Teotihuacan (Mexico): cholowa chachikulu kwambiri ku pre-Columbian America

Piramidi ya Luna ku Teotihuacan

Mexico ili ndi mbiri yakale, yolemera komanso yazaka chikwizikwi yomwe ili ngati imodzi mwazomwe zimatsutsa kwambiri makolo awo mzinda wopatulika wa Teotihuacan. Ili m'chigwa chachikulu pafupi ndi Mexico City, dera la Teotihuacan linali lanthano zakale zaku Nahuatl malo pomwe dzuwa ndi mwezi zidapangidwirako. Mzinda wamilunguwu, monga dzina lake likusonyezera, unayamba kumangidwa zaka 500 nthawi yathu ino isadakhale, ndipo umaimabe ngati chizindikiro chachikulu cha anthu aku Mexico komanso mbiri yawo yakale, komanso tsamba lofunika kwambiri kwa anthu.

Dera la Teotihuacan ili kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa chigwa cha Mexico, pamtunda wamakilomita 45 kuchokera pakati pa Mexico City, zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala koyenera mukamayendera likulu la Mexico. Pakufika masika equinox, magulu ambiri esoteric amabwera kumalo ano kudzatsitsimutsa mphamvu, popeza pali chikhulupiriro chodziwika kuti mapiramidi ndi njira zamagetsi.

Kapangidwe ka Teotihuacan

Msewu wa Akufa ku Pyramid Luna ku Teotihuacan

Ngati pali china chomwe chimakopa chidwi kwambiri mukafika mumzinda wopatulikawu, ndiye kukonzekera komwe kumawoneka m'misewu yake, kofanana ndi mapangidwe amakono akumatauni. Njira ziwiri zazikulu zomwe zimadutsana ndipo ndiwo olamulira akulu ochokera mumzinda, m'modzi mwa iwo wofunikira kwambiri, wotchedwa Calzada de los Muertos. Awa ndi omwe amatchulidwa kuti apite kumisewu yonse ndi misewu, komanso komwe kunali miyambo yayikulu ndi nyumba zoyang'anira.

Mbiri yaing'ono

Ndi mzinda womwe kukongola kwake kudachitika pamwamba pa Zaka za XNUMX ndi XNUMX pambuyo pa Khristu. Kudera lino la Mesoamerica, zida zachigwa chachikulu zidagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndikupanga chitukuko chachikulu chomwe chidafikira anthu 100.000 pafupifupi 21 kilomita. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndichimodzi mwazikhalidwe zazikulu kwambiri zomwe zadziwika ku pre-Columbian America, komanso nyumba zazikulu zodzala ndi Chichen Itzá

Kutsika kwake kudadza m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chiwiri pambuyo pa Khristu chifukwa chosakhazikika pazandale, kuwukira kwamkati ndi kusintha kwanyengo komwe kudathetsa chitukuko, monga zachitikira ndi zitukuko zonse m'mbiri yonse. Izi zidadzetsa nthawi ya Mesoamerican Epiclassic. Ngakhale kulibe zambiri zamomwe mzindawu udapangidwira komanso chifukwa chake udakana, chowonadi ndichakuti ndi umodzi mwamizinda yosungidwa bwino panthawiyi.

Teotihacan lero

Cactus ku Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan ndi malo ofukula mabwinja aku Mexico omwe amalandila alendo ochulukirachulukira ochokera kudera lonselo, kupitilira malo ofunikira ku Columbian monga Chichén Itzá (Yucatán) ndi Monte Albán (Oaxaca). Maofesi omwe ali ndi mwayi wopezeka pagulu ndi a 2.5 square km ndipo amafanana ndi Central Area of ​​Monuments omwe amapezeka m'malo otetezedwa. Mzinda wa Pre-Puerto Rico wa Teotihuacan udalengezedwa Chikhalidwe chachikhalidwe cha Anthu Wolemba UNESCO ku 1987, chifukwa cha chuma chake chambiri komanso kapangidwe kake kopambana.

