Pitani ku Thanthwe la Gibraltar

Kodi mumakonda lingaliroli? Thanthwe ili Zili m'manja mwa Chingerezi Kwa nthawi yayitali koma amalandira alendo okonda chidwi ochokera kudziko lonse lapansi. Thanthwe ndiloposa miyala yonyenga ya monolithic yomwe idapangidwa kalekale, pafupifupi zaka 200 miliyoni zapitazo, pomwe ma tectonic mbale awiri adakumana. Msonkhanowu udapangitsanso basin ya Mediterranean, kenako nyanja yamchere.

Masiku ano madera ake ambiri ndi malo osungira zachilengedwe ndipo ndi malo opumira m'malo ano a Europe Zimaphatikizapo chilengedwe ndi mbiri yake popereka alendo.

El Peñon

Thanthwe imalumikizidwa ndi chilumba cha Iberia ndi kampanda kamchenga yomwe imadulidwa nthawi yomweyo ndi ngalande. Ndi miyala yamiyala ndipo imafikira pafupifupi mamita 426 okwera. Kuyambira pachiyambi cha zaka za zana la XNUMX wakhala ali m'manja mwa Great Britain, korona womwe adapitilira pambuyo pa Nkhondo Yotsatira Spain.

Tidanena pachiyambi kuti Idapangidwa pambuyo pa kugundana kwa ma tectonic mbale awiri, aku Africa ndi aku Eurasia. Kenako nyanja ya Mediterranean yomwe idapangidwanso panthawiyo, munthawi ya Jurassic Period, idaphwa ndipo patangopita nthawi pang'ono madzi a Atlantic adasefukira beseni lopanda kanthu, ndikudutsa mumtsinjewo kuti apange mawonekedwe a Nyanja ya Mediterranean yomwe tikudziwa lero.

Pali thanthwe ndi khwalala, koma thanthwe amapanga chilumba chomwe chimadutsa mumtsinjewo yomwe ili kugombe lakumwera kwa Spain. Malingaliro patsamba lino ndiabwino, makamaka ngati wina akudziwa za geology komanso akudziwa mbiri yamiyala.

Kapangidwe ka miyala iyi idawonjezeredwa kukokoloka kwa mphepo ndi madzi kwapanga mapanga, pafupifupi zana, osatinso china kapena chochepera. Ndipo zambiri mwazo ndizokopa alendo.

Momwe mungafikire ku Gibraltar

Mutha kuchita paboti, ndege, msewu kapena sitima. Pali ma air service ochokera ku England, inde. Ndegezo ndi za British Airways, EasyJet, Monarqch Airlines ndi Royal Air Maroc. Ngati muli ku Spain mutha kupita ku Jerez, Seville kapena Malaga ndipo kuchokera pamenepo pitani njirayo mukuyenda osaposa ola limodzi ndi theka.

Ndege yakomweko imangoyenda mphindi zisanu kuchokera padoko. Kuyankhula za doko mutha kufika pathanthwe paulendo wapamtunda. Pali makampani angapo: Saga Cruises, HAL, P&O, Granc Circle Cruise Line, Regent Seas Seven. Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito sitima yochokera ku Spain, France ndi England. Mwachitsanzo, ngati muli ku Madrid, mumatenga Altaria, usiku, ndikupita ku Algeciras. Sitimayi ili ndi kalasi yoyamba komanso kalasi yachiwiri.

Kamodzi ku Algeciras mumakwera basi kutsogolo kwa siteshoni ya sitima, yomwe imanyamuka theka la ola limodzi kupita ku La Linea, womwe ndi malire a Spain ndi Gibraltar. Terengani theka la ola .. kuchokera pamenepo, chifukwa mumadutsa poyenda. Zosavuta kwambiri!

Ponena za zikalata, ngati ndinu nzika yaku Europe mumangofunika chiphaso koma ngati sunatero, uyenera kukhala ndi pasipoti yolondola. Ganizirani kuti ngati mukufuna visa kuti mulowe ku United Kingdom, mudzafunika kuti muyikepo Gibraltar.

Zoyendera ku Gibraltar

Chowonadi ndichakuti ndi dera laling'ono kwambiri ndipo mutha kuzifufuza mosavuta ndikuyenda pansi, mwina tawuni ndi Thanthwe. Kuchokera kumalire kupita pakati kuyenda ndi mphindi 20Mwachitsanzo, ngakhale mutapita kukaona Malo Osungirako Zachilengedwe zitha kutenga nthawi yayitali. Kwa omwe amangokhala nthawi zonse mumatha taxi kapena njira yapa chingwe. Ma taxi amatha kukhala ngati owongolera maulendo komanso amatha kupereka maulendo awo.

