Zipululu zazikulu za Asia

Chipululu cha Asia

Chipululu ndi a dera lomwe limalandira pafupifupi mvulaNgakhale ndichifukwa chake tiyenera kuganiza kuti chipululu chilibe moyo wamtundu uliwonse. Icho chimatero, ndipo monga momwe kuliri zipululu zowuma ndipo pafupifupi palibe zinyama kapena zinyama, pali ena amene ali, mwanjira yawoyawo, munda wa zipatso.

Tikawona mapu a zipululu zapadziko lonse lapansi, tazindikira kuti kuli madera ambiri kumpoto kwa Africa ndi ku Asia. Ku Asia kuli zipululu pafupifupi makumi awiri mphambu zitatu kapena zipululu zazifupi, zipululu zakale ndi zina zomwe zili m'mapangidwe. Koma pali ena omwe ndiopambana komanso otchuka ndipo ndiomwe zipululu zazikulu za Asia.

Chipululu cha Arabia

Chipululu cha Arabia

Ichi ndi chipululu chachikulu, cha Makilomita lalikulu 2.330.000, yomwe imachokera ku Yemen kupita ku Persian Gulf komanso kuchokera ku Oman kupita ku Iraq ndi Jordan. Chipululu chili ku Middle East, kumadzulo kwa Asia, ndipo pafupifupi chimakhala ku Arabia Peninsula. Ndi nyengo yotenthaPali milu yofiira, mchenga wosasunthika komanso kutentha komwe kumasungunuka masana, kwa 46ºC, ndikumazizira usiku.

Mitundu ina ya zomera ndi zinyama yatengedwa kukhala pano ndipo ina yawonongeka chifukwa chakukula kwamizinda komanso kusaka kosalekeza kwa anthu. Chipululu cha Asia ichi chimakhala ndi miyala yambiri ya sulfure, phosphates ndi gasi wachilengedwe ndi mafuta ndipo akuganiza kuti mwina ntchitozi ndi zomwe zikusunga chisamaliro chake.

Chipululu cha Gobi

Mapu a chipululu a Gobi

Ndi chipululu chachikulu kwambiri chomwe chimakhalamo gawo la China ndi Mongolia. Mapiri a Himalaya amatseka mitambo yomwe imabweretsa madzi kuchokera kunyanja ya Indian momwemo chipululu chouma, popanda pafupifupi mvula. Ili ndi dera lalikulu makilomita 1.295 zikwi zikwi ndipo ndi chipululu chachikulu kwambiri ku Asia.

Gobi si chipululu chokhala ndi mchenga wambiri ndipo makamaka Pogona pake pamakhala thanthwe. Nthawi yomweyo ndi chipululu choziziraIkhoza ngakhale kuzizira ndipo mutha kuwona milu yokutidwa ndi chipale chofewa. Zonse chifukwa zili pamalo okwera kwambiri, pakati pa 900 ndi 1520 mita. -40ºC ndikotentha kotheka m'nyengo yozizira ndipo 50ºC nthawi yachilimwe ndichonso.

Chipululu cha Gobi

Gobi ndi amodzi mwa zipululu zomwe sizimayima ndipo zikukulirakulirabe, ndipo zimatero modabwitsa chifukwa chofulumira ndondomeko ya chipululu zomwe mumakumana nazo. Ndipo inde, ndiyotchuka chifukwa ndi chiyambi cha Ufumu wa Mongol, wa Genghis Khan.

Chipululu cha Karakum

Chithunzi cha m'chipululu cha Karakum

Chipululu ichi ili pakatikati pa asia ndipo mu Turkey amatanthauza mchenga wakuda. Mbali yaikulu ya chipululu ili m'maiko a Turkmenistan. Ilibe anthu ambiri komanso kumagwa mvula yochepa. Mkati mwake muli mapiri, mapiri a Bolshoi, komwe mabwinja amunthu wa Stone Age apezeka, ndi malo olandilidwa angapo kwa iwo omwe asankha kukwera njirayo.

