Zilumba za Marquesas, paradaiso

Mapiri, masamba obiriwira obiriwira, nyanja yamtambo, magombe ndi dzuwa, chidule chabwino cha zomwe Zilumba za Marquesas. Zilumba izi ndi makilomita 1.500 kuchokera ku Tahiti ndipo ndi paradaiso weniweni.

Ngati mumakonda malo amtunduwu, chikhalidwe cha Pacific, malo okhala ndikusangalala ndi zochitika zakunja, yendani komwe Gauguin ndi Brel adadutsamo kapena kulowa m'madzi osangalatsa am'madzi, ndiye kuti komwe mukupita ndi Marquesas, monga momwe ziliri lero. Nazi!

Zilumba za Marquesas

Ndi malo azilumba omwe ali makilomita 1.500 kuchokera ku Tahiti ndipo ali ndi kuzungulira zilumba khumi ndi ziwiri, koma sikisi zokha zomwe zimakhala. Lero ali ndi anthu pafupifupi 9200 ndipo likulu lake loyang'anira ndi Nuku Hiva.

Zilumbazi ndizophatikiza zokongola za magombe amchenga wakuda ndi malo olota. Khalani nawo mapiri, iwo ali zigwa, iwo ali mathithi, kotero ntchito zomwe amapereka ndizambiri: kukwera pamahatchi, kukwera mahatchi, 4 × 4 kukwera ma jeep, kusambira pamadzi, kuweramira pansi… Ndipo monga tanenera pamwambapa, ojambula Gauguin ndi Brel adayenda mozungulira pano kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX kufunafuna mtendere pang'ono. Ndipo adamupeza kwamuyaya chifukwa ngakhale awa ndi manda ake, ku Calvaire Cemetery.

Mosiyana ndi zilumba zina ku French Polynesia, pano kulibe madambo kapena miyala yamchere yamchere yomwe imateteza gombe. Mwana zilumba zophulika wa m'mbali mwake, wamapiri akuthwa omwe adatuluka chifukwa cha kuphulika kwa magma, komwe kuli nkhalango ndi zigwa zakuya. Zili pafupi amodzi mwa zilumba zakutali kwambiri padziko lapansi, kutali ndi misa iliyonse yamakontinenti, kotero kuti amakhala ndi nthawi yawoyawo.

Chilumba chachikulu kwambiri pagululi ndi Nuku Hiva. Amadziwikanso kuti Mystic Island ndipo ali ndi masamba ambiri osangalatsa: the Mtsinje wa Hakaui, wachitatu wapamwamba kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, gombe lakuda la Anaho, mapanga apansi pamadzi zomwe zimasunga zinyama ndi zinyama zochititsa chidwi komanso Cathedral of Notre Dame yokhala ndi mitengo ndi ziboliboli zamiyala pachilumba chilichonse. Apa mzinda waukulu uli Taiohae, likulu loyang'anira zilumbazi.

Malo ake okwera ndi Phiri la Tekao, pamtunda wa 1.185 mita, ndipo mulibe miyala yamchere yamchere kapena gombe lathyathyathya. Chilumbachi ali ndi chuma chamakedzana, Nyumba zamiyala zamtundu wa Polynesia, linga ndi akachisi. France idalumikiza izi mu 1842. Poyamba idadzipereka pamalonda a sandalwood ndipo inali malo ochitira asodzi nsomba, kuti pambuyo pake adzipereke kwambiri kugulitsa zipatso.

Chilumbachi chili ndi gombe lakumadzulo koopsa, ndi malo ang'onoang'ono omwe amatsegulira zigwa zakuya. Palibe midzi kuzungulira kuno. Ndi kugombe lakumpoto komwe kuli madoko awiri ofunikira kwambiri, okhala ndi malo ozama: Anaho ndi Hatihe'u A'akapa. Kumbali yakumwera kuli malo ena ndipo pano pali madoko ambiri. Pakatikati pali madambo obiriwira kumene ng'ombe zimakulira.

Monga tanena kale, likulu loyang'anira ndi Taioha'e, kumwera. Kodi mudawonapo Wopulumuka, mndandanda wa TV? Mu Nuku Hiva nyengo yachinayi idasindikizidwa, mu 2002.

Zilumba za Marquesas zidagawika kuzilumba zakumpoto, zilipo zisanu ndi zitatu ndipo zina mwa izo ndi Nuku Hiva; zilumba zakumwera, zisanu ndi ziwiri, ndi milu ina yomwe siyimilungu yomwe ili kumpoto. Chilumba chachiwiri chofunikira kwambiri ndi Hiva Oa, komanso chilumba chachiwiri chachikulu pagululi komanso kuzilumba zakumwera.

