Zomwe mungawone ku Saint Malo, France

France ili ndi malo okongola komwe zojambula ndi mbiri zimaphatikizidwa. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi Saint Malo, malo otchuka kwambiri oyendera alendo ku French Brittany. Ngati mumakonda kujambula, dikirani mpaka mutawona zonse zomwe nyumba yachifumu yakaleyi imapereka kwa alendo ake okondwa.

Lero, zomwe mungawone ku Saint Malo, France.

Saint Malo

Mbiri ya izi chilumba cha miyala imayamba ndi maziko a mzinda m'zaka za zana la XNUMX BC, osati kwenikweni pamalo amodzi koma pafupi kwambiri. Aleth Fort, komwe kuli St-Servan lero, idamangidwa ndi a fuko la celtic kulonda khomo la River Rance.

Nthawi achiroma anafika adawasamutsa ndikulimbitsanso malowo. Patapita nthawi, m’zaka za m’ma XNUMX, amonke a ku Ireland anafika kuno Brendan ndi Aron, ndipo anakhazikitsa nyumba ya amonke.

Chilumba cha Saint-Malo imangolumikizidwa kumtunda ndi msewu wamchenga komanso panthawi ya ziwawa za Viking zomwe zinali mbali ya chitetezo chawo chachilengedwe. Bishopu Jean de Chatillon anawonjezera mizati ndi makoma m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX, zomwe zinachititsa kuti pakhale linga lenileni.

Popita nthawi anthu okhala ku Malo Oyera adakulitsa malingaliro amphamvu odziyimira pawokha ndipo zimenezo zimawasonyeza kukhala kumbali kapena kutsutsa olamulira amene Britain, France, ndi England anali nawo. Amalinyero ake anali olemera ndipo ankadziwika kuti ankabera zombo zakunja zomwe zinkadutsa mu ngalandeyi. Pamenepo, iwo anali corsairs kapena achifwamba akuluakulus, ndipo anachita makamaka m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX ndi khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu pansi pa chitetezo cha mfumu ya France. Wodziwika Patent ya corso.

Mmodzi mwa oyendetsa sitima otchuka ku France, omwe Discovery of Canada imayamikiridwa osapitirira, ziri Jacques cartier, mbadwa ya Saint Malo. Mothandizidwa ndi Francis Woyamba wa ku France, anayenda maulendo atatu ku North America m’zaka za m’ma XNUMX ndipo anali mtsogoleri woyamba ku Europe kutera komwe tsopano ndi dera la Montreal-Quebec. Iye anabatiza maiko ameneŵa monga "Canada", mawu ochokera kwa anthu oyambirira a m'deralo ndi kutanthauza mudzi wawung'ono.

Panthawi ya nkhondo yachiwiri ya padziko lonse, mzindawu unawonongeka kwambiri. Anali General Patton wodziwika bwino waku America, yemwe adazinga tawuniyo ndikuphulitsa kwambiri mpaka Ajeremani adagonja. Kukonzanso kwathunthu kwa ulemerero ndi kukongola kwa Saint Malo kumafunikira Zaka 30 zomanganso.

Kodi mungapite bwanji ku Saint Malo? Pali njira zambiri koma zotchuka kwambiri ndizo pa boti kuchokera kugombe lakumwera kwa England kapena ndi Channel Islands. Pali mabwato a Brittany omwe amalumikiza Portmouth, ku England, ndi Saint Malo akudutsa maulendo asanu ndi awiri mlungu uliwonse paulendo wa maola asanu ndi anayi, ma Condor Ferries omwe amalumikiza mfundo zomwezo komanso malo ena pagombe la Chingerezi. Mbali inayi mukhoza kupita ndi ndege, bwalo la ndege liri pamtunda wa makilomita 14 kuchokera ku nyumba yachifumu, koma pambuyo pake muyenera kubwereka galimoto chifukwa palibe basi kapena sitima yomwe imagwirizanitsa.

Ngati mukufuna sitima siteshoni ya njanji ndi makilomita awiri kummawa kwa citadel. Mutha kuchokera ku Paris paulendo wa maola atatu ndi mphindi 10s, kuchokera ku siteshoni ya Montparnasse, paulendo wonse wa maola asanu ndi awiri. Ngati muli ku London mukhoza kupita, kuchokera ku St. Pancras kupita ku Paris komanso kuchokera kumeneko TGV kupita ku Saint Malo.

