Segóbriga, paki yamabwinja ku Spain

España Ndi dziko lokhala ndi mbiri ya zaka masauzande ambiri ndichifukwa chake lili ndi masamba ambiri akale omwe ndiosangalatsa okonda mbiri yakale komanso zokumbidwa zakale. Mwachitsanzo, m'chigawo cha Cuenca pali Malo Ofukula Zakale ku Segóbriga.

Ndi mabwinja omwe apulumuka pakupita kwa nthawi bwino komanso omwe alola akatswiri kudziwa za moyo watsiku ndi tsiku wakale Madera achi Celtic komanso achiroma a m'deralo. Tikukupemphani kuti mupite kukaona pakiyi, ndikuyembekeza kuti akupangitsani kuti mupite kanthawi kochepa kuti mudziwe.

Segóbriga

Mabwinja ofukula mabwinja iwo ali mu Saelices, tawuni ya Cuenca mdera la Castilla la Mancha. Kupezeka kwake kunayamba kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX pomwe manda onse a m'zaka za zana lachiwiri BC adapezeka, omwe adapatsidwa gulu la a Celtiberian ochokera ku Bronze Age. Mandawo adasemedwa ndi miyala yamiyala ndipo akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale amaganiza kuti anali achinyumba cha Celtiberian.

Zolemba zina zimatsimikizira lingaliro lakuti Segóbriga woyamba, wa Celtiberia, adatsatiridwa ndi Roma Segóbriga pambuyo pa Nkhondo za Sertorio. Plinio amadziperekanso yekha potcha dzina la Segóbriga kuti ndiye mutu wa Celtiberiae, dera lomwe mzindawo lidafika ku Clunia ndipo limapereka ulemu ku Legal Convent ya Caesar Augusta.

Pansi pa Aroma Segóbriga anali ofunikira kwambiri m'derali mpaka munthawi ya Ogasiti idasiya kukhazikika ndikukhala a abambondiko kunena kuti, mzinda wolamulidwa ndi Aroma, womwe pomalizira pake udampangitsa kuti amange nyumba zabwinoko ndi zomangamanga, kuphatikiza khoma, bwalo lamasewera ndi zisudzo zomwe mabwinja ake omwe timawawona lero.

Roma itagwa zidapitilizabe kukhala zofunikira koma zikuwoneka choncho Kuchulukitsa anthu kudayamba ndikulowa kwa Asilamu popeza osankhika adaganiza zothawira kumpoto. Pambuyo pogonjetsanso, malowa adadzazidwanso m'malo ena ndipo mabwinjawo adayiwalika pang'onopang'ono. Mzinda wakale komanso wofunikawo udasowa mdima.

Pitani ku Segóbriga Archaeological Park

Ngati muli pagalimoto mutha kulowa mumsewu wa Carrascosa del Campo kupita ku Villamayor de Santiago, ku Saelices. Pakiyi imatsegulidwa Lachiwiri mpaka Lamlungu kuyambira 10 m'mawa mpaka 6 madzulo ngakhale mwayi womaliza waloledwa pa 5 koloko masana. M'nyengo yotentha imayamba kuyambira 10 m'mawa mpaka 3 koloko masana komanso kuyambira 4 mpaka 7:30 pm. Kulowera kumalipira ma euro 6 koma ngati uli wophunzira 2, 50 euros ndipo ngati utapuma pantchito kapena ulova umangolipira 1 euro. ana ochepera zaka sikisi ndiufulu. Ma kirediti kadi amavomerezedwa.

Kuti mumvetsetse bwino mabwinja pali Malo Otanthauzira kuti ndi nyumba yolumikizidwa bwino ndikuwoneka bwino ngati nyumba yachiroma. Mosakayikira imakwaniritsa ulendo wopita kumalo osungirako zinthu zakale kuti akamvetsetse, kutanthauzira ndikupeza zakale mabwinja. Ili ndi chiwonetsero chokhazikika komanso chipinda chowonera momvera. Pakulandirako zoyambira ndi mbiriyakale yamzindawu zimaperekedwa ndipo mu Museum Museum mudzawona zosangalatsa kwambiri pagulu, mgodi, zipilala komanso moyo watsiku ndi tsiku.

