Svalbard, malo akutali, oundana komanso okongola

Svalbard. Kodi chilumba ichi mumachidziwa ndi dzina? Ayi? Kenako tengani mapu apadziko lonse lapansi ndikuyang'ana kumpoto, pafupi ndi mzati. Ndizilumba zomwe zili pakati pa magombe aku Norway ndi North Pole palokha, chifukwa chake kumazizira kuno.

Ndi kopita kutali koma palibe chodana ndi mlendoyo ngati kuzizira sikukuwopsyezani ndipo muli ndi ludzu lofuna kupita kumalo osadziwika omwe angakupatseni kukumbukira komanso mapositi kadi, tiyeni tiwone zoyenera kuchita ku Svalbard.

Zilumba zakumpoto

Ndi a ku Norway mwalamulo kuyambira 1920 ndipo gululi ndi atatu okha omwe akukhalamo: Hopen, Bear Island ndi Spitsbergen chomwe ndi chilumba chachikulu. Amakhala okwanira makilomita oposa 62. Pali anthu zikwi zitatu koma opitilira zikwi ziwiri amakhala Longyearbyen, ku Spitsbergen ndipo ili pano kuyambira pano kumene boma limagwira ntchito.

Chilumbachi chinali pakati pa alendo ake akale kwambiri ma Vikings owopsa ndipo pali zolemba zaka mazana ambiri zomwe mwina zimaphatikizidwapo ndi dzina lina kapena ngati cholembedwera, koma ndi mu 1596 pomwe Barents, Mholanzi, adafika kumeneko.

Zilumbazo zidayamba Pazinthu zaku Dutch whaling, ntchito yomwe idakhala ndi mbiri yakale, ngakhale pachilumba odzipereka ku migodi kuti lero sikuti Norway ikugwira ntchito kokha koma makampani ochokera padziko lonse lapansi.

Ngati wina ayang'ana zilumba pamapu, wina amaganiza za nyengo yachisanu, koma zowonadi padziko lapansi pali madera ena ozizira kwambiri. M'nyengo yozizira pafupifupi -14 ºC ndipo chilimwe sichidziwika kuti chimaposa 6 kapena 7 ºC. Ndikutanthauza, ndimatenthedwe amenewo nthawi zonse kumakhala nyengo yozizira! Chifukwa chake, bweretsani zovala zotentha, kamera yabwino, laputopu kuti mutsitse zithunzi mazana zomwe mungatenge ndipo ngati sichoncho, makhadi ambiri okumbukira.

Ulendo waku Svalbard

Njira yofikira pachilumbachi ndi Ndege ndipo chitseko chakutsogolo ndi Spitsbergen. Ngati simuli Norway Muyenera kupita ndi pasipoti yanu inde kapena inde bwino zilumba ili kunja kwa dera la Schengen. Musaiwale!

Pali ndege za SAS zopita ku Longyearbyen tsiku lililonse ndikumaima ku Tromso. Yatsani nyengo yayikulu, kuyambira Marichi mpaka OgasitiPali ndege zingapo patsiku kuchokera ku Oslo. Mtengo umasiyanasiyana kutengera tsiku la sabata lomwe mwayenda. Ndegeyo inyamuka ku Oslo ndipo imafika pambuyo Maulendo atatu apaulendo, ngati mutachoka ku Tromso ndi ola limodzi ndi theka.

Tikumva kuzizira, tiyeni tiwone zodabwitsa zomwe zilumbazi zatisungira chilimwe: Maulendo oyenda panyanja, kukwera mapiri, kukwera magalasi agalu, kusaka nyama zakale, kayaking, kukwera pamahatchi, kuyenda pa chipale chofewa, malo otentha, maulendo opha nsomba ndi mawonekedwe adziko lina. Osati kuyipa koyipa.

Maulendo amatha maola kapena masiku ndipo amachitika wapansi kapena kayak. M'chilimwe masiku atalikirapo, maulendo amapita kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa Spitsbergen kapena Prins Karls Forland, madera ozungulira Isfjorden. Magulu nthawi zambiri amakhala olinganizidwa ndipo mumayenda ndi mahema masiku awiri. Zachidziwikire pali mabungwe omwe amasamalira chilichonse.

