calle Mayor, kuchokera ku Old Quarter mpaka ku New River, koma sizinapitirire zaka za m'ma XNUMX pomwe Mfumu Pedro I adalamula kuti ayambe kumanga mpandawo.

Nyumba ya Woyera

Komwe Camino de Santiago imathamangira, ndikupitilira Calle Mayor, timapeza Casa de la Cofradía del Santo, imodzi mwazakale kwambiri mzindawu, komanso komwe nkhuku zaku Cathedral nkhuku zimakulira. Chotsatira tili ndi Casa del Santo, likulu la Information Office la Camino de Santiago la amwendamnjira ndi alendo.

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