Ulendo waku Sudan

Sudan Ndi dziko la Africa lokongola. Si malo opita kukacheza pa seNdizopitilira alendo komanso oyenda mopanda mantha, koma ngati muli mgululi mosakayikira dziko la Sudan likutsutsani.

Kotero lero tiwona momwe dziko la Sudan lilili ndipo tingatani mmenemo, ngati tingapeze visa ndikudutsamo.

Sudan

Africa ndi kontinenti yolemera kwambiri kotero kuti yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi maulamuliro aku Europe. Mayikowa ali ndi mayiko okhala ndi zida komanso zida zankhondo, olumikizidwa ndi adani mwamphamvu kwazaka zambiri, adalimbikitsa nkhondo zapachiweniweni, kulanda boma komanso mndandanda wa masoka omwe sanathere konse ku kontinentiyo.

Sudan ndi chitsanzo. Pamene mayiko atsamunda adagawaniza Africa adapanga Sudan ndikuphatikiza Asilamu ochokera kumpoto ndi ochokera kumwera, pang'ono. Chifukwa chake nkhondo yapachiweniweni wakhala osasintha kwa nthawi yayitali, kotero mu 2011 South Sudan idadzilamulira. Mikangano idapitilirabe kumadzulo ndipo chaka chatha chatha adalamulira mwankhanza zaka khumi.

Monga ma africa onse Sudan ili ndi malo osiyanasiyana, kuyambira kumapiri mpaka kudera lamapiri, kudutsa nkhani. Ilinso ndi yofunikira kusiyana kwa chikhalidwe ndipo ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti ndi dziko la maufumu akale. Lero Wagawidwa zigawo zisanu: pakati, Darfur, kum'mawa, Kurdufan ndi kumpoto.

Central Sudan imayang'ana mphamvu zandale, zachuma komanso chikhalidwe popeza nayi likulu, Khartoum. Mzindawu ndipamene Blue Nile ndi White Nile amakumana. Ndi mzinda wawukulu wopangidwa ndi mgwirizano wamizinda itatu womwe wagawidwa ndi Nile ndi mikono yake iwiri. Khartoum ndi amodzi mwa iwo, mpando waboma, ndipo gawo lake lakale kwambiri lili m'mphepete mwa White Nile, pomwe madera atsopano ali kumwera.

Kuti mupite ku Sudan muyenera visa, inde, muyenera kudutsa kazembe kapena kazembe kuti mukonze izi. Mukachilandira ndikulowa mdzikolo kudzera ku Khartoum koma mukukonzekera kupitilira apo, muyenera kulembetsa ndikukonzekera chilolezo chapadera mukangofika. Ndiye kuti, m'masiku atatu otsatira kuchokera pomwe mwafika muyenera kulembetsa nawo apolisi, ndipo mutha kuchita izi pabwalo la ndege kuti muchotse.

Kuti mudziwe ndi kuyendera likulu muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito taxi, minibasi kapena taxi. Palibe mabwato amataxi omwe amalumikiza mizindayi ndi madera oyandikana nawo pamtsinjewu, koma bwato lokhalo lomwe limalumikiza Khartoum ndi Chilumba cha Tuti, mkati mwa Blue Nile. Kuyenda kumakhala kovuta chifukwa kuli mizinda itatu ndipo pamodzi ndi yayikulu. Koma mukuwona chiyani likulu? Mutha kuyenda Msewu wa Nile, m'mphepete mwa Blue Nile, mozunguliridwa ndi nyumba zachikoloni, Museum National, mitengo ndi anthu ambiri akuyenda mozungulira.