Nawu mzinda wapa doko wa Atuona ndipo tsambali nthawi zambiri limakhala doko loyamba zombo zomwe zimadutsa Pacific kupita kumadzulo. Tikhoza kunena choncho Ndicho chilumba chokhala ndi mbiri yakale kwambiri m'gululi chifukwa ili ndi zifanizo zakale kwambiri za Tiki ndipo anali malowa komwe wojambula Paul Gauguin ndi woyimba Jacques Brel adamwalira. Imadziwikanso kuti the Munda wa Marquesas chifukwa imakhala yobiriwira komanso yachonde.

Hiva Ova ali ndi magombe magombe ndi mapiri komwe kumayera pansi pamadzi, komabe ndichisumbu chomwe nthawi zina chimakhala chobisika, chosakhala chete, pafupifupi chokha. Tawuni yake yofunika kwambiri ndi Atuona, kumapeto kwenikweni chakumwera kwa Taaao Bay, kotetezedwa ndi mapiri awiri atali kwambiri pachilumbachi, Mount Temetiu ndi Mount Fe'ani.

Chilumba china ndicho Ua Pou, chilumba chachitatu kukula kwake. Ili ndi zazikulu mizati basalt, zopangidwa ndi kuphulika kwa mapiri, omwe adabatizidwa ndi dzina lankhondo lodziwika bwino, Poumaka ndi Poutetaunui. Mu 1888 zinali zipilala izi zomwe zidalimbikitsa Robert Louis Stevenson kuti anene kuti amafanana zipilala zophulika zomwe zimayang'ana pamwamba pa phiri lalitali, popeza amayang'ana pagombe la mudzi wa Hakahau, chilumba chofunikira kwambiri pachilumbachi.

Ua Huka ndi wokongola kwambiri, pafupifupi namwali. Pali akavalo amtchire, malo amtundu wa chipululu, mbuzi ... Tahuata ndichilumba chaching'ono kwambiri kumene kumakhala anthu. Koma amadziwika chifukwa chofufuza malo waku Britain, a Captain Cook, omwe adayendera mzaka za zana la XNUMX. Amapezeka ndi madzi ochokera ku Hiva Ova kotero ndiulendo wovomerezeka. Zigwa zake zachonde zimayang'ana magombe ndi madzi oyera, mumakhala mwamtendere ndikupita kunyumba mafuta onunkhira, a Chikondi cha chikondi monga akunena pano, mafuta zana.

Fatu hiva lili ndi matanthwe ataliatali omwe amalowerera m'nyanja ndikupereka malingaliro osangalatsa kuchokera pamwamba. Mu 1937 wofufuza malo a Thor Heyerdahl ndi mkazi wake, adakhala kwakanthawi kukhala pano ndikufotokozera mwachidule zomwe adakumana nazo m'buku. Zikuwoneka kuti kuyambira pamenepo zochepa zasintha. Ambiri mwa anthuwa amakhala m'mudzi wa Omoa ndi madera ozungulira, doko. Dera la Hana Vave limatetezedwa ndi otchuka Gombe la anamwali, wokongola pomwe umayang'ana, makamaka dzuwa litalowa ...

Kodi mumakonda zilumba izi? Ngati mukumva ngati mungakumane nawo pamasom'pamaso samverani zothandiza zomwe ndimasiya pansipa, nthawi zonse ndikudziwa kuti ndi zilumba zomwe sizili munjira yoyendera alendo yaku French Polynesia: Society Islands, Bora Bora, Moorea, Tuamotu Atolls ndi Leeward Islands.

  • pali zilumba zisanu ndi chimodzi zokhalamo anthu ndipo zinayi zili ndi eyapoti, koma kwanuko, kuti mufike kumeneko pandege kapena bwato. Mukasankha ndege mumayenda kuchokera ku Tahiti ndi maulendo apandege opita ku Nuku Hiva ndi Hiva Oa. Kuti mupite kuzilumba zina, muyenera kudutsa chimodzi mwazilumbazi. Koma, ngati mungasankhe kupita pa bwato, zoona zake ndikuti aliyense amene akudutsa ku Polynesia akutengani, muyenera kungoyang'ana njira zina, monga Tahiti Voile et Lagoon kapena Poe Charter kapena Aranui 5. omwe amayenda kamodzi patsiku mwezi koma amakhala mozungulira ma euro 3 pa sabata. Ngati muli ndi boti lanu ndiye mutha kuchoka ku Galapagos kapena ku Cook Islands.
  • kusuntha pakati pazilumba za Marquesas mutha kuwuluka, pakati pazilumba zazikulu ziwiri pali ndege imodzi kapena ziwiri patsiku. Zilumba za Ua Pou ndi Ua Huka zilibe mwayi ndi maulendo apandege. Lingaliro labwino ndikugula fayilo ya Marquesas Pass ndi Tahiti Air. Muthanso kuyenda pa bwato, ganyu wakomweko, lendi bwato wanu. Pali bwato lachigawo mkati mwa Marquesas del Sur, lomwe limapita kuchilumba cha Tahuata ndi Fatu Hiva (kwa ma 65 mayendedwe ozungulira kwa ola limodzi).
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