Zomwe mungawone ku Saint Malo

Choyamba ndi Citadel. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kukopa alendo: misewu yake yopapatiza, mipiringidzo yake ndi malo odyera, mashopu ake… Ndi malo abwino kwambiri kumapeto kwa sabata. Nyumba yachifumuyi ili pachilumba cha granite ndipo popeza zonse zidawonongedwa mu Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yadziko Lonse, mpweya wakale udachitika chifukwa cha ntchito yobwezeretsanso kwambiri, ntchito yonse yomwe idamalizidwa mu 1971.

Masiku ano mukhoza kuyenda njira yonse ya makoma ndi mizati, kusangalala ndi malingaliro, komanso kusangalala ndi magombe ake, kupita kukadya, kupumula ndikukhala sabata yabwino kwambiri yomwe mungaganizire. Malo a Saint Malo ndiye malo abwino kwambiri ochitira izi.

Mkati mwa citadel ndi Château de Saint Malo, zochititsa chidwi, lero zasinthidwa kukhala holo ya tawuni ndi Museum of Saint Malo. Mkati mwa nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale muli mawonetsero angapo, koma chofunika kwambiri ndi chomwe chikukhudza mbiri ya m'madzi ya mzindawo ndi ntchito, chiwonongeko ndi kumangidwanso mu Nkhondo Yachiwiri.

Komanso mkati mwa Citadel ndi Cathedral ya Saint Vincentt ndi nsanja yake yozungulira yokwera pamwamba pa misewu. Pakhala pali tchalitchi pamalo omwewo kuyambira zaka za zana la XNUMX, koma tchalitchi cha Gothic chamakono ndi cha m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Mudzawona apa chikwangwani chokumbukira kuchoka kwa Jacques Cartier kupita ku Canada.

La Chipata cha Saint Vincent Ndilo khomo lalikulu lolowera ku Citadel. Mkati ndi kutsogolo kwa Castle ndi Malo Chateaubriandlero gawo losangalatsa kwambiri la tawuni lomwe lili ndi malo odyera ndi mahotela. Kunja kwa chipata kuli ma doko amalonda. Mwachitsanzo, pali L'Hotel d'Asfeld, nyumba yayikulu yazaka za zana la XNUMX amene amawerengedwa m'gulu la anthu ochepa omwe anali ndi mwayi omwe anapulumuka mabomba. Inamangidwa ndi mwini zombo wolemera, mkulu wa French East India Company, Francois-Auguste Magon.

Kum'mwera kwa malinga ndi Doko la Dinan, malo osangalatsa ngati mukufuna kukwera bwato. Pali zombo zomwe zimayima pano mwachidule poyenda pamtsinje kapena m'mphepete mwa nyanja kupita ku Cape Frehel. Zikuwonetsanso chiyambi cha Moles des Noires ndi nyumba yake yowunikira.

Pambuyo pake Porte des Bes, yomwe imapereka mwayi wopita kumapeto kwa kumpoto kwa Bon Secours Beach, ali Zithunzi za Vauverts Fields ndi chifaniziro cha corsair wotchuka kwambiri wamba, Robert Surcouf. Kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa makomawo kuli nsanja, ndi Bidoune Tower, ndi ziwonetsero zosakhalitsa.

Kunja kwa makoma a Saint Malo, kuseri kwa boti kumwera kwa citadel, ndi chigawo chakale kwambiri, chomwe chinakhazikitsidwa mu nthawi za Aroma: Saint Servan. M'mphepete mwa mtsinje mudzawona zochititsa chidwi Solidor Tower, yomangidwa kuti iteteze khomo la Rance, lero ndi nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale. Ulendowu umatenga mphindi 90 ngati mukufuna kuchita.

Mtsinje wa Rance River ndi wokongola kwambiri nawonso. Kumidzi yonse yozungulira citadel ndi yokongola kwambiri ngati Ili ndi nyumba za amalonda olemera a Malo Oyera. ena atero minda yake yotseguka kwa anthu onse, mwachitsanzo, Parc de la Briantais. Palinso aquarium wamkulu, ndi thanki yake yaikulu ya shaki.