Muyeneranso kukacheza ndi Nyumba Yoyang'anira Nyumba Yachifumu ku Sudan, m'minda ya Nyumba Ya Purezidenti, Kusintha kwa Alonda, mwambo womwe umachitika Lachisanu loyamba la mwezi uliwonse, mgwirizano wa Niles awiri, yotchedwa Al-Mogran, yomwe imatha kuwonedwa kuchokera pa mlatho wachitsulo ndipo malinga ndi zomwe akunena mutha kusiyanitsa kusiyana kwa utoto pakati pa ziwirizi (inde, palibe zithunzi chifukwa ndani akudziwa chifukwa chake ndizoletsedwa), palinso Malo Osungira Banja a Al-Mogran, msika wa Souq Arabi, chachikulu, Manda a Commonwealth War, wokhala ndi manda 400 aku Britain omwe adamwalira ku East African Campaign ya 1940-41, ngakhale kulinso kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Mu mzinda wa Omdurman Palinso msika waukulu, Casa del Kalifa, komwe tsopano ndi malo osungiramo zinthu zakale komanso Mwambo wovina wa Sufi, modzionetsera, woyenera kwambiri kujambulidwa. Kale kumpoto, Bahri, mutha kuwona nkhondo, Nuba Fight, ndi msika wa Saad Gishra. Kupanda kutero nthawi yamadzulo mutha kumwa tiyi pa Nile avenue, pali nyumba zambiri za tiyi ndi malo omwera kapena kudya. Kukhala dziko lachi Muslim kumwa mowa ndi kovuta kotero mwachidziwikire mudzakhala ogulitsa teetot mukakhala.

Tsopano, simunaganize za Sudan kungodziwa likulu lake. Chowonadi ndichakuti chitukuko pano chakhala zaka masauzande ambiri ndipo chakhala dziko la maufumu ambiri, wamphamvu kwambiri womwe udakhala Ufumu wa Napata, m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. BC Pambuyo ufumu wa Merowe ndi ufumu wa Nubian, Christian, m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chimodzi AD ndi maufumu achisilamu. Zotsalira za maufumuwa zikuwonekerabe masiku ano ndipo pali malo ambiri ofukula zakale pakati pa kumpoto ndi kumwera kwa dzikolo.

Tiyeni tiwone, pakati pa malo oyendera alendo chomwe dziko la Sudan lili nacho Sai, chilumba chomwe chili kumwera kwa cataract yachiwiri yokhala ndi akachisi, zipilala ndi manda kuyambira koyambirira kwa Stone Age komanso nthawi ya Farao, mpaka kudzafika kwa Ottoman. Sadinga Ikulongosola cholowa cha pharaonic ngakhale pali china chake m'maufumu a Meroetic ndi Napatan. Soleb momwemonso. Yatsani Tumbus Zolemba za Aigupto zapezeka pamiyala pafupi ndi cataract yachitatu.

Malo amodzi ofunikira kwambiri m'mabwinja ku Sudan ndi Karma. Pali nyumba zazikulu pano ndipo zonse zidayamba zaka za zana lachitatu BC. Tabo Ili pachilumba cha Argo, kumwera kwa cataract yachitatu, ndipo ili ndi kachisi wa Kushite ndi zakale zomwe zidayamba nthawi ya Meroetic ndi Chikhristu. Kawa ali ngati galasi laku Egypt pomanga, ilinso Dongola, likulu la Nubian Christian Kingdom, Mayuria, wokhala ndi mzikiti womwe kale unali tchalitchi, nyumba zachifumu, manda ndi nyumba zakale.

Likulu lachipembedzo la Kingdom of Napata linali Jebel Al - Barka ndipo ili pafupi ndi mathithi achinayi. Apa pali nyumba zachifumu, akachisi, mapiramidi ndi manda ochokera nthawi zosiyanasiyana pakati pa nyengo za a Farao, Napatan ndi Meroetic. Tsamba la Nuri lili ndi mapiramidi ndi manda achifumu ochokera ku mzera wa Napatan. Pulogalamu ya Manda a Al-Kuru Iwo ndi otchuka kwambiri, ndi miyala yawo yokongola ya mafumu oyamba a Napatan.