Mbali inayi, maulendo a kayak ndiochulukirapo, pakati pa masiku anayi ndi asanu ndi atatu. Madera amadziwika kuti Dickson- / Eckmansfjorden, Billefjorden, Krossfjorden kapena Kongsfjorden. Oyendetsa maulendo amapereka phukusi la kayak ndi zovala zapadera zomwe zimafunikira. Mutha ku kukaona madzi oundana ndi kayak pakati pawo.

Maulendo a kuyenda monga kukwera mapiri (Trollsteinen, Thanthwe la Troll), lowani m'mapanga oundana (komwe mungagone usiku wonse), onani nyama zakutchire pakati pa madzi oundana ndi ma fjords komanso ngakhale kuyenda kwakanthawi mizinda yakale yaku Russia (Anthu aku Russia adalipo pazilumbazi mpaka zaka za m'ma 90, akugwiritsa ntchito migodi ina). Ngati ndinu wodekha njira zina ndi zina.

Pali maulendo apamaulendo theka la tsiku kapena masiku angapo ndendende kwa ena Madera aku Russia, a Pyramiden ndi Barentsburg, ndikudutsa mapiri okongola a Isfjord komanso madzi oundana owoneka bwino. Ntchito zoyendetsa migodi zabereka malo ambiri okhala, ena akukhalabe pomwe ena alibe, chifukwa chake ndikuwadziwa.

Mwachitsanzo, imodzi yomwe ndi njira yolowera ku Arctic ndi Ny-Alesund: Maulendo ambiri omwe adatsalira pano, kuphatikiza a Roald Amundsen, munthu woyamba kudziwa mitengo iwiriyo.

Koma kodi chilichonse chiyenera kuchitidwa panja? Ndi lingaliro! Simudziwa malo otere tsiku lililonse. Kumverera kokhala pansi pamlengalenga kuyenera kukhala kokongola. Komabe, ngati mukufuna china chake mutha kudziwa Nyumba Yachifumu ya Svalbard ya mbiri yachilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe yomwe ingakuthandizeni kudziwa kuchuluka kwazilumbazi (ndi gulu lake lalikulu la zimbalangondo zakutchire ndi nyulu, yatetezedwa kale), kapena Museum of North Pole Expeditions, tchalitchi cha likulu, kumpoto kwambiri padziko lapansi, kapena, tayang'anani pa inu, Svalbard Distillery komwe kuli kwabwino komanso kwatsopano alireza.

Malangizo: mumudziwe Mgodi Wamakala 3: likulu la zilumbazo sizingakhale momwe ziliri popanda ntchito zamigodi zomwe zidayamba mu 1906. Mgodi uwu udagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi waku America wotchedwa John Munro Longyear (chifukwa chake dzina la mzindawu). Zaka khumi pambuyo pake zidaperekedwa m'manja ku Norway, iye ndi ena. Zonse kupatula imodzi zatsekedwa ndipo chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito malasha omalizawa amapangidwa kuti apange magetsi mumzinda.

Kuwonetsa zokopa alendo mbiri yakale ya migodi ndikuti paliulendo waku Mine 3, mgodi womwe idayamba kupanga mu 1971 ndikutseka mu 1996. Mudziwa zida zomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito, malo ake ophunzitsira ndipo mudzawona zonse momwe zidalili pomwe ogwira ntchito mgodi adasiya zinthu zawo ndikunyamuka, osabwereranso.

Ulendowu umayamba nthawi ya 9 koloko ndipo umatha 1 koloko masana. Kutali, koma amakutengani ku hotelo ndipo ngakhale, ngati mukufuna, mutha kuchoka mgodiwo molunjika ku eyapoti.

Amakupatsani zovala za mgodi, nyali yam'mutu komanso ufulu wokhala paulendo Mamita 300 mkati mwa phirilo. Ulendowu ndi mu Chingerezi ndi Norway. Malangizo ena: yesetsani kukhala ndi nthawi yaulere monga ku ofesi ya alendo ku Longyearbyen amapatsa alendo njinga zaulere. Monga mukuwonera, kupita ku Norway ndikodabwitsa kwa okonda zachilengedwe. Njira ina kumadera akutali komanso osangalatsa.

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