Muyenera kuwerengera pafupifupi pakati pa maora awiri kapena anayi kuti akayendere pakiyo. Mukapita nokha, ulendowu umayendetsedwa ndi misewu yolowa yomwe imazungulira pakati pa mabwinja. Palinso maulendo amagulu koma muyenera kusungitsa ndipo maguluwo ndiopitilira anthu 15. Ngati mukufuna kuyenda Dongosolo la njira lapangidwa mozungulira pakiyo kuti muzitha kusangalala ndi malowa.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Segóbriga Archaeological Park

Mabwinja abwino kwambiri amzindawu amakhala mu Amphitheatre, Circus, Theatre, Visigoth Basilica, Wall ndi Main Gate, Nyumba ya Woyimira Milandu, Forum, Malo Osambira Otentha a Theatre ndi Gymnasium, Tchalitchi, Cryptoportico wa Forum ndi Curia, Acropolis, Aqueduct, Necropolis, malo osambiramo a Monumental ndi Basilical Hall.

  • Maseŵera: kunali pakhomo la mzinda pamodzi ndi Theatre, imodzi mbali iyi. Ili ndi mawonekedwe olimba ngati elliptical komanso kutalika kwa 75 mita. Kutha kwake kunali owonera 5. Pakati pa masitepe ndi bwaloli pali nsanja yayitali, khonde lokutidwa lomwe limalumikiza zitseko ndikulola kulumikizana kwamkati kusuntha anthu ndi nyama.
  • Masewero: ndi yaying'ono koma yosungidwa bwino kwambiri. Akuyerekeza kuti ntchito yomanga idamalizidwa munthawi ya Claudius kapena Nerón koma idatsegulidwa mozungulira 79 AD Masitepewo adagawika magawo atatu olumikizidwa ndi masitepe ndikulekanitsidwa malinga ndi chikhalidwe cha anthu.
  • Msonkhano: Ndi bwalo lamakona anayi mumsewu waukulu wamzindawu, wokhala ndi khonde mozungulira lokhala ndi zipilala zazikulu. Malo andale komanso azikhalidwe zamzindawu adayambika zaka 15 BC
  • Malo Osambira Aakulu: zidamangidwa mchaka cha XNUMX AD ndipo anali malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi, ukhondo komanso bizinesi. frigidarium, tepidarium, caldarium ndi sauna youma, zonse zinali zokhazikika pano.
  • Ngalande: Idapereka mzindawu madzi ndipo kenako idagawidwa kudzera zitsime zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimapezeka pano ndi paphiripo. Linapangidwa ndi konkriti ndipo linali ndi mkati mwa chubu chotsogolera momwe madzi amayendera.
  • Kutentha kosambira ku Theatre ndi Gymnasium: Ndi akasupe otentha kuyambira nthawi ya Ogasiti omwe adalimbikitsidwa ndi malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi achi Greek omwe amayang'ana unyamata. Mudzawona sauna youma, imodzi yokhala ndi dziwe komanso chipinda chosinthira ndi zotsekera zake.
  • Khoma:  Anali okwera mita 1300 ndipo adamangidwa nthawi ya Ogasiti. Inali ndi zitseko zingapo.

Izi ndi zina mwa nyumba zachiroma zomwe mudzaone paulendo wanu komanso paki yamabwinja pali mabwinja ena omwe sali a nthawi ya Aroma, monga Tchalitchi cha Visigoth chomwe sichinali china chilichonse komanso nyumba yoyamba yomwe idakumbidwa kuchokera kumabwinja. Ili ndi ma naves atatu, olekanitsidwa ndi mizati 10 ndi crypt.

Monga mukuwonera, pakiyi ndi mabwinja osangalatsa ndipo ngati tsiku la kuchezerako ndi losangalatsa mutha kuyendayenda ndikusangalala ndi malowa.

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