Kumbali yake site of Al - Ghazali Ili pamalo opezeka ku Bayoudah makilomita ochepa kuchokera mumzinda wa Merowe ndipo ili ndi zotsalira kuyambira nthawi yachikhristu. Chikhura lokha ndiye likulu la ufumu wa Kush motero mapiramidi, akachisi ndi zotsalira popeza unali mzinda weniweni. Malo abwino kujambula ndi Musawarat Wachikasu, dera lomwe linali likulu lachipembedzo kuyambira nthawi ya Meroetic ndipo lalemba akachisi ndi nyumba yayikulu yamiyala.

Kuyenda palokha ku Sudan sikophweka ndipo sindikudziwa ngati sizikulimbikitsidwanso. Zabwino kwambiri ndi buku ulendo Popeza kuyendera malo ku Africa komwe kulibe mapu okopa alendo kumatha kukhala kovuta ndikubweretsa zovuta zambiri kuposa mayankho. Zowonjezera, Dziko la Sudan lilibe zomangamanga zabwino zapaulendo wodziyimira pawokha. Ngakhale mutalemba ntchito malo, bungweli limatha kuyang'anira zina mwazomwe mungapangire, mungapemphe kuti liperekedwe kwa inu ku eyapoti, mwachitsanzo.

Un ulendo wamba Iyamba pa Khartoum kenako pitilizani kuyenda kumpoto, kuchipululu, kulowera ku Dongola wakale, pakati pa likulu la Sudan ndi malire a Egypt. Ndi mtima wachikhristu ku Sudan. Si zachilendo kuti malowa asakhale opanda kanthu, ngakhale kuti ndi ofunikira, choncho ndiwodabwitsa. Ulendowu ukupitilira tsiku lotsatira ku Kusintha, Malo a Nubian pakati pa mathithi oyamba ndi achinayi a Nile.Likulu la Ufumu wakale wa Kush pano ndi mabwinja a Kerma, malo akuluakulu komanso okongola kwambiri ofukula mabwinja.

Ulendowu ukupitilira Wawa mudzi kugona usiku wonse ndikuchezera Kachisi wa Soleb m'mawa, kuyenda m'mbali mwa mtsinje wa Nailo pakati pa mitengo ya kanjedza, kukwera bwato laling'ono ndikupita kudera lodzala tirigu mpaka kukafika kukachisi kuchokera komwe dzuwa limasefukira. Kachisi uyu adamangidwa ndi farao Amenotep III, yemweyo yemwe adakhazikitsa Kachisi wa Luxor, ndipo ngakhale ndiwotsika kwambiri akadali wokongola komanso pafupifupi wamatsenga.

Palinso Mapiramidi a Nuri, adayendera tsiku lachitatu la ulendowu, pakati pa milu, yomangidwa pakati pa zaka za XNUMX ndi XNUMX BC, wakale kwambiri ku Old Nubia. Imatsatiridwa tsiku lomwelo ndikuchezera phiri lopatulika la Jebel Barkal, wokhala ndi malingaliro odabwitsa a Nile, mapiramidi ake ndi akachisi ake.

Popeza 2003 ndi Chikhalidwe Chadziko Lonse ndi chabwino. Pomaliza, ulendowu ukupitilira ndikutidziwitsa mapiramidi a Meroe, 200 zomangamanga zopitilira zaka 2500, malo amatsenga, kachisi wa Musawarat ndi Sufra ndi miyala yake yojambulidwa ngati nyama komanso Kachisi wa Naqa mchipululu.

Chowonadi ndichakuti popeza dziko la Sudan sili malo odzaona alendo kuli zolembedwa zochepa zokhudza dzikolo ndi chuma chake, koma ngati mukufuna kuchita zambiri ndipo mukufuna kukhala nokha m'mabwinja, omwe satero, musazengereze kupanga ulendo wopambana kudziko lodabwitsali komanso lodziwika bwino.

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