Chingwechi chakhala chikugwira ntchito kuyambira 1966 ndipo chimakufikitsani pamwamba pa Thanthwe kuti musangalale ndi malingaliro abwino. Siteshoni yomwe ili m'munsiyi ili pa Grand Parade, kumapeto chakumwera kwa mzindawu komanso pafupi ndi Botanical Gardens. Pamwala Mabasi apagulu nawonso amathamanga.

La Malo Osungira Zachilengedwe a Gibraltar Ndi kumtunda kwa Thanthwe. Mukuwona Europe, Africa, Atlantic, Nyanja ya Mediterranean. Kumbukirani kuti kutalika kwake ndi 426 mita. Kuchokera apa mutha kupita kukaona malo ndi mapanga ena otchuka monga Phanga la San Miguel, yomwe yakhala ikunenedwa kuti ndiyopanda malire ndipo imagwirizana ndi Europe. Chowonadi ndichakuti ili ndi nkhani zambiri ngati protagonist, inali chipatala mu Nkhondo Yachiwiri, ndipo zipinda zake zapansi panthaka ndizokongola.

Cathedral ndi amodzi mwamipanda iyi ndipo ndi yotseguka kwa anthu onse ngati holo ya ma konsati ndi ma ballet galas popeza ili ndi anthu 600. Wina wamapanga ndiye Phanga la Gornham, wodziwika kuti ndi amodzi mwa malo omalizira a Neanderthals. Nthawi imeneyo anali makilomita asanu okha kuchokera pagombe ndipo adapezeka mu 1907. Chodabwitsa chofunikira kwambiri.

Mbali inayi palinso Ma tunnel a Siege, maukonde a labyrinthine a zipilala kuyambira kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo inali gawo la chitetezo.

Kuzingidwa Kwakukulu kunali kuzungulira nambala 14 pa Thanthwe, kuyesanso kwina kwa aku Spain ndi aku France kuti abwezeretse malowo. Inayamba kuyambira Julayi 1779 mpaka February 1783, zaka zinayi yonse. Lero gawo la tambirimbiri awa ndi makonde ali otseguka kwa anthu onse: mita 300 yonse ndipo kuli mabowo ena omwe amapereka malingaliro abwino ku Spain, malo okhalapo, ndi gombe. Ndi kuyenda m'mbiri.

Pomaliza, sikuti ndi Aroma, Chingerezi kapena Chisipanishi okha omwe amayenda mozungulira apa. Momwemonso Arabu. Ndipo sanachedwe koma zaka 701! Kuyambira masiku amenewo mpanda wolimba wotchedwa " Nyumba yachi Moor, kuyambira zaka za zana la XNUMX. Torre del Homenaje wakale amapangidwa ndi matope ndi njerwa zakale koma amayimabe motalika, kutsutsana ndi kupita kwazaka zambiri. Mukadzayendera mudzamva nkhani zambiri ndipo zinali kumapeto kwake kuti Angerezi adakweza mbendera yaufumu ku 1704 kuti asatsikenso.

Pomaliza, kuyenda kovomerezeka: otchedwa Mapazi a Mediterranean. Ndi Kuthamanga kwa mita 1400 zovuta kwambiri zomwe zimatenga ola limodzi ndi theka mpaka maola awiri ndi theka. Ndibwino kuti muyambe m'mawa kwambiri, makamaka miyezi yotentha, kapena pamene dzuwa latsala pang'ono kugwa. Masika njirayo ili yodzaza ndi maluwa ndipo ndi yokongola.

Imachokera ku Puerta de los Judíos, kumwera kwa Natural Reserve pafupifupi 180 mita kutalika, kupita ku O'Hara Battery pamtunda wa 419 mita kumtunda kwenikweni kwa thanthwe.

Malingaliro ndi ofunika kusangalala nawo ndipo mutha kutengapo mwayi wopita kukawona ena cuevas zochulukirapo, zokhalamo anthu akale, zomangamanga zapakati pa zaka za zana la XNUMX, mapiri giddy, anyani ndi mabatire ankhondo wazaka zana. Ngakhale ndizowona kuti Gibraltar si malo okhala masiku khumi ndi asanu, mutha kukhala masiku awiri kapena atatu mukusangalala ndi dzuwa, mawonedwe, chilengedwe komanso malo odyera ndi malo omwera.

Malo ogona? Mutha kugona m'mahotelo, nyumba zogona alendo ndi ndalama zochepa, mu nyumba yogona achinyamata. Kuti mumve zambiri, musazengereze kukaona tsamba lovomerezeka la Gibraltar, Pitani ku Gibraltar.

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