Mzinda wa Parame yakula kwazaka zambiri ndipo masiku ano imagwira ntchito ngati malo ake apanyanja a Saint Malo. Mphepete mwa nyanjayi ndi yotalika makilomita atatu, ndiye chokopa chake chachikulu, ngakhale kuti pakakhala mafunde akuluakulu amaphimbidwa. Mutha kukhala pano, pali mahotela ambiri omwe amayang'ana kunyanja.

Kuyankhula za nyanja ndi nyanja, anthu amayang'ananso izi, kupyola nyumba yachifumu. Magombe ndi zilumba za Saint Malo amalandiranso alendo nthawi yachilimwe. Magombe ake ndi a mchenga woyera wabwino kwambiri ndipo pali zisumbu zamiyala zingapo zomwe mungathe kufikako pa. Zambiri mwa zisumbuzi ali ndi malinga akales, manda ndipo, ndithudi, malingaliro abwino ozungulira.

Mchenga wowonekera umapangitsa kuyenda hafu ya dera la Old Town kumadzulo ndi kumpoto pakati pa Moles des Nories ndi nsanja ya Saint Malo. Kum'mawa kwa nyumbayi kuli Nyanja yayikulu yomwe imalowa m'chigawo cha Parame. Ngati mukufuna lingaliro loyendera zilumbazi, ndiye kuti ndondomeko ya boti ili pakhomo la Porte St. Pierre.

Mole Beach ili kutali kumwera ndipo ili pakati pa Mole des Noires ndi bastion ya Holland. Mphepete mwa nyanjayi ndi yaing'ono komanso yotetezedwa kotero ndi malo otchuka m'chilimwe.  Bon Secours Beach ndi yayikulu komanso yayitali ndipo imapezeka kuchokera kumpoto kwa Holland Bastion kudzera pa Porte St Pierre. Pali kalabu ya usodzi panjira yomwe ili pansi pa chitseko. Mukhozanso kusangalala ndi malo osambira m'nyanja bon sea pool pamene pali mafunde ochepa.

Chateaubriand anali wandale waku France komanso wolemba zachikondi wochokera ku Saint Malo.. Manda ake ali pachilumba cha Grand Be, chimodzi mwa zilumba zamiyala zimene mungathe kuzifika poyenda wapansi. Iye anaikidwa m’manda kuno chifukwa ankafuna kuti awa akhale malo ake omaliza opumirapo. Munali mu 1848 ndipo mudzawona mtanda wosavuta womwe umayang'ana panyanja. Kumbali ina ndi Petit Be, chilumba china chimene munthu angathe kufikapo wapansi ngati kuli mafunde aang’ono.

Kuno ku Petit Be ndiko kusungidwa bwino kwambiri Fort du Petit Khalani pachibwenzi kuyambira nthawi ya Louis XIV ndipo yomwe yatsegulidwa posachedwa kwa alendo, nthawi zonse pamafunde otsika. Mudzawona mizinga yakale yabwino kwambiri. The Eventail Beach ili kunja kwa makoma a kumpoto kwa linga. Ndi amodzi mwa magombe atatu am'derali, pali atatu, ndipo amalumikizidwa ku Grand Plage kapena Playa Grande ku Fort National.

National Fort iyi idayamba mu 1689 ndipo idapangidwa ndi Vauban, pamodzi ndi chitetezo china cha Saint Malo. Cholinga chake: tetezani anthu azinsinsi aku France ku zigawenga za Chingerezi ndipo nthawi zonse adali opambana. Ulendo wa mpandawu umatenga pafupifupi theka la ola ndipo mudzawona zipinda zambiri zapansi panthaka, komanso kusangalala ndi ma binoculars omwe amaikidwa pamakoma.

Pomaliza, Kodi mungatani pafupi ndi Saint Malo? Maulendo otheka ndi ati? Chabwino, pali zambiri ndipo zabwino koposa zonse ndikuti simuyenera kukhala ndi galimoto chifukwa masitima apamtunda ndi mabasi amakwaniritsa malo ambiri awa. mukhoza kupita ku Mont St. Michel, kumudzi wakale wa Dinan, mutha kuphatikiza magombe ndikudutsamo Cancale, Dinard mwiniyo kapena Gombe la Emerald.

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