Mpweya wamafuta ku Karakum

Chipululu ichi chilinso minda yamafuta ndi gasi. M'malo mwake, mkati mwake muli Khomo laku Gehena lodziwika bwino, Chigwa cha Darvaza, gawo la gasi lachilengedwe lomwe lidagwa mu 1971. Kuyambira pamenepo lakhala likuyatsidwa mpaka kalekale mwadala, kuti tipewe ngozi: ndi m'mimba mwake mamita 69 m'mimba mwake ndi mita 30 kuya.

Pomaliza, mayendedwe a zaka zana awoloka: ndi Sitima ya Trans-Caspiano Imatsatira msewu wa Silika ndipo idamangidwa ndi Ufumu waku Russia.

Chipululu cha Kyzyl Kum

Chipululu cha Kyzyl Kum

Chipululu ichi chili ku Central Asia ndipo dzina lake ndi njira zaku Turkey mchenga wofiira. Ili pakati pa mitsinje iwiri ndipo lero ikukhala m'maiko atatu: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan ndi Kazakhstan. Ili ndi 298 ma kilomita lalikulu.

Ambiri mwa chipululu ali ndi mchenga woyera ndipo alipo mafuta ena. M'mphepete mwa mitsinje iwiri yomwe imakankhira ndipo m'malo amenewa muli midzi ina ya alimi.

Chipululu cha Takla Makan

Chipululu cha Thakla Makan

Chipululu ichi chili mkati mwa China, m'chigawo cha Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous, dera lomwe kuli Asilamu ambiri. Ili lozunguliridwa ndi mapiri kumpoto ndi kumadzulo komanso Chipululu cha Goni chomwecho chimazungulira kum'mawa. Ili ndi malo a 337 ma kilomita lalikulu ndipo zoposa milu yake 80% imayenda kusinthasintha mawonekedwe.

Msewu Wapamwamba wa Thakla Makan

China yamanga mseu waukulu yolumikiza Luntai ndi Hotan, mizinda iwiri. Monga chipululu cha Gobi, Himalaya amasunga mitambo yamvula, kotero ndi chipululu chopanda madzi, ndipo nthawi yozizira kutentha kumatha kukhala kotsika 20 ºC. Pali madzi ochepa kwambiri kotero kuti oases ndi ofunika.

Chipululu cha Thar

Chipululu cha Thar

Al Thar amadziwika kuti Chipululu Chachikulu cha India ndipo ndi malo ouma omwe amagwira ntchito ngati malire achilengedwe pakati pa India ndi Pakistan. Ndi chipululu chotentha ndipo ngati tikambirana za kuchuluka, zoposa 80% zake zili m'chigawo cha India komwe chimakwirira makilomita 320 zikwi.

Thar ili ndi gawo louma, kumadzulo, ndi gawo lopanda chipululu, kum'mawa, lokhala ndi milu ndi mvula yambiri. Ambiri mwa chipululu cha India ichi ali kusuntha milu Amasuntha kwambiri nyengo ya monson isanakwane chifukwa cha mphepo yamkuntho.

Chipululu ichi chili ndi mtsinje umodzi, umodzi wokha, Luni, ndipo mvula yaying'ono yomwe imagwa imachita pakati pa Julayi ndi Seputembara. Pali ena nyanja zamchere zamchere amene amakhuta mvula ndi kusowa m'nyengo yadzuwa. Pakistan ndi India asankha madera ena kukhala "Malo otetezedwa kapena malo osungirako zachilengedwe". Mphalapala, mphalapala, zokwawa, abulu amtchire, nkhandwe zofiira ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbalame zimakhala mmenemo.

Thar ili ndi chodziwika kuti ndi chipululu chokhalamo anthu padziko lapansi. Ahindu, Asilamu, Asikh, Sindhis ndi Akolishi amakhala, ena ku India, ena ku Pakistan, pamlingo wa anthu 83 pa kilomita imodzi yopingasa omwe amaperekedwa ku ziweto ndi ulimi ndipo ali ndi moyo wachuma womwe umaphatikizapo zikondwerero zambiri.

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