Zambiri zothandiza za Teotihuacan

Chinjoka chomanga cha Teotihuacan

Njira yosavuta yowonera zovuta za Teotihuacan ndikutenga imodzi mwanjira zazikulu kwambiri zomwe zakhazikitsidwa kale, chifukwa zimatilola kuti tiwone zomwe zili zofunika kwambiri. Malo ofukula mabwinja amatsegulidwa kuyambira Lolemba mpaka Lamlungu, kuyambira 8.00:5.00 am mpaka XNUMX:XNUMX pm. Ngati sitikufuna kusokoneza miyoyo yathu, titha kutenga basi imodzi yomwe imapita ku Teotihuacan kuchokera ku Central Bus Terminal yaku North ku Mexico City, yomwe imatenga pafupifupi mphindi 45.

Pakhomo lolowera paki mutha gulani matikiti kuti muwone zovuta. Tikiti iyi imatipatsa mwayi wofika m'malo monga Site Museum, malo ofukulidwa m'mabwinja okhala ndi Pyramid of the Moon ndi Pyramid of the Sun, Tetitla kapena Temple Quetzalpapálotl. M'derali mulinso ogulitsa mumsewu ambiri okhala ndi zokumbutsa komanso malo ogulitsira zokumbutsa. Kuphatikiza apo, kuli malo omwera ndi malo odyera, chifukwa chake sitidzasowa malo oimapo.

Zomwe muyenera kuwona mu Teotihuacan

Piramidi ya Teotihuacan

Ngati pali china chomwe tiyenera kuchita tikapita mumzinda uno, ndikudutsa kudera la Calzada de los Muertos, kusilira zomangamanga ndi zotsalira zakale, mpaka titafika Piramidi ya Dzuwa, yoposa zonse, ndi kutalika kwa 63,5 mita. Amaganiziridwa kuti pakhoza kukhala kachisi kumapeto kwa nyumbayo, kuti ikhale yayitali kwambiri kuposa momwe ilili masiku ano. Koposa zonse, mutha kukwera, koma muyenera kukwera masitepe osachepera 365, limodzi tsiku lililonse la chaka. Malingaliro a zovuta zina kuchokera ku piramidi yayikulu iyi ndi yochititsa chidwi, komanso zithunzi zomwe mungatenge. Mu 1971 phanga lidapezeka pansi pa piramidi, motero akuganiza kuti malowa anali kale ndi tanthauzo lauzimu asanagwire ntchito yomanga imeneyi.

Teotihuacan ateleco nyumba yachifumu

Piramidi ya Mwezi ndi piramidi ina yayikulu yomwe yasungidwa. Ili kumpoto chakumpoto, kumapeto kwa Calzada de los Muertos ndipo kutalika kwake ndi 42 mita. Popeza tili mmenemo tikhala ndi mwayi wowona Nyumba Yachifumu ya Quetzalpapálotl, kum'mwera chakumadzulo, ankakhulupirira kuti kunali nyumba ya wansembe wofunika. Mmenemo tikhoza kusangalala ndi zipilala zokongola za pakhonde komanso zojambula zokongola zomwe zimasungidwa pamakoma. Sitiyeneranso kuiwala kupita ku malo osungira zinthu zakale, komwe timapeza zikhalidwe zambiri za tsiku ndi tsiku ku Teotihacan, ziboliboli zazing'ono ndi katundu.

Zolemba za Teotihuacan

ndi zojambulajambula zomwe zimapezeka munyumba a Teotihuacan akuyenera kutchulidwa mwapadera, ndipo ndikuti adaphunziridwa kwambiri malinga ndi maluso awo. Ndizachilendo kwambiri, ndipo zidzawonekera kwa mafani ojambula chifukwa cha momwe amasungidwa bwino, akuwonetsa mitundu yowala. Mtundu wogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri unali wofiira, ndipo umapangidwa ndi mchere womwe udapukutidwa kuti utenge utoto. Palinso zina zambiri momwe mbalame, amphaka kapena zomera zimayimiriridwa pamakoma opukutidwa, monga Patio de los Jaguares kapena Palacio de los Caracoles.

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  1.   Charly vazquez anati

    Malo opambana omwe ndimatha kusangalala nawo paulendo wanga waku Mexico, ndimayenera kupita kukawonetsera m'maiko amenewo komanso ku hotelo ku Toluca, boma la Mexico, adandiuza kuti ndikadapanda kukhala waku Mexico kapena wakunja, ndiyenera pitani, ndipo ndidatenga mwayi woyandikira malo omwe aliyense ayenera kupitako asanamwalire sikuyenera kuphonya.